Abstract: Transient electromagnetic fields (dirty electricity), in the kilohertz range on electrical wiring, may be contributing to elevated blood sugar levels among diabetics and prediabetics.
Alert: Don't be deceived by imitation filters!Beware of imitation or knockoff filters.Know the differences and get genuine Stetzerizer Filters! Relax~ Here is a blood pressure chart by age to help you find out the normal range that you should achieve for good health.
If you are a hypertension patient, you may need to track and keep your daily blood pressure numbers.
Hi Mary, there are many factors that can affect the bp readings like stress, medications, disease etc. Hi I am currently 9 months pregnant and today I got very hot and felt weak and had excessive sweating. Hi Susan, I am 62 and my normal systolic blood pressure for my age, based on your charts, varies from normal to mid highs but my Diastolic reading is low to mid 70’s. The information provided in this website is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as medical advice or treatment. Well the other 10% consists of baked potatoes, rice, indian food I eat a work, cooked veggies, things like that.. As a type 1 diabetic, I have found out that grains make my blood sugar go up more than fruit does. I'd try going 100% raw, but if your blood sugar still concerns you, or it goes up super high, you might be type 1. Trip Report: Ryan and I were keen on getting some elevation in our legs last Saturday, we decided to check out Evans Peak in the Golden Ears Provincial Park. Not too long after crossing Viking Creek, the trail flattened out and traversed south across the hillside.
The first steep part began past the junction; the trail became more of a narrow singletrack, but it was still easy to follow and it was well flagged.
Skeena, with no prior scrambling experience, bound up the first scramble section without hesitation. Ryan rested with Skeena on a large fallen log while I continued the last few minutes up the trail to the summit. Lesley (known and respected in the community) and John went missing in the area on June 6, 1966.
The search lasted 2 weeks and employed ~200 people from RCMP, SAR, CFB Chilliwack, Corrections and local residents. Family, friends, and community petitioned the fed gov to name the peak, valley, and creek after the family; granted in 1969. A plaque has replaced a cross that was carried up to Evans Peak over a quarter century ago.
I should also mention that I am so proud of you for embellishing the outdoors and overcoming the challenges of Type 1. Adverse outcomes of chronic kidney disease can often be prevented or delayed through early detection and treatment. The presence of chronic kidney disease should be established, based on presence of kidney damage and level of kidney function (glomerular filtration rate [GFR]), irrespective of diagnosis.
Among patients with chronic kidney disease, the stage of disease should be assigned based on the level of kidney function, irrespective of diagnosis, according to the KDOQI CKD classification Table 10. The USRDS provides reliable nationwide data regarding the incidence, prevalence, treatment patterns, outcomes, and cost of kidney failure treated by dialysis and transplantation, the most severe stage of chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease is defined according to the presence or absence of kidney damage and level of kidney function—irrespective of the type of kidney disease (diagnosis).
Table 12 illustrates the classification of individuals based on the presence or absence of markers of kidney disease and level of GFR, according to definition and staging of chronic kidney disease proposed by this guideline. All individuals with kidney damage are classified as having chronic kidney disease, irrespective of the level of GFR.
The methods to estimate GFR and assess markers of kidney damage are not completely sensitive or specific in detecting decreased GFR and kidney damage, respectively. Other causes of chronically decreased GFR without kidney damage in adults include vegetarian diets, unilateral nephrectomy, extracellular fluid volume depletion, and systemic illnesses associated with reduced kidney perfusion, such as heart failure and cirrhosis.
High blood pressure in chronic kidney disease and in individuals with decreased GFR without kidney disease (R). Prevalence of chronic kidney disease and level of kidney function in the general population (S). Definition (O) Kidney damage is defined as structural or functional abnormalities of the kidney, initially without decreased GFR, which over time can lead to decreased GFR.
Albuminuria was persistent on repeat evaluation in only 61% of individuals; hence, these prevalence estimates based on a single spot urine are likely overestimates, especially for microalbuminuria.
Among adults, the prevalence of albuminuria varies by age (Table 19) and presence (Table 20) or absence (Table 21) of diabetes.
Similarly, the prevalence of increased urine albumin excretion on initial screening varies from 1% to 10% (Table 23). Data from NHANES III are shown in Figs 9 and 10; these include men and women in the general population, including those with chronic kidney disease. In part, the inclusion of women and individuals with chronic kidney disease may account for the slightly lower mean values observed in the NHANES III compared to the data from normal men in Fig 9. As discussed earlier, individuals with decreased GFR should be evaluated for markers of kidney damage to determine whether they have chronic kidney disease and to determine the cause of reduced kidney function.
The KDOQI definition of kidney failure differs in two important ways from the definition of ESRD.
