The treatment of reactive hypoglycemia mostly revolves around some simple precautionary measures, which help in curbing it over a period. Reactive hypoglycemia is a medical condition characterized by recurrent episodes of symptomatic hypoglycemia. Causes: The form of hypoglycemia is normally caused when the blood sugar level drops, irrespective of the food intake, owing to excess production of insulin by the pancreas.
Some studies reveal that the ailment is caused due to the lack of glucagon hormone, while some suggest that the sensitivity of the human body to epinephrine is responsible for it. Symptoms: Most prominent symptoms include dizziness, excessive sweating, headache, sleeplessness, weakness, fatigue, etc.
Diagnosis is a tough task as the traces of the fact that you were suffering from an episode of reactive hypoglycemia vanish within a few hours after the sugar levels return to normal.
Eating small meals over regular intervals throughout the day and exercising regularly also helps in the treatment of this health condition. Symptoms of reactive hypoglycemia are similar to the symptoms of several complex diseases, which makes prompt diagnosis of the condition all the more important.
Now that school is starting again, pets may experience some anxiety when kids go back to school. Although it is perfectly safe for humans, xylitol ingestion has been known to cause liver failure and death in dogs.
The ASPCA also reports that xylitol is absorbed slowly in humans, but in pets it is absorbed much more quickly and causes hypoglycemia, liver failure, bleeding, and death.
In the new findings, the ASPCA showed that some dogs developed “elevated liver enzyme activity within 12 to 24 hours after xylitol ingestion.” Most of the dogs that had liver failure were euthanized as a result.
The ASPCA also reports that taking your best defense against the grave dagners of xylitol toxicity is to take your pet to the vet or emergency clinic immediately if you know the pet has ingested xylitol. As mentioned above, some dogs that develop liver failure may not show signs of hypoglycemia immediately after ingestion of xylitol, so if you notice any strange behavior, contact your veterinarian. The problem with xylitol is that it doesn’t take much to cause permanent damage or death in pets.
It is estimated that even just one or two pieces of gum could result in toxic levels in a pet. As the number of products with xylitol increases, vets and the APCC advises pet owners to be extra cautious about keeping human food away from dogs and cats.
Intensive control of blood glucose and keeping glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels below 7%. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a life-threatening complication caused by insulin deficiency. The process is usually triggered in insulin-deficient patients by a stressful event, most often pneumonia or urinary tract infections.
Severely low insulin levels cause excessive amounts of glucose in the bloodstream (hyperglycemia). These fatty acids are converted into chemicals called ketone bodies, which are toxic at high levels.
Cerebral edema, or brain swelling, is a rare but very dangerous complication that occurs in 1% of ketoacidosis cases and results in coma, brain damage, or death in many cases. Other serious complications from DKA include aspiration pneumonia and adult respiratory distress syndrome. If the condition persists, coma and eventually death may occur, although over the past 20 years, death from DKA has decreased to about 2% of all cases.
Life-saving treatment uses rapid replacement of fluids with a salt (saline) solution followed by low-dose insulin and potassium replacement. Patients with type 1 diabetes are 10 times more at risk for heart disease than healthy patients. Both type 1 and 2 diabetes accelerate the progression of atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries).
In type 1 diabetes, high blood pressure (hypertension) usually develops if the kidneys become damaged. Impaired nerve function (neuropathy) associated with diabetes also causes heart abnormalities. Atherosclerosis is a disease of the arteries in which fatty material is deposited in the vessel wall, resulting in narrowing and eventual impairment of blood flow. Diabetic nephropathy, the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), occurs in about 20 - 40% of patients with diabetes.
Diabetes is responsible for more than half of all lower limb amputations performed in the U.S.
People with diabetes who are overweight, smokers, and have a long history of diabetes tend to be at most risk. In general, foot ulcers develop from infections, such as those resulting from blood vessel injury. Charcot foot is initially treated with strict immobilization of the foot and ankle; some centers use a cast that allows the patient to move and still protects the foot. Diabetes accounts for thousands of new cases of blindness annually and is the leading cause of new cases of blindness in adults ages 20 - 74. The early and more common type of this disorder is called nonproliferative or background retinopathy. If the capillaries become blocked and blood flow is cut off, soft, "woolly" areas may develop in the retina's nerve layer.
Type 1 diabetes is associated with a slightly reduced bone density, putting patients at risk for osteoporosis and possibly fractures. Women with diabetes should also be aware that certain types of medication can affect their blood glucose levels. It is also important for women to closely monitor their blood sugar levels during pregnancy.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.
Unlike hypoglycemia, which occurs when the person is fasting, reactive hypoglycemia normally occurs a few hours after the meal.
Additionally, intense exercising and skipping meals (in case of diabetics) is also known to trigger this disorder.


