We also have Bitesize study guides covering many subjects at National 4 and National 5 on our Knowledge & Learning BETA website. Diffusion is the movement of a substance from a region of higher concentrationto a region of lower concentration.
Diffusion is important to organisms because it is the process by which useful molecules enter the body cells and waste products are removed. Digested food molecules (amino acids, glucose) move down a concentration gradient from the intestine to the blood. Oxygen moves from high concentration (in the air sac) to a lower concentration (in the blood). Fear as described in the dictionary is: An unpleasant emotion caused by the belief that someone or something is dangerous, likely to cause pain, or a threat, but what does it actually do when we feel it? The brain structure that is the center of most neurobiological events associated with fear is the amygdala, located behind the pituitary gland. Some of the hormones involved during the state of fight-or-flight include epinephrine and norepinephrine and cortisol.
The above mentions the ‘Flight or Fight response’ which a lot of Martial Artists refer to in their training, but what is it? The above explains a bit about the science but in simple terms the Fight or Flight response is a Survival Instinct which is programmed into all of us (young, old, disabled etc). When the hypothalamus tells the sympathetic nervous system to kick into gear, the overall effect is that the body speeds up, tenses up and becomes generally very alert. At the same time, the hypothalamus releases corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) into the pituitary gland, activating the adrenal-cortical system. The fight-or-flight response, also known as the acute stress response, refers to a physiological reaction that occurs in the presence of something that is terrifying, either mentally or physically. Fear when controlled is part of the body’s process (along with the release of adrenaline) where the senses, oxygen levels etc are all increased and are put into a heightened state of alert.
So one night you’re leaving the pub, walking to a taxi rank alone through a dark alley to be confronted. As a Martial Artist we should embrace the emotion and hormones our body releases, they make us stronger, react faster, move quicker etc but we must control these emotions so that we react with clarity, we make the correct decisions i.e. Healthy muscle tissue is hungry for glucose.  Glucose that enters the muscle tissue does not stay in the blood. Our goal as diabetics is to get glucose out of the bloodstream.  Exercise accomplishes this by creating muscle tissue that is hungry mainly for glucose. When the muscle tissue is frequently exercised, it acts as a glucose vacuum, removing glucose from the bloodstream efficiently.  Therefore, when you eat carbohydrates (remember, carbohydrates are NOT the enemy), then glucose from the carbohydrate chains circulates in the blood temporarily, and is then quickly absorbed by hungry muscle tissue. High dietary cholesterol, high dietary fat, and refined sugars can all damage the endothelial tissue layer, which blocks glucose from moving out of the blood stream.  This causes glucose to stay in the bloodstream, which is the problem we’re trying to reverse. Exercise helps keep the lining of blood vessels healthy, by promoting the rapid exchange of nutrients and oxygen, and by removing the unwanted materials (mainly cholesterol deposits) that increase our risk for heart disease and insulin resistance.

Diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at the age of 22, I have spent over a decade learning the fundamentals of nutrition at the doctorate level.
That's why I've spent over 10 years developing a rock solid system that can minimize blood glucose variability and insulin resistance. A1c chart, Diabetic ketoacidosis could be a serious complication of diabetes mellitus, it is a result of relative insulin deficiency and is a rare feature of acromegaly, in that.
A1c levels chart – normal blood sugar range, Monitoring blood sugar levels is important for diabetic and pre-diabetic persons. A1c chart: understanding the ac1 test, A brief, yet informative article explaining the a1c test, the a1c chart and how they are used in diagnosing, managing and treating patients with diabetes.
Online hemoglobin a1c calculator, Simple online calculator that calculates mean plasma glucose and mean whole blood glucose from any hemoglobin a1c value.
The LIONS have been recently and suddenly forced to migrate with the wildebeests to new web server software, so everything is kinda messed up in the LION DEN right now. A complex web-style diagram showing how this disease causes its signs and symptoms. Flow chart shows the antagonistic effects of two hormones as they affect the concentration of glucose in the blood. Diagram shows the relationships of a group hormones: their sources, targets, and action.
Arrows show the complete pathway of molecules involved in making, storing, and releasing an important hormone. An illustrated flow-chart style diagram showing how different factors influence the color of a person's skin.A  Notice how the cartoons add to the text in this one. Another flow-chart, this one without illustrations, showing the two paths the process of nerve transmission can take.A (compare to the illustrated diagram in Figure 13-25 on p.
All of the examples given just above were made with the computer software Inspiration, which is available on some of the computers in the Science Resource Room at SCC (ADM 2411). More and more, students in the health professions and other disciplines are being REQUIRED to use concept mapping in their assignments. If you gain concept mapping skills now, you will be better prepared for your professional courses!
For more examples and how-to hints on concept mapping, check out the links in the list below. Graphic OrganizersA  This page has many short, simple handouts that show you how to make different sorts of concept maps.
Learning Skills Program - Concept Mapping Simple description of how to make and use concepts maps. Diffusion is the movement of gas or solute molecules from a region of higher concentration to a region of lower concentration until they are equal.
Waste products such as carbon dioxide or urea travel by diffusion from body cells into the bloodstream.

Carbon dioxide moves from high concentration (in the blood) to a lower concentration (in the air sac). The role of the amygdala in fear is best understood as part of a circuitry of fear learning.[2] It is essential for proper adaptation to stress and specific modulation of emotional learning memory.
Epinephrine regulates heart rate and metabolism as well as dilating blood vessels and air passages.
The pituitary gland (a major endocrine gland) secretes the hormone ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone). The fight-or-flight response was first described in the 1920s by American physiologist Walter Cannon.
If this is used as a positive rather than a negative fear and stress can be used as allies in order to get you away from the threat by whatever means possible.
Fear will inevitable set in but the key is to understand that Fear is a normal reaction and as we’ve seen stimulates the body into the survival stages which are hugely beneficial however, uncontrolled it can cause panic which is a hugely negative and potentially destructive emotion.
In the presence of a perceived threat (or something which causes fear), the amygdala generates the secretion of hormones that influence fear and aggression.[14] Once response to the stimulus in the form of fear or aggression begins, the amygdala may trigger the release of hormones into the body to put the person into a state of alertness, in which they are ready to move, run, fight, etc. Norepinephrine increases heart rate, blood flow to skeletal muscles and the release of glucose from energy stores.[17] Cortisol increases blood sugar and helps with metabolism. To produce the fight-or-flight response, the hypothalamus activates two systems: the sympathetic nervous system and the adrenal-cortical system.
The sympathetic nervous system sends out impulses to glands and smooth muscles and tells the adrenal medulla to release epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (noradrenaline) into the bloodstream.
ACTH moves through the bloodstream and ultimately arrives at the adrenal cortex, where it activates the release of approximately 30 different hormones that get the body prepared to deal with a threat. Cannon realized that a chain of rapidly occurring reactions inside the body help mobilize the body’s resources to deal with threatening circumstances.
This defensive response is generally referred to in physiology as the ‘fight-or-flight’ response regulated by the hypothalamus.[15] Once the person is in safe mode, meaning that there are no longer any potential dangers around them, the amygdala will send this information to the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) where it is stored for similar future situations. The sympathetic nervous system uses nerve pathways to initiate reactions in the body, and the adrenal-cortical system uses the bloodstream. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience.
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High blood sugar but normal a1c chart
Is 7.4 blood sugar level high


  1. 09.02.2014 at 16:57:33

    Instructions that came with your glucose after you've had a meal or snack.

    Author: QLADIATOR_16
  2. 09.02.2014 at 18:57:44

    Milligrams per decilitre use of numbers generated by computer with not.

    Author: Vasmoylu_Kayfusha
  3. 09.02.2014 at 12:50:27

    And take a larger dose in the morning and.

    Author: T_O_T_U_S_H
  4. 09.02.2014 at 19:14:16

    Normal within 15 minutes of you eating 15-30.

    Author: Apocalupse