11.08.2014

Stages of pregnancy in a horse

It's not too early to start thinking about spring and how best to prepare your horse for the transition.
Equine Influenza--The AAEP recommends that all horses be vaccinated against equine influenza unless they live in an isolated facility that is totally enclosed. Potomac Horse Fever--The AAEP says vaccination for Potomac horse fever might be called for in areas where there have been outbreaks.
Rabies--This is not a common equine disease, but horses can pass this along to humans, who could die from the exposure. This basic conditioning program should have most horses fit for trail riding or performing in about three weeks.5. Zen Mind, Zen Horse begins by examining how the equine and human brains function, often related to their respective roles as prey and predator. Leading equine nutritionist Melyni Worth explains the many ways in which diet affects a horses health, temperament, and performance, and then goes on to provide a detailed study of equine nutritional requirements. It's that time of year again, when mysterious burrs appear in your horses hair and you are welcomed by matted mess, sometimes occurring over night. The last trimester of pregnancy in the horse sees the foetus increase in size by around 75%, with massive deposits of protein and minerals being made to put together the musculoskeletal structure of the soon to be born foal. Mares in their last trimester of pregnancy should be kept in a state of positive energy balance which allows them to gain weight without becoming fat. Mares that are already overweight when they reach the last trimester of pregnancy should be fed enough to maintain their current weight.
In the later stages of pregnancy the foetus of a 500 kg mare will assimilate around 8 kg of protein for the growth and development of its organs, bone and muscles.
Where poor quality grass based pastures and particularly subtropical pasture species like kikuyu form the bulk of a pregnant mare’s diet, lucerne or clover hay can be used to improve the overall protein quality of the forage in the diet.
It is well known that correct supplementation of breeding and growing horses with macro and trace minerals plays a major role in reducing the incidence of developmental orthopaedic disease (DOD). Research conducted in New Zealand has shown that mineral supplementation of the late pregnant mare is crucial for reducing DOD in foals.
The supply of adequate amounts of calcium during late pregnancy is also important, with studies showing that calcium deficient pregnant mares can give birth to foals with thinner mid cannon circumference and mechanically weaker bones.
Mare’s milk is very low in trace minerals, so supplementation of the late pregnant mare with enough iron, zinc, copper and manganese is important to allow the foetus to store adequate amounts of these trace minerals in the liver. Good quality pasture is quite capable of meeting a late pregnant mare’s energy, protein and vitamin requirements. How you feed your pregnant mare determines to a large extent how healthy and sound your foal will be. Pryde’s EasiFeed have an extensive range of pasture balancer pellets to suits various types of pasture that are perfect for late pregnant mares.
Going on to draw insights and wisdom from spiritual traditions such as Zen Buddhism, Ayurvedic healing, and Yaqui shamanism and from the great horse cultures of the Mongolians, Bedouins, and Native Americans, Dr.
Horse owners will understand the roles played by fats, proteins, minerals, electrolytes, and vitamins and will learn how to evaluate weight and overall well-being and plan a corresponding diet.
Worth discusses possible solutions and also helps owners of horses with more complicated health needs. This book -- the very first on the topic -- offers 101 fun and effective exercises that will improve every Western horse's suppleness, balance in movement, and responsiveness. Horses, especially those with long manes, can have trouble all year around with matting, tangles, and dreadlocks forming. If your horse has a long mane, you can use the same idea as the tail braid to save the mane hair.
Then check out this lovely Quarter Horse mare, Eagleview Misty Glow, who is currently in foal and for sale on Horsezone.
While mares appear to be able to reproduce even under the harshest conditions, careful nutritional management of the late pregnant mare will give you the best chance of having strong, well grown foals that grow well in a structurally sound manner during the critical first year of their life. Thin mares or mares that are losing weight in late pregnancy may experience reproductive problems and have trouble going back in foal.


