16.04.2015

How to get pregnant when using birth control

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Women under 30 years old are incredibly fertile—their ability to get pregnant is at its peak.
All reversible birth control methods will help prevent pregnancy while you’re using them, but none have long-lasting effects on your ability to get pregnant when you stop. Let’s look, for example, at how long it takes for women to get pregnant when they quit the Pill compared to when they quit non-hormonal fertility awareness methods (FAM, sometimes called natural family planning). If you had sex with a new partner and didn’t use a condom, you can still protect yourself by getting tested. The following chart shows the chance of getting pregnant for women who use different methods of birth control. Talk to your health care provider about using IMPLANON if you have diabetes, high cholesterol or triglycerides, headaches, gallbladder or kidney problems, history of depressed mood, high blood pressure, allergy to numbing medicines (anesthetics) or medicines used to clean your skin (antiseptics).
If you become pregnant while using IMPLANON, you have a slightly higher chance that the pregnancy will be ectopic (occurring outside the womb) than do women who do not use birth control.
Perfect use: A measure of the technical effectiveness of each method, but only when used exactly as specified and consistently followed.
Assuming typical male condom use by a heterosexual couple, the number of women projected to experience an unplanned pregnancy over a period of ten years is about 86 out of 100. For male condoms used on a ten-year timeline, the difference between pregnancy rates during perfect use (18%) and typical use (86%) is almost 70%. Used correctly and consistently, these contraceptive methods are projected to result in an unplanned pregnancy in just 3% of women over a ten year period. Over the same time period, that's lower than the projected rate of unplanned pregnancy in women who have been sterilized. Number 3 is that these estimates have been corrected for underreporting of abortion and over-reporting of contraceptive use, both of which occur, and neither of which is very well understood.
That’s why women who use the Pill but accidentally forget to take it for a few days can get pregnant that month.


A big study of over 2,000 women who quit the Pill after using it for an average of seven years found that 21% were pregnant in one month and 79% were pregnant in a year. Luckily, getting tested for Chlamydia or Gonorrhea is easy and painless: you just pee in a cup.
Each box on the chart contains a list of birth control methods that are similar in effectiveness. If you and your health care provider cannot feel the IMPLANON implant, use a non-hormonal birth control method (such as condoms) until your health care provider confirms that the implant is in place.
In studies, about one out of ten women stopped using the implant because of an unfavorable change in their bleeding pattern. The prescription will run out on your birth control and you'll miss a couple of days, lowering your body's guard against unwanted pregnancy. Few couples, if any, achieve flawless contraceptive use, especially over long time periods.
We forget, misremember, and misuse, and so we see a projected rate of pregnancy (again, over 10 years) of not 3%, but 61%. Probabilities of pregnancy for most of the reviewed contraceptive methods were estimated based on data collected in the 1995 and 2002 National Surveys of Family Growth (NSFG), a nationally representative sample of users. These numbers can't tell you with any certainty what your likelihood of an unwanted pregnancy is, because the only person who can say how consistent you are with your chosen method of birth control is you. Pregnancy rates based on the NSFG alone would tend to be too low because induced abortions (and contraceptive failures leading to induced abortions) are underreported but would tend to be too high because contraceptive failures leading to live births are overreported. In the NSFG and in most clinical trials, a woman is 'using' a contraceptive method if she considers herself to be using that method. Women who stopped using FAM had very similar rates of pregnancy, with 20-25% pregnant in one month and 80% pregnant in a year. For some women who stop using the implant or the shot (Depo-Provera), it can take a few extra months to start normal menstrual cycles again. You may need special tests to check that the implant is in place or to help find the implant when it is time to take it out.
Call your health care provider right way if you think you are pregnant or have unexplained lower stomach (abdominal) pain.


With the exception of the ovulation method (perfect use 26%, typical use 94%), that's a bigger difference than any other contraceptive method.
Unintended pregnancy rates of other methods were based on surveys and clinical investigations.
So, typical use of the condom could include actually using a condom only occasionally, and a woman could report that she is 'using' the pill even though her supplies ran out several months ago.
In other words, women who quit the Pill get pregnant just as fast as other women, even if they’ve used the Pill for years. There may be a delay of up to two months after stopping the implant and up to six months after stopping the shot, but this varies from person to person, and most women get pregnant soon after stopping these methods. If you test positive, you can tell a partner he or she should get tested and treated using an anonymous e-card. In other words: The longer you use a given contraceptive, the more opportunities there are for you to use it improperly or inconsistently. The reason is that the least adherent users become pregnant, leaving behind a group that over time is less and less likely to fail. And for future hookups, you can learn more about talking to a new partner about using condoms. Tell your doctor at least 4 weeks before if you are going to have surgery or will need to be on bed rest, because you have an increased chance of getting blood clots during surgery or bed rest. That scarring makes it difficult for an egg to travel the right direction, and hurts her chances of getting pregnant in the future. Use a back up birth control method and call your health care provider right away if the implant comes out.



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