When buying and selling products such as pneumatic products and dealing with the concrete industry, it is best to understand some of the terms that are commonly used. Pneumatic PSI is used to determine how much force it takes to operate the tool.  Always check the owner’s manual to determine the operating pressure of each tool.
CFM is best understood as volume.  CFM on the tools determines how much VOLUME of the FORCE you need to operate the tool.
The volume on a pneumatic nail gun is much like a spray bottle for glass cleaner.  You pull the trigger, a portion of the volume is used quickly and then the gun is idle and not using volume while you are not pulling the trigger. When you use an auto tool such as a grinder, think of it as a water hose.  When you pull and HOLD the trigger, the volume continues to come out until you release the trigger. When a tool requires more CFM than the source (compressor) can handle, the result is the force (PSI) will drop below the operating pressure and the tool will not perform as it is designed, or just stop altogether.  Again, ALWAYS check the requirements in the owner’s manual.
An example of enough CFM would be using a 5 gallon bucket to fill drinking cups.  The bucket would perform perfectly and could be refilled quickly to keep filling more cups as needed. An example of not enough CFM if you took the same drinking cups and filled 5 gallon buckets, the cup will start to fill the bucket, but would quickly run out of water (volume). Move Up From Your Standard Aerosol Spray Can by Using a Paint Sprayer From cars to furniture, pneumatic spray guns are the industry standard in painting. What You Need To Know About Nail Guns For the experienced and hardworking contractor, a nailing gun is a must have tool. Pneumatic devices are various tools and instruments that generate and utilize compressed air. The hand bellows used by early smelters and blacksmiths for working iron and metals was a simple type of air compressor and the first pneumatic tool. During the 17th century, German physicist and engineer Otto von Guericke experimented with and improved air compressors.
By 1872, compressor efficiency was improved by having the cylinders cooled by water jets, which led to the invention of water-jacketed cylinders. The first documented genuine pneumatic tube in the United States is officially listed in a 1940 patent issued to Samuel Clegg and Jacob Selvan.
Alfred Beach built a pneumatic train subway in New York City (a giant pneumatic tube) based on his 1865 patent. The Chicago postal pneumatic tube service began between the post office and the Winslow rail road station on August 24, 1904.
Charles Brady King of Detroit invented the pneumatic hammer (a hammer which is driven by compressed air) in 1890, and patented on January 28, 1894. Membership in the Pneumatic Tool Section is open to manufacturers of pneumatic tools, pneumatic hoists and rock drills. When you need to run anything from a framing nailer to a sand blaster, the right air compressor can handle the job with power to spare. The larger two-stage compressors work in a similar manner, but they compress the air in two steps or stages. The most popular air compressors among DIY’ers and pros on the move are portable units that can serve as an inflator, and much more.


Inflation of tires and other objects is the most basic task of an air compressor, and even the smallest units will accomplish the job (eventually). When choosing an air compressor, many people assume the higher the horsepower rating, the more powerful the compressor. If the start winding is engaged for an extended period of time, the motor can overheat and fail.
Another misleading rating is a compressor’s air pressure or PSI (pounds per square inch) rating. When selecting an air compressor, check the CFM rating of the most powerful air tool you plan to operate.
By Matt Weber When the days grow longer and the grass turns green, most people are eager to welcome spring and its warmer, sunny weather. Three winners will be chosen to receive the following prize packages, each will include: 1. While these definitions are not technically specific, these are common ways to understand them. The drinking cup needs to be refilled often and would take too much time to catch up filling the buckets.
Pneumatics are everywhere in important inventions, however, they are relatively unknown to the general public. Charles King exhibited two of his inventions at the 1893 Worlds Columbia Exposition; a pneumatic hammer for riveting and caulking and a steel brake beam for railroad road cars.
Pneumatic tools are portable or fixed type, powered by turbine, rotary vane, piston or percussion motors. Air compressors are versatile and economical, providing a single power source for a wide variety of tools that tackle everything from woodworking and metalworking to painting and mechanical work.
All compressors increase the pressure and reduce the volume of air by filling a chamber (tank) and then reducing the chamber’s volume. Single-stage air compressors work by drawing in air and compressing the air to its final pressure in a single piston stroke. Although they require connection to a compressor hose, air tools offer some significant advantages over electric tools.
Whether you’re building a shed, painting a fence or fixing your car, you can easily interchange a variety tools at a single compressor, including a ratchet wrench, paint sprayer, angle nailer, finish nailer or impact wrench.
Some compressor manufacturers rate their products by peak horsepower (also known as brake horsepower). Most air tools require 90 PSI to operate, and most air compressors produce at least 90 PSI, meaning virtually any compressor intended for pneumatic tool use will achieve the necessary air-pressure output. But with the green season comes all the responsibilities of maintaining your outdoor environment.
This means, in this example, the tool will run on 80 PSI and give you good service, but all products are not created equal. It could produce a partial vacuum and Guericke used it to study the phenomenon of vacuum and the role of air in combustion and respiration.


In the past, pneumatic tube were often used in large office buildings to transport messages and objects from office to office. Automatic machinery, labor-saving devices,and automatic-control systems all use pneumatics.
They include pneumatic drills, including rock drills and hand-held sinker drills, screwdrivers, nut drivers, impact wrenches, abrasive tools and percussion tools, such as rammers, riveters, chippers, scalers and paving breakers, as well as their repair parts and accessories. Also available are powerful portable air compressors for construction work, as well as professional-grade stationary models for carpentry shops and automotive garages. Reciprocating—also called “Piston”—air compressors are the most common type and can be found in a wide range of horsepower output. After being compressed in the first stage, the air is piped to a second stage where the air is allowed to cool, to be compressed in the final step.
A portable air compressor is a great household tool that can inflate tires, operate an airbrush kit and power short-burst tools like nailers and staplers. Peak horsepower is the maximum output a motor can produce while the motor has the start windings engaged, which can be as much as 7 times the running horsepower. To get you geared up for the months to come, here’s a roundup of new yard and garden equipment. The regulator on the compressor can be turned up to a maximum of 110 PSI and give it more force to drive the nail. However, it was not until 1882 when an inventor called Martin patented improvements in the system that the invention became widespread. Pneumatic hoists, for material handling needs of 200 pounds to 10 tons are also included in the scope of this section. Typically, a single-stage pump will have a higher CFM (cubic feet per minute) rating than a two-stage pump, because each cylinder is drawing air and compressing it during every rotation. This makes the tools more compact, lighter and easier to handle—with less moving parts to malfunction. There are many other factors influencing how well the machine will perform other than horsepower. Under normal operating conditions, the start windings are only engaged for a fraction of a second, so using peak horsepower as a comparison rating can be misleading since the motor only achieves this horsepower during startup.
Pneumatic tools for the auto industry usually follow the same operating pressure guidelines as nail guns.  The pneumatic spray guns use considerably less PSI to operate them, but the spray guns can be affected more by our second term, CFM. Martin’s patents were numbered 255,525 issued March 28, 1882, 276,441 issued April 24, 1883, and 284,456 issued on September 4, 1883. Compressors with two-stage pumps are more efficient at higher pressures and continuous use because the air is cooled between the stages. With air tools, you have a single powerful motor to run them all, and as a result air tools can perform for years without failure.



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