When you grin at yourself in the mirror you’re probably only looking at your teeth, but you are missing a bigger part of the picture and that is your gums. Most people overlook the need for healthy gums, so I’d like to talk a little bit about your gum tissue and the need to keep it healthy. Healthy gums are designed to support your teeth and to fit snugly around the teeth, protecting the periodontal ligaments holding your teeth in position, and the supporting bone from infection. If your gums become infected and inflamed then there is the risk that your teeth will become loose. Healthy gums act as a barrier between bacteria in your mouth and the rest of you, and prevent these harmful bacteria from entering your body.
Without this barrier these bacteria will be able to enter your bloodstream and could affect your overall health.  Advanced gum disease has been linked with many serious health conditions, including diabetes and heart disease. If you wish to enjoy good general health, it is vitally important that you look after your oral health, and that you do everything possible to keep your gums in the pink. Healthy gums should be firm to the touch and will be pink or coral in color, but the exact shade can vary considerably from person to person.
Another example of gum variation is African Americans often have darker gums.  This is not due to poor oral hygiene.
Now, with regards to healthy gums, there should be no visible pockets at the junction of the gum and tooth, an area that is called the gum margin, and the gum tissue should extend right up in between each tooth, reaching a point so there are no visible gaps in between each tooth. Healthy gums will form a good seal at the gum margin so no bacteria are able to penetrate this area. If you do notice any of these signs, then I suggest you make an appointment to visit your dentist, especially if you haven’t had a check-up in a while.
Gum disease is a bacterial infection that is likely to affect most of the population to some degree, at some stage during their lifetime. Everyone’s mouth contains bacteria, some of which are harmful while others are benign.
If this layer of plaque is not removed then it will soon harden into something called calculus or tartar.
The body’s response to the presence of plaque and tartar is to produce antibodies to fight the bacteria, and this results inflammation in the gums.
The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis, and is characterized by gums that bleed when brushed and flossed, and which have changed color or become swollen and tender.
If the disease is left to progress then it will develop into a condition called periodontal disease. The cementum is the layer of material covering the roots of your teeth, and the periodontal ligaments are attached to the cementum and to the alveolar bone, holding the teeth firmly in position in the sockets.
Periodontal disease will cause the infected and inflamed gums to begin pulling away from the teeth as the gum tissue is destroyed and recedes. By this stage the gums are likely to be bleeding quite frequently, and the bacteria will be able to enter your bloodstream through these open wounds.
The infection and inflammation in your gums will begin to destroy the periodontal ligaments holding the teeth in place, and you may notice your teeth begin to feel loose or wobbly or that they meet together slightly differently as the teeth begin to move around.
Eventually the disease will begin to destroy the alveolar bone, and it is likely the teeth will need extracting. You don’t need to let it get to this stage, as gum disease can be treated, and if it is caught early enough then it can even be cured.
They may also want to take x-rays to see if the disease has destroyed any of the bone supporting your teeth. This will remove the buildup of tartar from your teeth, getting rid of much of the infection and inflammation.
If you have more extensive signs of gum disease then your dentist may recommend a process called scaling and root planing as this deep cleans the teeth and gums.
Your teeth will be scaled to remove the build-up of tartar right down to just below the gum margin, and the exposed root surfaces of your teeth will be carefully smoothed. At this stage your dentist may choose to place medication topically into the gum pockets to help eliminate any remaining bacteria.
More extensive treatment may be necessary if you have extremely deep pockets or if tissue has been destroyed, and this may mean you will be referred to a periodontist, a dentist that specializes in treating gum disease. Pocket depth reduction or flap surgery is a surgical process designed to reduce or eliminate the pockets around your teeth. The early signs and symptoms of gum disease are easily cured, but if the disease has become chronic then you may require regular treatment to halt its progression rather than cure it completely.
Vitamin B is important for the production of iron for healthy blood, and helps tissue to grow. Vitamin C is important for making collagen which is found in the periodontal ligaments in your gums. Vitamin D is also called the sunshine vitamin, and a deficiency in this vitamin could lead to bone loss, as it is able to absorb calcium. Vitamin K is important for helping the blood to clot, and your gums are more likely to bleed if you don’t receive sufficient quantities of this vitamin.
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a supplement that has been extensively studied, as it is a powerful antioxidant and helps to improve energy production in cells.  Early research has shown this supplement might be useful in helping gums to heal, and clinical studies have shown people with periodontal disease tend to have lower levels of CoQ10 in their gum tissues.
