The Worksite Wellness Committee is sponsoring a blood pressure self-monitoring program for DHSS employees.
Each kit has a blood pressure cuff, self-tracking cards, and information about blood pressure and how to manage or prevent high blood pressure.
Many of us often ignore our blood pressure but carefully monitoring it could help save your life. Untreated high blood pressure, also called hypertension or HBP, can lead to serious health conditions including heart attack and heart failure, stroke and kidney failure. Wait at least 30 minutes after having consumed caffeine, alcohol, medicine, or herbal remedies. Follow the recommended procedure for taking your blood pressure based on the type of device you're using (digital blood pressure monitor or manual blood pressure methods). For more information about blood pressure, visit the Mayo Clinic and the American Heart Association. Blood sugar – wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, The blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose (sugar) present in the blood of a human or animal. Hypertension, high blood pressure control, heart, Recent success story from a person suffering from heart disease, obesity and high blood pressure "i find myself spending more and more time on. Low blood pressure symptoms, causes, and facts, Learn about low blood pressure (hypotension) treatment, ranges, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and during pregnancy.
This self photo of diabetic shin spots is used withA permissionA of the photo’s author, Raphael Lopez, Wikimedia Commons. Diabetic shin spots (also known as diabetic dermopathy) are common, especially with poorly controlled blood sugar levels.
Diabetic dermopathy, also known as shin spots or pigmented pretibial patches, is a skin condition usually found on the lower legs of people with diabetes.
Diabetic dermopathy appears as pink to red or tan to dark brown patches, and it is most frequently found on the lower legs. Always check with your doctor if your diabetic shin spots change, or if you start to feel pain or discomfort. As always — your best self-treatment is to keep your blood sugar in good balance through diet, nutrition, and by following your doctors suggestions as closely as possible. Products containing a low concentration of benzoyl peroxide may be recommended, but be careful as this can bleach clothing.
If your acne is severe and appears on your chest and back, it may need to be treated with antibiotics or stronger creams that are available on prescription.
Acne is most commonly linked to the changes in hormone levels during puberty, but can start at any age. Certain hormones cause the grease-producing glands next to hair follicles in the skin to produce larger amounts of oil (abnormal sebum).
The hormones also thicken the inner lining of the hair follicle, causing blockage of the pores (opening of the hair follicles). Hormonal changes, such as those that occur during the menstrual cycle or pregnancy, can also lead to episodes of acne in women.
Most people have acne on and off for several years before their symptoms start to improve as they get older. If the plugged follicle is close to the surface of the skin, it will bulge outwards, creating a whitehead. Normally harmless bacteria that live on the skin can then contaminate and infect the plugged follicles, causing papules, pustules, nodules or cysts.
Teenage acne is thought to be triggered by increased levels of a hormone called testosterone, which occurs during puberty.
One study has found that if both your parents had acne, you are more likely to get more severe acne at an early age.
How many spots you have and how painful and inflamed they are will help determine how severe your acne is.
Grade 1 (mild) – acne is mostly confined to whiteheads and blackheads with just a few papules and pustules. The sudden onset of acne in adult women can often be a sign of a hormonal imbalance, especially if is accompanied by other symptoms such as excessive body hair (hirsutism) and irregular or light periods. The most common cause of hormonal imbalances in women is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). If you just have a few blackheads, whiteheads and spots, you should be able to treat them successfully with over-the-counter gels or creams (topical treatments) that contain benzoyl peroxide. If you have severe acne, your GP can refer you to an expert in treating skin conditions (dermatologist).
A combination of antibiotic tablets and topical treatments is usually the first treatment option for severe acne.