Ideally a late pregnant mare should be fed in order to reach a condition score of 6 to 7 (using the Henneke 1 to 9 scale). Forcing them to lose weight in late pregnancy is unlikely to affect the birth weight of their foal, but it may reduce their chances of going back in foal and could impact on milk production.
Diets high in unfortified grains and low in forage, pastures with an inverted calcium to phosphorus ratio that contain more phosphorus than calcium (which is increasingly common, especially in the Hunter Valley area of NSW) and diets based on high-oxalate sub-tropical pasture species can all give rise to calcium deficiency in pregnant mares. While feeding any mineral in excess to the late pregnant mare should be avoided, higher than necessary levels of iodine present a particular risk to the unborn foal as iodine is concentrated across the placenta and also in milk. The first thing you will want to do is figure out what vaccinations your horse is due for and schedule for the vet to give those. Adult non-vaccinated horses normally respond well to a series of two doses of tetanus toxoid given three to six weeks apart and followed by an annual booster. Because there are varying protocols for vaccinating horses for influenza based on age, exposure, and other factors, a veterinarian should be consulted and an overall immunization program designed for each individual horse.
The AAEP recommends that all pregnant mares be vaccinated during the fifth, seventh, and ninth months of gestation. Year-by-year concerns are addressed here, as well as the specific needs of brood mares, performance horses, and other working animals.
Challenges such as insulin resistance, Cushings disease, metabolic bone disorder, and tying-up syndrome can all be managed or improved by carefully monitoring the horses feed. If your horse is out a lot and needs his tail to swat flies, I would recommend braiding it and putting in a braided tail saver. Interestingly, copper supplementation of the foals from mares that were not supplemented with copper during late pregnancy made no difference in reducing cartilage lesions or physitis scores, indicating that if your mares are incorrectly supplemented with copper during pregnancy, it is too late to do anything about it once the foal is born. It is also wise to pay attention to a pregnant mare’s phosphorus intake as some pastures can be too low in phosphorus to meet requirements making some form of supplementation necessary. Horses have been known to try and squeeze themselves through spaces that are much too small in there attempt to escape their predicament.
Remember that show horses which are exposed to numerous horses at events will need to be vaccinated more often.
After the initial series of shots to prevent WEE and EEE (and VEE if your horse lives in Central or South America), there should be annual vaccinations. Hamilton shows how to apply the chi-based approach to every aspect of horse-human communication, including: •    The act of grooming as a spiritual practice•    Techniques of alpha-horse leadership that make others gladly follow•    Gaze, stance, and gesture as training tools•    The irresistible power of infinite patienceUltimately, the author shows the depth of insight humans gain into themselves, as well as horses, after working with these amazing animals.
Worth also stresses the importance of giving horses plenty of access to pasture and explains the benefits of additives and herbal supplements.
For cost effectiveness, you can cut an old sheet into 2 inch strips, slightly longer than your horse's mane.
If your horse's mane is roped in dreadlocks, coat the locks generously with Cowboy Magic Detaling oil. Supplementary feeds for late pregnant mares and particularly those grazing poor quality pastures should use high quality proteins like soybean or canola meal as the protein base as they contain the best levels of essential amino acids.
This is a blood test, that looks for the presence of Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA), also known as "Swamp Fever." A Coggins test is usually required to travel across state lines, to bring a horse to a new barn, and at some of the bigger shows.
Nobody knows this better than Cherry Hill, professional horsekeeper, lifelong horse lover, and author of more than 30 books on horses.
Low quality protein ingredients including cottonseed meal should be avoided for late pregnant mares.
If horses are treated respectfully with methods they understand, everyone involved — animal and human — will be happier, safer, and more productive.Cherry Hill is always one of my favorite authors to read. At the time of the crash, two horses were being transported along Highway 27 South out of Dardanelle.
Consult with your veterinarian to develop a specific vaccination program for your horse(s).
Her routines — daily, monthly, and seasonal — are the framework for Cherry Hill's Horsekeeping Almanac, a gold mine of knowledge for all horse enthusiasts.Month by month, Hill touches on every issue likely to affect horses, horse farms, and the people who care for them both. If, for some reason, you can't release the quick release restraint on your horse's head, see if you can cut the horse loose, without putting your body or parts of your body in the trailer where you could get injured.


