Your child has been newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes and we are aware that you may be feeling emotional, confused and shocked about the diagnosis and may have many questions about what is happening and where to go from here.
Everything that you will need to know about diabetes and managing it will come in time but for now we will be teaching you the basics to manage your child’s diabetes in the next few days.
The rest of the information regarding the diagnosis will be done in follow up appointments in the next few days and weeks and you will be in daily telephonic contact with the doctor or your educator.
There is a lot to learn about managing your child’s diabetes in the beginning and you cannot possibly learn it all in one day. YOUR CHILD IS FIRST AND FOREMOST STILL A CHILD BEFORE THEY HAVE DIABETES AND DIABETES NEEDS TO FIT INTO THEIR LIFESTYLE NOT THE OTHER WAY ROUND.
You and your child are not alone in managing this condition, of course you have to do all the daily working in managing good blood glucose control, but our diabetes team will help you every step of the way. This manual is designed to help you with all the basic survival tools to look after your child, but each day will be a learning experience. Simply defined it is lack of insulin secreted from the pancreas, resulting in high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. When your child has diabetes it means that they have too much glucose (sugar) in their blood.
Diabetes is not currently curable; however with proper management such as insulin injections and blood glucose testing, proper meal plans and regular exercise your child can have a normal long happy life, both physically and emotionally. Your child should be eating meals that are balanced with carbohydrates (sugars and starches), fats and protein (mostly meat). Carbohydrates are broken down in your child’s stomach, converted to glucose and absorbed into the blood stream as one of the major sources of energy for the body. The pancreas senses the rise in blood glucose levels and secretes the right amount of insulin to move the glucose out of the blood stream into their cells. Quite simply insulin is secreted every time we eat and a slow release in the background between meals. As your child does not produce insulin anymore they rely on their insulin injections to provide meal time coverage and the background insulin needs.
This is a snap shot of your body during the night when your liver is releasing stored glucose back into your blood stream to supply a constant amount of glucose to the brain while you sleep. When food enters your stomach, the carbohydrates get broken down into glucose and the glucose gets absorbed into your blood stream and your blood glucose level starts rising. If your pancreas is working, it samples the amount of glucose in the blood stream and produces the right amount of insulin and releases the insulin into the blood stream The insulin opens the cells and allows the sugar in and blood sugar will come down. If you do not have insulin you have no problem getting the carbohydrate into the blood stream but have no way of opening up the cells to let the sugar in and your blood sugar levels stay high. High blood sugar gets filtered by the kidneys and glucose ends up in the urine, therefore it causes increased urine flow and your child will urinate a lot and therefore drink a lot to catch up.
When your body cannot use glucose for energy it will find another source of energy and you will get these other sources of energy from your body breaking down your muscle and you will loose weight and feel weak and tired and you will also break down fat and produce ketones which makes you sick. There are 5 main food groups that make up a balanced healthy diet in order for your child’s body to get all the vitamins, minerals and nutrients they require to function at its optimum. The main food groups can be divided into 3 nutrient groups which have individual effects on the body. Proteins – These nutrients are our bodies’ growth foods and have little effect on the blood glucose levels.
Fats – These foods are also energy foods in the body; however they have twice the amount of calories than carbohydrates and therefore are to be kept to a minimum, in order to protect the heart and other vital organs. The rate of absorption of glucose in and out of the blood stream is called the glycaemia index (GI). High GI (HGI) foods are absorbed quickly into the blood stream and tend to raise blood glucose levels quickly. Intermediate GI (IGI) foods are absorbed at a gradual rate and have less of a rise on the blood glucose values. Low GI foods (LGI) are absorbed very slowly into the blood stream and tend to keep blood glucose values more stable for longer periods than HGI and IGI foods. There are different ways to measure carbohydrates and relate them to the effect they will have on your blood glucose level, this concept is called carbohydrate counting and is a very useful tool to use.
Carbohydrates are divided in two main groups and the sugar group is further divided in 3 groups. Most foods have nutritional information on the packaging, so these are easy to read and determine. Diabetic products are not usually encouraged as they are poorly marketed, costly and they only remove sucrose form the product but still have other glucose products in them, therefore they are not completely free ( Unless the total carbs on the nutritional label says 0 grams) and will still raise the blood glucose levels. Your child’s Diet needs to be individualised and you should see a dietician who understands children with diabetes to structure something for your child individually. Sugar is allowed in small to moderate amounts and will make up part of your carb value at meals.
