Regarding the causes of diabetes in animals, pets with this condition may not be able to produce enough insulin, or possibly their bodies do not allow them to use insulin properly.
The symptoms of diabetes in pets may relate to fluid loss and polyuria, but the course may also be insidous. Remember that your pet may be in the throes of hypoglycemia or low blood sugar, which can occur in animals due to insulin overdose.
The first thing pet owners need to remember is that diabetic animals are more prone to infections. Ketones are a by-product of fat metabolism, being released when the body does not produce enough insulin.
This is why it is important to test not only your pet’s glucose in the urine, but also urinary ketones. Exactly 15 seconds after that – therefore 30 seconds in total – match the color on the “Glucose” band on the container – the green brown area – to the end square on the strop – the left hand side one as seen in the picture. The Keto Diastix strips are really so time sensitive that you may want to use a watch or clock with a second hand on it. Healthy animals can eat and digest foods containing carbohydrates without a problem, since their body is able to convert them into glucose. Numerous veterinarians nowadays recommend the use of Diastix, because it helps owners monitor their pets’ diabetes at home, without having to constantly go to the vet. The principle on which Diastix works is pretty simple and is based on the fact that excessive glucose amounts in the bloodstream will be filtered by the kidneys into urine.
If the glucose level in the blood is high for an extended amount of time, then glucose will most likely be present in the urine. Collecting urine samples from pets can be quite challenging, considering that they are quite private with their toilet habits.
Remember that reading after exactly 30 seconds (in total) is very important, otherwise the results may not be accurate.
Besides Diastix, Bayer also produces other types of urine test strips, such as Clinistix and Keto-Diastix. Pregnancy — up to half of women will have glucose in their urine at some point during pregnancy.
Diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there are high levels of sugar in the blood. Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but it is most often diagnosed in children, teens, or young adults. Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar that develops at any time during pregnancy in a woman who does not have diabetes.
This test is most often performed to detect the kidney disease and you will need to cousult doctor immediately when you discovered large amount of protein shown in the test result.
Some proteins will appear in the urine if the levels of protein in blood become high, even when the kidney is working properly. If the kidney is diseased, protein will appear in the urine even if blood protein levels are normal.
The urine Protein test and Glucose will tell you whether you have no glucose and Protein present or if you have trace, small, moderate, or large Protein and Glucose present.
These stix are available at any brick-and-mortar or Internet pharmacy that sells human diabetic supplies. If the foil-wrapped Ketostix, rather than the ones in vials are purchased, you may find it less wasteful. Some reasons for preferring testing glucose levels by using blood over urine testing is that the urine used in testing may have been in the bladder for hours.
Urine testing[7] also makes it more difficult to determine whether any hyperglycemia noted is the result of a Somogyi rebound pattern or a true need for an increase in insulin dosage.


