About Type 1 DiabetesEvery year, approximately 30,000 Americans are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes.
Causes & Risk FactorsGet the facts about how family history, race and other factors can increase your likelihood of developing type 1 diabetes. SymptomsLearn the most common symptoms of type 1 diabetes and how to spot the warning signs. DiagnosisYour healthcare provider will likely take a medical and family history and conduct tests that measure your blood sugar. Your Guide to TreatmentExplore your treatment options, and find out how to work with your healthcare provider to develop a plan that’s right for you.
What's the Right Diabetes Treatment for You?It's important to discuss a variety of questions with your healthcare provider. Type 1 Diabetes: 10 Questions to Ask It's okay to ask your healthcare provider lots of questions about how to best take care of yourself. 5 Steps to Start Managing DiabetesThere’s much you can do to manage your diabetes and boost your chances of living a long, healthy life. Important Steps to Better Diabetes CareDiscover how to manage diabetes in six simple steps. All material provided on the Health Monitor website is provided for informational and educational purposes only and is not a substitute for medical diagnosis, advice or treatment.Consult a physician regarding the applicability of any opinions or recommendations with respect to your symptoms or medical condition.
Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can develop quickly in people with diabetes who are taking insulin.
Diabetes mellitus is a disorder wherein there occurs a deficiency in the production of insulin hormone resulting in the increase of blood sugar.
Type 2 diabetes may be caused due to the increase in blood pressure and blood triglyceride levels.
Insulin resistance in type 2 can be seen in conditions like obesity, pregnancy, infections and stress. The history of the patient to find any of the hereditary aspects of the disease is carefully analyzed at the first stage.
The complications that correspond the diabetic condition include diabetic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma and diabetic ketoacidosis. Keeping the body weight under control and maintaining a healthy lifestyle might prevent type 2 diabetes. However, a regular check up of blood glucose level and taking right doses of medicine of insulin can reduce its severity. If you or a family member has diabetes, there is something you should know about your eyes.
Diabetic retinopathy can happen to anyone who has type 1 or type 2 diabetes, and according to the National Eye Institute, up to 45 percent of adults diagnosed with diabetes in the United States have some degree of diabetic retinopathy. Advanced diabetic retinopathy, referred to as proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), is the most severe type of diabetic retinopathy.
Because diabetic retinopathy is usually classified as early or advanced, the treatment for diabetic retinopathy depends its severity and how well it may respond to specific treatments.
If you have nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy, you may not need treatment right away but your eye doctor at Ford Eye Center will closely monitor your retina to determine if you need laser treatment. Focal laser treatment, a laser treatment, also known as photocoagulation, can stop the leakage of blood and fluid in the eye.
Scatter laser treatment, also known as panretinal photocoagulation, is a laser treatment that can shrink the abnormal blood vessels and this is also done in your doctor's office or eye clinic. Vitrectomy, is a procedure that can be used to remove blood from the vitreous (the center of the eye) and scar tissue that's tugging on the retina.