Proteins get broken down into glucose very slowly in the blood stream and only 50-60% of protein gets converted to Glucose, making it an ideal food for your child to eat as a snack or as the main portion of a meal.
Testing your child’s blood glucose levels regularly, will help you to achieve daily blood glucose targets and it is your only tool to help you administer the correct dose of insulin or see what changes need to made to food or exercise etc. Before each meal and at bedtime, and at any other time you think you may be low or very high. If you are having problems with higher or lower blood sugars email or fax through the last 3-4 days results and insulin doses being used and we can help you make adjustments. The risk of long term diabetes complications is related to overall blood glucose control that is above ranges for many years.
Push the plunger all the way down –if using pens, hold for 10 sec and if using syringes hold for 2 sec.
Let go of your pinch before pulling out the needle, this will prevent the insulin from leaking out. If they are having lots of issues with injections or have a severe needle phobia we can use insulin ports to deliver insulin through. Most often when you have a low blood glucose value your body will give you warning signs – here are some symptoms, it’s also best that you recognise your individual symptoms and treat a low blood glucose values as soon as possible.
Don’t get into the habit of over treating low blood sugars and getting a high blood sugar thereafter by feeding them too much.
Give the above treatment and recheck blood glucose values again after 15-20 min if they still complain of feeling low. NB Insulin must be given before a meal if your child was low, you will fix the low blood glucose and then give the normal dose of insulin before that meal, you will need insulin to store that food eaten in the cells of the body otherwise the next blood sugar will be high – they will not go low again! If your child is confused and unable to swallow – rub condensed milk, syrup, honey or glucose syrup onto the gums if that does not raise the blood glucose levels Glucagon needs to be used. Blood glucose values need to be checked every 3 hour for next 6 hours after a severe episode. High blood glucose values above target along with high HbA1c’s over many years can lead to complications associated with diabetes.
When a diabetic child is ill, it is a very unstable time as blood glucose values may fluctuate erratically.
Diabetic children need there insulin when they are sick, sometimes even larger doses, even if they do not want to eat, insulin must NEVER be skipped and the types of foods or liquids may need to be adjusted along with the amount of insulin.
Encourage your child to eat their usual meal or something from the list below if there stomach is upset or they are having difficulty eating. If your child is vomiting and there are no Ketones they need to have small sips of fluid every 15 minutes to avoid dehydration. Medicines for fever, pain, decongestants, runny tummy or nausea, coughs and colds may contain small amounts of sugar.
In the absence of insulin your body cannot use your glucose for energy provided by the food you eat.
When Ketones are detected you should contact your Dr, Educator or the 24 hour emergency hot line, so they can advise you on clearing the Ketones.
Diabetes camps are one of the best experiences that a child with diabetes can have and it is advisable that you allow your child to be involved in this experience, especially when they are newly diagnosed. Camp is a place for your child to learn self-confidence, independence from mom and dad, to be with other kids with diabetes, and simply to have a great time as well as have the opportunity to make lifelong friends. We interact with each other, learn teamwork, make friends, survival skills and time to play, be creative and do some rhythm workshop and have lots of FUN, FUN, FUN!!
The purpose of this note is to let you know the implications of diabetes and how it may affect me at school. If there are any questions please write them down and I will get my parents or my doctor to answer them for you.
The main dangers that arise from diabetes at school are low blood glucose values or hypoglycemia.
If I experience a low blood glucose value during class I will need to test my blood glucose values and I will need to eat foods that have glucose in them to raise my blood glucose values again.
If I am unconscious or have a seizure from a low blood glucose value I will need to be injected with the following injection called glucagon that will increase my blood glucose values. When I wake up please give me sips of juice or coke and check my blood glucose every 5-10min. There may be some side effects 30 min after the injection such as: Nausea,vomiting, bloating and headache.
Now, let's see how the lack of insulin as seen in Type 1 diabetes and the insulin resistance of type 2 DM affect your body to produce the typical signs and symptoms associated with diabetes. The lack of insulin or insulin resistance directly causes high blood glucose levels both after a meal and also during times of "fasting".
