Ivf treatment process

Unlike the simpler process of artificial insemination — in which sperm is placed in the uterus and conception precedes otherwise normally — IVF involves combining eggs and sperm outside the body in a laboratory. The first step in IVF involves injecting hormones so you produce multiple eggs each month instead of only one.
Prior to the retrieval procedure, you will be given injections of a medication that ripens the developing eggs and starts the process of ovulation. Once the embryos are ready, you will return to the IVF facility so doctors can transfer one or more into your uterus.
Following the procedure, you would typically stay in bed for several hours and be discharged four to six hours later. In cases where the man’s sperm count is extremely low, doctors may combine IVF with a procedure called Intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Success rates for IVF depend on a number of factors, including the reason for infertility, where you’re having the procedure done, and your age. 3 to 5 days after being in the incubator, the fertilised embryo is put back into the uterus (womb) so that it can grow into a baby.In vitro fertilisation treatment is an option for many couples who cannot conceive naturally or through conventional therapies. For the IVF procedure, eggs are routinely collected with the Oocyte Retrieval procedure which is conducted under anaesthesia. After egg collection IVF patients are given pessaries of a hormone called progesterone to support the uterine lining. Success rates of IVF vary to a large degree depending on the various types of treatments required for different patients as per their specific problems.

IVF is generally a very safe treatment and very rarely will there be any risk of complications or problems.
IVF was initially developed for women who had severe tubal disease or who had their Fallopian tubes removed but this treatment has also proved successful for unexplained infertility and male factor infertility. IVF is a major treatment in infertility when other methods of assisted reproductive technology have failed. IVF is a complicated treatment requiring dedication from highly trained clinical and embryology staff.
The Human and Embryology Authority (HFEA), which administers IVF clinics in the UK, decided to reduce the number of embryos that can normally be transferred from three to two. NICE guidelines published in 2004 recommend that suitable couples receive up to three cycles of IVF treatment on the NHS. IVF clinics should provide their patients full details of all likely treatment costs before they start a treatment cycle. IVF is very stressful with highs and lows which means you can become very emotionally drained. In this procedure, a sperm is taken from semen — or in some cases right from the testicles — and inserted directly into the egg. For this procedure a fine tube (catheter) is passed through the cervix and the embryos are injected high into the uterus in a minute amount of culture medium. The more embryos replaced during IVF, the greater the chance of pregnancy but there is also an increased chance of multiple pregnancy.

Most IVF units have counsellors with the experience to assist you to cope with this stress.
Once a viable embryo is produced, it is transferred to the uterus using the usual IVF procedure. In the early days, many embryos were transferred in each IVF cycle and, although this boosted pregnancy rates, triplets, quads and even higher order pregnancies occasionally occurred.
IVF is a complex and expensive procedure; only about 5% of couples with infertility seek it out. To increase the chances of pregnancy, most IVF experts recommend transferring three or four embryos at a time. To prevent spontaneous ovulation (egg release) in an IVF cycle, GnRH analogues are employed. The IVF facility will provide you with special instructions to follow the night before and the day of the procedure.
Whereas one pregnancy in a hundred will have been conceived by assisted conception in the UK and other developed countries, it has been estimated that 50% of babies requiring care in a special care baby unit are IVF babies.

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