Although there is no cure for diabetic retinopathy, surgery often slows or stops the progression Future retinal damage and vision loss is possible due to diabetes being a lifelong condition and even after treatment for diabetic retinopathy, regular eye exams are very important. The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Diabetic diet – wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Diabetic diet refers to the diet that is recommended for sufferers of diabetes mellitus. What i need to know about eating and diabetes – national, What i need to know about eating and diabetes.
Diabetes mellitus – wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Diabetes mellitus (dm), also known as sugar diabetes or simply diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged. National diabetes information clearinghouse home, Provides educational materials to increase knowledge and understanding about diabetes among patients, health care professionals, and the general public.. HbA1c is a term often used in relation to diabetes and this guide explains what HbA1c is, how it's used for diabetes diagnosis and how it differs from blood glucose levels.
When glucose sticks to these molecules it forms a glycoslated haemoglobin molecule, also known as A1c and HbA1c.
Due to the fact that red blood cells survive for 8-12 weeks before renewal, by measuring HbA1c, an average blood glucose reading can be returned. For people with diabetes, an HbA1c level of 6.5% is considered good control, although some people may prefer their numbers to be closer to that of non-diabetics. How often HbA1c levels should be taken depends on the person with diabetes and their history of control and treatment objections. There is little point in having HbA1c checked regularly if you are not making efforts to control your diabetes. Although HbA1c level alone does not predict diabetes complications, good control is known to lower the risk of complications. In well-controlled diabetes without a high level of glucose in the blood, a lower level of glycosylated haemoglobin will be returned. In the case of poor control, with more glucose, a higher level of glycosylated haemoglobin will be returned. You Can Keep Your Weight in Check!When it comes to reining in high blood sugar, insulin is a magic bullet. Diabetes mellitus type-2 is one such disease relating to high blood glucose due to insulin resistance. Consumption of fatty foods and alcohol intake at a higher level would also result in such disease.
Insulin treatment with a syringe of insulin pump and oral medicines decrease the levels of blood sugar. Long term complications include coronary artery disease, diabetic neuropathy, hypertension, skin infections, stroke, peripheral vascular disease and atherosclerosis.
Low alcohol consumption and quit smoking would ideally be suggested as the best preventive measures. Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that results from damage to the blood vessels of the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. The natural les of the eye may swell if your blood sugar level is too high, which can blur your vision. Early diabetic retinopathy, referred to as Nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), is the most common type of diabetic retinopathy. When you have PDR, abnormal blood vessels grow in the retina and sometimes the new blood vessels can grow or leak into the vitreous, the clear, jelly-like substance that fills the center of your eye. During the procedure, the areas of the retina away from the macula are treated with scattered laser burns and these burns cause the new blood vessels to shrink and disappear.


This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but it is most often diagnosed in children, adolescents, or young adults.Insulin is a hormone produced by special cells, called beta cells, in the pancreas, an organ located in the area behind your stomach. Food products which contains zinc are split peas, egg yolk, beef liver, lima beans, almonds, walnuts and buckwheat. In the beginning stages, diabetic retinopathy may cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems.
Eventually, too much sugar in your blood can damage the capillaries, the tiny blood vessels that nourish the retina, and this can result in diabetic retinopathy.
With NPDR, the walls of the blood vessels in your retina weaken and small sections protrude from the vessel walls, sometimes leaking or oozing fluid and blood into the retina. As PDR progresses, scar tissue stimulated by the growth of new blood vessels may cause the retina to detach from the back of your eye.
Read on to find out how to keep the pounds at bay and reap all the benefits insulin has to offer!
Insulin is needed to move blood sugar (glucose) into cells, where it is stored and later used for energy. Type 2 diabetes is popularly called adult-onset diabetes or non-insulin- dependent diabetes. Apart from medications reducing obesity and following a diabetic food plan is also suggested for such disease. Washing the feet and checking blisters or infection on the feet would be some of the methods of prevention.
If the new blood vessels interfere with the normal flow of fluid out of the eye, pressure may build up in the eyeball and this can damage the optic nerve, the nerve that carries images from your eye to your brain.
Your vision will be blurry for about a day after the procedure and sometimes small spots caused by the laser burns may appear in your visual field. Blood-filled tissue and scar tissue are removed with delicate instruments and replaced with a salt solution, and this helps maintain your eye's normal shape. In type 1 diabetes, these cells produce little or no insulin.Without enough insulin, glucose builds up in the bloodstream instead of going into the cells. As NPDR progresses, the smaller vessels may close entirely and the larger retinal veins may begin to dilate and become irregular.
However, if you had blurred vision from swelling of the central macula before surgery, you may not recover completely normal vision.
Nerve fibers in the retina may begin to swell and the central part of the retina (macula) may begin to swell, too. In some cases, a gas bubble must be placed in the cavity of the eye to help reattach the retina. This can cause a longer stay in the hospital because you may need to remain in a facedown position until the gas bubble disappears which can take several days. In some cases emotional disturbance might cause increase in blood pressure leading to the disease ultimately. Your eye surgeon will instruct you to an eye patch and use medicated eyedrops for a few days or weeks.



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