Because your cells have no glucose coming into them from your blood, your body "thinks" that it is starving.
You feel tired because your cells cannot absorb glucose, leaving them with nothing to burn for energy.
The ketones in the blood and urine seen above are usually associated with Type 1 diabetes but can occur in people with Type 2 diabetes also. All recommendations have been updated and reorganized to clarify management considerations for women with pregestational or gestational diabetes in the prepregnancy period, during pregnancy, and in the intrapartum and postpartum periods.
1.All women of reproductive age with type 1 or type 2 diabetes should receive advice on reliable birth control, the importance of glycemic control prior to pregnancy, the impact of BMI on pregnancy outcomes, the need for folic acid and the need to stop potentially embryopathic drugs prior to pregnancy [Grade D, Level 4 (1)].


4.Women with type 2 diabetes who are planning a pregnancy should switch from noninsulin antihyperglycemic agents to insulin for glycemic control [Grade D, Consensus]. 6.Women should be screened for chronic kidney disease prior to pregnancy (see Chronic Kidney Disease chapter, p. 9.Detemir [Grade C, Level 2 (24)] or glargine [Grade C, Level 3 (25)] may be used in women with pregestational diabetes as an alternative to NPH. 11.Women should receive adequate glucose during labour in order to meet their high-energy requirements [Grade D, Consensus].
12.Women with pregestational diabetes should be carefully monitored postpartum as they have a high risk of hypoglycemia [Grade D, Consensus].
15.All women should be encouraged to breastfeed since this may reduce offspring obesity, especially in the setting of maternal obesity [Grade C, Level 3 (28)].
17.If there is a high risk of GDM based on multiple clinical factors, screening should be offered at any stage in the pregnancy [Grade D, Consensus]. 21.Receive nutrition counselling from a registered dietitian during pregnancy [Grade C, Level 3 (37)] and postpartum [Grade D, Consensus]. 22.If women with GDM do not achieve glycemic targets within 2 weeks from nutritional therapy alone, insulin therapy should be initiated [Grade D, Consensus]. 23.Insulin therapy in the form of multiple injections should be used [Grade A, Level 1 (20)].
24.Rapid-acting bolus analogue insulin may be used over regular insulin for postprandial glucose control, although perinatal outcomes are similar [Grade B, Level 2 (38,39)]. 27.Women should receive adequate glucose during labour in order to meet their high-energy requirements [Grade D, Consensus].
29.Women should be screened with a 75 g OGTT between 6 weeks and 6 months postpartum to detect prediabetes and diabetes [Grade D, Consensus]. When there is not enough insulin present your cells cannot use sugar to obtain the energy they need.
If you have Type 1 diabetes, you should always have a supply of the strips used for urine ketone testing and know how to use them. If you have Type 2 diabetes, your doctor or nurse will tell you if you need to do urine ketone testing. The urine ketone test will tell you whether you have no ketones present or if you have trace, small, moderate, or large ketones present. The main purpose of this Glucose Urine Test is use to track the existence and level of Diabetes. Pregnancy -- up to half of women will have glucose in their urine at some point during pregnancy. Diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there are high levels of sugar in the blood.
Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but it is most often diagnosed in children, teens, or young adults.
Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar that develops at any time during pregnancy in a woman who does not have diabetes. We all know that sleep is an important piece of the puzzle for making your healthiest self. A study done back in 2009 revealed that sleep disturbances, whether they are the inability to fall asleep at an appropriate time or waking up a lot in the night, both contribute to weight gain, obesity, and type 2 diabetes. The impact on our bodies from a lack of proper sleep and irregular cortisol levels is huge.
So if you feel like you’ve been doing everything right- you have your diet in check, you exercise (but not too much!), your life stress is low, and life’s joys are high,yet you’re still unable to loose the weight, you may want to consider prioritizing sleep a little more.
If you do think that weight loss is an appropriate, healthy goal and you’re ready to focus more on happy, healthy sleeping (can you imagine sleeping as blissfully as the adorable baby above?), there are plenty of tips to help get you on your way.
