Join tens of thousands of doctors, health professionals and patients who receive our newsletters. It is possible to have diabetes with only very mild symptoms or without developing any symptoms at all. A condition known as prediabetes that often leads to type 2 diabetes also produces no symptoms. The most common symptoms are related to hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels), especially the classic symptoms of diabetes: frequent urination and thirst.
If your insulin is ineffective, or not there at all, your kidneys cannot filter the glucose back into the blood. As the insulin in your blood is not working properly, or is not there at all, and your cells are not getting their energy, your body may react by trying to find more energy - food. If your insulin is not working properly, or is not there at all, glucose will not be entering your cells and providing them with energy. If you are over 50 and experience frequent or constant sexual dysfunction (erectile dysfunction), it could be a symptom of diabetes. If there is too much sugar in your body your nerves could become damaged, as could the tiny blood vessels that feed those nerves. Diabetes can often be detected by carrying out a urine test, which finds out whether excess glucose is present.
If you are worried that you may have some of the above symptoms, you are recommended to talk to your Doctor or a qualified health professional. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Basics about diabetes, accessed August 2015. American Heart Association, Symptoms, diagnosis & monitoring of diabetes, accessed August 2015. Mayo Clinic, Diabetes symptoms: When diabetes symptoms are a concern, accessed August 2015. Disclaimer: This informational section on Medical News Today is regularly reviewed and updated, and provided for general information purposes only. Please note that although you may feel free to cite and quote this article, it may not be re-produced in full without the permission of Medical News Today.
Learn all about diabetes, a lifelong metabolism disorder that causes high blood sugar levels. Learn all about type 1 and type 2 diabetes and the differences between the two conditions in our article about the diabetes mellitus metabolism disorder.
The diagram shows how kidney function reduces and the amount of protein in the urine increases in diabetic nephropathy. The overall risk of developing diabetic nephropathy varies between about 10% of type II diabetics (diabetes of late onset) to about 30% of type I diabetics (diabetes of early onset). Given the relatively predictable nature of diabetic nephropathy , a kidney biopsy is usually not needed. High blood pressure almost always develops or worsens in diabetic nephropathy, and can be the first abnormality to develop.
Blood glucose control Good blood glucose control can prevent the development and slow the progression of diabetic nephropathy, as well as preventing the other complications of diabetes, even if kidney failure has developed.
Using ACE inhibitors and AT II antagonists Two classes of drug used to control blood pressure deserve special mention.
Diet Above and beyond the diabetic diet, not adding any salt and reducing alcohol intake will have beneficial effects on blood pressure. Controlling blood fat and cholesterol Controlling blood fat and cholesterol levels helps prevent heart disease and possibly strokes, and may slow the progression of diabetic kidney disease.


