Maintaining bloodA fluid that transports oxygen and other substances through the body, made up of blood cells suspended in a liquid. This is where patients check their own blood glucose level themselves using a finger-pricking device and a glucose meter. Patients can’t tell what their blood glucose levels are, except when they are very high or very low.
By looking at the pattern of results, a patient may come to understand more about their condition; what makes the glucose levels go up and down, the effects of exercise, alcohol and so on.
Patients can buy a glucose meter from a high street chemist but in fact, can usually obtain them free by directly contacting the manufacturer.
It is good to keep a diary so that the patient and the health care professional can see the pattern of glucose results and work out what changes in treatment, if any, are needed.
In some patients there may be a suspicion that the patient’s blood glucose is dropping during the night.
Can diabetes be diagnosed using a glucose meter in someone who wants to know if they might have diabetes? No - there are variations in size, size of display, weight, warranty time, memory (number of test results stored), temperature at which they operate, range of glucose measurements.
Some of the newer meters come with spring-loaded lancing devices so patients don’t need to prick their fingers separately with a lancet. As mentioned above, self monitoring of blood glucose may not be appropriate for or acceptable to all patients.
What about urine testing for ketonesA group of compounds that are produced by fat metabolism.? Do we need to go a little further with an explanation as to why ketonesAcidic chemicals formed when body fat is used for fuel at times when there is insufficient insulin to allow normal carbohydrate metabolism.
Ketones are breakdown products from fatOne of the three main food constituents (with carbohydrate and protein), and the main form in which energy is stored in the body.. What about urine testing for proteinCompounds that form the structure of muscles and other tissues in the body, as well as comprising enzymes and hormones.? There are also test strips which detect protein in the urine as well as strips that can test for protein, glucose, ketones, and a hostAn animal or plant that supports a parasite.
Detecting protein in the urine could indicate infection in the urinary system and the sample is usually sent to the laboratory to check for this. Yes - Improving diabetic control and certain blood pressureThe pressure of blood within the arteries.
This is a blood test which indicates how much of haemoglobinThe oxygen carrying pigment that is present in red blood cells.
A blood glucose level shows the level of glucose at a particular time, for example, before breakfast. There are several different techniques used in the measurement of HbA1c but it is recommended that whatever method is used the method must be high precision and the units reported must be aligned with the results used in a major study called the DCCT. What if the patient has very good blood glucose results from self monitoring and yet the HbA1c is high? This means something is wrong either with the home tests or with the lab measurement of HbA1c. For further information on the author of this article, Consultant in Endocrinology, Dr Steve Hyer, please click here. The first thing to start when learning about prediabetes, blood sugar, and diet is by knowing about carbohydrates.
In general, people referred sugar as glucose, but actually it leads to misunderstanding sometime.
Complex carbohydrates, or polysaccharides, plenty of sugar group, starch, glycogen, cellulose. Carbohydrates can be found in starches (rice, pasta, bread, corn, cereal), fruits and vegetables, beans, milk and yogurt due to its lactose content, and high sugar foods.
Enzymatic processes in gastrointestinal cut the chemical bond, turn all of complex carbohydrate and disaccharides into monosaccharides.
Our cell can only be entered by glucose,therefore fructose and galactose, require changes in the structure by the liver. We can conclude that process traversed by simple carbohydrate vs complex carbohydrate is different. A proper blood sugar test kit has several items including a lancet, test strips, and a blood glucose meter. If your dog is drinking more water than usual, there is an increased appetite, often wet and loses weight, then maybe your dog is developing diabetes. If diabetes is suspected, the veterinarian will perform a simple test to measure the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood of your dog.
Some mild cases of diabetes can be treated with dietary diet containing low carbohydrate and high protein. If your dog is insulin dependent, it is important that their diet is rich in protein and has a low level of carbohydrates. People with diabetes may have a new way to indicate their blood sugar level is too high or too low, by turning to our trusty canine friends, after researchers have found that dogs can help with hypoglycemia monitoring.
The study, published in PLOS ONE, is the first of its kind to analyze whether trained dogs can accurately and consistently serve as an "early-warning system" to monitor blood sugar levels for their owners and notify them when the levels are too high or low. Researchers then collected data from the owners to analyze whether the dogs were accurately able to respond to their owners' hypoglycemic levels, and also whether the owners experienced better blood sugar control and wider benefits.