Your child is unique and you will learn in time how diet, exercise and different life situations affect your child’s blood sugar levels. There is a “genetic predisposition” (inherited factor) that needs to be present for the process to start and a viral infection can be the external trigger required to start the immune attack. The food your child eats’, especially carbohydrates are broken down into glucose and stored in their cells for energy now or later so that your child can perform their daily activities like, learning, running, swimming and playing and more importantly having fun. This is usually achieved by using 2 or 3 kinds of insulin, usually a long acting (background insulin) and a rapid acting insulin (meal time insulin). Half of the protein we eat gets converted to glucose over a long period of time so it has a gradual rise on the blood glucose levels.
Fats are needed for cell growth and protection for organs and are a very important part in children’s growth and development. The following pictures are a few examples of the main carbohydrates consumed and they are all measured in 1 carbohydrate value. Below are a few typical foods that have been measured in 1 carbohydrate value they may not necessarily have nutritional information on them and they may need to be learned with time. Complications are obviously one of your concerns as a parent, but if you and your child work hard at getting the blood glucose values as close to target as often as possible so complications can be prevented.
Injecting in the same area too often will cause scar tissue and lumps in the area and the insulin absorption is then unpredictable and poor. Areas that can be damaged from high blood glucose levels are the: eyes, kidneys, heart and feet. Anti-nausea suppositories can be given every 6 hours, if your child needs a second suppository call your Dr. I know this may make you feel scared or worried to have me in your class as there are a lot of misconceptions about my condition. I would like to explain my diabetes and I am sure you will see that I can lead a normal life jut like any other child in your class. Right after a meal, there is no insulin to act as the key to allow the glucose to enter the cells, as we have seen above and this leads to raised blood glucose values. High blood-glucose levels increase the osmotic pressure of your blood and directly stimulate the thirst receptors in your brain. It's not clear exactly what stimulates your hunger centers, possibly the lack of insulin or high glucagon levels. Women with pregestational diabetes who also have PCOS may continue metformin for ovulation induction [Grade D, Consensus]. S129) [Grade D, Level 4, for type 1 diabetes (17) ; Grade D, Consensus, for type 2 diabetes]. If the initial screening is performed before 24 weeks of gestation and is negative, rescreen between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation.
Recommendations for weight gain during pregnancy should be based on pregravid BMI [Grade D, Consensus]. Use of oral agents in pregnancy is off-label and should be discussed with the patient [Grade D, Consensus]. Effectiveness of a regional prepregnancy care program in women with type 1 and type 2 diabetes: benefits beyond glycemic control. Preconception care for diabetic women for improving maternal and fetal outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Preconception care and the risk of congenital anomalies in the offspring of women with diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis. Poor glycated hemoglobin control and adverse pregnancy outcomes in type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus: systematic review of observational studies.
Glycemic control during early pregnancy and fetal malformations in women with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Use of maternal GHb concentration to estimate the risk of congenital anomalies in the offspring of women with pre-pregnancy diabetes.
Glycaemic control is associated with preeclampsia but not with pregnancy-induced hypertension in women with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Strategies for reducing the frequency of preeclampsia in pregnancies with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
Effect of pregnancy on microvascular complications in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial. Maternal exposure to angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors in the first trimester and risk of malformations in offspring: a retrospective cohort study. Central nervous system and limb anomalies in case reports of first-trimester statin exposure.
Microalbuminuria, preeclampsia, and preterm delivery in pregnancy women with type 1 diabetes: results from a nationwide Danish study. Improved pregnancy outcome in type 1 diabetic women with microalbuminuria or diabetic nephropathy: effect of intensified antihypertensive therapy? Twice daily versus four times daily insulin dose regimens for diabetes in pregnancy: randomised controlled trial. Maternal glycemic control and hypoglycemia in type 1 diabetic pregnancy: a randomized trial of insulin aspart versus human insulin in 322 pregnant women. Glycemic control and perinatal outcomes of pregnancies complicated by type 1 diabetes: influence of continuous subcutaneous insulin and lispro insulin.
A comparison of lispro and regular insulin for the management of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in pregnancy. Maternal efficacy and safety outcomes in a randomized, controlled trial comparing insulin detemir with NPH insulin in 310 pregnant women with type 1 diabetes. Metformin therapy throughout pregnancy reduces the development of gestational diabetes in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Breast-feeding and risk for childhood obesity: does maternal diabetes or obesity status matter?
