March 13, 2012 by Chris Sandel 2 Comments Nutrition, like so many professions, has catchphrases or industry speak. Unfortunately this system does not always work so smoothly and one issue is insulin resistance. Firstly if you have poor insulin receptor functioning, it doesn’t matter whether a food causes a little insulin or lots of insulin to be released, the system is still not working. Secondly people with insulin resistance generally have high circulating insulin all the time. Both of these reasons are doing nothing about repairing the system, they are just trying to avoid the problem. The fifth reason that the idea doesn’t add up is from looking at populations around the world. For all these reasons I don’t think a low GI diet is the way to go when looking improving blood sugar balance. In the next post we will look another solution that is recommended for blood sugar balance and the problems it causes. Researchers from Lund University in Sweden, who note that hemoglobin from blood donations falls far short of demands, hope that this plant hemoglobin, known as leghemoglobin, may one day become a blood substitute capable of saving lives. Sugar beets (unfortunately often genetically modified) are a common raw material used for the production of sugar, but extracting sugar from the beets is far easier than extracting hemoglobin. The beet hemoglobin is, surprisingly, nearly identical to human hemoglobin, except for a small "surface detail" that Nelida Leiva, a doctoral student of applied biochemistry at Lund University, said extends the lifespan of the beet hemoglobin. There are multiple types of hemoglobin in your body, including that in your blood as well as in your brain and testicles in men.
More research is planned to determine if the sugar beet hemoglobin could one day be used as a blood substitute, but at least one expert is skeptical. Beet roots have the highest sugar content of all vegetables, but they also contain a wealth of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.
Keep in mind that the red beets most people add to salads and side dishes in the US are known as table beets, and they are not the same variety as the sugar beets mentioned above (which are actually white). The benefit likely comes from the naturally occurring nitrates in beets, which are converted into nitric oxide in your body. Those who drank beet juice prior to exercise were able to exercise for up to 16 percent longer.6 The benefit is thought to also be related to nitrates turning into nitric oxide, which may reduce the oxygen cost of low-intensity exercise as well as enhance tolerance to high-intensity exercise.
Beets are a unique source of betaine, a nutrient that helps protects cells, proteins, and enzymes from environmental stress. The powerful phytonutrients that give beets their deep crimson color may help to ward off cancer. Beets are high in immune-boosting vitamin C, fiber, and essential minerals like potassium (essential for healthy nerve and muscle function) and manganese (which is good for your bones, liver, kidneys, and pancreas). The betalin pigments in beets support your body's Phase 2 detoxification process, which is when broken down toxins are bound to other molecules so they can be excreted from your body. It is important to know that about 95 percent of sugar beets grown in the US are genetically modified (GM). Further, they said that the pesticide-resistant beets would increase pesticide impacts on the environment and worsen the current epidemic of pesticide-resistant superweeds. With genetic engineering, the crop survives the toxic herbicide while weeds are theoretically eliminated from the field. Roundup Ready crops have also been linked to serious health problems—particularly relating to fertility and birth defects—as has glyphosate itself. While the table beets most people eat are not currently genetically modified, they're often grown in close proximity to sugar beets, and cross-pollination is known to occur.
No discussion of beets would be complete without beet greens, which are among the healthiest part of the plant. Everyone knows that whole wheat bread is healthier than white bread, right?  Everyone except me. Time to try again – with wheat.  A few weeks ago we had dinner in San Francisco, in a restaurant that makes Disney World look like a non-profit charity.
If the nutrients processed out of white flour are irreplaceable, how come so many people live healthy, happy lives without consuming any wheat at all?  People on gluten-free diets, Atkins, the Paleo Diet, etc. So here’s my surprising conclusion: everyone knows that whole wheat bread is healthier than white bread, and I think that everyone is wrong. Don’t make white flour a major part of your diet – eventually, you will miss the various nutrients that were processed out. And if you’re lucky enough to get some freshly baked, artisanal San Francisco Sour Dough bread, eat as much as you can, as fast as you can, before someone else eats it first.  Everyone knows that. Typical article touting the benefits of whole wheat over white.  Note the lack of original source material. Sign-Up For Jay’s NewsletterOur email newsletter has useful tips and valuable resources, sent out every week.
By Deane AlbanMelatonin is a powerful hormone affecting our sleep cycle and many other processes.
Millions of us dona€™t get enough high-quality sleep, and that is having disastrous effects on our health, productivity and mood. If you’re looking for a natural remedy for insomnia, you may be considering a melatonin supplement. Or does it make more senseA to encourage your body’s own melatonin production instead?
Herea€™s what you need to know about how this hormone works in the body before you take a melatonin supplement.
