RESEARCH ARTICLE   Antidiabetic effects of Aloe ferox and Aloe greatheadii var.
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends A1C testing to determine a patienta€™s average blood glucose control. The A1C Now test takes about 1 minute to perform with results displayed in 5 minutes and can be done in the exam room. When a patienta€™s A1C is high, immediate changes can be outlined in their diet, exercise and possibly medications.
Immediate, face-to-face counseling about A1C results may help motivate patients to follow through with physician recommendations.
Diabetes chart- convert hba1c to equivalent blood glucose, Easily convert your hba1c test result to its equivalent blood glucose reading. Hba1c to estimated average glucose (eag) calculator, Nathan dm, kuenen j, borg r, zheng h, schoenfeld d, heine rj. Printable diabetes chart- convert hba1c to estimated, Chart posted for general educational use. Convert glycosylated hemoglobin a1c to average blood sugar, Glycosylated hemoglobin (hba1c) is formed by the attachment of glucose to hemoglobin (the oxygen carrying protein found in red blood cells). The blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose (sugar) present in the blood of a human or an animal. The body naturally tightly regulates blood glucose levels (with the help of insulin that is secreted by pancreas) as a part of metabolic homeostasis. If blood sugar levels are either increased or decreased by a greater margin than expected this might indicate a medical condition.
Dramatic changes of blood sugar levels have significant physical symptoms and will increase your risk of diabetes-related complications.
Download your blood sugar levels log and keep track of your own blood sugar levels – write down all of your measured values. Please note that you should perform several consecutive blood glucose tests and not rely on one single measurement. The next chart displays all possible blood sugar (glucose) levels along with a short explanation of what the indicators are. Chronically high blood sugar (diabetes) is caused by a number of abnormalities in the body, one of them being the affected vascular walls of small and large arteries (diabetic micro-and macro-angiopathy) in a process called atherosclerosis.
High blood sugar levels affect the arteries throughout the body, especially the organs which have the richest blood circulation: heart, brain, kidney, senses, nerves and other organs.
If the high blood sugar is associated with disturbances in lipid metabolism (blood fat), the abnormalities are more intense. Typical symptoms of high blood sugar levels (diabetes) are thirst, frequent urination and unexpected weight loss.
Type 1 diabetes symptoms are severe and last for a short time before the disease is diagnosed. There are basically two main tests which are conducted to determine whether someone has diabetes. When being tested for diabetes by a impaired fasting glycemia test, blood sugar levels will normally be taken after around eight hours of fasting. An impaired glucose tolerance test involves taking a concentrated amount of glucose and then measuring blood sugar levels after two hours. Medical alcohol to clean the skin where you will prick your finger, a sterile tool to prick your finger, some test strips and a glucose meter to read the test strip. The fact is that with Diabetes type 1 body’s cells that produce insulin are destroyed.
With type 2 diabetes your body does not use insulin properly (also known as insulin resistance). Refer to this article for more information on how brown fat tissue may help control your disease or even revert it!
A patient with diabetes is at a 5 times greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease than patient without diabetes. Disturbances in the metabolism of blood sugar levels are mainly the consequence of heredity (diabetes in the family), age (over 40), poor diet, excessive body weight (obesity) and physical inactivity. People with high blood sugar levels can lower their blood sugar levels by maintaining normal body weight, eating healthy and by physical activity.
I am trying to provide useful information on several topics regarding health, food, diet, weight loss and sport!If you like my articles, please do subscribe and share the content! MY BLOOD SUGAR WAS 129 THIS MORNING SOME TIMES IN THE 30S ONCE IN A WHILE BELOW 100 THE REST OF THE DAY SEEMS TO BE OK MY 90 DAY AVE. Is it possible to get any graphical method of say weekly or some times 10 days irregular days with NORMAL graphical line.Soas to check and be precautionary by diabetic patient itself. This is inspite of the fact that she is not given any medicine after lunch and no food after 10p.m. Can anybody tell from where insulin comes after midnight and from where sugar comes after 5 a.m.? A fasting reading this morning I did was 83 then I ate and checked again after and hour or so it was 110. My normal blood sugar reading is between 102 to 110 before breakfast my goal is to keep it from going any higher 126 in the morning before breakfast is high to me .I am type 2 diabetic.
Nigel Smith, look at what you are eating in the morning and try something with a bit more fibre. Being new to this, and someone who does not do things by halves, I have been tracking my glucose levels some 4 or 5 times a day. SORY ABOUT SPELING I NEVE COOD.i was told by doctors 9 muths ago I had tipy 2 and givin metermothin 500mg 4 times a day ime falling asleep in the afternoon as ime finding it hard to keep awake can eney one help. What you can do is to change your diet and delay the possible development of this disease by following some simple diet rules. For patients whose therapy has changed or who are not meeting glycemic goals, the A1C test should be performed quarterly. When patients are provided with immediate A1C results it encourages them to engage in immediate face-to-face counseling.