Fasting plasma glucose versus glucose challenge test: screening for gestational diabetes and cost effectiveness. Impact of increasing carbohydrate intolerance on maternal-fetal outcomes in 3637 women without gestational diabetes.
Postprandial versus preprandial blood glucose monitoring in women with gestational diabetes mellitus requiring insulin therapy.
Recommendations for nutrition best practice in the management of gestational diabetes mellitus.
Maternal metabolic control and perinatal outcome in women with gestational diabetes treated with regular or lispro insulin: comparison with non-diabetic pregnant women.


Comparison of an insulin analog, insulin aspart, and regular human insulin with no insulin in gestational diabetes mellitus.
Prospective observational study to establish predictors of glyburide success in women with gestational diabetes mellitus. Comparative placental transport of oral hypoglycemic agents in humans: a model of human placental drug transfer.
Comparison of glyburide and insulin for the management of gestational diabetes in a large managed care organization. Effects of early breastfeeding on neonatal glucose levels of term infants born to women with gestational diabetes.
Association of breast-feeding and early childhood overweight in children from mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus.
Lactation intensity and postpartum maternal glucose tolerance and insulin resistance in women with recent GDM: the SWIFT cohort.
Small increases in urine glucose levels after a large meal are not always a cause for concern.
It most often occurs in adulthood, but teens and young adults are now being diagnosed with it because of high obesity rates.
Treatment involves medicines, diet, and exercise to control blood sugar and prevent symptoms and problems. We’ve all experienced sleepless nights, whether it’s from staying out too late with friends, getting caught up in work until wee hours of the morning, or getting woken up in the night from a child or sick pet.
And what can we do to ensure that our sleep is helping out with our waist lines and health goals? A huge part of the reasoning behind this comes down to how your circadian rhythm affects your cortisol levels, and then how wacky cortisol levels contribute to weight gain. As the graph above shows, a normal and natural cortisol rhythm should be such that your cortisol rises first thing in the morning, then gradually lowers and tapers off throughout the rest of the day.
Both cortisol and insulin are considered to be “major hormones” and their roles in the body are very important.
Of course this comes after really thinking about whether it’s necessary or even healthy to try to loose weight.
I won’t go into lots of detail here on what those specific changes are since that would be a whole other blog post. Sometimes a viral infection can trigger diabetes in some children, but you could not have stopped diabetes from happening.
Insulin directs the uptake of glucose into the cells either to meet immediate energy needs or to store it for later use. These foods make excellent snacks between meals and will not require extra insulin, further more it can be eaten when blood glucose values are high in order to prevent them from raising further. They raise the blood glucose values and are the foods groups that need to be kept under control in order to manage diabetes.
Unless you are sick, then it necessary for you to test more often, especially when you have ketones, then you will need to test hourly.
The HbA1c is a way to measure this; it looks at the amount of glucose attached to your red blood cells. The high blood glucose levels damage all the small nerves and arteries to the organs mentioned above, however if you and your child manage your diabetes effectively you will not develop diabetes complications.
Cortisone and or steroid containing medications cannot be taken, they increase Blood glucose levels aggressively the list is below.
HOWEVER once your child has the above symptoms but starts to vomit and have difficulty breathing it can no longer be managed at home - the Dr needs to be contacted and your child will need to be admitted. Glucagon acts on your liver and muscles to breakdown stored glycogen and release glucose into the blood. Your increased urine flow causes you to lose body sodium, which also stimulates your thirst receptors.
Because the cells are unable to use the glucose, they pull fuel from other sources-fat stores and muscle-and the diabetic person begins to lose weight.
Women with microalbuminuria or overt nephropathy are at increased risk for development of hypertension and preeclampsia [Grade A, Level 1 (17,18)] and should be followed closely for these conditions [Grade D, Consensus]. Basically, having a proper circadian rhythm helps your cortisol levels stay where they should be. It will increase a bit with each meal, but should overall be lowering until bedtime, when it should be at it’s lowest point. And not only were people wanting to eat more, but the reward centers in their brains were more active for junk food.
