About Speaking of DiabetesSpeaking of Diabetes is produced by Joslin Diabetes Center for people with diabetes and those who care for them.. Joslin Diabetes Center, a teaching and research affiliate of Harvard Medical School, is a one-of-a-kind institution on the front lines of the world epidemic of diabetes - leading the battle to conquer diabetes in all forms through cutting-edge research and innovative approaches to clinical care and education. This entry was posted in Diabetes Day2Day, Insulin and tagged exercise and insulin injections, injection sites, insulin injections. When it comes to injecting insulin, the stomach, the buttocks, the back of the arm and the thigh have something in common. If injected directly into muscle, aside from being painful, it will be absorbed much too rapidly.
Each of these approved areas absorbs insulin at a slightly different rate, and knowing this can help you make the best decision about where to inject depending on your blood glucose.
For example if your blood glucose is low before a meal, you may want to inject into the buttock area because insulin is absorbed most slowly here.
Injecting insulin into the same site over and over again can lead to the fat below the skin becoming hard and lumpy.
Inject at least 4 inches (or approximately one hand-width) above the knee and at least 4 inches down from the top of the leg. Inject into the fatty tissue in the back (not the side) of the arm between the shoulder and the elbow.
To make sure that your insulin is absorbed consistently, it may be best to give all injections in one or two areas of the body and rotate where you inject the insulin within that site for a period of time.
Hot temperatures tend to increase insulin absorption, while cold temperatures can decrease absorption. To the Point: Six Simple Tips to Overcome a Fear of NeedlesAsk Joslin: Lumps Near Injection SitesIs There A Better Way To Give an Insulin Injection?
The average person with diabetes is outside the optimum range of blood glucose levels more than 60% of the time. Researchers hope that within 3 years new insulin pump software may be available to replace the functions of pancreatic beta-cells lost in Type 1 diabetes.
Jenny Gunton is Group Leader of the Diabetes and Transcription Factors Group at the Garvan Institute of Medical Research.
Register a free account with Australasian Science Magazine to receive our email newsletter. Type 2 diabetes: What is it?Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the body's ability to convert sugar into energy. To provide even greater transparency and choice, we are working on a number of other cookie-related enhancements. We also offer free, instant access to over 1,500 related articles on your pet's health including preventive medicine, common and not so common diseases, and even informative case studies. This entry was posted in Diabetes Day2Day, Insulin and tagged insulin, types of insulin, u100, u500. Unless you take insulin you probably never think about the different types and most people who take it don’t know that there is more than one concentration. U500 insulin, which used to be given to people only rarely, is experiencing a prescription explosion because of the rise in obesity. With five times the strength of U100, it is formidable insulin that causes severe hypoglycemia if not used correctly.
Finally U100 insulin sometimes needs to be diluted to accommodate the very small amounts of insulin needed for infants. With a little manipulation, it is possible to use a U100 syringe with any concentration of insulin. Patients using U500 usually have a choice of using tuberculosis (TB) syringe or the U100 syringe. It is also important for patients to contact their providers for help in adjusting their insulin as excessive U500 can lead to severe hypoglycemia. This self-help alternative medicine site offers extensive educational information on the topics of natural healing, holistic and biological dentistry, herbal medicine, cleansing and detoxification, heavy metal detox, diet, nutrition, weight loss, and the finest, tried and tested health equipment and products available for the natural management of health. Medicine is ignorant and becoming more and more so because it refuses to keep up with medical science. If any one condition, other than HIV-AIDS, could be said to dominate current international health news reporting and commentary, it would have to be Diabetes. A recent analysis projects the global prevalence of diabetes to reach over 50 million sufferers by 2012.
