Summary Statement: Brief summaries of what workers need to know to avoid an injury or worse from electrocutions, falling, being struck by an object or caught in between. Each employee must understand that there is a certain responsibility they must take to ensure their safety on the construction site. If unsure about the proper tools or Personal Protective Equipment needed to complete a task, immediately ask a supervisor.
Maintain a safe and clean work area by monitoring debris and other materials in the work area. The areas within and surrounding the construction site can become very hazardous to workers if the debris created from the activities on the site are allowed to build up. Do not allow waste materials to build-up in working areas (around saw horses, cutting stations, tool boxes). Ensure that there are no protruding nails on loose or fixed materials that may snag clothing or cause an abrasion or puncture. Post signs and use danger or caution tape where hazards might not be readily seen on the job-site.
Safety glasses or face shields are worn any time work operations can cause foreign objects to get in the eye. Wear when exposed to any electrical hazards, including working on energized electrical systems. Construction workers should wear work shoes or boots with slip-resistant and puncture-resistant soles. Safety-toed footwear is worn to prevent crushed toes when working around heavy equipment or falling objects.
Wear hard hats where there is a potential for objects falling from above, bumps to the head from fixed objects, or of accidental head contact with electrical hazards.
Hazards to an employee’s health can come from other areas that in some instances can be overlooked. Because lead is very easy to work with and resistant to corrosion it is extensively used in building construction, external coverings of roofing joints, pipe solder and in paints.
Lead is a potent neurotoxin that accumulates in soft tissues and bone over time and cause blood and brain disorders. Lead may still be found in harmful quantities in vinyl (such as that used for tubing and the insulation of electrical cords). Silica is most commonly found in nature as sand or quartz, it is a principal component of most types of glass and substances such as concrete, mortar mix, stucco, and stone. Inhaling silica dust in very small quantities over time can lead to silicosis, bronchitis or (much more rarely) cancer, as the dust becomes lodged in the lungs and continuously irritates them, reducing lung capacities (silica does not dissolve over time).
If asked to wear a respirator by an employer, additional training and a medical evaluation must be provided by employer before wearing a respirator.
If you use two or more ladders to reach one spot, they must have a platform or landing between them. Straight and extension ladders: The ladder base should be 1 foot from the building (or top support, such as an eave) for every 4 feet of ladder length up to the resting position. Whenever fall protection is needed, make sure you have the right fall-protection system, know how it works, get trained to use it – and use it. A competent person must train workers at risk of falling about types of fall hazards, how to protect yourself, and other hazards and limitations in using fall protection. If the worksite changes or the type of fall protection equipment is changed, workers using the equipment must be retrained.

Ensure that workers who operate aerial lifts are properly trained in the safe use of the equipment. Maintain and operate elevating work platforms in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
Never move the equipment with workers in an elevated platform unless this is permitted by the manufacturer.
Do not allow workers to position themselves between overhead hazards, such as joists and beams, and the rails of the basket. Maintain a minimum clearance of at least 10 feet, or 3 meters, away from the nearest overhead lines. Always treat powerlines, wires and other conductors as energized, even if they are down or appear to be insulated. Use a body harness with a lanyard attached to the boom or basket to prevent the worker(s) from being ejected or pulled from the basket. Overhead and buried power lines at your site are especially hazardous because they carry extremely high voltage.
Ground fault circuit protection is required on all 120 Volt single phase temporary electrical power supply outlets on jobsites. Shocks, burns and fatalities can be the result of contact with live wiring or faulty electrical equipment.
Think about the environment in which you will be using electrical equipment, wet and damp locations add hazards to the job. Insure all three prong plugs have the grounding pin intact and never remove the ground pin.
The types of power tools are determined by power source: electric, pneumatic, liquid fuel, hydraulic, and powder-actuated. Disconnect tools when not using them, before servicing and cleaning them, and when changing accessories such as blades, bits, and cutters. The point of operation is where work is performed on the material, such as cutting, shaping, boring, or forming of stock.
These components include flywheels, pulleys, belts, connecting rods, couplings, cams, spindles, chains, cranks, and gears Crushed hands and arms, severed fingers and limbs, lacerations and abrasions safeguards are essential for protecting workers from preventable injuries. Guards must not create potential hazards and must be attached to the machine where possible.
Rotating motion can be dangerous; even smooth, slowly rotating shafts can grip hair and clothing. Nip points can occur between rotating and fixed parts which create a shearing, crushing, or abrading action. Reciprocating motions may be hazardous because, during the back-and-forth or up-and-down motion, a worker may be struck by or caught between a moving and a stationary part. Objects with movement in straight, continuous lines creates a hazard because a worker may be struck or caught in a pinch or shear point by the moving part. The danger of cutting action exists at the point of operation where finger, arm and body injuries can occur and where flying chips or scrap material can strike the head, particularly in the area of the eyes or face.
Also be aware of the following conditions that can affect the stability of the trench itself. Properly securing any load with appropriate rigging is crucial to any lifting being done by machinery on the job-site.
Guard all exposed gears, rotating shafts, pulleys, sprockets or other moving parts to prevent contact with employees.

Guard or block the swing radius of the crane to restrict and prevent employees from entering into and being struck by the machine.
Inspect all rigging equipment prior to each lift, this should include all slings, chains, ropes, and like materials used to support and lift materials. Be sure the person responsible for signaling the crane operator stays in visual contact with the operator and has been trained to use the correct signals. Drivers, employees on foot, and pedestrians must be able to see and understand the proper routes. Traffic control devices, signals, and message boards instruct drivers to follow paths away from where work is being done. Approved traffic control devices, including cones, barrels, barricades, and posts are also used inside work zones.
Work Zone Protections: Various concrete, water, sand, collapsible barriers, crash cushions, and truck-mounted attenuatorscan help limit motorist intrusions into construction work zones. Flagging: Flaggers should wear high visibility clothing with a fluorescent background and made of retroreflective material. Driving: Seat belts and rollover protection should be used on equipment and vehicles as the manufacturer recommends. The greatest hazards posed by hand tools results from misuse and improper maintenance. Pneumatic tools are powered by compressed air and include chippers, drills, hammers and sanders. 100% Satisfaction Guarantee: At Mansion Schools, we want to be sure that the item you choose is the right one for you. Some of these hazards occur due to the materials used in construction or they are the by product of one or more job site activities.
Counting rungs will give you a good estimate of the ladder length; rungs are about 1 foot apart. Fatal electrocution is the main risk, but burns and falls from elevations are also hazards. Within 30 days of delivery of your order, you may return any merchandise purchased from Mansion Schools in its original condition with your email order confirmation or packing slip. Training should be provided to all employees on how substances at work can negatively affect their health and well being. Full-body cross-chest harnesses are more comfortable for women and can reduce bruising when falls are stopped.
Before any load is lifted all components of the rigging hardware should be evaluated to ensure they can withstand the forces of the load.
Exposure to Asbestos, Lead and Silica have been identified as health hazards on construction job sites. On items over $275 shipping within the US, we will even arrange free pick up or pay for returns shipping.Carefully Selected for Teachers, Moms, Dads and Kids. Flaggers should use STOP SLOW paddles, paddles with lights, or flags (only in emergencies).
A full-body harness has straps worn around your trunk and thighs, with one or more Drings in back to attach the harness to other parts of the system.

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