The Work Group anticipated that most kidney transplant recipients would be considered to have chronic kidney disease according to the proposed classification. Nutritional indications for the initiation of renal replacement therapy are detailed in Guideline 27 of the KDOQI Clinical Practice Guidelines on Nutrition in Chronic Renal Failure, part of which is reproduced as Guideline 2 of the PD Adequacy Guideline.
The CKD Work Group searched for studies of measures of kidney function, dietary intake, and nutritional status at the onset of kidney replacement therapy. These data show that estimated GFR provides only a rough approximation of other measures of kidney function.
Tables 30, 31, and 32 summarize other studies of the level of kidney function at initiation of dialysis. Overall, the results of these studies are consistent with the data from the MDRD Study (Table 27) and the large study shown in Fig 11. There are a number of limitations to the proposed definition and classification of chronic kidney disease.
First, as described later in Guideline 6, the known markers of kidney damage are not sensitive, especially for tubulointersitial and vascular disease and for diseases in the kidney transplant. There are a large number of clinical applications of the proposed definition and stages of chronic kidney disease. Implementation of a new approach to the patient, classification of severity, and assessment of risk for chronic kidney disease will require appropriate professional, patient, and public education effort, as well as administrative and regulatory changes. Components of the implementation plan, which determined the success of KDOQI, are under development and will be applied to these guidelines. The Workgroup acknowledges that the proposed definition and classification chronic kidney disease and stages is arbitrary and can be refined by further research.
Diabetic foot ulcers can be prevented by diabetics always wearing shoes that support the feet and do The specific treatment for diabetic retinopathy should not be seen as a means of undoing the effects of prolonged and poorly controlled diabetes mellitus (sugar diabetes). Use fingers (not alternate sites) to check blood glucose under these conditions (when blood glucose levels are changing rapidly) Vigorously rub the site you will use to check your blood glucose before you prick your skin. Diabetes mellitus (DM) represents several diseases Report signs of ingrown toenails: redness drainage and swelling.
Some researchers speculate that Type 2 diabetes and atherosclerosis may be caused by some of the same underlying mechanisms-and that one of these mechanisms may be To test the hypothesis that in comparison with women who do not develop gestational diabetes mellitus those Signs Of Diabetes 3 Year Old Socks Neuropathy Diabetic who do Some people may only Signs Of Diabetes 3 Year Old Socks Neuropathy Diabetic have 1 symptom while others may have all the symptoms. Eli Lilly Diabetes Supplies canadian diabetes association linkedin treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus He draws from common sense from people who have diabetes recommended diet achieved peace and the university of Some foods are high in gestational diabetes diet snack ideas Supply Cure Type 1 Diabetes.
By closely following plasma glucose levels in four Type 1 and Type 2 diabetics, we find that they responded directly to the amount of dirty electricity in their environment.
This is a reference for you regarding the normal blood pressure level for 1 month infant to 64 years old elderly. About blood pressure, one’s bp may fluctuates during pregnancy due to hormone changes or expansion of circulatory system.
I appear to need less insulin with fruit, but I have to keep my normal ratio when my meal includes grains.
The trail climbed steeply up the slope, sometimes going straight up and sometimes switchbacking with bits of braided trail. We took the right junction and followed the minor ups and downs along the ridge towards Evans Peak. I was disappointed Skeena couldn’t make it up the last scramble, as the rest of the trail was easy walking.
Once he returned, we carefully made our way down the scramble sections; Skeena was very confident and had no problems at all.
I ate one more pack and checked my blood sugars 20 minutes later, my levels increased to 4.4mmol. Earlier stages of chronic kidney disease can be detected through routine laboratory measurements.
Adverse outcomes of chronic kidney disease can be prevented through early detection and treatment. This guideline provides a definition of chronic kidney disease as well as definitions and estimates of prevalence of earlier stages of kidney disease. Among individuals with chronic kidney disease, the stages are defined based on the level of kidney function.
Among individuals with chronic kidney disease, the stage is defined by the level of GFR, with higher stages representing lower GFR levels.
In addition, it includes columns for the presence or absence of high blood pressure, because of the complex relationship of high blood pressure and chronic kidney disease. The rationale for including these individuals is that reduction in kidney function to this level or lower represents loss of half or more of the adult level of normal kidney function, which may be associated with a number of complications (Part 6). Thus, misclassification is possible, and clinicians should carefully consider all aspects of the patient’s clinical presentation in interpreting test results and determining evaluation and management. High blood pressure is not included in the definition of chronic kidney disease or its stages. The prevalence of chronic kidney disease, based on the definition above, was estimated using data from NHANES III and USRDS (Fig 7 and Tables 13 and 14). As described earlier, markers of kidney damage include abnormalities in the composition of the blood or urine or abnormalities in imaging tests.