There are chances that these symptoms may further aggravate and lead to more severe complications, such as panic attack, heart palpitations, and even coma. Researchers are trying their best to figure out a concrete formula for diagnosing the ailment, but as of now their efforts haven't yielded any results. High-fiber foods with medium to low Glycemic Index should be consumed, while foods high in Glycemic Index should be strictly avoided. Ideal diet for this form of hypoglycemia includes foods rich in protein and low in carbohydrates. We can only hope that the ongoing research will become successful some time soon, thus making diagnosis and treatment of this disorder easier than what it is today. Find out what you can do to prevent this from happening and what symptoms to look for in this week’s post. It is just as dangerous in cats but not reported as often, most likely because cats do not tend to get into people food as much as dogs. The report also states, “six of the eight dogs did not appear to develop hypoglycemia before the onset of the liver failure.” If your dog shows any symptoms of xylitol poisoning (or any type of poisoning), you should call your vet immediately. Even if there’s no suspicion that your pet may have ingested xylitol, it is very important to keep an eye out for symptoms. However, in dogs that develop liver problems or fall into a coma, the prognosis can be very serious.
This approach can help prevent complications due to vascular (blood vessel) abnormalities and nerve damage (neuropathy) that can cause major damage to organs, including the eyes, kidneys, and heart.
Blood glucose control helps the heart, but it is also very important that people with diabetes control blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and other factors associated with heart disease. Other triggers include alcohol abuse, physical injury, pulmonary embolism, heart attacks, or other illnesses. Among young patients, the youngest children and boys of any age are at higher risk for hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia unawareness is a condition in which people become accustomed to hypoglycemic symptoms.
Mild symptoms usually occur at moderately low and easily correctable levels of blood glucose. Heart attacks account for 60% of deaths in patients with diabetes, while strokes account for 25% of such deaths. Severely restricted blood flow in the arteries to the heart muscle leads to symptoms such as chest pain. With this condition, the tiny filters in the kidney (called glomeruli) become damaged and leak protein into the urine.
Patients with ESRD have 13 times the risk of death compared to other patients with type 1 diabetes. It is a common complication that affects nearly half of people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes after 25 years.
Studies show that tight control of blood glucose levels delays the onset and slows progression of neuropathy. People who have the disease for more than 20 years and are insulin-dependent are at the highest risk. Numbness from nerve damage, which is common in diabetes, compounds the danger since the patient may not be aware of injuries. Charcot foot or Charcot joint (medically referred to as neuropathic arthropathy) occurs in up to 2.5% of people with diabetes. When the acute phase has passed, patients usually need lifelong protection of the foot using a brace initially and custom footwear.
Patients with no signs of retinal damage or low risk factors for retinopathy may only require screening every 2 - 3 years.
People with diabetes face a higher risk for influenza and its complications, including pneumonia, possibly because the disorder neutralizes the effects of protective proteins on the surface of the lungs. Women with diabetes face a significantly higher risk for urinary tract infections, which are likely to be more complicated and difficult to treat than in the general population. Depression, in turn, may increase the risk for hyperglycemia and complications of diabetes. The changes in estrogen and other hormonal levels that occur during perimenopause can cause major fluctuations in blood glucose levels. Up to a third of young women with type 1 diabetes have eating disorders and under-use insulin to lose weight. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. More importantly, this health condition is not just restricted to people suffering from diabetes; even non-diabetics are vulnerable to it. The person may also experience difficulty in concentrating, irritability, and poor coordination.
So the medical practitioners are left with no other option, but to rely on the symptoms of this disorder to diagnose it.
These foods are readily absorbed into the bloodstream due to which the pancreas overreact and produce excess insulin. If this diet doesn't yield any results, then slight modifications will be recommended by the health professional.
The ASPCA warns pet owners about leaving out backpacks with “enticing smells.” Many of the snacks we love are poisonous for cats and dogs, and one common sweetener—xylitol—can be particularly dangerous for dogs. A recent study showed that xylitol poisoning caused acute hepatic necrosis (liver failure) in dogs.
The toxic effects happen very quickly, so there’s no time to check for xylitol with a blood test. It’s also important to note that there’s currently no treatment or antidote for xylitol toxicity.
In addition to asking your vet for tips, we find that sharing experiences and behavior tips with other owners can be a very effective way of keeping pets safe. It may also occur in a person with type 1 diabetes who is not consistent with insulin therapy, or who has an acute illness or infection that makes their diabetes difficult to control.
The most serious consequences of neuropathy occur in the legs and feet and pose a risk for ulcers and, in unusually severe cases, amputation.