There also must be some degree of glycosuria (glucose in urine) present in order for a urine test to detect development of hypoglycemia[9]. In a diabetic, any urinary ketones above trace, or any increase in urinary ketone level, or trace urinary ketones plus some of the symptoms above, are cause to call an emergency vet immediately, at any hour of the day.
If you are testing urine for glucose, the time you test likely affects results in this way: mid-day urine glucose tests would reflect the nadir of glucose in the system--this also represents the peak of the insulin. See Urine testing stix, Reading Results for examples of ketodiastix and ketostix color charts.
If your pet is taking any type of vitamin supplements, it should be noted on his or her medical records. Cornell University-Feline Health Center-Urine Monitoring Flash MovieWays to Collect Test Urine and How to Read Ketone Test Strips. Urinalysis Dipstick Interpretation-University of GeorgiaHow to read multi-screen urine testing strips.
When there is not enough insulin present your cells cannot use sugar to obtain the energy they need.
If you have Type 1 diabetes, you should always have a supply of the strips used for urine ketone testing and know how to use them.
If you have Type 2 diabetes, your doctor or nurse will tell you if you need to do urine ketone testing.
The urine ketone test will tell you whether you have no ketones present or if you have trace, small, moderate, or large ketones present. The main purpose of this Glucose Urine Test is use to track the existence and level of Diabetes. Pregnancy -- up to half of women will have glucose in their urine at some point during pregnancy. All you need to do is purchase a box of Keto Diastix and follow the instructions to test the level of glucose and ketones in your pet’s blood.
The body can cope with a certain amount of ketones, which are flushed out of the body by the kidneys. This is why you should use Keto Diastix, a combination and test for both glucose and ketones.
Respecting the 15-second and 30-second limits is very important for the accuracy of the test. However, the strip has gone dark brown on the outer glucose square, which means that the urine contains about 2% glucose. Glucose is then absorbed into the bloodstream and then into the cells (with the help of the insulin hormone), where it is used for energy. If you do not want to submit them to the stressful process of blood testing, you can profit from a great alternative: Diastix.
This simple and inexpensive alternative can be used by anyone and provides a helpful insight regarding the pets’ health.
The amount of glucose in the urine depends on several factors, such as how high was the blood glucose level and for how long it remained high.
Keto-Diastix has become increasingly popular, since it not only measures the glucose levels, but also the ketones. Small increases in urine glucose levels after a large meal are not always a cause for concern.
It most often occurs in adulthood, but teens and young adults are now being diagnosed with it because of high obesity rates. Treatment involves medicines, diet, and exercise to control blood sugar and prevent symptoms and problems. These are reagent indicator strips that test urine for only ketone (ketostix) or for both ketones and glucose (ketodiastix).


Stix do expire, so check the unopened expiration date when you buy them and record the date you open them. You may test your pet's urine for glucose because (1) you've been instructed to do so by the vet as a method of gauging regulation, (2) your pet is undiagnosed and you want to determine whether there is hyperglycemia, or (3) your cat is in remission and you want to determine whether there is hyperglycemia.
Urine only tests positive for glucose when the renal threshold has been exceeded for a length of time[8].
If you see any color change in the glucose portion of the stix, that means that your pet has exceeded its renal threshhold since it last urinated. Also, female dogs are twice as likely to be affected as males, while male cats are more prone to developing this condition that female cats.
Insulin is produced by the pancreas, and allows glucose in the blood to enter cells, allowing the body to function properly. However, it is important to diagnose this condition in time, so that the pet can receive the right treatment.
However, if left unchecked, ketones build up over time, overwhelming the kidneys’ ability to eliminate them. When the body cannot use the glucose properly, the glucose levels get too high and the animals feel poorly.
The renal threshold is the level at which the kidneys can no longer process any more glucose, so they spill it into the urine. When animals get ketones, it means that they have sustained particularly high glucose levels for a while. Their use is quite recommended, actually, since it allows pet owners to properly care for the health of their diabetic pets. Keep the bottle tightly closed when not in use; prolonged exposure to air can produce false negative urine ketone test results[3]. Be sure to read the colors at those time intervals because the colors will continue to darken and a later reading will be an incorrect result. Others catch urine in a dedicated spoon, ladle, or other collection device and dip the stix into the urine. For information on collecting a urine sample, see clean catch urine specimen. Usually, the health care provider checks for glucose in the urine sample using a dipstick made with a color-sensitive pad. In both species, all breeds may be affected, but some small dog breeds are particularly likely to develop diabetes, such as Miniature Poodles. The principles of treatment – weight loss, oral antidiabetics, subcutaneous insulin – and management of emergencies – such as ketoacidosis – are similar to those in humans.
When built up in the body for a long time, your pet can develop serious illnesses and even go into a coma.
When the insulin level in the body is too low or does not work properly, then your pet is suffering from diabetes type 2. Timing with a clock or watch second hand instead of counting is said to be more accurate[10]. Note that positive urinary glucose results are not indicative of your pet's blood glucose level at the time it urinated. This can be a challenge in the UK where many cats are allowed outdoors to relieve themselves.
Still others confine the cat to a small space (a bathroom) with an empty or almost empty litter box covered with plastic wrap that will catch the urine. Intervet has Internet pages with some ideas for performing urine tests on cats[84] and dogs[85].



Random blood sugar 87
Blood glucose test hypoglycemia guidelines


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