Proteinuria is an early and sensitive marker of kidney damage in many types of chronic kidney disease.
Table 15 shows definitions for proteinuria and albuminuria, including gender specific cut-off values for microalbuminuria and albuminuria. Table 18 shows the prevalence of albuminuria estimated from the albumin-to-creatinine ratio in a single spot urine collection in 14,836 adults studied in NHANES III. On repeat examination, 73% of a subsample with albuminuria (n = 44) had a persistently positive test. NHANES III did not ascertain other markers of kidney damage, such as abnormalities of the urine sediment and abnormal imaging tests; thus, any estimate based on NHANES III data is likely to underestimate the true prevalence of chronic kidney damage. The level of GFR is accepted as the best measure of overall kidney function in health and disease. Even if there is no evidence of kidney damage, individuals with chronically decreased GFR may be at increased risk for adverse outcomes (for example, toxicity from drugs excreted by the kidney, and acute kidney failure in a wide variety of circumstances). Decreased GFR is associated with a wide range of complications in other organ systems, manifested by high blood pressure, laboratory abnormalities, and symptoms. The Schwartz formula was used to estimate GFR in children aged 12 to 19 years in the NHANES III database. End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is an administrative term in the United States, based on the conditions for payment for health care by the Medicare ESRD Program, specifically the level of GFR and the occurrence of signs and symptoms of kidney failure necessitating initiation of treatment by replacement therapy.
First, GFR is lower in patients with a solitary kidney and is even lower in kidney transplant recipients because of toxicity from immunosuppressive agents used to prevent and treat rejection, such as cyclosporine and tacrolimus. A number of measurements, including GFR, have been used to quantify the level of kidney function among patients with kidney failure. Urea clearance should be normalized to total body water (V) and creatinine clearance should be expressed per 1.73 m2 of body surface area.
The largest and most comprehensive study is the one reported in abstract by the MDRD Study Group.76 This study included 88 patients who were referred to their physicians by the MDRD Study investigators for initiation of dialysis because of symptoms or findings of uremia prior to the end of the study.
Clinicians initiate replacement therapy based on the level of kidney function, presence of signs and symptoms of uremia, the availability of therapy, and patient or surrogate preferences. Timing of initiation of replacement therapy varies by modality, clinical characteristics, and sociodemographic characteristics. The incidence and the prevalence of reported ESRD have doubled in the past 10 years in the United States (Fig 2).
On December 31, 1998, there were approximately 75,000 adults over 70 years of age (97 per million) with kidney failure treated by dialysis, compared to approximately 1,800 children (2.1 per million). The Work Group believes that these limitations should be identified, but does not think that they invalidate the proposal.

Thus, the prevalence of chronic kidney disease may be substantially higher than the Work Group has estimated, and recognition of patients with chronic kidney disease may be limited due to misclassification. An overall approach to evaluation and treatment of patients with chronic kidney disease is given in Guideline 2, and recommendations for individuals at increased risk of chronic kidney disease are given in Guideline 3.
For example, classification of kidney disease by the International Classification of Disease (9th Edition) (ICD-9) is based on duration (acute versus chronic), diagnosis, clinical presentation, markers of damage, and kidney function impairment. It would be useful to conduct a large cross-sectional study of GFR in general population, across the full range of age, gender, race, ethnicity, protein intake, with adjustment for other factors, including high blood pressure, diabetes, and other conditions that affect GFR. A cohort study of patients with chronic kidney disease would enable definition of the relationship between factors and outcomes of stages of chronic kidney disease.
Signs Of Diabetes 3 Year Old Socks Neuropathy Diabetic ask a question usually Causes and Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes. Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Disease Most kidney diseases have similar signs and symptoms that include 3 Continuous glucose monitoring. In an electromagnetically clean environment, Type 1 diabetics require less insulin and Type 2 diabetics have lower levels of plasma glucose. Accessing or using this website is restricted; user hereby agrees to the Terms and Conditions or must immediately cease use and end this session. But it’s best to consult your doctor about your condition to decide a more proper dosage or other alternatives. The trail continued up a ridge, skirting a steep stream canyon with views of a small waterfall and a better perspective of Evans Peak. We made quick work of the ridge and steep trail down; we were back to the West Canyon parking lot before we knew it. She seemed comfortable throughout the hike; she had very natural instinct when ascending and descending scrambles. Identifying the presence and stage of chronic kidney disease in an individual is not a substitute for accurate assessment of the cause of kidney disease, extent of kidney damage, level of kidney function, comorbid conditions, complications of decreased kidney function, or risks for loss of kidney function or cardiovascular disease in that patient. For the definition of chronic kidney disease, the Work Group selected cut-off levels for GFR and markers of kidney damage that maximize specificity, acknowledging potential loss of sensitivity. However, high blood pressure is a common cause and consequence of chronic kidney disease, and as reviewed later, patients with chronic kidney disease and high blood pressure are at higher risk of loss of kidney function and development of cardiovascular disease. This section will emphasize proteinuria as a marker of kidney damage because it has been studied most thoroughly, including in NHANES III.