Hormonal therapies or the combined oral contraceptive pill can also be effective in women who have acne. Benzoyl peroxide works as an antiseptic to reduce the number of bacteria on the surface of the skin. Tretinoin and adapalene are topical retinoids used to treat acne.They are available in a gel or cream and are usually applied once a day before you go to bed. Apply to all of the parts of your face affected by acne 20 minutes after washing your face. It is important to apply topical retinoids sparingly and avoid excessive exposure to sunlight and UV. Topical retinoids are not suitable for use during pregnancy as there is a risk that they might cause birth defects. The most common side effects of topical retinoids are mild irritation and stinging of the skin. A six-week course is usually required, but you may be advised to continue using the medication less frequently after this. Topical antibiotics help kill the bacteria on the skin that can infect plugged hair follicles. Azelaic acid is often used as an alternative treatment for acne if the side effects of benzoyl peroxide or topical retinoids are particularly irritating or painful. The medication does not make your skin sensitive to sunlight so you do not have to avoid exposure to the sun.
Antibiotic tablets (oral antibiotics) are usually used in combination with a topical treatment to treat more severe acne. In most cases, a class of antibiotics called tetracyclines is prescribed, unless you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Pregnant or breastfeeding women are usually advised to take an antibiotic called erythromycin, which is known to be safer to use.
Depending on how well you react to the treatment, a course of oral antibiotics can last four to six months.
Tetracyclines can make your skin sensitive to sunlight and UV light, and can also make the oral contraceptive pill less effective during the first few weeks of treatment. You will need to use an alternative method of contraception, such as condoms, during this time. Hormonal therapies can often benefit women with acne, especially if their acne flares up around periods or is associated with hormonal conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome.
If you don't already use it, your GP may recommended that you start taking the combined oral contraceptive pill, even if you are not sexually active. Co-cyprindiol is a hormonal treatment that can be used for more severe acne which doesn't respond to antibiotics. You will probably have to use co-cyprindiol for two to six months before you notice a significant improvement in your acne. For example, out of a group of 10,000 women who have not taken co-cyprindiol, you would expect 16 of them to develop breast cancer by the time they were 35. Because of the risk of side effects, isotretinoin can only be prescribed by a specially trained GP or a dermatologist. Use one or ideally two methods of contraception for one month before treatment begins, during treatment and for one month after treatment has finished. You will be asked to sign a form confirming that you understand the risk of birth defects and are willing to use contraceptives to prevent this risk, even if you are not currently sexually active. If you think you may have become pregnant when taking isotretinoin, contact your dermatologist immediately.
However, as a precaution, contact your doctor immediately if you feel depressed or anxious, have feelings of aggression or suicidal thoughts. While toothpaste does contain anti-bacterial substances, it also contains substances that can irritate and damage your skin. Scarring can also occur if you pick or squeeze your spots, so it is important not to do this. Treatments for acne scarring are regarded as a type of cosmetic surgery, which is not usually available on the NHS.
The website of the British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons provides more information about private treatment that is available in your area. Dermabrasion involves removing the top layer of skin using either lasers or a specially made wire brush. After the procedure, your skin will look red and sore for several months, but as it heals, you should notice an improvement in the appearance of your scars.
Once subscision has been completed, additional treatment, such as laser treatment and dermabrasion, can be used to further improve the appearance of the scar.


Acne can often cause intense feelings of anxiety and stress, which can sometimes make people with the condition become socially withdrawn. You may be depressed if during the last month you have often felt down, depressed or hopeless and have little interest or pleasure in doing things. If you think that you or your child may have depression, it is important to speak to your GP.
In additon, there is a range of informally run message boards and blogs about acne on the web.
Camouflage make-up that is specially designed for covering up scars is available over the counter at pharmacies. The information on this page has been adapted by NHS Wales from original content supplied by NHS Choices.
While you should always check with your physician for any changes in your body, diabetic shin spots are not considered a serious problem. A Diabetic shin spots are not a serious problem, unlike so many other complications arising from diabetes.
It is thought to result from changes in the small blood vessels that supply the skin and from minor leakage of blood products from these vessels into the skin. Up to 50% of diabetics may have shin spots, and it seems to be even more common in people with long-standing or poorly controlled diabetes. A The most important elements of self treatment is to keep your shins moisturized, and avoiding bumping or injury to your shins. If you continue without changing your settings, we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on the NHS Direct Wales website. Use water-based products that are described as non-comedogenic (this means the product is less likely to block the pores in your skin). The glands are attached to hair follicles, which are small holes in your skin that an individual hair grows out of.
The excess sebum mixes with dead skin cells and both substances form a plug in the follicle. The hormone plays an important role in stimulating the growth and development of the penis and testicles in boys, and maintaining muscle and bone strength in girls. It also found that if one or both of your parents had adult acne, you are more likely to get adult acne too.
This will involve examining your face, chest and back for the different types of spot, such as blackheads or sore, red nodules. It also helps to reduce the number of whiteheads and blackheads, and has an anti-inflammatory effect.
It also makes your face more sensitive to sunlight, so avoid too much sun and ultraviolet (UV) light, or wear sun cream. After this, treatment is usually stopped as there is a risk that the bacteria on your face could become resistant to the antibiotics. This combined pill can often help improve acne in women, but may take up to a year before the full benefits are seen. This figure rises to 17 or 18 for women who were treated with co-cyprindiol for at least five years in their early twenties. Therefore, it’s only recommended for severe cases of acne that have not responded to other treatments.
However, in the past, exceptions have been made when it has been shown that acne scarring has caused serious psychological distress. They will be able to discuss your options with you and advise you about the likelihood of having the procedure carried out on the NHS.
While treatment can certainly improve the appearance of your scars, it will not be able to get rid of them completely.
You may find it supportive to read about other people’s experience of living with acne. It should be applied 20 minutes after washing to all of the parts of your face affected by acne. After treatment for acne scarring, most people notice a 50% to 75% improvement in appearance. The base is then reattached to the sides but lifted up so that it is level with the surface of the skin. The blood clot helps form connective tissue that pushes up the rolling scar so that it is level with the rest of the surface of the skin.



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