If you are an American diabetic, your physician will never tell you that most cases of diabetes are curable. Your physician will also never tell you that, at one time, strokes, both ischemic and hemorrhagic, heart failure due to neuropathy as well as both ischemic and hemorrhagic coronary events, obesity, atherosclerosis, elevated blood pressure, elevated cholesterol, elevated triglycerides, impotence, retinopathy, renal failure, liver failure, polycystic ovary syndrome, elevated blood sugar, systemic Candida, impaired carbohydrate metabolism, poor wound healing, impaired fat metabolism, peripheral neuropathy as well as many more of today’s disgraceful epidemic disorders were once well understood often to be but symptoms of diabetes. If you contract diabetes and depend upon orthodox medical treatment, sooner or later you will experience one or more of its symptoms as the disease rapidly worsens. Formerly called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is usually first diagnosed in children, teenagers, or young adults. Formerly called adult-onset diabetes or non-insulin-dependent diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes. Magnesium is a basic building block to life and is present in ionic form throughout the full landscape of human physiology. Diabetes mellitus is associated with magnesium depletion, which in turn, contributes to metabolic complications of diabetes, including vascular disease and osteoporosis. Insulin plays a central role in storing magnesium, but if our cells become resistant to insulin, or if we do not produce enough insulin, then we have a difficult time storing magnesium in the cells where it belongs. Low serum and intracellular magnesium concentrations are associated with insulin resistance, impaired glucose tolerance, and decreased insulin secretion. Magnesium in our cells helps the muscles to relax, but if we can’t store magnesium, because the cells are resistant, then we lose it.
Insulin resistance and magnesium depletion result in a vicious cycle of worsening insulin resistance and decrease in intracellular Mg(2+) which limits the role of magnesium in vital cellular processes.
Intracellular magnesium concentration has also been shown to be effective in modulating insulin action (mainly oxidative glucose metabolism), offset calcium-related excitation-contraction coupling, and decrease smooth cell responsiveness to depolarizing stimuli. Magnesium improves and helps correct insulin sensitivity, which is the fundamental defect that characterizes per-diabetes, metabolic syndrome and even full-blown diabetes and heart disease. Improved insulin sensitivity from magnesium replacement can markedly reduce triglyceride levels. Ionic magnesium testing remains available only as a research tool; the next best option is a red blood cell magnesium test or an EXATest, either of which is vitally important in diagnosing magnesium deficiency in gestational diabetes. The signs and symptoms of diabetes are polydipsia (excessive thirst), polyuria (excessive urination), and polyphagia (excessive eating). One diabetic complication that may not be obvious is the tendency for medical doctors to put diabetics on statin medication. Low magnesium levels serve as a relatively new marker for diabetes, occurring in up to 40 percent of diabetic patients. Magnesium affects carbohydrate metabolism by influencing the release and activity of insulin, the hormone that controls blood sugar levels, by influencing the resistance and sensitivity to insulin. Magnesium deficiency may be an independent predictor of diabetes and diabetics both need more magnesium and lose more magnesium than most people. Magnesium plays a pivotal role in reducing cardiovascular risks and may be involved in the pathogenesis of diabetes itself. Eighty three percent of adult diabetics are consuming insufficient magnesium from food, with many by significant margins. Mercury has a particularly high affinity for thiol groups and progressively less for other groups in the following sequence: Sulfur, amides, amines, carbon, and phosphate.
These sulfur bonds are damaged when poisonous substances that are not naturally present are added to the cellular and blood environments.
If the geometry of insulin has been changed by mercury, the message that insulin has arrived to give glucose to the cell is not received. Various molecules or atoms will affect the rate of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction by binding to the enzyme.
Mercury is the most potent enzyme inhibitor that exists; it is in a class of its own and well deserves its title as the most toxic non-radioactive element.
Insulin has three sulfur-containing cross-linkages and the insulin receptor has a tyrosine-kinase-containing sulfur bond; these are the preferred targets for binding by both mercury and lead. Obesity, syndrome X, and diabetes are part of a continuum of illness that may progress to heart disease if not headed off by good diet, supplements, exercise, and stress reduction. If someone is about thirty pounds overweight for more than a decade, diabetes will likely occur. Food craving and overeating can be simply a desire to continue eating past fullness because the body is, in fact, craving nutrients that are missing from processed food. Magnesium is also necessary in the chemical reaction that allows insulin to usher glucose into cells, where glucose is involved in making energy for the body. Transdermal magnesium therapy speeds up the process of nutrient repletion in much the same way as intravenous methods in terms of intensity and speed of effect. The skin is actually an amazingly complex organ and, by weight, the largest organ in the body. Because the magnesium oil can be absorbed easily through the skin many have found that they can get almost instant relief from the pains of arthritis by massaging a generous amount of magnesium into an area of discomfort or by taking a hot magnesium bath with sodium bicarbonate added. Doctors should know that this magnesium oil can be added to IVs and is a better and certainly purer source of magnesium chloride than industrially-manufactured magnesium chloride, which tends to be much higher in heavy-metal contaminants.