Additionally, the owners' data showed that the dogs notified them with "significant accuracy" during times of both low and high blood sugar. The study authors note that although dogs respond to their owners' high or low blood sugar levels, they cannot be entirely sure how they do this. They say their study confirms that trained detection dogs perform above the chance level, which is the level that would be expected if random choices were made. Researchers recently revealed that they are creating a method for dogs to sniff out ovarian cancer.
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Even then, some patients can feel well despite their blood glucose having dropped to very low levels. There seems little point in measuring blood glucose levels if the patient is not going to act on them and make changes either in diet or in treatment. Patients on tablets which have the potential to cause hypoglycaemiaLow blood glucose levels. Many Diabetes Centres will now supply patients with glucose meters without charge as part of their educational package. For example, if a patient taking insulin with meals is always experiencing very low blood glucose levels (hypoglycaemiaAn abnormally low level of glucose in the blood.) a few hours after the meal, this suggests either the dose of insulin is too high and needs to be reduced or the meal contains too little slow release carbohydrate. For some patients, it is advisable to test first thing in the morning and during the day and at night! Also many of the newer testing strips do not work by colour changes and the patient can’t tell the result by looking at the strip. Urine glucose testing may still be useful in patients with type 2 diabetes but is not usually recommended for type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes. Although a trace of ketones can appear in the urine in a healthy person who is fasting, more than + of ketones detected in the urine is abnormal and usually indicates severe lack of insulin.
Patients should contact their doctor or diabetes specialist nurse or go to their nearest A&E or Walk-In centre. The HbA1c gives a measure of glucose control over a much longer time period-two or three months. This organisation has recommended changing the way laboratories report HbA1c so that laboratories around the world can compare results very easily.
When blood glucose levels are not yet stabilised, HbA1c may be measured every 2–6 months. However targets do need to be individualised for the particular person bearing in mind the risk of hypoglycaemia, quality of life and any other factors such as co-existing medical conditions. We find lot of misinformation about carbohydrates or carbs out there, such as do diabetics need to eat carbohydrates and sugar? Polysaccharides are further designated as digestible as in starches or indigestible, fibers.
Animal protein, cheese, and fat do not contain carbohydrate, but it is still can produce energy and some of them can be converted into glucose. Single sugar, absorbed by the intestine and reach blood circulation, which then we called as blood sugar. The glucose can either burned right away or saved in the muscles and liver to be used later. Sugar from complex carbohydrate food, can not rush into the blood stream quickly, reducing insulin spikes and blood sugar crashes.
There are still many other important function of carbs and not to forget that several other nutrients contained in the food sources of carbohydrates.
A diabetic depends on blood sugar test kits to stay alive and to live with few health problems.
The first is a form of diabetes mellitus that we will talk about it, and the other is a form of diabetes insipidus, which does not occur so often. In order to verify the diabetes, it is necessary to measure a number of times the level of glucose. It is important to administer the correct dose of insulin by the veterinarian determined, because an overdose can lead to dangerously low blood sugar levels.
You should feed your dog every day at the same time and at mealtimes give insulin as instructed by your veterinarian. Indeed, if control improves as a result of self-monitoring and changes to treatment, then long term complications of diabetes may be reduced. Just measuring the blood glucose is not, by itself, going to improve glucose control or make the patient feel better! For example frequent testing before and after meals and at bedtime is often necessary during pregnancythe period from conception to birth or for patients on continuous insulin infusion pumps. Sometimes the pre-breakfast glucose reading is high as a rebound from a low reading previously. There is also now a laser device (the LasetteR) which produces a small drop of blood without using a steel lancet. This is useful because, of course, blood results can vary enormously over the day and what is important is that, on average, the levels are not too high.
In all cases, the patients’ views must be taken into account and the risks of high blood glucose levels balanced by the risks of the treatment. How do you think, do you know how important and how to choose the best carbohydrates for your diet?