Albumin (molecular weight [MW] = 68,000 daltons) is the most abundant urine protein in most types of chronic kidney disease. Albumin excretion is increased by physiological variables, such as upright posture, exercise, pregnancy, and fever.
Because protein excretion varies throughout the day, the normal ratio varies throughout the day. Although increased urine albumin excretion reflects glomerular injury better than other urinary proteins in both adults and children, many pediatric nephrologists continue to monitor levels of total protein rather than albumin in patients with proteinuria. A compilation of studies shows that 1% to 10% of children may have proteinuria on initial screening using the urine dipstick, but that <1% have persistent proteinuria, as defined by positive results on repeated testing (Table 22). In principle, the level of GFR is the product of the number of nephrons and the single nephron GFR.
GFR estimated from serum creatinine using MDRD Study equation based on age, gender, and race (see Part 10, Appendix 3). The interpretation of decreased GFR varies depending on age, duration, and the presence or absence of markers of kidney damage.
For example, it is well known that a brief period of mildly decreased blood flow to the kidneys or transient partial obstruction of the urinary tract may cause decreased GFR without kidney damage. Severity of complications worsens as level of GFR declines (Part 6, Guidelines 7 through 12). The prevalence of persistent albuminuria by GFR level and age group have not been determined, preventing an accurate estimate of the prevalence of chronic kidney disease among the elderly. ESRD includes patients treated by dialysis or transplantation, irrespective of the level of GFR. Second, biopsy studies demonstrate pathologic damage due to acute and chronic rejection in virtually all transplant recipients, even if serum creatinine is normal. The KDOQI Nutrition in Chronic Renal Failure Guidelines75 and Peritoneal Dialysis Adequacy Guidelines Update 200016 recommend the decision to initiate dialysis in adults be based on a combination of measurements of kidney function, as well as nutritional status. There is variability among individuals in the relationship of level of kidney function to signs and symptoms of uremia.
Patients who receive a pre-emptive transplant or who are started on peritoneal dialysis begin replacement therapy at higher mean levels of GFR than patients starting hemodialysis. Data from the 2000 Annual Data Report of the USRDS documents the incidence of ESRD in 1998 of more than 85,000, or 308 per million individuals per year at risk. Instead, these limitations should serve to stimulate further research to refine the definition and classification. The KDOQI classification proposes that both diagnosis and stage (severity) should be included in the classification of chronic kidney disease.
This study would permit validation of prediction equations based on serum creatinine or other filtration markers within the normal range of GFR. This would be particularly useful in defining the relationships among stages of chronic kidney disease, progression of chronic kidney disease, initiation and progression of cardiovascular disease, health service utilization, and barriers to care. It would be useful to conduct cross-sectional and cohort studies of elderly individuals with normal and abnormal blood pressure and GFR to assess the effect of high blood pressure and decreased GFR in this population.
Effectiveness of interventions to improve screening for syphilis in pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Diabetes and hypoglycemia are conditions related to blood sugar that could lead to severe complications and even death if not treated This is an especially dangerous type of diabetes fungal infection because it can cause open sores on the feet that can lead to ulcers. Dirty electricity, generated by electronic equipment and wireless devices, is ubiquitous in the environment. We crossed Viking Creek, which required a short scramble step to get down to the creek bed. We decided to yo-yo ourselves up in turn, so one of us would always be above and below her at all times. I was surprised to see Evans Valley was completely snow free – no snow at all, let alone snow caves. In a normal case, with a BG reading of 3.4mmol, I would only need to consume 30-40g of carbs to bring my blood sugars back up to the normal range.
This eventually spiked my levels to 16.1mmol, which I was quickly able to correct with a few units of insulin. It is interesting to speculate whether the increasing incidence of end-stage renal disease in the elderly could be due, in part, to age-associated decline in GFR. In clinical practice, it may be difficult to determine whether individuals with decreased GFR have chronic kidney disease.
High blood pressure is also common in older individuals without chronic kidney disease and is associated with accelerated GFR decline with age and more marked pathological abnormalities in the kidneys.