Melatonin is synthesized from serotonin when it’s available andA can also be created from 5-HTPA directly. Jet lag, shift work,A alcohol, caffeine, blood sugar imbalances, adrenal fatigue, stress, poor vision, electromagnetic frequency exposure, and age can all cause melatonin deficiency. Until recently in human existence, weA got up with the chickens and went to bed when the sun went down. While artificial light is a wonderful convenience that you wouldn’tA want to do without, it really messes withA your sleep cycle.

The simplest way to boost melatonin levels is to get more natural light exposure during the day and reduceA light exposure at night.
Spend timeA outside during the day, especially first thing in the morning — even 15 minutes can help. You can buy separate blue light shields for all of your electronics, but that can get expensive.
These glasses have been proven to improve sleep by blocking the blue light coming from all sources ofA artificial light. And like other hormones it’s regulated and available only as a prescription medication. Regardless of what is stated on the label, there is nothing natural about melatonin supplements.
Melatonin supplements are distributed by the same companies that sell vitamin and herbal remedies, but that doesn’t make themA natural. While no one is disputing the importance of melatonin as a naturally occurring sleep hormone, a surprising number of sleep experts are not in favor of melatonin supplements.
HeA points out that melatonin is a sleep and body clock regulator —A not a sleep initiator. He believes the first courseA of actionA for sleep problems should be upgrading your overall health and developing good sleep habits. He finds melatonin supplements useful for circadian rhythm disordersA and shift work sleep disorders, but not for insomnia. Less common side effects are mild anxiety, irritability, mental confusion and temporary feelings ofA depression. He prefers to address root causes of insomnia such as high cortisol level, insulin sensitivity, andA eating excessiveA carbohydrates. MelatoninA has gotten typecastA as just a sleep hormone, but it’s much more than that.
Here are some lesser-known ways that this versatile substance protects your mental and physical health.
Melatonin is a potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and immune system booster that is especially protective of the brain.
And it does so without the side effects experienced with the use of serotonin-boosting drugsA such asA nausea, headaches, weight gain, and loss of libido.
This almost always occurs when it’s takenA during the day furtherA disrupting your sleep cycle. Seasonal affective disorder, or SAD,A is a kind of depression characterized by feeling blue and lethargic during the shortest days of the winter. The exact mechanism that causesA SAD is not completely understood, but it’s linked to circadian rhythm disruption, low serotonin, and higher than normal levels of melatonin.
However, some SAD patients respond favorably to melatonin supplements, provided they are taken at the right time.
It can ease the withdrawal symptoms of addictive substancesA by regulating circadian rhythm.
It’s useful for tapering off or stopping prescription anti-anxiety medications such as Valium, Xanax, and Ativan. Taking melatonin along with certain cancer treatments shrinks tumors more effectively than the treatment alone. Melatonin is a naturally occurring hormone that’sA also available as a supplement to regulate your sleep cycle. You can increase your body’s own melatonin production byA minimizing exposure to artificial light, especially the blue light emitted byA your electronics. Keeping melatonin levels up naturally is one of the best things you can do for your health. It will assure you get the sleep you need,A improve your mood, protect your brain from aging, and may even help you live longer.
Movies like Limitless and Lucy have fueled an interest in the power of so-called smart drugs. We've looked closely at the market and found a supplement that combines some of the most effective, safe and natural brain enhancers we know.
These enhancers work with your brain's own neurotransmitters to really improve your thinking, memory, focus, and mood. The longer you spend in the field, the more accustomed you become and start to feel like these terms are known and understood by the wider population. The way hormones like insulin work is they’re released into the blood and travel to a receptor site somewhere in the body. They have become insensitive, meaning that even though there are high amounts of insulin in the blood, the body doesn’t recognise it. If the blood sugar is rising but the sugar is not going into the cells it still needs to get the sugar out of the blood supply.
If it goes on long enough and your blood sugar levels are consistently at high enough levels, you are diagnosed with having diabetes. The sugar is not efficiently getting into the cells and your cells are missing out on their main energy source. The food may increase the insulin, but this increase is rather insignificant against the constant elevated levels.
Fructose is another form of sugar but due to the way it is processed in the body it doesn’t cause an increase in insulin and blood sugars the way that glucose does.
Foods like white rice and potatoes are eaten as staples by countries with some of the lowest rates of diabetes and yet they are basically as high as you can get on the GI scale. I will also start to give some of my ideas on how you can improve any blood sugar issues you may be having. He is a nutritionist, working with works with clients on a one-on-one basis, as well as creating online trainings and products about health and nutrition. I don’t have a sweet tooth myself but know a lot of people suffer badly with sugar cravings. While you might assume this is a uniquely human protein, it's actually found in plants, too, including sugar beets.

