The blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose (sugar) present in the blood of a human or an animal.
The body naturally tightly regulates blood glucose levels (with the help of insulin that is secreted by pancreas) as a part of metabolic homeostasis.
If blood sugar levels are either increased or decreased by a greater margin than expected this might indicate a medical condition. Dramatic changes of blood sugar levels have significant physical symptoms and will increase your risk of diabetes-related complications.
Download your blood sugar levels log and keep track of your own blood sugar levels – write down all of your measured values. Please note that you should perform several consecutive blood glucose tests and not rely on one single measurement. The next chart displays all possible blood sugar (glucose) levels along with a short explanation of what the indicators are. Chronically high blood sugar (diabetes) is caused by a number of abnormalities in the body, one of them being the affected vascular walls of small and large arteries (diabetic micro-and macro-angiopathy) in a process called atherosclerosis. High blood sugar levels affect the arteries throughout the body, especially the organs which have the richest blood circulation: heart, brain, kidney, senses, nerves and other organs.
If the high blood sugar is associated with disturbances in lipid metabolism (blood fat), the abnormalities are more intense.
Typical symptoms of high blood sugar levels (diabetes) are thirst, frequent urination and unexpected weight loss. Type 1 diabetes symptoms are severe and last for a short time before the disease is diagnosed. There are basically two main tests which are conducted to determine whether someone has diabetes. When being tested for diabetes by a impaired fasting glycemia test, blood sugar levels will normally be taken after around eight hours of fasting. An impaired glucose tolerance test involves taking a concentrated amount of glucose and then measuring blood sugar levels after two hours. Medical alcohol to clean the skin where you will prick your finger, a sterile tool to prick your finger, some test strips and a glucose meter to read the test strip. The fact is that with Diabetes type 1 body’s cells that produce insulin are destroyed. With type 2 diabetes your body does not use insulin properly (also known as insulin resistance). Refer to this article for more information on how brown fat tissue may help control your disease or even revert it! A patient with diabetes is at a 5 times greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease than patient without diabetes. Disturbances in the metabolism of blood sugar levels are mainly the consequence of heredity (diabetes in the family), age (over 40), poor diet, excessive body weight (obesity) and physical inactivity. People with high blood sugar levels can lower their blood sugar levels by maintaining normal body weight, eating healthy and by physical activity. I am trying to provide useful information on several topics regarding health, food, diet, weight loss and sport!If you like my articles, please do subscribe and share the content!
MY BLOOD SUGAR WAS 129 THIS MORNING SOME TIMES IN THE 30S ONCE IN A WHILE BELOW 100 THE REST OF THE DAY SEEMS TO BE OK MY 90 DAY AVE. Is it possible to get any graphical method of say weekly or some times 10 days irregular days with NORMAL graphical line.Soas to check and be precautionary by diabetic patient itself. This is inspite of the fact that she is not given any medicine after lunch and no food after 10p.m. Can anybody tell from where insulin comes after midnight and from where sugar comes after 5 a.m.?
A fasting reading this morning I did was 83 then I ate and checked again after and hour or so it was 110.
My normal blood sugar reading is between 102 to 110 before breakfast my goal is to keep it from going any higher 126 in the morning before breakfast is high to me .I am type 2 diabetic.
Nigel Smith, look at what you are eating in the morning and try something with a bit more fibre.
Being new to this, and someone who does not do things by halves, I have been tracking my glucose levels some 4 or 5 times a day.
SORY ABOUT SPELING I NEVE COOD.i was told by doctors 9 muths ago I had tipy 2 and givin metermothin 500mg 4 times a day ime falling asleep in the afternoon as ime finding it hard to keep awake can eney one help. What you can do is to change your diet and delay the possible development of this disease by following some simple diet rules. Being overweight is rapidly becoming the #1 preventable cause of disease, soon to outpace diseases caused by tobacco. For over 25 years, our program has helped more than one million people lose weight and has been recommended by more than 20,000 doctors.
We take the worry out of portion control and proper nutrition by using balanced meal replacements that taste great and help you lose weight and improve your health. Your health professional and online support will provide the guidance, skills , and other tools you need to succeed in the long-term. The term low blood sugar is often used frivolously to describe a range of symptoms that may or may not be related to a low plasma glucose concentration.
Refer to  Blood Sugar Levels for Diabetes and Impaired Glucose Tolerance (high readings) for more information.
There are are also general and non-specific signs and symptoms which should not be used in isolation to diagnose hypoglycemia. As the blood glucose levels continue to drop without any intervention, the glucose supply to the brain is severely impaired and may result in the symptoms listed below.
Please note that any information or feedback on this website is not intended to replace a consultation with a health care professional and will not constitute a medical diagnosis. Blood sugar – wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, The blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose (sugar) present in the blood of a human or animal. When your blood sugar is too high or too low – webmd, Sometimes, no matter how hard you try to keep your blood sugar in the range your doctor has advised, it can be too high or too low.