Most people will be able to obtain sufficient quantities of vitamins through eating a healthy and varied diet, but others may require supplements. If you are concerned your diet doesn’t contain enough vitamins to sustain healthy gums, then it is best to ask your physician for advice. Healthy gums require a combination of professional oral care, daily dental care at home, and a healthy diet.
People with diabetes are prone to many foot problems, often because of two complications of diabetes: Nerve damage (neuropathy) and poor blood circulation. When you have diabetes, you need to be aware of how foot problems can arise from disturbances in the skin, nails, nerves, bones, muscles, and blood vessels. The goals of treatment of diabetic foot problems are not only to save the life and limb, but also to get the patient healed and moving about as soon as possible. Skin or nail problems - Look for cuts, scrapes, redness, drainage, swelling, bad odor, rash, discoloration, loss of hair on toes, injuries, or nail changes (deformed, striped, yellowed or discolored, thickened, or not growing).
Signs of fracture - If your foot is swollen, red, hot, or has changed in size, shape, or direction, see your foot and ankle surgeon immediately. Nail cutting.If you have any nail problems, hard nails, or reduced feeling in your feet, your toenails should be trimmed professionally.
To avoid serious foot problems that could result in losing a toe, foot, or leg, be sure to follow these guidelines.
Moisturize your feet-but not between your toes.Use a moisturizer daily to keep dry skin from itching or cracking.
Shake out your shoes and inspect the inside before wearing.Remember, you may not feel a pebble - so always shake out your shoes before putting them on. Get periodic foot exams.See your podiatric foot and ankle surgeon on a regular basis for an examination to help prevent the foot complications of diabetes. Your tax-deductible gift today can fund critical diabetes research and support vital diabetes education services that improve the lives of those with diabetes. Testing should be carried out in a health care setting (such as your doctor’s office or a lab). The OGTT is a two-hour test that checks your blood glucose levels before and 2 hours after you drink a special sweet drink. Before people develop type 2 diabetes, they almost always have "prediabetes" — blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. Doctors sometimes refer to prediabetes as impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or impaired fasting glucose (IFG), depending on what test was used when it was detected. Some people with prediabetes may have some of the symptoms of diabetes or even problems from diabetes already. Patient Education Materials — All About PrediabetesThis two-page introduction to prediabetes is in PDF format so you can download it, print it, and hand it out to patients.
I've been doing some aggressive research lately (it's how I found your incredible website) and realize now that my symptoms are not consistant with the diagnosis. I am really, really impressed with your plain-speak explanations for the various conditions.
A well organized site containing much information written in a manner that the average reader can comprehend. I had been experiencing extreme heel and sole pain for about six months and had to take extended breaks off my feet many times a day as well as regular doses of Ibuprofen. Just wanted to say thanks for the recommendation for a very effective item, I had no idea what a change this item could affect. Thank you for taking the time to write the terrific info you provide and for putting things into laymen terms for us mere mortals.

First, I'd like to thank you for all the information that you provide on your website and the opportunity to write to you.
First, I want to let you know that you have the best web site I've found related to foot issues. I greatly admire someone like you who would donate and dedicate so much time and effort to helping strangers with no compensation.
By the way, millions of websites could use yours as a guideline on how to organize information and make the site user-friendly.
I have been experiencing foot pain of various sorts and am working to figure out what it is.
Staying at home after hallux surgery I spend quite a lot of time seaching info useful for avoiding problems which might come back.
Your website is full of a lot of helpful information, and I am very impressed with the time in which you responded to my post. Just want to say thank you so very much for your quick response and very informative reply! Again, I really appreciate that you responded to my inquiry, and that your mention of Parkinson's helped me to find my way to a diagnosis of this difficult to diagnose disease. Thanks again doc for having this website and we STILL need qualified Podiatrists in beautiful sunny Tampa Bay (Bradenton) Florida. I have read your website and I have to admit that I am amazed at all the information that is on here. This is because the gum tissues won’t be able to support and protect your teeth, the ligaments holding them in place, or the bone surrounding your teeth. If you look closely you might notice they look slightly stippled or have an appearance like an orange peel.
You might notice a slight indentation or crevice at the gum margin, and this is called the sulcus.
This is because you could have gum disease, and this condition is far easier to treat if caught early. Gum disease is the main reason teeth are lost, and it’s important to take it seriously and to act quickly. During the course of the day you’ll probably notice a sticky film develops over your teeth and gums, and this is made up of plaque bacteria. This can only be removed by your dentist or hygienist, and its presence will continue to cause irritation. These early signs are easy to miss or to ignore, but if you can, try to catch this condition early.