One of the most luxurious medical treatments on earth is to receive magnesium massages on a consistent basis. Magnesium oil, applied directly to the skin, alleviates chronic pain, muscle cramps, and in general makes our job of opening up and softening muscles and connective tissue much easier.
Regular massage is an effective way of lowering stress hormone cortisol levels that suppress immune system functioning and have been directly linked to premature death, depression, stress and cancer.
Massage that alleviates pain, when used together with magnesium oil, will markedly and more rapidly increase overall pain relief, restore flexibility, promote healing and replace the deficiencies of this life-sustaining mineral than either could do alone. The public has been told that obesity is inherited, which makes people think they don’t have a hand in creating this problem and can continue their bad habits and blame their genes. Many of the weight loss diets, that people subject themselves to, are often deficient in magnesium.
Gaining weight around your middle (white adipose tissue) is related to magnesium deficiency and an inability to properly utilize insulin. The term syndrome X is just another name for the consequences of long-standing nutritional deficiency, especially magnesium deficiency.
Magnesium is required in the metabolic pathways that allow insulin to usher glucose into cells, where glucose participates in making energy for the body (glycolysis). Some studies show that chronic insulin resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes is associated with a reduction of magnesium; magnesium is necessary to allow glucose to enter cells. Syndrome X is caused not by chronically elevated insulin levels but by a low level of magnesium ions—because insufficient magnesium is the cause of insulin resistance in the first place.
Animals deprived of dietary magnesium develop insulin resistance, and the human population has the same risk.
The magnesium deficiency in syndrome x comes from a combination of our magnesium-deficient diet and the well-documented loss of magnesium in the urine caused by elevated insulin. The cornerstone of both prevention and treatment of syndrome X, along with diet, is to restore magnesium to normal levels.
Magnesium plays a pivotal role in the secretion and function of insulin; without it, diabetes is inevitable. Magnesium supplementation improves insulin response, improves glucose tolerance, and reduces the stickiness of red blood cell membranes.
Even moderate improvement of blood sugar control in people with type-1 diabetes reduces the loss of magnesium, increases serum HDL cholesterol, and decreases serum triglycerides. Magnesium levels drop in the course of recovery from ketoacidosis during insulin therapy, or with severe retinopathy, or proteinuria. Insulin resistance and magnesium depletion may result in a vicious cycle of worsening insulin resistance and decrease in intracellular Mg(2+), which may limit the role of magnesium in vital cellular processes. Hyperglycemia initially causes the movement of water out of cells, with subsequent intracellular dehydration, extracellular fluid expansion, and hyponatremia (loss of sodium). Proteinuria is protein in the urine, caused by damaged kidneys and a declining ability of the kidneys to protect the body from protein loss. There are two factors linked to the horrendous rise in diabetes in adults and children that the western medical establishment has not paid attention to. Diabetes gives us a clear picture of how the human race is being caught between a rock and a hard place. Physicians don’t understand that magnesium deficiency is a contributing factor in many diabetic complications and is a main factor in exacerbation of the disease itself.
Repletion of the deficiency with transdermal magnesium chloride mineral therapy is the ideal way of administering magnesium in medically therapeutic doses. In non-Western cultures, where most traditional diets are composed largely of unprocessed foods and are low in sugar, it takes only one generation of people eating a more typical Western diet, high in sugar and refined flour, to develop diabetes.
The percentage of overweight children in the United States is growing at an alarming rate, with 1 out of 3 kids now considered overweight or obese. In the last decade, soft drink consumption has almost doubled among kids, adding an average of 15 to 20 extra teaspoons of sugar a day just from soda and other sugared drinks.
Each additional soft drink a day gives a child a 60 percent greater chance of becoming obese. Inability to utilize sugar results in the formation of toxic products such as pyruvic acid and other abnormal sugars that accumulate in the brain, nervous system, and red blood cells, where they interfere with cell respiration and hasten degenerative disease. Inefficient stomach digestion and intestinal absorption can lead to deficiencies of magnesium. When you are under serious physical or even emotional stress, or you are on a salt-restricted diet, your body might not produce sufficient stomach acid, which is required for digestion and for chemically changing minerals into an absorbable form. People with arthritis, asthma, depression, diabetes, gallbladder disease, osteoporosis, or gum disease are often deficient in hydrochloric acid.