Exercises to lower your blood sugar and control diabetes, Control your diabetes and blood sugar with these simple and fun moves. Blood sugar – angelfire, Most of the food we eat is broken down into glucose, the form of sugar in the blood.
Most daily activities and aerobic exercises (activities performed at a challenging but sub-maximal level over a period of 20 minutes or more) will promote a blood sugar drop due to enhanced insulin sensitivity and accelerated glucose consumption by muscle cells.


When exercise is going to be performed within an hour or two after a meal, the best approach is usually to reduce the mealtime insulin.
When adjusting mealtime insulin, both the dose to cover food and the dose to cover a high reading are made more effective by exercise and need to be reduced. For example, if you take a leisurely 20-minute bike ride after dinner (consider it “low intensity”), multiply your dinner insulin dose by .90, which reduces the dose by 10%.
Not only do activity multipliers help you to avoid hypoglycemia, they also enable you to lose weight more effectively.
If you take medication other than insulin for your diabetes, you may or may not need to reduce or eliminate the dose.
If you take a medication that can cause hypoglycemia, continue to take it prior to your first couple of exercise sessions and see what happens. Under certain conditions, extra food intake will be necessary to prevent hypoglycemia during exercise. The best types of carbohydrates for preventing hypoglycemia during exercise are ones that digest quickly and easily, better known as “high glycemic-index” foods (for a review of the glycemic index, see Learning Curve from diaTribe #14). Granted, there is no way of knowing exactly how much you will need, but the chart below should serve as a reasonable starting point.
Of course, if your blood sugar is already elevated prior to exercising, fewer carbs will be necessary.
The best way to determine the optimal size and frequency of your workout snacks is to test your blood sugar before and after the activity.
Anaerobic exercises are high-intensity and often are performed in short “bursts” – such as weight lifting. It is not unusual to experience a blood sugar rise at the onset of high-intensity exercise.
To determine how much extra insulin to take before a high-adrenaline-type event, consider how much your blood sugar normally rises.
If you are nervous about giving insulin before exercise, check your blood sugar more often than usual (perhaps every half hour or so), and have glucose tablets or some other form of fast-acting carbohydrate nearby. Ever finish a workout with a terrific blood sugar only to go low several hours later or overnight?
If you take injections, you can counter delayed-onset hypoglycemia by having a low-glycemic-index snack before bedtime – such as peanut butter. Editor’s note: Gary Scheiner MS, CDE is Owner and Clinical Director of Integrated Diabetes Services, a private consulting practice located near Philadelphia for people with diabetes who utilize intensive insulin therapy.
Our mission is to help individuals better understand their diabetes and to make our readers happier & healthier. Our mission is to help individuals better understand their diabetes and to make our readers happier and healthier. Blood sugar level (or blood sugar concentration) is the amount of glucose (a source of energy) present in your blood at any given time.
Diabetes is among the risk factors for major non-communicable diseases: cardiovascular (coronary) disease, cerebral vascular disease and peripheral vascular diseases. Over the time a patient’s condition worsens as body cannot make enough insulin to keep blood glucose at normal levels. Disturbances in the metabolism of blood sugar were present in 20% of adult Europeans during 2002-2005 a study showed.
This way you might prevent or delay disease and enhance your health and physical performance.
Definitely cut out the sweets, and especially the sodas but really you need to be controlling carb intake because carbs are sugar. I have been taking my readings every morning since I have been released (about 2 weeks) my Blood has been back in forth from 60 to 89 but this morning I didn’t wake up til 11:30 am and it was 138! He is 4 ft tall and weighs 48lbs so as you can tell he is not over weight in fact his height and weight are perfectly proportionate to each other. Given the fact that your mother has type 2 diabetes you are under greater risk to develop diabetes type 2 as well (although this relation has never been confirmed by scientists).
I know it recommends that you eat fruit, but my mother’s blood sugar only got under control after she stopped eating fruit? Postprandial blood glucose levels should be higher not lower than random blood sugar levels. It is a program based on one of the largest studies of people who have been SUCCESSFUL at losing weight and keeping it off for good (average 5 years). A clinical study shows that people lose twice as much weight and are twice as likely to stick with our program than standard diets.
There is also confusion relating to the blood glucose levels that can be classified as hypoglycemia.
This triggers certain processes like releasing the glucose stored in the liver (glycogen) in an attempt to stabilize the blood glucose levels.
In patients who experience frequent episodes of hypoglycemia, the body may stop releasing epinephrine. Changes in behavior at this stage may resemble inebriation (alcohol intoxication, drunkenness) and is sometimes mistaken for alcohol dementia in alcoholics. It always seems to know what to do to keep blood sugars in range, even under the most challenging circumstances. This is due primarily to the stress hormone production or “adrenaline rush” that accompanies these kinds of activities.
To prevent low blood sugar, one can reduce insulin, increase carbohydrate intake, or a do combination of both.
If you exercise at a time when rapid-acting insulin is not particularly active, such as upon waking, before meals or midway between meals, it is best to consume extra carbohydrate prior to the activity. If you plan a much more intense 90-minute ride up and down hills (consider it “high intensity”), multiply your dinner dose by .50. Reducing insulin means that your body will store less fat and break more down for use as energy.