This affects the periodontium which are all the tissues supporting your teeth, including the gums, the periodontal ligaments, the bony sockets which consist of a special type of bone called the alveolar bone, and the cementum. Your dentist will want to give you a full assessment, and will check the depths of any pockets that have formed around your teeth. The idea of treatment is to help remove the infection and inflammation, and to reduce the size of any pockets, enabling the periodontium to heal.
It’s likely your dentist will recommend you have your teeth and gums professionally cleaned. Afterwards it’s important that you look after your teeth at home, and that you brush and floss them extremely carefully to ensure all the plaque is removed.
This process helps to remove the infection and inflammation in your gums and is very effective if the pockets around your gums don’t exceed depths of approximately 5 mm. This is where the infected gum tissue is folded back so the harmful bacteria and tartar can be removed from the pockets.
If you have suffered bone loss as a result of this disease then you may require a procedure to help replace lost tissue and bone.
This may be required if you have lost an extensive amount of gum tissue, and the graft is normally harvested from another area in your mouth.
Eating foods containing vitamins A, B, C, D and K will help provide your gums with the nutrients necessary to fight gum disease.
It is also thought this vitamin is useful in supporting the immune system, and in reducing inflammation.
Vitamin supplements can be extremely useful, but it is important to ensure you do not exceed the recommended dosage as this could be harmful. They will reward you by keeping your teeth right where they should be, so you can smile with confidence. Neuropathy causes loss of feeling in your feet, taking away your ability to feel pain and discomfort, so you may not detect an injury or irritation.
This is a common-and serious-complication of diabetes and can lead to a loss of your foot, your leg, or your life. This makes you susceptible to breaking a bone, even without a major blow or injury occurring. It develops as aresult of loss of sensation and an undetected broken bone that leads to destruction of the soft tissue of the foot. There are many new surgical techniques available to save feet and legs, including joint reconstruction and wound healing technologies.
If vascular surgery cannot improve blood flow and podiatric surgery cannot restore function, amputation may be the only solution that gets the patient walking again. Pain in the leg that occurs at night or with a little activity could mean you have a blocked artery. Your foot and ankle surgeon willperform various tests to see ifyou've lost any feeling. If your doctor determines that your blood glucose level is very high, or if you have classic symptoms of high blood glucose in addition to one positive test, your doctor may not require a second test to diagnose diabetes. The advantages of being diagnosed this way are that you don't have to fast or drink anything. Fasting means after not having anything to eat or drink (except water) for at least 8 hours before the test. This condition puts you at a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
For some people with prediabetes, early treatment can actually return blood glucose levels to the normal range. After two days I would say that I have noticed a huge improvement in the discomfort I have been experiencing.
Thorough and thoughtfully presented, it certainly must be of considerable assistance to anyone with a foot problem. After reading what you had to say, I called the doctor's office and was able to get in and see him the same day as my injury.
In searching the web for people dealing with this same issue i can tell you that you are a Knight In shining Armor! It's easy for non-medical folk to understand your writing, and helps provide better communication between patient and doctor. I have learned more than the three years I have been going to several doctors that I have seen!! A healthy sulcus will have a depth of between zero and 3 mm and will not look infected or inflamed in any way.
These bacteria need to be removed through regular brushing and flossing as they produce toxins that irritate the gums.
Afterwards the gum tissue is placed over the tooth roots and is secured in place to help eliminate or shrink the pockets. The procedure is similar to pocket depth reduction, as your pockets will be folded back and cleaned out before a regenerative material is placed into the gum area. The procedure may leave you feeling a bit sore, but does mean there is little risk of rejection. Poor circulation in your feet reduces your ability to heal, making it hard for even a tiny cut to resist infection. Because of neuropathy, the pain of the fracture goes unnoticed and the patient continues to walk on the broken bone, making it worse.
A severely blocked artery is a serious condition that may require intervention from a vascular surgeon. Getting regular foot checkups and seeking immediate help when you notice something can keep small problems from worsening. If they turn red, pink, or purplish when your legs hang down while sitting, poor circulation may be a problem. Diabetes may also reduce blood flow to the feet, making it harder to heal an injury or resist infection.
Your gift today will help us get closer to curing diabetes and better treatments for those living with diabetes.

