Facts about high risk pregnancy

Women with HIV who take antiretroviral medication during pregnancy as recommended can reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to their babies to less than 1%. When HIV is diagnosed before or during pregnancy, perinatal transmission can be reduced to less than 1% if appropriate medical treatment is given, the virus becomes undetectable, and breastfeeding is avoided.
Low rates of mother-to-child transmission of HIV following effective pregnancy interventions in the United Kingdom and Ireland, 2000–2006. Among the mothers of HIV-infected infants reported to CDC from 2003–2007, only 62% had at least one prenatal visit, 27% were diagnosed with HIV after delivery, and only 29% received some antiretroviral medication during pregnancy.HIV testing.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends routine, opt-out3 HIV testing for all persons aged 13–64 years in health care settings, including women during every pregnancy.
If women are tested and diagnosed with HIV infection before or early in their pregnancy, they can be given medication to improve their own health and reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to their infant.Other factors also pose prevention challenges, includingSubstance abuse, mental illness, and HIV-related stigma present barriers to prenatal care in women living with HIV. Revised recommendations for HIV testing of adults, adolescents, and pregnant women in health-care settings. Practice of feeding premasticated food to infants: a potential risk factor for HIV transmission.

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