Only certain medications can cause hypoglycemia; medications that do not have the potential to cause hypoglycemia should not be changed.
For example, when exercise is going to be performed before or between meals, reducing the insulin at the previous meal would only serve to drive the pre-workout blood sugar very high. The harder and longer your muscles are working, the more carbohydrate you will need in order to maintain your blood sugar level. To use the chart, match up your approximate body weight to the general intensity of the exercise.


This is caused by a surge of stress hormones that oppose insulin’s action and cause the liver to dump extra sugar into the bloodstream. Or better yet, start using a continuous glucose monitor to track your blood sugar minute-to-minute. Many aerobic activities (particularly those that are long or intense) and most anaerobic exercises cause blood sugars to drop several hours later. This is often due to the delayed digestion of food that was consumed prior to the workout, or the effects of disconnecting from a pump or having injected mealtime insulin absorb too quickly. Managing your blood sugars effectively before, during, and after physical activity will ensure that you feel good, stay safe and perform your best.
He is the author of several books, including Think Like A Pancreas: A Practical Guide to Managing Diabetes With Insulin. This blood sugar levels chart is not 100% accurate due to different thresholds set in different countries around the world. I do take insulin (long acting) once in the morning and Glucophage 750 mg once in the evening as per doctor\’s advice.
Do not use it though, unless you are monitoring your blood sugar levels and are already familiar with what those levels are. My doc suggested I might be hypoglycemic because of some of the particular symptoms I’ve had.
Sometimes with exercise, glucagon is produced by your liver if your blood sugar is too low and this will increase the test result.
As per your website, it states that fasting levels till 180 for his age group are fine whereas other websites like Wikipedia and Mayo clinic state that 100-125 is pre-diabetic. Any way the doctor just called me and told me that his blood glucose levels are high but his insulin levels are normal. I have an appointment for a HBA1C test, my doctor said it’s just routine (I am not diabetic).
This is known as hypoglycemic-associated autonomic failure (HAAF) or is also referred to as hypoglycemia unawareness. For activities lasting more than two hours, it can also be helpful to reduce long-acting or basal insulin. A better approach would be to take the normal insulin dose at the previous meal and then snack prior to exercising. The amount is also based on your body size: the bigger you are, the more fuel you will burn while exercising, and the more carbohydrate you will need.
The grams of carbohydrate represent the amount that you will need prior to each hour of activity.
Remember at the beginning of this article when we were praising our pancreas for its ability to manage blood sugar even in the face of an adrenaline rush? With some experience, you will develop greater confidence and have the ability to fine-tune your correction doses.
The best way to deal with it is to first keep records of your workouts so that you can learn when it happens (After what types of activities? Whatever the cause, a dose of rapid-acting insulin right after the workout will usually remedy the situation. It’s worth a few moments to plan out your blood sugar management strategies before exercise, because nothing will screw up a good workout like a high or a low. He and his team of Certified Diabetes Educators work with people throughout the world via phone and the internet.
I have had symptoms of hypoglycemia in the past (dizziness, increased heart rate, fatigue), but overall, I’m a very healthy individual.
Regrettably I have found that diabetes nurses have just told me that diabetes is a function of previous smoking ( I never have) and I am over weight ( I’m not) so I am lacking confidence in their ability to view me as an individual and advise accordingly. Would you please explain why is there so much of a difference and which one should I actually believe in? My family has a strong history of diabetes and I had gestational diabetes with her brother and sister, but not when I was pregnant with her.
The only information she gave me was to change his diet and get the levels checked again in three months. The blood glucose levels continue to drop until the neuroglycopenic symptoms may be evident.
It churns out some extra insulin to offset the “fight or flight” response (make that flight only, if you’re smart).
This enhanced insulin sensitivity may continue for many hours after the exercise is over, depending on the extent of the activity. There are two reasons why this takes place: prolonged, enhanced sensitivity to insulin, and the need for muscle cells to replenish their own energy stores (called glycogen) following exhaustive exercise.
An exercise physiologist by trade, Gary has had type 1 diabetes for 25 years and serves on the Board of Directors for the Diabetes Exercise & Sports Association. You might need to check your blood glucose before meals and get insulin coverage for meals.
The more intense and prolonged the activity, the longer and greater the enhancement in insulin sensitivity. If you will be exercising for two hours, take the full amount at the beginning of each hour. I must also add that my father is a diabetic (which explains why i have a blood glucose tester) and diabetes runs in my family.
However, when taken along with rapid-acting insulin prior to exercise, they can lead to severe hypoglycemia that may be very difficult to treat - it is generally not a good idea to take either with insulin right before exercising.
And give it about half an hour beforehand so that it will keep you from being too high when the activity begins.
Can’t resist the aroma of a fresh bagel (something that, in my opinion, was forged by the Diabetes Devil himself)? If you take injections, you can lower your long-acting insulin by 20-25% or have a low-glycemic-index snack before bedtime, without insulin coverage.



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