Pregnancy period for dogs

Although dogs come in an extremely wide range of shapes and sizes, the gestation period from a Chihuahua to a Great Dane is within the same sort of time frame. The due date varies slightly depending on the breed and size of dog as well as the size of the litter she is carrying, but vast majority of dogs will give birth on the 63rd day.
Although some dogs give birth earlier than 63 days, puppies that are born earlier than 58 days will unfortunately either be still-born or will die within the first couple of days. Although by 58 days the lungs have still not fully developed completely, they are developed enough to just start working and for the puppy to have a chance at survival.
There is no need to force her to eat, just let her obey her body, and keep food available in case she decides that she wants a little bit of something. If you suspect that your dog has been bred, after the third week that her heat cycle is finished is a good time to take her in for a check up. If you are seeing all of the warning signs, the chances are pretty high that your dog is pregnant.
In order to give you an approximate due date the vet will need to conduct an ultrasound x-ray to determine the size of the puppies, which will give an indication of how far along the pregnancy is; and from there the due date will be calculated.
If it is an early labor and a large litter, make sure you keep an eye out for any premature puppies that may need extra care and protection. Complications can occur, especially for puppies that are born backwards, and having someone with you who has experience and knows what to do will help to give you confidence.
Extra calcium is given only after pups are born, and during active labor to help with contractions—this is another reason, other than for teeth and bone growth of pups, for giving calcium. Vet can palpate (feel) and possibly detect pregnancy  between days 27 and 31(after day 32, fluids increase to protect pups and making palpating not possible).
At this stage the embryos are most susceptible to defects and it is said that eating a toxic substance at this stage can cause eyes to not form properly, or cause cleft palate. At this time the fetuses begin to look like dogs; their toes, whiskers and claws all are developing.

Whelping box should be big enough for your dam to stretch out in, and have a doorway to go in and out. Although this section is based on a whelping of an English Mastiff, it also contains good general whelping information on large-breed dogs. A veterinarian describes the signs that your dog might be pregnant, and explains what's required to see her through gestation to a successful birth.
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Summer is a challenging time for parents and keeping your kids out of trouble this time of year is a tough job. It is best to have a special bed set up for her to give birth from around two weeks before the due date. Of course this is not very accurate, but it will give you an idea of when you should start preparing for the birth (two weeks before). Here are 9 signs to look for to help you know whether your dog is about to become a mommy soon! You’ll notice your dog will probably be more affectionate than usual in the beginning of her pregnancy. As the due date approaches she will of course start to put on weight and her pregnancy will be showing physically. For a larger litter, the puppies will run out of room as they grow, much earlier, which will then trigger labor. It is very important to find out from your vet or an experienced breeder what signs you need to look out for.
Knowing the danger signs to look out for will give you, your dog and the puppies the best chance of success.
Determining whether a dog is pregnant can be quite a challenge for new owners, or an inexperienced breeder.

For owners who are eager to determine pregnancy themselves, there are canine pregnancy test kits available to help find out early whether your dog is pregnant or not. You can give them yogurt and cottage cheese, and if you feed raw, they get their raw chicken bones, but you must stop these calcium rich foods for the last ten days and do NOT supplement extra. If you did not worm her prior to mating (which is standard), then get a mild wormer that is made for pregnant dams. For an active kitchen the whelping box can be moved to the kitchen when pups are 3 weeks old.
Pups can be born at any time now, but keeping them in for another week is much healthier, so avoid rough play. Made with advice from Battersea Dogs and Cats Home in London, this film will allow you to safely give your poorly dog its ear drops to make it well again. To learn more about your female dog's cycle, this video contains all the information you are looking for.
They may act a little insecure and you may notice them looking for more attention than usual. There should not be any odor to the discharge, and there is no reason for alarm, it’s just another sign that you should probably start preparing to welcome a new litter of puppies soon. It's absolute myth that they need to have any special care, at least for the first six weeks of their pregnancy.

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