I have to say though, after using them for just four days, I have experienced grand relief from my foot pain.
If I lived in Jersey (left 30 years ago) and didn't live in Florida I would definetly make an appointment with Dr. Terrific -- and very interesting.I trust the address comes up easily for those seeking information.
Without the revenue generated from advertising, we would be unable to provide this great content free of charge. This might be some sort of tissue stimulating protein, graft tissue, or a special type of membrane, and is designed to help your body regenerate the lost tissue in the areas required. Your foot and ankle surgeon works together with other health care providers to prevent and treat complications from diabetes. Because of these problems, you might not notice a pebble in your shoe - so you could develop a blister, then a sore, then a stubborn infection that might cause amputation of your foot or leg. Even the very first day, I was able to do a lot of work while on my feet with at least a 75% reduction of pain. Once the procedure is complete, your gum tissue will be secured over the roots of your teeth. And although my toe and toe nail are still very black and blue and very sore, they ARE both starting to feel a little better.
They weren’t quite as atrocious as what went on inside Nazi facilities, but they were still quite harmful to the victims. Terwijl overgewicht een steeds groter probleem wordt, zijn steeds meer mensen druk bezig met lijnen, dieten en afvallen. The 1,385 page publication detailed the effects of starvation on the human body, drawn from the results of the University of Minnesota experiment, conducted by Professor of Physiology Ancel Keys. En zijn ze nou wel zo gezond?  Frans Kok, voedingshoogleraar aan de Wageningen University, vindt van niet.
Samen met wetenschapsjournalist Broer Scholtens schreef hij een boek over gezond eten en een gezond gewicht.Kortstondige dieten zijn uiteindelijk heel ongezondIn zijn boek ‘Gezond eten, gewoon doen, gezonde voeding volgens de wetenschap’ trekt Frans Kok behoorlijk van leer tegen de afslankdieten van Sonja Bakker en Dr. After the 6 month starvation period, the men were then put into various recovery groups for the final 3 months. Kok is er van overtuigd dat hun dieten niet alleen niet werken, ze zouden ook nog eens schadelijk zijn voor de gezondheid. Each recovery group received different amounts of protein and vitamins to try and determine the fastest and most effective starvation recovery regimen.During the experiment, participants were housed at the Laboratory of Physiological Hygiene in the South Tower of the football stadium.
The dormitory consisted of windowless rooms with 2 rows of cots on each side, with one aisle down the middle.
Details of the experiment were published in a 2005 edition of The Journal of Nutrition, published by the American Society for Nutritional Sciences. Researchers discovered that following starvation, unless victims were fed enough calories (4000 or more), they would not recover even if they were being provided the necessary proteins and vitamins. By providing their bodies as a resource for experimentation, they felt that they were contributing to the war effort.
Frank is een internist, hij zou beter moeten weten en niet dergelijke uitspraken moeten doen. Eiwitten zijn inderdaad behoorlijk verzadigend, maar ook weer niet zodanig dat je totaal geen hongergevoel  hebt. Dergelijke hoeveelheden eiwitten zijn belastend voor de nieren, met name bij mensen met nierproblemen. Een ander probleem is dat je door zo weinig koolhydraten te eten op termijn tekorten aan voedingsvezel en bepaalde vitaminen en mineralen gaat krijgen.
Meer dan mensen die gewicht proberen te verliezen door bijvoorbeeld begeleiding van een dietist. Frank beweert ook dat hij mensen met diabetes type II zou hebben genezen met zijn dieet, maar hij heeft daar tot dusver geen wetenschappelijk onderzoek over gepubliceerd. Da’s jammer, ik zou zo’n wetenschappelijk onderzoek met belangstelling lezen.”Eiwitrijk dieet verhoogd kans op diabetes type IIFrappant is dat voedingswetenschapper Ivonne Sluijs (29) van het Universitair Medisch Centrum in Utrecht begin dit jaar in haar promotie onderzoek ontdekte dat eiwitrijkevoeding de kans op diabetes type II zelfs kunnen  verhogen. Sluijs analyseerde gegevens uit een grote Europese studie die informatie bevat over leefstijl en gezondheid van bijna 40.000 personen. Ze concludeert dat mensen vaker diabetes krijgen als ze meer eiwitten eten, waarbij tien gram meer eiwit per dag de kans op diabetes met 16 procent verhoogt.Aanklacht tegen dr. FrankInmiddels is door gynaecoloog Cees Renckens, voorzitter van de Vereniging tegen de Kwakzalverij, een klacht tegen Dr.
