Diabetes is the fastest growing long term disease that affects millions of people worldwide. Diabetes is a condition where the amount of glucose in your blood is too high because the body cannot process it properly. Type 2 diabetes was earlier termed non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or maturity-onset diabetes mellitus. Foot complications – neuropathy, ulcers, and sometimes gangrene which may require the foot to be amputated.
Hypertension – common in people with the disease, which can raise the risk of kidney disease, eye problems, heart attack and stroke.
Neuropathy – diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage which can lead to several different problems.
Diabetes is serious – two thirds of patients die prematurely from stroke or heart disease.

This is because your pancreas does not produce any insulin, or not enough, to help glucose enter your body’s cells – or the insulin that is produced does not work properly (known as insulin resistance).
Type 1 diabetes is called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and occurs at a younger age or childhood.
In this, not enough insulin is produced or the insulin that is made by the body is insufficient to meet the needs of the body.
The life expectancy of a person with diabetes is from five to ten years shorter than other people’s. In these patients there is complete lack of the hormone insulin that mandates external administration of the hormone regularly as treatment. Diabetes specialist Dr Runwal says, “Even though it is caused due to various reasons, one being hereditary, but the changing lifestyles and stressful lives that youngsters live in results in most of the patients being aged 25 and above are being detected with it at such an early age.
Many times we ignore minor symptoms, but always remember ‘prevention is better than cure.’ It’s never too late to visit your nearest doctor and get yourself examined.

Worryingly, many patients around the world and in our country are increasingly finding themselves in this category. Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women who have never had the disease before but who have high blood sugar levels during pregnancy. This is false; it is caused when their immune system has destroyed the insulin-producing beta cells. The reasons for this are poor nutrition, rising stress levels, an improper metabolism and lack of fitness.

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