This may help reduce their A1C which could help reduce their risks of the onset or the progression of diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy. National diabetes fact sheet: general information and national estimates on diabetes in the United States, 2002. Blood sugar level (or blood sugar concentration) is the amount of glucose (a source of energy) present in your blood at any given time.
Diabetes is among the risk factors for major non-communicable diseases: cardiovascular (coronary) disease, cerebral vascular disease and peripheral vascular diseases. Over the time a patient’s condition worsens as body cannot make enough insulin to keep blood glucose at normal levels. Disturbances in the metabolism of blood sugar were present in 20% of adult Europeans during 2002-2005 a study showed.
This way you might prevent or delay disease and enhance your health and physical performance. Definitely cut out the sweets, and especially the sodas but really you need to be controlling carb intake because carbs are sugar. I have been taking my readings every morning since I have been released (about 2 weeks) my Blood has been back in forth from 60 to 89 but this morning I didn’t wake up til 11:30 am and it was 138! He is 4 ft tall and weighs 48lbs so as you can tell he is not over weight in fact his height and weight are perfectly proportionate to each other. Given the fact that your mother has type 2 diabetes you are under greater risk to develop diabetes type 2 as well (although this relation has never been confirmed by scientists). I know it recommends that you eat fruit, but my mother’s blood sugar only got under control after she stopped eating fruit? Postprandial blood glucose levels should be higher not lower than random blood sugar levels. Consequently, in this study we investigated the possible antidiabetic effects of ethanol extracts of A. The A1C test should be performed at least two times a year in patients who are meeting treatment goals and who have stable glycemic control. This blood sugar levels chart is not 100% accurate due to different thresholds set in different countries around the world. I do take insulin (long acting) once in the morning and Glucophage 750 mg once in the evening as per doctor\’s advice. Do not use it though, unless you are monitoring your blood sugar levels and are already familiar with what those levels are. My doc suggested I might be hypoglycemic because of some of the particular symptoms I’ve had. Sometimes with exercise, glucagon is produced by your liver if your blood sugar is too low and this will increase the test result.
As per your website, it states that fasting levels till 180 for his age group are fine whereas other websites like Wikipedia and Mayo clinic state that 100-125 is pre-diabetic. Any way the doctor just called me and told me that his blood glucose levels are high but his insulin levels are normal. I have an appointment for a HBA1C test, my doctor said it’s just routine (I am not diabetic).
I have had symptoms of hypoglycemia in the past (dizziness, increased heart rate, fatigue), but overall, I’m a very healthy individual.
Regrettably I have found that diabetes nurses have just told me that diabetes is a function of previous smoking ( I never have) and I am over weight ( I’m not) so I am lacking confidence in their ability to view me as an individual and advise accordingly.
Would you please explain why is there so much of a difference and which one should I actually believe in? My family has a strong history of diabetes and I had gestational diabetes with her brother and sister, but not when I was pregnant with her.
The only information she gave me was to change his diet and get the levels checked again in three months. You might need to check your blood glucose before meals and get insulin coverage for meals. I must also add that my father is a diabetic (which explains why i have a blood glucose tester) and diabetes runs in my family. Fifty male Wistar rats, weighing 200 g - 250 g, were randomly divided into five groups of n = 10: normal control rats, diabetic control rats, diabetic rats receiving A. Rats were sacrificed 5 weeks after injection, following a 12-hour fast, and blood and tissue samples were collected.
Compared to the normal control group, STZ significantly increased relative liver and kidney weights, end-point plasma glucose, fructosamine, oxidative stress, liver enzymes, total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides, very low density lipoprotein-cholesterol and TC: high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) values and reduced serum insulin levels. Diabetes mellitus is characterised by hyperglycaemia and hyperlipidaemia, as a result of altered glucose and lipid metabolism.4 Recently, the search for suitable antidiabetic agents has focused on plants used in traditional medicine. Although diabetes is being managed and treated in many developed countries exclusively by conventional medication, in many developing countries, diabetic patients have resorted to traditional medicinal herbs for the treatment of this disease, largely because these are more accessible and less expensive for those living in poor socio-economic conditions.5 Of the many traditional treatments for diabetes, Aloe is the most well known by traditional healers. However, these beneficial effects were not found by all researchers.8 Aloe ferox and Aloe greatheadii var. The extracts were prepared by ethanol extraction,9,10 administered at a similar high dosage level as has been previously described by other groups using other Aloe species,7,11 and tested in a STZ-induced diabetic rat model. STZ induces diabetes12 by destroying the β-cells of the pancreas by oxidative stress, and thus can be used to develop a model for either type 1 or type 2 diabetes depending on the dosage used.
The rats in the normal control and diabetic control groups received double-distilled water as a placebo via the same route.
The blood was centrifuged at 4 ?C for 15 min at 2000 g and plasma and serum were collected. Briefly, during incubation, insulin in the sample reacts with peroxidase-conjugated anti-insulin antibodies and anti-insulin antibodies bound to the microtitration well. The conjugate then reacts with 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine in a colourimetric end-point reaction.
TC was determined using a polychromatic end-point technique employing horseradish peroxide, HDL-C using the accelerator selective detergent method and LDL-C and triglycerides using a biochromatic end-point technique. Alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and venous blood glucose levels were measured using a Vitros DT60 II Chemistry Analyser (Ortho-Clinical Diagnostics, Rochester, NY, USA), with Vitros reagents and controls.


