The BS numbers recommended by the popular institutions or organizations for healthy, pre-diabetes and diabetes are generally slightly in a high side. However, many health professionals think their patients are intelligent, smarter, and brave enough. If your blood-glucose levels are more than the above-said range, then you are at increased risk towards diabetes.
You are not only risked towards diabetes; additionally, even undiagnosed as diabetes for years, your body develops diabetes complications, read on to know why. The spectrum of neuropathy is in diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance Neurology January 14, 2003 vol.
Increased prevalence of Impaired Glucose Tolerance is in patients with painful sensory Neuropathy Diabetes Care August 2001 vol. Diabetic’s Institute Pakistan (DIP) Is The Leading Organization For Diabetes Management, Treatment, Education And Counseling In Pakistan. There are two different tests your doctor can use to measure your blood glucose to determine if you have pre-diabetes or diabetes: the fasting plasma glucose test (FPG) or the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The FPG test is a blood test that determines the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood after an overnight fast (not eating for at least 8 hours). With the OGTT test, a person's blood glucose level is measured after fasting and then 2 hours after drinking a glucose-rich beverage. See the chart below for the ranges of blood sugar levels and how they are used to diagnose pre-diabetes and diabetes. Glucagon has a major role in maintaining normal concentrations of glucose in blood, and is often described as having the opposite effect of insulin.


The major effect of glucagon is to stimulate an increase in blood concentration of glucose. Glucagon also appears to have a minor effect of enhancing lipolysis of triglyceride in adipose tissue, which could be viewed as an addition means of conserving blood glucose by providing fatty acid fuel to most cells. Knowing that glucagon's major effect is to increase blood glucose levels, it makes sense that glucagon is secreted in response to hypoglycemia or low blood concentrations of glucose. Elevated blood levels of amino acids, as would be seen after consumption of a protein-rich meal: In this situation, glucagon would foster conversion of excess amino acids to glucose by enhancing gluconeogenesis. Exercise: In this case, it is not clear whether the actual stimulus is exercise per se, or the accompanying exercise-induced depletion of glucose.
In terms of negative control, glucagon secretion is inhibited by high levels of blood glucose.
Although insulin deficiency is clearly the major defect in type 1 diabetes mellitus, there is considerable evidence that aberrant secretion of glucagon contributes to the metabolic derangements seen in this important disease.
A blood glucose test measures the amount of a type of sugar, called glucose, in your blood.
Healthy glucose level is the BS number generally noted among the young non-diabetic people. These institutions do so base on an older study, which predicted those who have diagnosed as pre-diabetes has progressed to diabetes early due to mental strain. In general, it is recommended that any blood test that is outside the normal range be repeated on a different day to confirm the diagnosis.
The results suggest IGT may cause or contribute to small-fiber neuropathy, which is similar in phenotype to the painful-sensory neuropathy commonly encountered in diabetes.


The American Diabetes Association recommends the FPG because it is easier, faster, and less expensive to perform. Small nerve fibers are prominently affected and may be the earliest detectable sign of neuropathy in glucose dysmetabolism.
Two-hour OGTT is more sensitive than other measures of glucose handling in screening these patients? We Have A Prolific Team Of Highly Qualified And Experienced Diabetologists, Diabetes Educators, Psychologists And Counselors.
The blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose (sugar) present in the blood of a human or animal. The reliance of doctors on two-hour glucose-tolerance test results allows people to live for years with blood sugars high enough to promote complications long before they are diagnosed even pre-diabetes. Today, DIP Continues To Provide World-Class Diabetes Care, Education, Publications And Research That Meet The Needs Of Patients And Their Families. Glycated hemoglobin (hemoglobin a1c, hba 1c, a1c, or hb 1c; sometimes also hba1c or hgba1c) is a form of hemoglobin that is measured primarily to identify the average.



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