Blood sugar – wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, The blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level is the amount of glucose (sugar) present in the blood of a human or animal. Glucose – wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Glucose is a common medical analyte measured in blood samples. Diabetes slideshow: causes of blood sugar highs and lows, Black coffee leads off our slideshow of surprising blood sugar actors.
This glycated hemoglobin test is carried out on people to find out how an individual reacted to diabetes controlling measures in last six to twelve weeks. Diabetic ketoacidosis develops when the level of toxic acids called ketones rises dramatically in the bloodstream. For diabetics, keeping the blood sugar level under control is the only option for preventing diabetes-related complications including diabetic ketoacidosis. Occasionally, physicians may ask their patients to check their blood sugar level during the night. People suffering from type 2 diabetes should check their blood sugar level one or more times daily.
The risk of developing ketoacidosis is particularly high in people who have been recently diagnosed with diabetes or diabetics who do not monitor their blood sugar level regularly. Therefore, when you are ill or under stress, your body uses its glucose reserve to release the excess glucose in the bloodstream. Diabetic ketoacidosis can be prevented by checking the ketone level in the urine and blood when you are ill, stressed, your blood sugar level is high or after you start a new diabetes medication. In some less frequent cases, children or even infants are diagnosed with this metabolic disorder.
Those who find encouraging results of limiting their HbA1c values, thereby indicating controlled diabetes, can extend their time intervals of testing.
This diabetes-related complication occurs when abysmally low levels of insulin in your blood impairs absorption of glucose from the bloodstream, thereby depriving your body of its main source of energy. Ketones are produced as byproducts of fat metabolism. Diabetic ketoacidosis can be fatal if left untreated.


A healthy diet combined with regular physical activities can help to keep your blood sugar level close to the normal level. Type 1 diabetes patients should check their blood sugar level three or more times each day. Multiple blood sugar tested is usually needed to monitor the glucose level during illnesses, when a patient is introduced to a new diabetes medication or when the daily routine changes.
The blood sugar level is usually tested before meals, especially in the morning or after fasting for eight or more hours. It may occur after your physician changes the dosage of the insulin medication or changes your diabetes medication. However, if you do not have enough insulin to absorb the glucose, your body will switch to fat as a source of energy.
This is one ailment where a person is found to have higher amounts of sugar in the blood stream. The main function of hemoglobin is to transport oxygen to all parts of the human body through the blood circulation cycle. However the tests must be carried out at least once in six months, even in such situations. It can be prevented by keeping the blood sugar under control and monitoring the glucose and the ketone levels. For insulin-dependent diabetes, it is necessary to take insulin and other diabetes medications as directed by the physician. Blood sugar is normally tested before and after meals, before going to bed and before and after workouts or physical activities. Sometimes, your physician may instruct you to check your serum glucose level after meals, especially when your doctor changes the dosage of your insulin medication or introduces a new medication. You should seek emergency medical care if the ketone level in your urine is higher than normal. Higher blood sugar results in increased frequency of urination and increased bouts of thirst or hunger.


When the sugar in the diabetes affected person is not controlled and is present in higher proportions, the excess sugar tends to get attached to hemoglobin.
Studies have indicated that figures beyond 7.0 % indicate that the diabetic situation can lead to further complications. People who care about their health should follow the proper regimen of HbA1c testing to rid of complications.
However, type 2 diabetes patients can keep their blood glucose level under control with diet, exercise and non-insulin medications may skip daily blood sugar testing. Status of anemia, the existence of a kidney or liver malfunction or presence or vitamin C or E supplements, higher cholesterol levels can adversely affect the results of this test. One of the group called as Type 1, refers to patients having absence of insulin producing mechanism in the body. In case of such situations, thorough body check up is recommended, before arriving at definite conclusions. Another group known as Type 2, refers to people, who have insufficient production of insulin or whose cells do not react to insulin.
A third category called Gestational Diabetes is found in pregnant women, caused by complex reactions in their body. Persons diagnosed with diabetes are required to undergo some regular and some occasional tests to determine the severity of their disorder and for deciding corrective medication or treatment. HbA1c utilizes averages over longer periods and hence the results carry greater importance in medical terminology.



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