The roiling and burning in the gut from sugary junk food and greasy fast food is being inappropriately blamed on too much stomach acid. Calcium can precipitate out of the blood and deposit in the lining of arteries, causing hardening of the arteries (arteriosclerosis).
You may experience a decreased need for your drugs as magnesium deficiency is corrected or as magnesium treats your symptoms or reverses your condition. Today’s diabetes industry is a massive community that has grown step by step from its dubious origins in the early 20th century. The financial and political influence of this medical community has almost totally subverted the original intent of our regulatory agencies. The financial and political influence of this medical community completely controls virtually every diabetes publication in the country.
If people ever wake up to the cure for diabetes that has been suppressed for 40 years, these associations will soon be out of business. Prominent among the causative agents in our modern diabetes epidemic are the engineered fats and oils that are sold in today’s supermarkets. We have known for a while that people with diabetes are at increased risk for developing some cancers, and are more likely than non-diabetics to die of cancer.
A study of diabetic conditions and what underlies them presents perhaps the best overall view of deteriorating cellular environments and it is no surprise to find a direct correlation between diabetes and cancer and also between infection, cancer and diabetes.
Bicarbonate physiology is entirely ignored in diabetes, as it is in oncology, though a wide range of clinicians use sodium bicarbonate for a host of medical problems. The pancreas is harmed if the body is metabolically acid as it tries to maintain bicarbonates. The key to safe use of sodium bicarbonate is the monitoring and testing of both urinary and saliva pH with pH test paper or an electronic tester. Understanding the use of sodium bicarbonate begins with a trip to the pancreas, the organ most responsible for producing the bicarbonate our bodies need. Allergies generally start with the body’s inability to produce a certain enzyme, or to produce enough enzymes for the digestive process to work effectively.
The bicarbonate ion acts as a buffer to maintain the normal levels of acidity (pH) in blood and other fluids in the body.
The insulin may reach your blood stream before your digestive system has the time to release glucose from the food you eat. In general, insulin is more quickly absorbed from the stomach followed by the arm, the thigh, and the buttocks.
On the other hand, if you are hyperglycemic the stomach may be the best choice as it has the fastest absorption rate. Aside from being unsightly, it can change the way your insulin is absorbed so you won’t easily know when the insulin will start working or peak. For example, inject your morning insulin in your stomach and your evening insulin in your thigh. It’s best not to inject in your arm or thigh if you have just exercised or plan to exercise (your arms would absorb insulin quickly if you were doing a set of bicep curls, for instance). Be careful about injecting insulin after taking a hot shower, a bath or being out in the cold. A healthy body will digest food and convert it into glucose, a chemical that fuels the cells of the body.
Nigel Greenwood is Honorary Senior Fellow in the University of Queensland’s School of Mathematics and Physics, and Founder of the bioinformatics company Neuromathix (NeuroTech Research Pty Ltd). Except as permitted by the copyright law applicable to you, you may not reproduce or communicate any of the content on this website, including files downloadable from this website, without the permission of the copyright owner. This allows sugar levels to build up in the blood, which can lead to heart disease, blindness and other serious complications.
It is intended for general information purposes only and does not address individual circumstances.
For more information about diabetes mellitus, see the fact sheets "Diabetes Mellitus - General Information", and "Diabetes Mellitus - Principles of Treatment". We encourage you to read any of these popular articles below or search our extensive pet health library. With over 600 hospitals and 1,800 fully qualified, dedicated and compassionate veterinarians, we strive to give your pet the very best in medical care. This means that tablets can no longer keep your blood glucose levels under control and so insulin will have to be started. There are structured education, group and individual sessions available both in your locality and at the main hospitals throughout Leicester.
But it’s true, not only are there different types of insulins, there are different strengths.
That means that there are 100 units of insulin in every milliliter (ml) (or cubic centimeter) of liquid. Used for people who need very large amounts of insulin, either because they are extremely obese or because they are very insulin resistant for other reasons, such as happen when people take large doses of steroids.