The Diacron reactive metabolites (dROMs) test (Diacron International, Grosseto, Italy) was used to measure the serum reactive oxygen metabolite pool.
This colourimetric assay was performed kinetically on a BioTek plate reader measuring change in 560 nm over a period of 15 min at 25 ?C. Where significance between the groups was indicated, the Tukey honest significant difference test for unequal n was used to determine where the differences occurred. Whilst the mean pancreatic weight of the normal control group was not significantly higher than that of the diabetic control group, the effect size calculation indicated that the difference in organ weight may have had a moderate clinical relevance. The normal control rats also had significantly lower mean liver and kidney weights compared to the diabetic control rats.
All three interventions tested did little to change this finding, with all three groups having significantly higher mean liver and kidney weights than those of the normal control group. End-point plasma glucose values, after the diabetes induction and the interventions that followed, showed significant differences between the groups (p = 0.0001) with the diabetic control group having significantly higher blood glucose values than the normal control group, as would be expected. The glibenclamide intervention, on the other hand, had a greater effect, lowering plasma glucose to values that were no longer significantly different from those of the normal control group (p = 0.954).
Fructosamine concentrations were significantly elevated in the diabetic control group compared to the normal control group (p = 0.0001) (Table 2). In fact, the fructosamine values in the glibenclamide group were not only increased compared to the normal control group, but also when compared to the diabetic control group. Furthermore, these changes in serum insulin levels were inversely correlated to changes in end-point plasma glucose levels, as can be expected. The Aloe interventions both resulted in a reduction in diabetes-induced ALP, with a significant reduction noted in the A. Effect size calculations showed that these changes in all the intervention groups were large enough to have clinical relevance (Table 2).
STZ-induced diabetes resulted in a clinically relevant increase in ALT levels, although not statistically significantly so. Additionally, effect size calculations indicated a high clinical relevance for all these changes (Table 2). The increase in HDL-C in the diabetic control group compared to the normal control group was unexpected. Even so, rats receiving either of the Aloe interventions showed an even greater increase in HDL-C values, resulting in a modest improvement in the TC:HDL-C ratios, when compared to those of the diabetic control group. However, FRAP values were significantly lower in the diabetic control group compared to the normal control group. None of the three treatments significantly corrected this decrease in oxidative stress and antioxidant markers.
