Hpv pregnancy facts

This page is for women who were screened for cervical cancer with a Pap test and an HPV test. A virus, called genital human papillomavirus (pap-ah-LOmah-VYE-rus)—also called HPV—can cause normal cells on your cervix to turn abnormal.
Every year in the United States, about 12,000 women get cervical cancer, but it is the most preventable type of female cancer, with both HPV vaccines and regular screening tests.
Some HPV types can cause changes on a woman’s cervix that can lead to cervical cancer over time. Most of the time, the body’s immune system fights off HPV naturally within two years-- before HPV causes any health problems. HPV is passed on through genital (skin to skin) contact, most often during vaginal or anal sex. The Pap and HPV tests can find early problems that could lead to cervical cancer over time.
Check for all HPV types –The HPV test only checks for specific HPV types that are linked to cervical cancer. HPV is less common in women over the age of 30, who are at increasing risk for cervical cancer. Getting regular Pap tests, even without the HPV test, is still a good way to prevent cervical cancer—for both younger and older women. If you have an HPV test at the same time as your Pap test, it can be confusing to get both results at the same time.
Even if you do have cell changes, it is unlikely that they are caused by HPV (or related to cervical cancer). Most sexually active people get HPV at some time in their lives, though most will never know it. HPV testing is not recommended for men, nor is it recommended for finding HPV on the genitals or in the mouth or throat. Partners who are age 26 or younger should consider HPV vaccination to protect against the types of HPV that most commonly cause health problems in men and women. The types of HPV found on a woman’s HPV test can cause cervical cancer; they do not cause genital warts. Having HPV does not mean that you or your partner is having sex outside of your relationship. If your sex partner is female, you should talk to her about the link between HPV and cervical cancer, and encourage her to get a Pap test to screen for cervical cancer.
Condoms may lower your chances of passing HPV to your new partner, if used with every sex act, from start to finish. Three vaccines are available to prevent the HPV types that cause most cervical cancers as well as some cancers of the anus, vulva (area around the opening of the vagina), vagina, and oropharynx (back of throat including base of tongue and tonsils). HPV or human papillomavirus (pap-ah-LO-mah-VYE-rus): A very common virus that infects the skin cells. The Pap test—either alone or with the HPV test—is the best way to find early signs of cervical cancer.
Most women who get abnormal Pap test results or who have HPV do not get cervical cancer—as long as they follow their doctor’s advice for more tests or treatment.
Having genital warts when you’re pregnant (or knowing you carry HPV) can be worrying.

People are not routinely tested for HPV and it is impossible to determine how long someone has had a HPV infection. HPV and wart virus cannot be cured or even realistically prevented, but visible genital warts can be treated if necessary. Caesarean birth is not recommended for women with HPV or genital warts because it does not prevent the transmission of the wart virus from mother to baby. Women who are diagnosed with HPV during their pregnancies end up worrying about its possible effect on the new born.
Most women who intend to get pregnant usually wonderwhether it is necessary for them to undergo a HPV test.The truth is that it is not necessary.
To get the clear facts and information about HPV andpregnancy, it is important to understand what the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is. Where you are pregnant and have HPV, there is a very low risk of transmitting the HPV on the baby.
There have some few cases of some babies that were bornto the mothers infected by HPV developing certain growth that is referred to as papilloma in their external genitalia or throat. There are about 40 types of HPV that can infect the genitals or sex organs of men and women. These HPV types can also infect other parts of the body and cause other, less common cancers in men and women.
But the HPV types that can cause genital warts are different from the types that can cause cancer. It is only when HPV stays on a woman’s cervix for many years that it can cause cervical cancer. An HPV test can also be used at the same time as the Pap test for women 30 years and older.
Your doctor should offer you an HPV test if you need it and it is available in their practice. But it is not useful to test women under age 30 for HPV, since most HPV that is found in these women will never cause them health problems. HPV is also more likely to signal a health problem for these women, who may have had the virus for many years. HPV vaccines do not cure existing HPV or related problems (like abnormal cervical cells), but they can protect you from getting new HPV infections in the future. Even people with only one lifetime sex partner can get HPV, if their partner had it when the relationship started. This means that your partner likely has HPV already, even though your partner may have no signs or symptoms.
The type of HPV that is linked to cancer should not affect the health of your future babies.
But HPV can infect areas that are not covered by a condom—so condoms may not fully protect against HPV. The approved HPV tests on the market are not useful for screening for HPV-related cancers or genital warts in men. There are specific blood tests that may show a person has had a HPV infection in the past, but the test cannot determine if HPV is currently present. In many cases the person’s immune system successfully overcomes the HPV virus and the physical signs disappear on their own.

You may request the warts be treated or removed during the pregnancy, but this is a personal choice and is not medically necessary. HPV has been detected in the amniotic fluid of pregnant women, meaning it is possible to transfer the virus to the baby during the pregnancy. Where a woman has been undergoing pap tests on a regular basis, an abnormality would alert the doctor on the need for the HPV check. Where you havewhat is referred to as high risk HPV strain, it may lead to cell changes that are serious and may even lead to cancer later on in life.
Sexually transmitted diseases are not far off if you have an active sexual life during pregnancy. Doctors may use the HPV test with the Pap test to tell if these women are more likely to get cervical cancer in the future, and if they need to be screened more often. Usually, HPV has no signs or symptoms, and the body fights it off naturally before it causes health problems. So an HPV infection that is found today will most likely not be there a year or two from now. If your partner is age 26 years or younger, vaccinations are available to prevent the types of HPV that most commonly cause health problems in men and women. Treating visible genital warts during pregnancy does not decrease the chances of the virus being transferred to the baby (vaginally or by caesarean). The virus does not even change the way in which a woman should be cared for during pregnancies. Because of the hormonal changes that take place when woman is pregnant, the genital or common warts may sometimes get larger.
Women who have history of suffering from HPV should undertake Pap smear test for the possible infection by cervical cancer or cervix precancerous lesions. If you need treatment, ask your doctor if the treatment can affect your ability to get pregnant or have a normal delivery. Find out the facts and set your mind at rest with the truth about HPV and genital warts in pregnancy.
Approximately two-thirds of those people who engage in sex with a person who is alreadyinfected with the genital warts are likely to contract HPV in most cases within three months of the first sexual encounter. An HPV test may also be used with the Pap test for women 30 years or older, as part of routine screening.
Your doctor will do one or all of the following tests to confirm the presence of HPV and the possible cancer cells:1.
A vinegar solution is then placed on the lining of cervix that turns the abnormal cells infected with HPV into another color.3. Prevention Through Vaccination: As per the recent studies, over 30 HPV infections cannot be prevented by any health measure.

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