Elevated albumin-to-creatinine excretion was persistent in 61% of the subjects with albuminuria (n = 163). Low molecular weight (LMW) globulins are the most abundant urine proteins in some types of chronic kidney disease. The ratio in a first morning specimen correlates most closely with overnight protein excretion rate, whereas the ratio in mid-morning specimens correlates most closely with 24-hour protein excretion rate. Hence, reports of normal albumin rates in children are relatively few in number, and most have been published in the past 15 years. Therefore, GFR can be affected by chronic kidney disease, which reduces the number of nephrons, or by hemodynamic factors that affect single nephron GFR. Pregnancy has a major effect on GFR, with GFR reaching values of 140% of normal during the end of the second trimester. However, a sustained decrease in blood flow or prolonged obstruction is often associated with kidney damage. Reliable estimates of prevalence of categories of decreased GFR (mild, moderate, or severe) in children are not available from NHANES III.
The Work Group acknowledges that the level of GFR selected for this definition is arbitrary and may need to be modified based on advances in kidney replacement therapy. The median interval from final GFR to initiation of dialysis in the study group was 89 days. Notably, there is variability within and among health care systems in the availability of therapy. Dialysis is initiated at higher mean levels of GFR among patients who are older, or who have diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and other comorbid conditions. The point prevalence of ESRD on December 31, 1998 was more than 320,000, or 1,160 per million population, of whom 72% were treated by dialysis (230,000 patients, or 835 per million population) and 28% had functioning kidney transplants (90,000 patients, or 325 per 100,000).
Third, as described earlier, the cause of age-related decline in GFR and high blood pressure is not known.
Finally, additional recommendations for evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of chronic kidney disease are given in Part 9.
This would facilitate using administrative databases for epidemiological and outcomes surveys.
Although initially developed to treat insulin-deficient type 1 diabetes it has long been used to treat Insulin therapy for type 2 diabetes is also associated with hypoglycemia such as steel-toed work shoes or boots that minimize the chance of an incidental foot trauma that could cause a diabetic ulcer. A type 2 diabete what to eat and calorie counter that cannot stop this spreading poison is a waste of time. The main symptom of diabetes insipidus is excessive urination which is also characteristic of persons with type 1 diabetes. I’m sure she would have been fine during the second steep section, but I was concerned about the exposure, not knowing how she would react. Do I eat a logical amount of carbs for my low blood sugar reading or do I eat until I feel better? Nonetheless, staging of chronic kidney disease will facilitate application of clinical practice guidelines, clinical performance measures and quality improvement efforts to the evaluation, and management of chronic kidney disease. Recommendations for a clinical approach to elderly individuals with decreased GFR is given in Part 9.
Individuals with high blood pressure should be carefully evaluated for the presence of chronic kidney disease, especially those with decreased GFR. Therefore, these estimates of prevalence should be considered as rough approximations of the true prevalence. In this and later guidelines, the term proteinuria includes albuminuria, increased urinary excretion of other specific proteins, and increased excretion of total urine protein. Major constituents of normal urine protein are albumin, LMW proteins filtered from the blood, and proteins derived from the urinary tract. Creatinine excretion is higher in normal men than women; therefore, the values in the general population (Fig 8) and cut-off values for abnormalities in urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio are lower for men than women (Table 15). However, a literature search of articles describing albumin excretion in children revealed one study in 1970. On repeat examination, 54% (n = 102) of a subsample with albuminuria had a persistently positive result. In chronic kidney disease, as in normal individuals, GFR is modulated by hemodynamic factors. Although these definitions are arbitrary, evidence compiled in later guidelines supports these broad categories and cut-off levels.
Such patients would not be classified as having chronic kidney disease by the proposed classification. Because these patients were participating in a clinical trial, the mean level of kidney function and nutritional status may be higher than in patients beginning dialysis in the general population.
In addition to glucose testing diabetics should test for the presence of ketones in the urine if blood Diabetes is one of the most there are no internationally Signs treatment for type ii diabetes mellitus insipidus criteria Of Diabetes 3 Year Old Socks Neuropathy Diabetic accepted criteria for the classification of canine diabetes.
For optimal results and to get in the best shape imaginable, I'm putting you on a strict 30-day meal plan.
Ryan and I decided to take turns staying with her while the other continued on to the summit. When in the outdoors, I tend to eat until I feel better to ensure I can keep moving at an efficient pace without taking extended breaks – unless they are absolutely needed.
The rationales for these assumptions and cut-off levels are discussed in more detail below.
On the other hand, the term albuminuria has been used only when referring to increased urinary albumin excretion. This original paper20 considered the best measurement of glomerular integrity to be albumin clearance factored by creatinine clearance. The Work Group arbitrarily chose a cut-off value of greater than 3 months for the definition of chronic kidney disease. Tables 27 and 28 show measures of kidney function and nutritional status in these patients with kidney failure just prior to initiation of dialysis. Nursing Diagnosis for Knowledge Deficit Overview and Prognosis of Pregnancy Overview of Pregnancy Nursing Diagnosis for Pregnancy Pregnancy though an effective oral therapy in the treatment of type 2 diabetes monitoring blood sugars Feldman L Vassy J et al.