The test strips (which are small plastic strips with chemicals in them) then take the blood in a little groove in them and through chemical reactions show the blood sugar level. Dog diabetes is caused by an excessive amount of sugar in the blood of the dog and the insufficient amount of insulin, a hormone that is produced in the pancreas.
Although diabetes can be a hereditary disease, the most common cause of this disease is obesity. If the glucose level in the blood in  your dog is higher than the reference value in the first test, it can only be a consequence of a recent meal and do not necessarily indicate diabetes.
Insulin is available in tablets for humans, but in animals is not efficient enough and must be used with injection.
If you ever accidentally give a higher dose of insulin to your pet, be sure to contact your veterinarian. Maintaining a healthy weight is very important for the pet that has diabetes and therefore it is a regular activity required. Other patients may only need to perform 2–3 tests per day varying the timing of testing on the advice of the health professional. This is important as it would be a mistake in that situation to increase the night time insulin dose.
Whilst results from a glucose meter may be suggestive that diabetes is present, they should always be confirmed by laboratory glucose measurements. HbA1c levels show a strong correlation with complications of diabetes so that patients with values less than 6.5% have a much reduced risk of complications compared to those with high values. The blood glucose meter is a small handheld device that reads the reactions in the test strip and displays the results on a small screen.
The exact cause of this disease is unknown, but diet, obesity, genetics, age and other complications of other disease can lead to diabetes. If the veterinarian determines that your dog has diabetes, you propose that the dog stays on the observation at the vet in order to monitor changes in the level of glucose in the day. Corn syrup or honey can be given in order to quickly raise the level of sugar in the blood of your dog when it is suspected overdose. Dogs diagnosed with diabetes mellitus and receiving insulin therapy can lead a healthy and normal life. There may be a sense of frustration or even despair when readings seem to be high or low for no obvious reason.
There is also a danger that patients may become complacent if they find their urine glucose test result is always negative.
The testing involves urinating on a test strip and comparing the colour change with the colours shown on the test strip container at the time specified by the manufacturers.
Simple carbohydrate which are easily over consumed,  as in soda or juice will spike insulin rapidly. In certain breeds of dogs, such as the terrier, cocker spaniel, dachshund and poodle’s disease occurs more often. Your vet may also explain to you how to do at home, Monitor your dogs blood glucose using a simple urine test. This dose may be changed several times during the first few weeks of therapy with insulin, to determine the exact dosage that will regulate the level of glucose in the blood of your dog. Patients who are dosed with insulin are usually very lethargic, unstable, trembling and in severe cases may develop convulsions.
For other patients such as those taking metformin only, self monitoring may not be needed if other measures of glucose control (HbA1c-see below) are satisfactory. There are now glucose monitoring systems which allow patients to sleep through the night whilst a monitor continuously measures their glucose.
Finally, older patients have a high threshold for glucose getting into the urine so they may only show positive urine glucose when the blood levels are very high. Also thanks to modern technology diabetics live to older ages and are allowed to pass on the defective gene that causes diabetes. For people with diabetesA disorder caused by insufficient or absent production of the hormone insulin by the pancreas, or because the tissues are resistant to the effects., this finely controlled feedback mechanism no longer works properly, which is why measuring glucose levels becomes so important. The National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) has detailed recommendations on who should self-monitor.
These devices have an implantable sensor inserted under the skin and are capable of storing 3–4 days of glucose results.
The opposite happens in pregnancy when thresholds are low and so glucose spills into the urine at much lower blood levels. 10% would mean that on average the blood levels have been high over the previous 2–3 months. Diabetes is where the organ known to many as the pancreas manufactures to little of the chemical called Insulin. These devices are usually fitted by Diabetes Nurse Specialists in the Diabetes Centre for selected patients where this information on blood glucose fluctuations at night is needed. Insulin is a chemical used by the body to change sugar in the blood into fuel that the body’s cells can use.
At a certain levels the excess sugar begins to cause damage such as heart damage, kidney damage, nerve damage, and eye damage.



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Comments

  1. 01.02.2014 at 18:45:19


    Work to lower the odds you'll?experience these blood sugar levels.

    Author: Tarman
  2. 01.02.2014 at 18:32:30


    And insulin resistance interferes with.

    Author: ALFONSO
  3. 01.02.2014 at 20:24:38


    Body isn't able to efficiently convert the glucose in your.

    Author: ISYANKAR
  4. 01.02.2014 at 16:26:20


    Pancreas and non-beta-cell produces more ketones, even.

    Author: GULAY
  5. 01.02.2014 at 20:18:40


    Their gestational diabetes??diet of low-carb monitoring system is needed the lower dose.

    Author: blero