Diabetes mellitus is a disorder wherein there occurs a deficiency in the production of insulin hormone resulting in the increase of blood sugar.
Type 2 diabetes may be caused due to the increase in blood pressure and blood triglyceride levels. Insulin resistance in type 2 can be seen in conditions like obesity, pregnancy, infections and stress. The history of the patient to find any of the hereditary aspects of the disease is carefully analyzed at the first stage.
The complications that correspond the diabetic condition include diabetic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar coma and diabetic ketoacidosis. Keeping the body weight under control and maintaining a healthy lifestyle might prevent type 2 diabetes.
However, a regular check up of blood glucose level and taking right doses of medicine of insulin can reduce its severity. According to Diabetes UK, 1 in 20 of us have diabetes, there are over 100,000 people newly diagnosed each year and up to half a million of us have the condition but don’t yet know it. Figures suggest that the risk of developing the condition increases progressively the heavier you become. Pre-diabetes is characterised by the presence of a higher than normal blood glucose level but which is below the diabetic levels. The good news is that research trials have shown the onset of type 2 diabetes could be prevented, or significantly delayed, by losing weight and increasing physical activity. You can access ACE diets one-to-one clinic or you may like to join one of ACE diets Lifestyle groups. If you are at an increased risk and would like to get an advice on how to minimize your chances of developing type 2 diabetes then please contact us to find out how we can help.
When you were diagnosed, your GP probably referred you to an education programme for people newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, who then explained the most important aspects of managing your condition.
You may not have to take any medications yet or you may have been prescribed diabetes medication or insulin to keep your blood glucose level stable. Most of the patients who have followed the GLP4Health programme (please visit our Research page) have been managing their diabetes for many years without any medications and living a completely healthy, happy and symptom free life. When taking multiple medications, it is particularly important to ensure that your diet is well-balanced and is adequate in essential vitamins and minerals and helps you to maintain a healthy weight. When insulin is prescribed for the first time it is usually once- daily long acting insulin Levemir (detemir) or Lantus (glargine). If the once daily injection didn’t achieve the target HbA1c and glucose levels, you might been prescribed  multiple dose insulin (MDI, basal bolus regime, flexible insulin regime). The drug Ranexa (ranolazine) may help reduce chest pain in people with type 2 diabetes, a new study finds. The drug is approved in the United States for treatment of chronic angina (chest pain), but this is the first study to evaluate it in patients with diabetes, heart disease and angina, according to the researchers. People with diabetes are at increased risk for heart disease, and people with heart disease and diabetes are more likely to have angina than those without diabetes, the researchers noted. The study included more than 900 patients who received either 1,000 milligrams of Ranexa or an inactive placebo twice a day for eight weeks. The study was scheduled for presentation Sunday at the annual meeting of the American College of Cardiology in San Francisco. The study also found that Ranexa had the strongest effect in reducing angina episodes among patients with poor blood sugar control. About 347 million people worldwide have diabetes and about 90 percent of those people have type 2 diabetes. About UseHEALTH, as an online and print platform, elegantly guides the healthcare stakeholders through the trajectory of healthcare that witnesses fascinating changes on a daily basis due to increased technological intervention and other structural changes to create a ‘community of practice’ of healthcare stakeholders. Join tens of thousands of doctors, health professionals and patients who receive our newsletters. Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria (frequent urination), they will become increasingly thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry (polyphagia). In 2013 it was estimated that over 382 million people throughout the world had diabetes (Williams textbook of endocrinology). The most common diabetes symptoms include frequent urination, intense thirst and hunger, weight gain, unusual weight loss, fatigue, cuts and bruises that do not heal, male sexual dysfunction, numbness and tingling in hands and feet.
If you have Type 1 and follow a healthy eating plan, do adequate exercise, and take insulin, you can lead a normal life.
As the risk of cardiovascular disease is much higher for a diabetic, it is crucial that blood pressure and cholesterol levels are monitored regularly.
As smoking might have a serious effect on cardiovascular health, diabetics should stop smoking. Patients with type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin injections for the rest of their life.
Between 2001 and 2009, the prevalence of type 1 diabetes among the under 20s in the USA rose 23%, according to SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth data issued by the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention).
The body does not produce enough insulin for proper function, or the cells in the body do not react to insulin (insulin resistance).
Some people may be able to control their type 2 diabetes symptoms by losing weight, following a healthy diet, doing plenty of exercise, and monitoring their blood glucose levels.
Overweight and obese people have a much higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to those with a healthy body weight. Being overweight, physically inactive and eating the wrong foods all contribute to our risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Men whose testosterone levels are low have been found to have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
For more information on how type 1 and type 2 diabetes compare, see our article: the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The majority of gestational diabetes patients can control their diabetes with exercise and diet. Scientists from the National Institutes of Health and Harvard University found that women whose diets before becoming pregnant were high in animal fat and cholesterol had a higher risk for gestational diabetes, compared to their counterparts whose diets were low in cholesterol and animal fats.