Adding beets to your diet a few times a week is a good way to benefit from their nutrition without overdosing on their high amounts of sugar. Nitric oxide, in turn, helps to relax and dilate your blood vessels, improving blood flow and lowering blood pressure. Traditionally, beets are valued for their support in detoxification and helping to purify your blood and your liver. A number of organizations challenged the USDA approval of Roundup Ready sugar beets in 2008, arguing that the beets would contaminate related organic and non-GM crops such as table beets and chard. Roundup Ready crops are designed to withstand otherwise lethal topical doses of glyphosate—a broad spectrum herbicide, and the active ingredient in Monsanto's herbicide Roundup as well as hundreds of other products. I say "theoretically" because the overuse of the herbicide has led to the rapid development of glyphosate-resistant superweeds. A lawsuit was filed against the USDA in 2009 for failure to complete an Environmental Impact Study.
Besides containing important nutrients like protein, phosphorus, zinc, fiber, vitamin B6, magnesium, potassium, copper, and manganese, beet greens also supply significant amounts of vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, and iron. They can be added raw to vegetable juice or sauteed lightly right along with other greens like spinach and Swiss chard – as can the beet root. Many breads are loaded with sugars, preservatives, and other unnecessary additives.  Just like dog biscuits. Kirk Parsley, a physician, former Navy SEAL and sleep expert for the US Navy, expresses concern that melatonin is sold in such relativelyA high dosages. Brent Bauer, director of the Complementary and Integrative Medicine Program at Mayo Clinic, says that melatonin is not intended for long-term use and should be taken continuously for no more than two months. Datis Kharrazian, bestselling author of Why Isna€™t My Brain Working?, finds that taking supplemental melatonin can throw off theA body’s sensitive circadian rhythm. Smart drugs are substances that claim to make you smarter, highly focused, and more productive. Among nutritionists I don’t think there is a bigger catchphrase then ‘balancing blood sugars’.
This means the sugar is staying in your blood and not getting in your cells where it is needed.
If insulin can not put the sugar into your cells for energy then the remaining is converted to fats, causing higher triglycerides (blood fats) and more fat in adipose tissue.
Foods are ranked based on how quickly they breakdown to sugar and how much of an increase in insulin they cause.
The problem isn’t because the food causes an insulin increase; it is because the levels are constantly elevated. These people don’t eat anything for 12 hours and then are fed 50g of the particular food (and only that food) after which their blood sugar levels are monitored for 2 hours.
This means that Coca Cola is given a rating of 63, making it medium GI, whereas a jacket potato is 85, parsnips are 97 and white rice is 98. If rice and root vegetables like potatoes and parsnips as so bad for you, then traditional societies that have lived off these kind of foods should be plagued with diabetes. He is the author of The Health Trap: Why "Healthy" Eating Isn't Always Healthy which is available on Amazon UK and Amazon USA. Sugar can actually be very useful in certain situations and lately I have intentionally be eating more of it lately (things like maple syrup, honey and orange juice) to help with sugar levels. It's unclear whether the sugar beets being considered to make hemoglobin for humans are also the genetically modified variety… but let's hope not, since the consequences of such an experiment are completely unknown. Beet greens actually have even more iron than spinach (another leafy green in the same botanical family) as well as a higher nutritional value overall than the beetroot itself. Individual articles are based upon the opinions of the respective author, who retains copyright as marked. To help with this process you release a hormone called insulin that comes from your pancreas. The docking onto the receptor site then creates some sort of change or action within the body. The general thinking is that high GI foods, those that break down quickest and cause the highest insulin spike, are unhealthiest. This is why when you look at different GI index tables you can have different results because it depends on the people they used to test the foods. What about when this is then combined with a whole meal, with some meat, vegetables and rice? According to the index this makes these foods worse for you and things that you should avoid but you can go ahead and drink the Coke. In fact they are not and have only started to have problems when they adopted more of a Western diet.
The suspension was later overridden by the USDA, ostensibly to prevent a sugar shortage – and the rest is history. The information on this website is not intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. Insulin, along with other nutrients, helps the sugar get into the cells where it is needed.
It is intended as a sharing of knowledge and information from the research and experience of Dr. We eat a meal that contains a mix of foods so studying things in isolation doesn’t tell us a lot if we don’t eat our foods like this.
Mercola encourages you to make your own health care decisions based upon your research and in partnership with a qualified health care professional.
Understanding it can help to solve a wide range of problems, things that affect a significant percentage of the population. If you are pregnant, nursing, taking medication, or have a medical condition, consult your health care professional before using products based on this content.

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