Patients with diabetes should be aware of other warning signs of a heart attack, including sudden fatigue, sweating, shortness of breath, nausea, and vomiting. The consequences of both poor circulation and peripheral neuropathy make this a common and serious problem for all patients with diabetes.
About 85% of amputations start with foot ulcers, which develop in about 12% of people with diabetes.
Related conditions that put people at risk include peripheral neuropathy, peripheral artery disease, foot deformities, and a history of ulcers.
Early changes appear similar to an infection, with the foot becoming swollen, red, and warm. People with diabetes are also at higher risk for developing cataracts and certain types of glaucoma.
The two primary abnormalities that occur are a weakening of the blood vessels in the retina and the obstruction in the capillaries -- probably from very tiny blood clots. Patients beginning a new or vigorous exercise program should have their eyes examined, as well as all patients planning pregnancy. Everyone with diabetes should have annual influenza vaccinations and a vaccination against pneumococcal pneumonia. In terms of sexual health, diabetes may cause decreased vaginal lubrication, which can lead to pain or discomfort during intercourse.
Long-term use (more than 2 years) of birth control pills may increase the risk of health complications.
Studies indicate that high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) can affect the developing fetus during the critical first 6 weeks of organ development. Women with diabetes also face an increased risk of premature menopause, which can lead to higher risk of heart disease. Adolescents with diabetes are at higher risk than adults for ketoacidosis resulting from noncompliance.
Anorexia and bulimia pose significant health risks in any young person, but they can be especially dangerous for people with diabetes. For instance, adding small amount of soluble fibers can help in relieving various symptoms associated with the disorder. Xylitol can be found in sugar-free products and in some brands of toothpaste because of the anti-cavity properties, and it doesn’t take a large amount to cause Xylitol Toxicosis.
Longer survival rates are probably due to improvements in monitoring and tighter control of blood glucose. Other contributing factors are lack of health insurance and intentionally reducing insulin doses in order to lose weight, which occurs with adolescent girls in an effort to keep weight down.
It affects about 25% of patients who use insulin, nearly always people with type 1 diabetes. Urine tests showing microalbuminuria (small amounts of protein in the urine) are important markers for kidney damage. Symptoms of kidney failure may include swelling in the feet and ankles, itching, fatigue, and pale skin color.
Peripheral neuropathy usually starts in the fingers and toes and moves up to the arms and legs (called a stocking-glove distribution).
Lowering triglycerides, losing weight, reducing blood pressure, and quitting smoking may help prevent the onset of neuropathy. If these processes affect the central portion of the retina, swelling may occur, causing reduced or blurred vision. In this more severe condition, new abnormal blood vessels form and grow on the surface of the retina.
Therefore, it is important that women with pre-existing diabetes (both type 1 and type 2) who are planning on becoming pregnant strive to maintain good glucose control for 3 - 6 months before pregnancy.
Young people who do not control glucose are also at high risk for permanent damage in small vessels, such as those in the eyes.
Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. Being aware of these symptoms makes the diagnosis of this condition easier, as a result of which its treatment can be initiated at the earliest. Recommended food items include whole grain, meat, poultry, fish, fruit, dairy products, vegetables, etc. Usually the condition is manageable, but, occasionally, it can be severe or even life threatening, particularly if the patient fails to recognize the symptoms, especially while continuing to take insulin or other hypoglycemic drugs.
In such cases, hypoglycemia appears suddenly, without warning, and can escalate to a severe level.
The outlook of end-stage renal disease has greatly improved during the last four decades for patients with type 1 diabetes, and fewer people with type 1 diabetes are developing ESRD.
The bones may crack, splinter, and erode, and the joints may shift, change shape, and become unstable.
Even a single recent episode of hypoglycemia may make it more difficult to detect the next episode.
It typically develops in people who have neuropathy to the extent that they cannot feel sensation in the foot and are not aware of an existing injury.
Major hemorrhage or retinal detachment can result, causing severe visual loss or blindness. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. With vigilant monitoring and by rigorously avoiding low blood glucose levels, patients can often regain the ability to sense the symptoms. Instead of resting an injured foot or seeking medical help, the patient often continues normal activity, causing further damage.
However, even very careful testing may fail to detect a problem, particularly one that occurs during sleep.



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Comments

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    Author: body_love
  2. 09.08.2016 at 19:44:47


    Mellitus often may occur when a hypoglycemic patient barley has been.

    Author: PROBLEM
  3. 09.08.2016 at 10:48:57


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    Author: Premier_HaZard
  4. 09.08.2016 at 19:23:10


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    Author: KRUTOY_BMW