Blood glucose levels : testing and normal range, A blood glucose test measures the amount of a type of sugar, called glucose, in your blood. Blood sugar – wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, The blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose (sugar) present in the blood of a human or animal. Normal blood sugar levels chart for adults, This simple chart shows target blood sugar levels for before and after meals, after fasting, before exercise, and at bedtime, as well as an a1c target.. Blood test results with normal range reference chart, Blood test results, normal blood test ranges and blood test results for female and blood test results for male, blood testing and rare blood testing results.. Fasting is in a state of non-eating, where the stomach is empty and as much glucose as possible has been moved from the blood stream. Copyright © 2016 A Normal Blood Sugar Level This site offers general advice for staying healthy. When diabetes strikes during childhood, it is routinely assumed to be type 1, or juvenile-onset diabetes.
The epidemics of obesity and the low level of physical activity among young people, as well as exposure to diabetes in utero, may be major contributors to the increase in type 2 diabetes during childhood and adolescence. Children and adolescents diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are generally between 10 and 19 years old, obese, have a strong family history for type 2 diabetes, and have insulin resistance. A patient could also go to the doctor's office for a physical exam where a venous blood draw is done and sent out to the lab for a fasting blood sugar result.
As of 2010, the ADA has approved the A1c test for the diagnosis of diabetes and prediabetes.
As you are filling prescriptions for people with diabetes, provide a brochure offering an A1c screening for their children.
Catching diabetes early can be a huge benefit for children, because with a few minor changes such as reducing their carb intake, reading food labels, or just increasing their physical activity, parents can provide their children with a better quality of life. Just a finger prick: A simple and quick way to screen for prediabetes is by giving a drop of blood to be read by a portable glucometer. With no signs or symptoms, it is crucial to screen for prediabetes, before it becomes full-on diabetes. MANY people are probably unaware that prediabetes is almost as serious a condition as diabetes itself.
Like diabetes, its onset is insidious, and many do not realise that they have it until it is too late. Most people only know about it when it has already progressed to full-blown diabetes, or when they develop complications such as heart attack or stroke. It makes sense to know if you have prediabetes early, so that you can take the necessary steps to improve your health and prevent serious complications. You should go for blood glucose (sugar) screening if you have any risk factors for diabetes; this is especially if you have a close relative with diabetes, are overweight, or lead a sedentary lifestyle. The combination of a strong family history, being overweight or obese (and physically inactive) is especially bad, but the good news is that you still have time to take positive steps to improve your health before things get worse. The blood glucose level of people with prediabetes, although higher than that in normal persons, is not as high as in people with (untreated) diabetes. Testing for sugar in the urine (or getting the ants to do it for you) is of no use, as the blood sugar may not be high enough for it to spill into urine. Worse, as noted in my previous article (What is prediabetes?, Star2, Nov 14, 2013), most people with prediabetes usually do not have any symptoms, and you may be living blissfully without knowing that you have a potentially serious condition.