Frank zou bij de promotie van zijn dieetboeken misbruik maken van zijn status als internist.
Er zou geen enkel wetenschappelijk bewijs zijn dat zijn dieet op lange termijn effect heeft. Frank, koolhydraten zijn bijvoorbeeld niet uit den boze.  Tekorten aan vitaminen en mineralen kunnen wel optreden. Het  probleem met het dieet van Bakker is dat het veel te weinig calorieen bevat, net zo is als het dieet van Dr.
Maar op langere termijn gaat je hele lichaam zich verzetten tegen zo’n geringe inname van calorieen en geef je het dieet op.
Dergelijke dieten hebben alleen effect op kortere termijn, op lange termijn heb je  er helemaal niks aan.
Je verliest daardoor in die eerste weken ook heel veel vocht, waardoor het gewichtsverlies groter lijkt. Je wilt vet kwijt, geen vocht.”Gewoon een paar honderd calorieen per dag minder helptWat is volgens Kok dan de juiste manier om je overtollige kilo’s kwijt te raken? Kok benadrukt stellig dat ‘Gezond eten, gewoon doen’ absoluut geen dieetboek is: “Nee, dat is het zeker niet. We geven in het boek inzicht in wat gezonde voeding is en welke effecten voeding heeft op je lichaam. Wil je van je overtollige kilo’s af, dan is de verstandigste manier om je dagelijkse calorie inname wat te verminderen. Dat is snel bereikt: een tot twee glazen fris of wijn minder, enkele tussendoortjes laten staan. Eet vooral gezond en gevarieerd, met veel groente en fruit, voldoende vis, mager vlees en magere zuivelproducten.
Zorg daarnaast nog dat je elke dag zeker een half uur intensief beweegt en je zult langzaam maar zeker je overgewicht zien verminderen.
Je lichaam komt niet in opstand, je hebt geen hongergevoel en je krijgt al je benodigde voedingsstoffen binnen.”Een mooiere huid door specifieke voeding? Zo beweren heel veel mensen dat eten na acht uur ’s avonds zou zorgen voor gewichtstoename.
Het gaat om de hoeveelheid calorieen die je dagelijks verorbert, niet om het tijdstip waarop je dat doet. Door het eten van bepaalde voedingsmiddelen en voedingssupplementen zou je huid enorm opknappen en veel mooier worden.
Gezond eten en veel bewegen – dat vindt je hele lijf en dus ook je huid heel plezierig.”Kok en Scholtens geven in hun boek op heldere wijze zinnig advies over gezonde voeding, bewegen, gewicht en gezondheid. Het boek is daardoor een aanrader voor iedereen die zijn of haar lijf graag gezond wil houden – en wie wil dat nou niet? Ook mensen die zich zorgen maken over hun gewicht en daar graag op een gezonde en vooral doeltreffende manier iets aan willen doen zouden dit boek moeten lezen. De adviezen die Kok en Scholtens geven zijn vele malen zinniger dan al die rare modedieten die om de haverklap in de media opduiken. Niet alleen dat: een gezonde, redelijke mannier van eten is veel makkelijker vol te houden, is veel gezonder, smakelijker en op lange termijn ook veel effectiever. Groente, fruit, volkorenproducten, veel vis, magere yoghurt, wat vlees en wat kaas, noten en goede olie. Frans Kok en Broer Scholtens, Gezond eten, gewoon doen, goede voeding volgens de wetenschap, Uitgeverij Bert Bakker, ISBN 978 90 351 3625 0 Meer weten over gezonde voeding en voedingsstoffen? Wil je veel eten dan moet je daarnaast veel bewegen, heel simpel dus Men beweegt veel te weinig en men eet daarnaast teveel kant en klaar rommel, men lijkt niet meer in staat om zelf te koken en veel komt uit zakjes en pakjes. Ik heb hier meer vertrouwen in dan in al die dieetgoeroes, want die brengen je alleen maar verder van je pad af. Met vriendelijke groet, Marianne Karssen-VosLaan van London 6 4332 DP Middelburg advertentie Meer Gezondheid nieuws Gezondheid Onderzoek toont aan: rode wijn stimuleert vetverbranding Een glas staat gelijk aan een uurtje sporten! Feit of fabel… Meer artikelen van Gezondheid advertentie Aanmelden voor nieuwsbrief Monique schrijftMonique schrijft Prachtig!

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