A healthy body should be “insulin sensitive”, meaning it can release insulin in just the right amounts for what the body needs after digesting food. In our culture we tend to assume that weight loss is usually an acceptable goal, since obesity rates are so high, and our social media honors thinness. But check out this great post as well as this one , oh and especially this one, (after you finish this post of course!) and you’ll be on your way. If undetected or untreated your child could develop DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS (DKA), this is a medical emergency and they will need to be hospitalised. It doesn’t just make us feel tired, it also can make us cranky and irritable, give us terrible sugar cravings, make us want to eat more in general, remove our self control, feel unable to concentrate, and promote weight gain. If your rhythm is like this, you should feel awake and ready to start the day in the morning, alert throughout the day, then sleepy at night. It’s much harder to make good decisions about food when we’re sleep deprived, since our impulse control is limited. When a body becomes insulin resistant, the fat cells become less sensitive to insulin, which causes high blood sugar, therefor making them more susceptible to obesity and diabetes.
But I will say that I think that the most critical part in being able to successfully prioritize sleep is just that- making it a priority. In between meals and during fasting low levels of insulin regulate the amount of glucose produced from the liver (your body’s main glucose store).
Children, especially very young children have different targets to adults as they don’t always detect there low blood glucose values and very low HbA1c‘s are not suitable for them and they are individualized to the child.
Unfortunately, in today’s world, we are more stressed out than is natural or healthy, so our body is releasing too much cortisol too often in order to deal with these stresses. Since your circadian rhythm directly influences your cortisol levels, if you don’t feel this way, I would recommend looking into natural ways to get back to your natural circadian rhythm. In fact, studies even show that areas in the frontal lobe of the brain (the area which governs impulse control) were diminished after bad night’s sleep. In fact, being at a healthy weight is especially important for fertility, and there’s no room for being too thin or undernourished. It may sound obvious, but it’s usually a lot harder than it sounds, so it takes some focus.
Every year we are closer to a cure and the tools and knowledge we have to manage diabetes improve. This causes cortisol levels that are irregular, and unfortunately after awhile of this high cortisol output, it can cause adrenal fatigue. A few basic things to concentrate on would be to expose yourself to natural daylight when you want your cortisol levels up (first thing in the morning) and avoiding artificial light when you want them to be low.
This means that a lack of proper sleep can affect you at a cellular level- your fat cells are actually unable to respond to insulin properly.
Even if weight loss is a good goal, focusing solely on weight loss rather than other health related goals, and being unhappy with yourself until you attain your weight loss goal can be very unhealthy. Our busy culture tends to honor those who can get away with less sleep (or who think they can), somehow thinking they’re more productive and therefor more honorable.
An unnatural, broken cortisol rhythm, whether it’s become adrenal fatigue or not, affects your body in many negative ways. For example, video games and television at night not only amp up brains but also disrupt the natural hormonal release of melatonin along with lowering cortisol, which is meant to help with sleepiness. Lastly, sleep deprived people tend to loose as much lean mass weight as fat mass when calorie restricting for weight loss purposes, which is not good. And unfortunately, it can take only one night of bad sleep for your body to become insulin resistant. I definitely urge you to keep a positive mindset about yourself and your body even if you do want to loose weight for healthy reasons. I doubt that those who sleep less are more productive- at least in the long term they aren’t since at some point they will likely crash and burn. Most relatively and importantly for this conversation is that it makes it very difficult for your body to burn fat for fuel, it increases the rate of storing fat, makes you crave sugar, and raises your blood sugar levels. Eating and exercising at appropriate times (when you want your cortisol levels raised) will also help regulate your levels. There are many studies backing up this claim that sleep debt has a harmful impact on carbohydrate metabolism, and therefor weight gain.
All this equates to weight gain, or at least a much harder time loosing weight, if that’s your goal. And while productivity is what we’re all seeking, I definitely don’t think that being more outwardly productive makes someone more honorable. In the evening, when you want your circadian rhythm lowering, avoid those stimulating things such as light, food, and exercise. I just don’t think that doing more necessarily (and usually doesn’t) equate to you being more.
There are more extensive tips on how to get back on track, but I find that the summer is the perfect time to simplify it all and do your best at structuring your sleep around the natural cycles of light.
It’s the time for our bodies to become restored, to detox, and help us to focus better when we are awake and active.
So, if you want to, make it a priority, make a few changes, and see what happens to both your health and your waistline!



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