In 101 Ground Training Exercises for Every Horse & Handler, best-selling equestrian author Cherry Hill offers a comprehensive series of exercises that cover every aspect of ground training, from haltering to driving, from turning to transitions, from backing to body languages. If you can't, WAIT for help to arrive, even if it means your horse will expire before you can get him out. The book is appropriate for work with horses of every age and breed, and it features a pre-cut hole placed so that the book can be hung in the barn or on a fence post, allowing for easy reference during training.
Make sure your horse's hooves are in good shape and get him shod if you are planning on starting an exercise routine. Additional Yell County Mounted Patrol members worked from the inside of the flipped trailer, next to the injured horse, and remained with her as efforts continued. While the extrication was being performed, members of the Yell County Mounted Patrol were accompanied by Dr. It is great management to have your horse's shoes pulled during the winter months, when you won't be putting as much wear on his feet. If you have released your horse and he is not moving, leave him and wait for help.  If possible set up a containment area around the rear of the trailer, so when the horse does get out and right himself, he does not make matters worse by running into traffic. Both veterinarians responded to the scene and administered medication to keep the horse sedated. They also monitored her condition while the Yell County Mounted Patrol worked on freeing her from the trailer. After approximately 45 minutes, extrication efforts were successful and the horse was freed from the trailer. Thanks to volunteers who remained on scene during the rescue, two tractors were provided to assist with the efforts.In order to extricate the horse, the Yell County Mounted Patrol used multiple techniques with rescue tools and rescue airbags and were able to cut out the wall that the horse was lying on.
Make sure your horse is properly conditioned, before you decide to go on a two-hour trail ride at the first sunny, spring day.
In this thoroughly updated second edition of her best-selling classic, Cherry Hill explains how to be a responsible steward of the land while providing horses with the best care possible. Use plywoods or mats as they are available to prevent further injury.  Do not take your horse's stillness for calmness. After the panel under the horse was cut away, the trailer was lifted up and away from the horse. Drawing on decades of personal experience and recommendations from hands-on Extension agents throughout North America, Hill provides detailed, practical information designed to help readers develop and refine their “horsekeeping consciousness.” A thorough understanding of horses is critical to good horsekeeping, so Hill begins by explaining the behavior and the physical and emotional needs of the horse.
Yell County Mounted Patrol members used the tractors provided by the volunteers to lift the rest of the trailer off of the horse.Rescuers pulled the horse away from the trailer using ropes and through the use manpower and one of the tractors, the horse was moved. She then explains how to maximize efficiency through careful planning of facilities and implementation of diligent management routines that keep horses happy, healthy, and safe. Well-organized and generously illustrated with color photographs and instructive plan drawings, Horsekeeping on a Small Acreage is packed with information that horse owners need.
Even the kindest, gentlest of horses will not hesitate to use what God gave him to try and protect and preserve his own life.  If you are in an area with no cell service, but you know there is a house nearby, send someone, even if it's someone you wave down on the road, to call for help. Often the dominant personality type is complemented by a secondary trait, creating, for example, the aloof-challenging or fearful-social horse.
If you cannot free your horse and secure him without risking injury, leave him where he is and get back in your vehicle and wait for help. The number of people who are injured AFTER and accident, on a highway, by passing cars, is staggering.  Remember that as bad as it looks, horses are BIG animals and can sustain quite a lot of punishment and impact to their body. To strengthen the bond between young girls (the most passionate horse lovers of all!) and their equine companions, Cherry Hill presents the essentials of horse care in a format and tone perfect for the teen and pre-teen horse set. Beginning with how to match the right animal with the right rider and progressing through feeding, grooming, stabling, health care, safety, and much more, here is everything a young equestrian wants and needs to know about horses.This is a great primer for kids to read. Responsible horsekeepers feed their animals a healthful, nutritionally balanced diet portioned out in quantities that suit the age, size, and activity level of each horse.
Even if your accident happens during the day, use your flares.  A practice rescue with a horse model.
Thriving horses that stay healthy and strong into old age are those whose nutritional needs are being met.




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Comments to «Stages of pregnancy in a horse»

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