Medicare is kicking off a new way of getting diabetic supplies to people's homes on July 1, 2013: mail order through approved national suppliers. Based on estimates of people who suffer from symptoms of electrical hypersensitivity (335%), as many as 560 million diabetics worldwide may be affected.

Older laboratory methods, such as the urine dipstick or acid precipitation, detect most urine proteins.
It concluded that the ratio of the concentration of albumin to creatinine in spot urine samples is the most accurate method for estimating albumin clearance and provides a better marker of glomerular permeability to albumin than the 24-hour albumin excretion rate. Thus, all patients with a kidney transplant would be considered either to have chronic kidney disease or to be at increased risk of chronic kidney disease. Newly discovered hormone points to potential treatment for obesity, type 2 diabetes, fatty liver Normal blood sugar and high blood insulin can be the result of your cells losing some sensitivity to insulin, which necessitates that your body releases extra insulin into your I never heard that type of doctor, never heard about insulin level either that they can test that. Exposure to electromagnetic pollution in its various forms may account for higher plasma glucose levels and may contribute to the misdiagnosis of diabetes. Microalbuminuria refers to excretion of small but abnormal amounts of albumin, which requires recently developed, more sensitive laboratory methods that are now widely available.
The results were expressed as mg albumin per mg creatinine, but subsequent papers have used a variety of methods to express albumin excretion, making comparisons between studies very difficult. Fifth, the association of level of GFR with complications of chronic kidney disease does not prove a causal relationship between the two. Intake of chromium is particularly important for those who suffer from diabetes or insulin resistance disorders. Tables 16 and 17 give mean values and ranges for albumin excretion rate and albumin-to-creatinine ratio in children (neonates through age 20 years), and also emphasize some of the ways in which published reports have differed.
Nonetheless, in many cases there is adequate evidence of a causal relationship, and even if there is not, the associations accurately describe the burden of illness associated with the severity of chronic kidney disease. Some of these other common problems are hyperthyroidism, heart disease, dental disease, sugar diabetes (diabetes mellitus), and high blood pressure (hypertension) leading to blindness. Sixth, prevalence estimates for stages of chronic kidney disease and the associations of level of GFR with complications are based largely on an analysis of data from NHANES III that has not yet been peer-reviewed.
Diabetes mellitus is a complex metabolic disorder of carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism caused by a deficiency of the hormone, insulin. However, the Work Group believes that Appendix 2 provides sufficient detail to evaluate the methods. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, re-distribution, re-selling, loan or sub-licensing, systematic supply or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden.The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents will be complete or accurate or up to date. The accuracy of any instructions, formulae and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources.
The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claims, proceedings, demand or costs or damages whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with or arising out of the use of this material.Dirty Electricity Elevates Blood Sugar Among Electrically Sensitive Diabetics and May Explain Brittle DiabetesIntroductionDiabetes mellitus is increasing globally.
According to the World Health Organization, in 1985 the global population of diabetics was 30 million (0.6% of the world population). Doctors attribute this rise in diabetes to poor diet and limited exercise, resulting in obesity, and seldom look for causes other than lifestyle and genetics.This article presents a paradigm shift in the way we think about diabetes.
In addition to Type 1 diabetics, who produce insufficient insulin, and Type 2 diabetics, who are unable to effectively use the insulin they produce, a third type of diabetes may be environmentally exacerbated or induced by exposure to electromagnetic frequencies.Our increasing reliance on electronic devices and wireless technology is contributing to an unprecedented increase in our exposure to a broad range of electromagnetic frequencies, in urban and rural environments and in both developed and developing countries. This energy is generated within the home by computers, plasma televisions, energy efficient lighting and appliances, dimmer switches, cordless phones, and wireless routers, and it can enter the home and work environment from nearby cell phone and broadcast antennas as well as through ground current.Although the position of most international health authorities, including the World Health Organization, is that this form of energy is benign as long as levels remain below guidelines, an increasing number of scientific studies report biological and health effects associated with electromagnetic pollution well below these guidelines (Sage and Carpenter, 2007). He also monitored the dirty electricity in his home using a Protek 506 Digital Multimeter connected to a ubiquitous filter (Graham, 2000) to remove the 60-Hz signal and its harmonics.
Low or no readings of dirty electricity were taken in an electromagnetic clean environment far from power lines and cell phone antennas (Fig. Three years later, the microsurge meter became available and Case 1 monitored his blood sugar levels once more (Fig. Insert shows the entire data set with one very high plasma glucose reading that was recorded during a period of high exposure to dirty electricity. Lower chart: Three years later, fasting plasma glucose levels correspond to power quality measured in GS units. 1.Case 1 also documented rapid changes in blood sugar as he moved from a medical clinic (environment with dirty electricity), to his parked vehicle (no dirty electricity), and back to the medical clinic. His endocrinologist classified him as pre-diabetic when his blood sugar was tested immediately upon entering the medical clinic and as a Type 2 diabetic after a 20-min wait in the medical clinic.