Parents will be instructed to dilute U100 insulin down to U50 or even U10 to avoid the possibility of inducing hypoglycemia in infants.
The table below shows the marking level you would fill a U100 syringe to for a variety of insulin concentrations to get 10 units of insulin.
To make the dose transparent to the patient, the physician will often list the dose in the number of units the patient will fill in the syringe. And, as usual, don’t make any changes to your self-management routine before talking with your health care provider. I think you mean a bottle of U40 contains 40 units of insulin for every 1 ml of liquid, not 100 ml of liquid. Worse, it refuses to acknowledge medical truth even when it is published and widely accepted science. In countries large and small, governments and health authorities increasingly warn of the seriousness and ongoing ramifications of rising incidence rates across a broad age range, even as they try to grapple with the problem through a variety of measures, programs and educational campaigns.
It is now common practice to refer to these symptoms as if they were separable, independent diseases with separate, unrelated treatments provided by competing medical specialists. Your blood always has some glucose in it because your body needs glucose for energy to keep you going.
In this form of diabetes, the beta cells of the pancreas no longer make insulin because the body’s immune system has attacked and destroyed them. There are 16 million diabetics in the United States, with the numbers increasing dramatically as the population gets older and as more young people succumb to a high-sugar diet. This glucose intolerance may have been present but undetected before pregnancy but usually develops due to the stresses of pregnancy.
Without insulin, magnesium doesn’t get transported from our blood into our cells where it is most needed. Intracellular depletion is directly connected to the impaired ability of insulin to increase intracellular magnesium during insulin deficiency or insulin resistance. When insulin processing becomes problematic, magnesium gets excreted through our urine instead, and this is the basis of what is called magnesium-wasting disease. Losing magnesium makes the blood vessels constrict, affecting our energy levels and causing an increase in blood pressure.
Magnesium is an important cofactor for enzymes involved in carbohydrate metabolism, so anything threatening magnesium levels threatens overall metabolism. A poor intracellular magnesium concentration, as found in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and in hypertensive patients, may result in a defective tyrosine-kinase activity at the insulin receptor level and exaggerated intracellular calcium concentration.
An intracellular enzyme called tyrosine-kinase requires magnesium to allow insulin to exert its blood-sugar-lowering effects. We find larger improvements in this increased insulin sensitivity if magnesium is supplemented in a correct way, meaning through transdermal and oral methods combined with using liquid magnesium chloride (magnesium oil) as compared to the very inefficient oral solid forms commonly used.
Reduced triglyceride availability, in turn, reduces triglyceride-rich particles, such as very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), and small low-density-lipoprotein (small LDL), both of which are powerful contributors to heart disease.
Adipocyte cells, placed in low-magnesium media, show reduction in insulin-stimulated glucose uptake. Their increased secretions help maintain the constancy of the levels in intracellular magnesium in the soft tissues.

Magnesium depletion, or relative calcium excess, may predispose women to vascular complications of pregnancy and needs to be addressed. In type-1 diabetes, weight loss may be the first sign, but type-2 diabetics are usually overweight. All these complications relate to magnesium deficiency and demonstrate the need for sensitive magnesium testing and magnesium supplementation for diabetes.
Because diabetes and elevated cholesterol are associated, drug companies promote the use of statins, presumably as a preventive measure. People with the highest levels of the mineral magnesium in their diets have the lowest risk for developing diabetes.
The effects of reduced glutathione on glucose metabolism may be mediated, at least in part, by increased intracellular magnesium levels. Because of this capability, mercury has the potential of binding to proteins throughout the body.
Mercury binds to the -SH (sulfhydryl) groups, resulting in inactivation of sulfur and blocking of enzyme functions while producing sulfur metabolites with high toxicity that the body has difficulty handling.
Some bind at the same site as the substrate (the active site) and prevent the substrate from binding.
Since mercury and lead attach themselves at these highly vulnerable junctures of proteins, they can readily provoke biochemical shifts and then morphological changes in the body.
Should mercury attach to one of these three sulfur bonds, it will interfere with the normal biological function of the insulin molecule. They are not really separate diseases, as we may think, and underlying all this misery we find magnesium deficiency. People with syndrome X are obese, are on the road to diabetes with insulin resistance, and also have hypertension, elevated cholesterol, and high levels of triglycerides.