Smoking You really shouldn't smoke, not only for the sake of your kidneys, but also for the sake of your heart and brain blood vessels. The risk of diabetic nephropathy is greater when the control of blood glucose is poor, as well as in those diabetic patients who have high blood pressure and are smoker. Diabetic nephropathy is a sign of worsening blood vessel disease throughout the body, and is associated with an increased risk of heart attack, stroke and circulatory problems.
The risk and effect of diabetic nephropathy can be reduced by controlling blood sugar, blood pressure and cholestrol levels. The Diabetes Forum - find support, ask questions and share your experiences with 209,001 people.
The number of adults with prediabetes is growing - 1 in 3 adults in England has prediabetes Prediabetes, also commonly referred to as borderline diabetes, is a metabolic condition and growing global problem that is closely tied to obesity. If undiagnosed or untreated, prediabetes can develop into type 2 diabetes; which whilst treatable is currently not fully reversible. Prediabetes is characterised by the presence of blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be classed as diabetes.
Prediabetes may be referred to as impaired fasting glucose (IFT), if you have higher than normal sugar levels after a period of fasting, or as impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), if you have higher than normal sugar levels following eating.
The increasing number of new cases of prediabetes presents a global concern as it carries large scale implications towards the future burden on healthcare. Prediabetes is a critical stage in the development of diabetes, for it is at this point that lifestyle choices can be made to turn it around.
While pre-diabetes may affect anyone, of any age, gender or racial type, some groups are genetically more prone.
Either a fasting plasma glucose test or an HbA1c test may be used to diagnose type 2 diabetes or prediabetes. If your results are above the upper limits for prediabetes, your GP may either diagnose you with type 2 diabetes or take another test in the near future to confirm whether you have diabetes. If you are diagnosed with prediabetes, your doctor should clearly set out the steps you need to take to lower your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
With pre-diabetes, you have the chance to pull things back and prevent yourself from having to actively control your blood sugar levels. As pre-diabetes is an early form of type 2 diabetes, the symptoms will be less pronounced and more difficult to recognise.
Such symptoms may include feeling tired or lethargic even feeling hunger after a meal shortly after a meal. An oral glucose tolerance test is where you have a very sugary drink and then your blood glucose levels are measured over the following few hours to see how well your body responds to the intake of glucose.
Pre-diabetes will generally not involve treatment unless it develops into type 2 diabetes. A diagnosis of pre-diabetes means you are more susceptible to type 2 diabetes, so you will likely need regularly blood tests to check the condition is not developing. The good news is that cases of prediabetes that are identified early on can be reversed, preventing them from progressing into full-blown type 2 diabetes. Find support, ask questions and share your experiences with 209,001 members of the diabetes community. 10 week (free) low-carb education program developed with the help of 20,000 people with T2D and based on the latest research.
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As your body is not making insulin it will seek out another energy source (the cells aren't getting glucose).


As Type 1 is of a more sudden onset and Type 2 is much more gradual, weight loss is more noticeable with Type 1. Women with diabetes find it especially difficult to recover from bladder and vaginal infections. The materials contained within this guide do not constitute medical or pharmaceutical advice, which should be sought from qualified medical and pharmaceutical advisers. It begins with a tiny amount of protein appearing in the urine - this is called microalbuminuria. With the development of proteinuria, the kidneys' ability to remove poisons from the blood deteriorates such that 5-10 years later the kidneys are almost completely unable to remove these poisons from the blood. There are many factors, some known and others not, that affect the individual risk of developing diabetic nephropathy.
You will be evaluated by history, examination, as well as blood and urine tests and a kidney ultrasound examination.
Diabetic eye disease is usually present by this stage indicating damage to smaller blood vessels. Smokers die earlier than non-smokers, but diabetic smokers die much earlier and often develop serious circulation problems at a young age. In the UK, around 7 million people are estimated to have prediabetes and thus have a high risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Between 2003 and 2011, the prevalence of prediabetes in England alone more than tripled, with 35.3% of the adult population, or 1 in every 3 people having prediabetes. This is because the condition often develops gradually without any warning signs or symptoms. With type 2 diabetes, once you have it, you’re faced with having to control your blood sugar levels for life. If you have pre-diabetes, you are said to have impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose. The symptoms are most likely to be recognised after a meal – particularly a meal that has quite a high amount of carbohydrate. If you notice you frequently have these after meal symptoms and have one or more of the risk factors, it’s worth going to your doctor for a diagnosis. Someone diagnosed with pre-diabetes will instead need to make lifestyle changes such as cutting down on smoking and drinking; taking more physical activity and eating a healthy, balanced diet and try to cut down on the amount of processed food you may be eating.
You will likely need to be more disciplined with your lifestyle than before and, if you are, you could either significantly delay or prevent yourself from getting diabetes later on in life.
Each year in the UK, 5% to 10% of people diagnosed with prediabetes go on to develop type 2 diabetes. After many years of diabetes the delicate filtering system in the kidney becomes destroyed, initially becoming leaky to large blood proteins such as albumin which are then lost in urine.
If there are unusual features, then further investigations may be needed to define the kidney condition, and this may well involve a biopsy. Larger blood vessels (arteries) are almost always affected leading to heart attacks, strokes, and circulatory disease occurring more often and at a younger age than usual.
In many cases, the sufferer only learns of their borderline diabetic state once the symptoms of type 2 diabetes start to appear.
If you can catch pre-diabetes before it becomes type 2 diabetes, you have a chance of stopping its development.



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Comments

  1. 05.11.2015 at 13:17:51


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    Author: blero
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