Studies have indicated that even at the prediabetes stage, some damage to the circulatory system and the heart may already have occurred. A person with diabetes has a condition in which the quantity of glucose in the blood is too elevated (hyperglycemia). In 1675, Thomas Willis added mellitus to the term, although it is commonly referred to simply as diabetes.


In ancient China people observed that ants would be attracted to some people's urine, because it was sweet.
Researchers from the Mayo Clinic Arizona in Scottsdale showed that gastric bypass surgery can reverse type 2 diabetes in a high proportion of patients.
Patients with type 1 are treated with regular insulin injections, as well as a special diet and exercise. Patients with Type 2 diabetes are usually treated with tablets, exercise and a special diet, but sometimes insulin injections are also required. If diabetes is not adequately controlled the patient has a significantly higher risk of developing complications.
Ketoacidosis - a combination of ketosis and acidosis; accumulation of ketone bodies and acidity in the blood. Neuropathy - diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage which can lead to several different problems.
HHNS (Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome) - blood glucose levels shoot up too high, and there are no ketones present in the blood or urine. Disclaimer: This informational section on Medical News Today is regularly reviewed and updated, and provided for general information purposes only. Please note that although you may feel free to cite and quote this article, it may not be re-produced in full without the permission of Medical News Today. Learn all about diabetes, a lifelong metabolism disorder that causes high blood sugar levels.
Learn all about type 1 and type 2 diabetes and the differences between the two conditions in our article about the diabetes mellitus metabolism disorder.
El Instituto Nacional de Medicina Genomica (Inmegen) realiza investigaciones para conocer la propension que existe en los genes mexicanos a desarrollar enfermedades cardiovasculares que son provocadas por obesidad y diabetes. En este sentido, el titular del Inmegen, Xavier Soberon revelo que de manera general se sabe que la poblacion mexicana tiene mas propension a la diabetes respecto a otras regiones del mundo. Soberon explico que el instituto a su cargo realiza investigaciones en cientos y hasta miles de genes, para saber como influye el azucar y los lipidos en la diabetes y las enfermedades cardiovasculares, respectivamente.
El especialista preciso que la propension hacia la obesidad en el ambito fisiologico, varia mucho de una persona a otra, pero el objetivo es avanzar para tener la posibilidad de disenar mejor las dietas con base en algunas variantes geneticas. Unete a Salud180 y al servicio de Alertas para recibir las noticias mas relevantes en tu correo electronico. Diabetes mellitus type-2 is one such disease relating to high blood glucose due to insulin resistance. Consumption of fatty foods and alcohol intake at a higher level would also result in such disease.
Insulin treatment with a syringe of insulin pump and oral medicines decrease the levels of blood sugar.
Long term complications include coronary artery disease, diabetic neuropathy, hypertension, skin infections, stroke, peripheral vascular disease and atherosclerosis. Low alcohol consumption and quit smoking would ideally be suggested as the best preventive measures. Genetics play a role in the development of type 2 diabetes, however, such an increase cannot be attributed to genetics alone.
Obese people are up to 80 times more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes than those who maintain a healthy weight. Impaired Blood Glucose Tolerance), and you would like to get tailor-made dietary advice and more detailed information about how to reduce the risks of developing type 2 diabetes, please contact us.
You can access ACE diets’ one-to-one clinic or you may like to join one of ACE diets Lifestyle groups. From our clinical experience we can reassure you that diabetes doesn’t have to stop you from leading the life you want. You might still feel that there is too much information and it is all still too confusing and that it would be very helpful if somebody just gave you more tailored advice. At ACE Diets will can give you a more detailed understanding of the action of different diabetes medications you are taking and explain how they affect your weight and diabetes management.
It can be used in addition to metformin, glitazone, or sulphonylurea, lowering the HbA1c by 0.5%. You will notice that you are satisfied with a lot smaller portions and you are less hungry between the meals. Howard Weintraub, clinical associate professor in the department of medicine at NYU Langone Medical Center in New York City.
The patients had type 2 diabetes, heart disease and at least one angina episode a week, and were already taking one or two other anti-angina drugs.
It was also published online the same day in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology and will appear in the journal’s May 21 print issue. Mikhail Kosiborod, associate professor of medicine at the University of Missouri, Kansas City, and a cardiologist at St.
Prior research has shown that the drug may lower fasting glucose levels in people with diabetes. The main causes of type 2 diabetes are believed to be excess weight and lack of physical activity.
Hyperglycemia - when blood glucose is too high - can also have a bad effect on the patient. Some people may refer to this type as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes, or early-onset diabetes.
However, type 2 diabetes is typically a progressive disease - it gradually gets worse - and the patient will probably end up have to take insulin, usually in tablet form.