Although not statistically significant, the moderate to large effect sizes does indicate that these changes may be clinically relevant. Similarly, the fructosamine concentrations (an indicator of blood glucose control over a 21-day period26) of both Aloe intervention groups remained unchanged. However, the unchanged fructosamine levels may be indicative that longer interventions with these extracts may be necessary, or that higher dosages may be required. A possible reason for these nonsignificant changes in oxidative stress markers in the intervention groups is that, for the purpose of measuring the other diabetic markers, the blood was collected after an overnight fast, approximately 24 h after the last Aloe dose was ingested. Hence, the blood sample would not have reflected the direct antioxidant capacity of the blood, from the direct presence of the polyphenols present in the extracts ingested, because these would have already been metabolised by the time the blood was taken. Additionally, effects of the interventions on the increased insulin levels and reduced hyperglycaemia may not have been large enough to have significantly influenced the diabetic rat's general antioxidant status over the 5-week period.
The fructosamine levels, on the other hand, were unexpectedly significantly increased relative to the diabetic control group. Fructosamine is a marker of long-term glucose control, and the fact that the weekly glucose determinations indicated that the glucose concentrations only returned to normal during the last week of the intervention (data not shown), may explain the lack of improvement in the fructosamine levels.
Interestingly, despite glibenclamide restoring the diabetes-induced hyperglycaemia, it had little effect on normalising the oxidative stress markers (dROM and FRAP). Therefore, as is the case with the Aloe interventions, a longer duration of stable blood glucose levels by glibenclamide may be required before these markers return to normal. In our pilot study, improvements were observed in end-point glucose, serum insulin, HDL-C and TC:HDL-C, using A. Although the majority of these effects were statistically nonsignificant (likely because of the small sample sizes), they were clinically relevant. Animal models of non-insulin-dependent diabetes induced in the rat by experimental reduction of β cell mass. Practical significance (effect sizes) versus or in combination with statistical significance (p-values). Radical-scavenging effects of Aloe arborescens Miller on prevention of pancreatic islet β-cell destruction in rats. Association of a tumor necrosis factor promoter polymorphism with susceptibility to alcoholic steatohepatitis. Excessive glucose production, rather than insulin resistance, accounts for hyperglycemia in recent-onset streptozotocin-diabetic rats.
Streptozotocin (STZ) diabetes enhances benzo(alpha)pyrene induced renal injury in Sprague Dawley rats. Serum fructosamine concentration as measure of blood glucose control in insulin dependent diabetes. Increased activity of intestinal acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes and restoration with insulin supplementation.
Postprandial hyperlipidemia in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats is due to abnormal increase in intestinal acyl coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltransferase activity.



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Comments

  1. 24.02.2015 at 14:20:46


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    Author: K_O_R_zabit
  2. 24.02.2015 at 10:49:18


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    Author: Tanchor
  3. 24.02.2015 at 13:42:13


    Could help lower blood sugar.

    Author: quneslinec
  4. 24.02.2015 at 16:24:12


    Caused by the stress-hormones released by the body.

    Author: vahid050
  5. 24.02.2015 at 16:50:58


    Sugar level is less than 60 mg/dl at any time during exercise, and take drugs to control levels.

    Author: aftos