Treadmills have variable speed motors and produce dirty electricity.Doctors recommend exercise for patients with diabetes. However, if that exercise is done in an electromagnetically dirty environment, and if the patient is sensitive to this form of energy, it may increase stress on the body and elevate levels of plasma glucose, as in Case 2.This subject also measured her plasma glucose as she moved from an environment with dirty electricity to one that was clean, and back again. Her elevated plasma glucose levels were associated with headaches, nausea, and joint pain in her home, where she was exposed to both dirty electricity and radio frequency radiation from nearby cell phone antennas.
These filters provide a short to high frequency, and, thus, reduce transients on electrical wiring with an optimal filtering capacity between 4 and 100 kHz (Graham, 2000, 2002, 2003).
They are similar to capacitors installed by industry to protect sensitive electronic equipment from power surges and to adjust the power factor.
Her evening blood sugar did not change appreciably during this period, although it did differ on days she was away from home. The headaches continued and a power quality expert measured high levels of dirty electricity and ground current, possibly attributable to the septic system installation.In December 2002, one child, a 12-year old male, was hospitalized and diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes. His younger sister had been living with diabetes since the age of 3 months and was one of the youngest children diagnosed with diabetes in the United States.On January 14, 2003, the family installed GS filters to help alleviate their symptoms of electrical hypersensitivity. Shortly after the GS filters were installed, the mother had great difficulty controlling her sons blood sugar.
She couldnt reduce the amount of insulin fast enough to keep it within an acceptable range and needed to give him sugar pills to prevent hypoglycemia (Fig. The honeymoon period cannot explain the response of the subjects sister, who had been living with Type 1 diabetes for years, and who also had lower plasma glucose levels and difficulty regulating her insulin within an acceptable range after the GS filters were installed and the dirty electricity was reduced.Case 4 had higher levels of plasma glucose at 8 am (fasting) than at 2 am on some days before the GS filters were installed. This was not observed with the filters, except when sugar pills were taken at 2 am to deliberately increase blood sugar (Fig. Case 4: Sequence of mean daily plasma glucose levels and total daily insulin injections for 12-year old male with Type 1 diabetes who was admitted to hospital in December 2002 and returned home on January 1, 2003.
Case 4: Fasting (8 am) and 2 am plasma glucose levels for 12-year old male with Type 1 diabetes with and without GS filters. Type 1 diabetics require less insulin in an electromagnetically clean environment and blood sugar levels for Type 2 diabetics increase with increasing exposure to dirty electricity.In May 2006, a long-term health care facility in Ontario, Canada installed GS filters to reduce dirty electricity.
Of the five diabetic residents, for whom data were available, two (aged 87 and 88) were insulin-dependent Type 1 diabetics. Their insulin intake did not change during this period and nursing staff had to give them orange juice on several occasions to prevent hypoglycemia. The levels of plasma glucose of the remaining three, who were Type 2 diabetics, did not change during this period.The GS filters, used in this study have been tested at the Yoyogi Natural Clinic in Japan (Sogabe, 2006). He had been unable to achieve such low values with medication alone.In this study, we classify diabetics whose blood sugar responds to electromagnetic pollution as Type 3 diabetics.
In contrast to true Type 1 diabetics who produce insufficient insulin and true Type 2 diabetics who are unable to effectively use the insulin they produce, Type 3 diabetics are responding to environmental triggers that affect blood sugar readings and blood viscosity.
These individuals may be better able to regulate plasma glucose by controlling their exposure to frequencies in the low RF range, and thus differ from true Type 1 and Type 2 diabetics whose blood sugar is not affected by this type of electromagnetic exposure.The increase in blood viscosity with increasing exposure to dirty electricity is a critical observation.
There was a significant linear correlation (R=0.99) between daily median RF exposure and incidence of diabetes. These symptoms are typical of radio wave sickness or electrical hypersensitivity (Firstenberg, 2001). Failure of the transmitter for a 3-d period was associated with improved sleep and, hence, these reactions are biological not psychological.Beale et al. Epidemiological studies of power lines tend to focus on cancers, rather than diabetes, and, hence, limited information of this type is available.Litovitz et al.
No statistical tests were reported and no attempt was made to measure frequencies other than 60 Hz. Serum insulin levels decreased at the middle- and high-flux densities, which the authors associated with stress.Sakurai et al. Insulin secretion was reduced by approximately 30% when exposed to low-frequency magnetic fields compared to sham exposure.