People with a lot of visceral fat, also known as central obesity, belly fat, or abdominal obesity, are especially at risk. Drinking just one can of (non-diet) soda per day can raise our risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 22%, researchers from Imperial College London reported in the journal Diabetologia. Experts are not completely sure why, but say that as we age we tend to put on weight and become less physically active. Researchers from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, say that low testosterone levels are linked to insulin resistance. Some women have very high levels of glucose in their blood, and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to transport all of the glucose into their cells, resulting in progressively rising levels of glucose. Between 10% to 20% of them will need to take some kind of blood-glucose-controlling medications. After eating, the pancreas automatically releases an adequate quantity of insulin to move the glucose present in our blood into the cells, as soon as glucose enters the cells blood-glucose levels drop. This is because the body either does not produce enough insulin, produces no insulin, or has cells that do not respond properly to the insulin the pancreas produces.


Mel in Latin means "honey"; the urine and blood of people with diabetes has excess glucose, and glucose is sweet like honey.
They added that within three to five years the disease recurs in approximately 21% of them. The materials contained within this guide do not constitute medical or pharmaceutical advice, which should be sought from qualified medical and pharmaceutical advisers.
Food products which contains zinc are split peas, egg yolk, beef liver, lima beans, almonds, walnuts and buckwheat. The experts believe that the rise is most likely attributed in the most to diet, obesity and sedentary lifestyle. At ACE Diets we can work with you to develop a tailor-made dietary management and lifestyle programme and answer all the questions you may still have about your type 2 diabetes. We can help you to stay motivated and positive and support you on each step of your journey.
We can help you to optimise your diet and lifestyle, which in turn will enhance the action of your medications or even help to reduce the amount of medications you need. Side effects may include nausea (feeling sick), diarrhoea, loss of appetite, and the presence of a metallic taste in your mouth.
As it makes the pancreas to release more insulin, low blood sugar is the most common side effect. We will help you to keep motivated and together with you we will tailor the diet and lifestyle that suits you. Nitroglycerin is commonly used to treat or prevent episodes of chest pain in people who have coronary artery disease (narrowing of the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart).
Most patients were taking cholesterol-lowering statins (82 percent) and heart drugs such as ACE inhibitors (88 percent). One in three American adults could have the condition by the year 2050, according to the U.S. People usually develop type 1 diabetes before their 40th year, often in early adulthood or teenage years. The scientists believe that the impact of sugary soft drinks on diabetes risk may be a direct one, rather than simply an influence on body weight.
Undiagnosed or uncontrolled gestational diabetes can raise the risk of complications during childbirth. However, glucose cannot enter our cells without insulin being present - insulin makes it possible for our cells to take in the glucose. Yessica Ramos, MD., said "The recurrence rate was mainly influenced by a longstanding history of Type 2 diabetes before the surgery.
Type 2 diabetes is popularly called adult-onset diabetes or non-insulin- dependent diabetes. Apart from medications reducing obesity and following a diabetic food plan is also suggested for such disease. Washing the feet and checking blisters or infection on the feet would be some of the methods of prevention.
With careful management you can control the condition and ensure it doesn’t control you. We can help you to get motivated to make the changes and support you at each step of your journey.
GLP-1 stimulates insulin release, reduces glucagon release (this stops the liver making glucose), delays stomach emptying, and stops hunger feelings. Glucose is a form of sugar in the blood - it is the principal source of fuel for our bodies. Many of our patients continue to stay healthy, active and live a full life many years after the a type 2 diabetes diagnosis. As your body weight and fat mass increases, the more insulin you need.  On the other hand, the more body fat you lose, the less insulin resistance there is, and the less insulin you need (whether natural or injected), and the better the control of the diabetes.
The media tends to take this type of research out of context, distort it, blow it out of proportions, or down right write inaccurate facts.
So, even though the blood has plenty of glucose, the cells are not getting it for their essential energy and growth requirements. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, for our bodies to use for energy. I am hopeful that these results will be translatable into humans, hopefully in the not-too-distant future,” lead author Len Harrison said. The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies.
In some cases emotional disturbance might cause increase in blood pressure leading to the disease ultimately.
Type 2 diabetes, which was previously called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes, may account for about 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases.
Gestational diabetes develops in 2% to 5% of all pregnancies but usually disappears when a pregnancy is over. I am hopeful that these results will be translatable into humans, hopefully in the not-too-distant future,” Harrison said.Via NatureEnjoyed this story? Women who have had gestational diabetes are at increased risk for later developing type 2 diabetes. Blood glucose levels must be closely monitored through frequent blood glucose testing.Healthy eating, physical activity, and blood glucose testing are the basic therapies for type 2 diabetes. All three approaches are actively being pursued by the US Department of Health and Human Services.Both the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are involved in prevention activities. The NIH is involved in research to cure both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, especially type 1. CDC focuses most of its programs on making sure that the proven science to prevent complications is put into daily practice for people with diabetes. If you have any concerns about your own health or the health of your family please contact Camelback Health Care.
Camelback Health Care is a family medical practice providing pro-active health care for the entire family, allergy testing and treatment, cosmetic skin and laser services, medically managed weight loss, and bio-identical hormone replacement therapy. Conveniently located on Camelback Road, Camelback Health Care is easily accessible from Phoenix, Paradise Valley, Scottsdale, and Tempe.




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