The only reliable way of knowing if you have prediabetes is to have a blood test, as the condition can only be confirmed based on blood glucose levels. People with this intermediate fasting blood glucose level are also said to have impaired fasting glucose (IFG). A blood sample will be taken after you fast overnight (for at least eight hours) to determine if you have IFG (as in the fasting blood glucose test). People with this intermediate range of blood glucose level two hours after the glucose drink are also said to have impaired glucose tolerance (IGT).
This blood test has recently been endorsed to differentiate between individuals with normal blood glucose levels and those having prediabetes or diabetes.
The test is a measure of the amount (percentage) of haemoglobin (the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells) that have glucose attached to them.
You will know that you have prediabetes if you have borderline results in any or all of the above blood tests. Thus, if your risk is high, but your blood glucose level is normal, your doctor might direct you to have the OGTT done, to be sure that you do not have prediabetes (or diabetes). Sometimes, your healthcare provider will perform an initial screening test using a portable glucometer, where a drop of blood is obtained by pricking your finger with a needle, and placed on a test strip to be read by the glucometer. If your above tests are normal and you do not have a risk factor for diabetes, then your doctor may recommend that you do the (screening) test(s) once every three years. If you have prediabetes, your doctor may ask you to go for further testing to check your risk for complications of prediabetes, especially that of heart disease. For example, after checking your BMI (body mass index; obtained by dividing your weight in kg by the square of your height in metres) and blood pressure, your doctor would request for a chest X-ray and electrocardiogram (ECG), lipid profile (total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglyceride levels), kidney profile (blood urea and serum creatinine levels), and a microalbuminuria test (to check for the presence of proteins in your urine as an early sign of damage to your kidneys). If you are found to have prediabetes, you should now be very eager and ready to start taking good care of your health. In the next article (on Dec 19), we will learn more about why this is so important, especially with prediabetes.
Emeritus Professor Datuk Dr Mustaffa Embong is a consultant diabetologist and (honorary) executive chairman of the National Diabetes Institute (NADI) of Malaysia.
Your body uses glucose for energy with the help of insulin, a hormone made by your pancreas (an organ located in your abdomen). High blood glucose levels over time can lead to serious health problems, such as eye and nerve damage, kidney disease, heart attacks, and strokes. DPP-4 inhibitor medicines (generic names: sitagliptin saxagliptin, and linagliptin) are a type of incretin-based medicine that block the action of the DPP-4 enzyme.
The Hormone Health Network partners with other organizations to further patient education on hormone related issues. A monthly email newsletter covering important issues related to hormones and hormone health. A1c chart, Another difference between different diabetes testing strips is that completely different strips need different amounts of blood to browse your blood glucose levels.. Chart , normal a1c , a1c levels , a1c foods to eat, Chart , normal a1c , a1c levels , a1c foods to eat. The Worksite Wellness Committee is sponsoring a blood pressure self-monitoring program for DHSS employees. Each kit has a blood pressure cuff, self-tracking cards, and information about blood pressure and how to manage or prevent high blood pressure.

Many of us often ignore our blood pressure but carefully monitoring it could help save your life. Untreated high blood pressure, also called hypertension or HBP, can lead to serious health conditions including heart attack and heart failure, stroke and kidney failure. Wait at least 30 minutes after having consumed caffeine, alcohol, medicine, or herbal remedies. Follow the recommended procedure for taking your blood pressure based on the type of device you're using (digital blood pressure monitor or manual blood pressure methods). For more information about blood pressure, visit the Mayo Clinic and the American Heart Association.
However, in the last two decades, type 2 diabetes (formerly known as adult-onset diabetes) has been reported among U.S. Generally, children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes have poor glycemic control (A1c = 10% - 12%).
But the gold standard to diagnose prediabetes is still the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The glucose in your blood comes mainly from the food you eat, and a small amount comes from your liver. But you can prevent or delay health problems by keeping your blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels on target.
This kind of medicine is based on the action of hormones called incretins, which help control how the pancreas works. But you’re at risk for low blood glucose if you also take diabetes pills or insulin that can cause hypoglycemia. They may also cause inflammation of your pancreas, skin rash, hives, swelling of your face, or trouble breathing. If blood test results are coming back in the upper ranges on the is chart further medical treatment by a doctor is probably indicated.
GLP-1 incretins cause your pancreas to produce more insulin after you eat, helping your body use glucose. As you can see the blood sugar amount increases after a meal when the food is digested and glucose is absorbed into the blood. Be sure to tell your doctor about your other health conditions and whether you’re pregnant or planning to become pregnant. The blood sugar level falls as insulin does its work of moving the glucose from the blood in to tissues needing it for food. An enzyme (a substance that causes a chemical reaction in your body) called DPP-4 quickly breaks down GLP-1 in the blood. Your dose of sitagliptin or saxagliptin (but not linagliptin) may need to be adjusted if you have kidney problems.
This pattern is a normal occurrence as glucose is needed in the body for proper brain functioning as well as for fuel for muscles and other cells. Keep your glucose levels functioning like the chart above and everything should be just fine.

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