The authors conclude: "it might be desirable for diabetic patients who have insufficient insulin secretion from pancreatic islets to avoid exposure to ELFMF". The magnetic flux density was exceptionally high in this experiment and is unlikely to be encountered in normal daily life.
Studies of the incipient level of electromagnetic exposure, at which insulin secretion is reduced, would be useful.Li et al. Studies with laboratory animals and in vitro studies with human cells show both low-frequency electromagnetic fields and non thermal RF radiation stimulates production of stress proteins, and that the biochemical reactions are the same over a range of frequencies and intensities (Blank and Goodman, 2004).
Release of insulin is strongly inhibited by the stress hormone norepinephrine, which leads to increased blood glucose levels during stress.
The "stress response" to electromagnetic energy may provide, yet, another mechanism that could explain Type 3 diabetes.Reduced insulin secretion and reduced binding capacity of insulin to its receptors may explain the elevated levels of plasma glucose in Type 3 diabetics exposed to electromagnetic fields.
More research on mechanisms is needed.ConclusionsIn addition to lifestyle and genetics, the environment appears to be another factor contributing to high levels of blood sugar.
This concept presents a possible paradigm shift in the way we think about diabetes and the consequences may be far reaching.
Doctors have long suspected an environmental component but it has not been until now that one has been found.The increasing exposure and ubiquitous nature of electromagnetic pollution may be contributing to the increasing incidence of this disease and the escalating cost of medical care.
Diagnosis of diabetes needs to be done in an electromagnetically clean environment to prevent misdiagnosis, and to properly assess the severity of this disorder. Most medical centers have electronic equipment and use fluorescent lights that produce dirty electricity, which is likely to cause abnormally high blood sugar readings for those with a combination of diabetes and electrohypersensitivity (Type 3 diabetes). Dirty electricity may also explain why brittle diabetics have difficulty controlling their blood sugar levels.Type 3 diabetes, as described in this study, is an emerging disease. Unlike true Type 1 and Type 2 diabetics whose blood sugar is not affected by dirty electricity, Type 3 diabetics may be better able to regulate their blood sugar with less medication, and those diagnosed as borderline or pre-diabetic may remain non diabetic longer by reducing their exposure to electromagnetic energy.
The GS filters and the microsurge meter provide the tools needed for scientific investigation of dirty electricity and may help diabetics regulate their blood sugar by improving power quality in their home, school, and work environment. Minimizing exposure to radio frequencies (kHz to GHz), flowing along the ground or through the air, also needs to be addressed. Large-scale studies are needed in controlled settings to determine the percentage of the population with Type 3 diabetes.These results are dramatic and warrant further investigation. Study on health effects of the shortwave transmitter station of Schwarzenburg, Berne, Switzerland. Association of health problems with 50-Hz magnetic fields in human adults living near power transmission lines. Effects of ELF (1120 Hz) and modulated (50Hz) RF fields on the efflux of calcium ions from brain tissue in vitro.
Therapeutic rescue of neurodegeneration in experimental type 3 diabetes: relevance to Alzheimers disease.
Special Issue on Russian and Ukrainian Research, Cellular Phone Taskforce, Mendocino, CA.Graham, M. Biological effects of non-ionizing electromagnetic energy: a critical review of the reports by the US National Research Council and the US National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences as they relate to the broad realm of EMF bioeffects.
Studies in diabetes mellitus: changes in glucose, ketone and water metabolism during stress.
Magnetic field effects on calcium efflux and insulin secretion in isolated rabbit islets of Langerhans. Interaction of microwaves and a temporally incoherent magnetic field on single and double DNA strand breaks in rat brain cells. Pulsed electric field exposure of insulin induces anti-proliferative effects on human hepatocytes. ELF magnetic fields, breast cancer, and melatonin: 60 Hz fields block melatonins oncostatic action on ER+breast cancer cell proliferation. Effect of 60 Hz magnetic fields on blood glucose levels of diabetic humans and its inhibition by EM noise.
An Evaluation of the Possible Risks from Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMFs) from Power Lines, Internal Wiring, Electrical Occupations, and Appliances. Biological effects of power frequency magnetic fields: Neurochemical and toxicological changes in developing chick embryos. A Review of the Potential Health Risks of Radiofrequency Fields from Wireless Telecommunication Devices. Expert Panel Report prepared at the request of the Royal Society of Canada for Health Canada. BioInitiative Report: A rationale for a biologically-based public exposure standard for electromagnetic fields (ELF and RF).
An extremely low frequency magnetic field attenuates insulin secretion from the insulinoma cell line, RIN-m. Permeability of the blood-brain barrier induced by 915MHz electromagnetic radiation, continuous wave and modulated at 8, 16, 50, and 200 Hz. Impaired insulin and insulin-like growth factor expression and signaling mechanisms in Alzheimers diseaseis this type 3 diabetes?.

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