You continue to eat empty calories that pack on the pounds, but get you no further ahead in your nutrient requirements.
If there is not enough magnesium to do this job, both insulin and glucose become elevated. The stress chemical cortisol signals a metabolic shutdown that makes losing weight almost impossible. Transdermal application of magnesium is superior to oral supplements and is in reality the best practical way magnesium can be used as a medicine other than by direct injection. It covers, on average, some 22 square feet and weighs around nine pounds (roughly 7% of body weight).
Norman Shealy has done studies on transdermal magnesium chloride mineral therapy where individuals sprayed a solution of magnesium chloride over their entire body once daily for a month and did a 20-minute foot soak in magnesium chloride also once daily.
Taking minerals in liquid form is the best solution for oral intake and Ancient Minerals is the purest medicine, being from a 250-million-year-old buried sea.
Having at least an ounce of what is called magnesium oil rubbed all over ones body by either a trained or even untrained massage therapist is extremely healing.
They have more energy, are better able to perform daily activities, and have less psychological distress. These effects bring a sense of wellbeing and stimulate the immune system to fight the cancer better. Though giving magnesium by injection is the quickest way of restoring normal blood and tissue levels of magnesium, it is expensive and painful and carries many risks. As more and more insulin is produced to deal with a high-sugar diet, abdominal girth increases to process the extra insulin. Cells that no longer respond to the advances of insulin and refuse the entry of glucose are called insulin-resistant, to no avail. Additional studies confirm that when insulin is released from the pancreas, magnesium in the cell normally responds and opens the cell to allow entry of glucose, but when you have magnesium deficiency, combined with insulin resistance, the normal mechanisms don’t work. Insulin opens the cells to glucose only if the cells have sufficient amounts of magnesium, and without magnesium, insulin resistance occurs. Hypertension and insulin resistance may just be different expressions of deficient levels of cellular magnesium.
Magnesium taken along with medications can play a beneficial role in controlling and reducing symptoms. Measurable magnesium deficiency is common in diabetes and in many of its complications, including heart disease, eye damage, high blood pressure, and obesity. Magnesium also seems to be essential in the treatment of peripheral vascular disease associated with diabetes.
These reductions in magnesium loss and serum triglycerides and the elevation of good cholesterol may reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular disease in people with type-1 diabetes. Diabetic patients, especially those with poor glucose control, develop hypomagnesemia from a glucose-induced osmotic diuresis. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a state of inadequate insulin levels resulting in high blood sugar and accumulation of organic acids and ketones in the blood.
This is frequently seen in long-standing diabetes, hypertension, as well as other chronic renal conditions. But high levels of magnesium can develop in people with severe renal insufficiency or renal failure, because the kidneys lose the ability to remove excess magnesium. The human body is failing to deal with massive chemical exposure in the face of hugely increasing deficiencies in basic nutrientslike magnesium.
Such treatments will, in all likelihood, help avoid or ameliorate such complications as diabetic peripheral neuropathy, arrhythmias, hypertension, and sudden cardiac death and will even improve the course of the diabetic condition in general. Obese children develop insulin resistance, a precursor to diabetes, fifty-three times more frequently than normal kids. These all-too-popular beverages account for more than a quarter of all drinks consumed in the United States. On ingredient labels, the measurements are given in grams, even though most Americans think in teaspoons, so our eyes may not even register the amounts.
Processed sugar is devoid of vitamins and minerals, leaving empty calories that provide no valuable nutrients.
Adding sugar to the diet produces an excessively acid condition in the body; to neutralize it the body has to draw upon its store of the alkaline minerals calcium, magnesium, sodium, and potassium.
Minerals are usually bound to another substance to make a mineral complex; for example, magnesium bound to citric acid creates magnesium citrate, and bound to the amino acid taurine, it makes magnesium taurate. When calcium precipitates out in the kidneys and combines with phosphorous or oxalic acid, kidney stones are formed. It can coat and stiffen cholesterol deposits (plaque) in the arteries, leading to atherosclerosis. Calcium in the extracellular fluid can surround cells in body tissue and decrease the permeability of the cell membranes.
In other words, the symptoms for which the drug was prescribed may clear up due to the magnesium, making the drug unnecessary or toxic and causing new symptoms.
In the last 80 years it has become enormously successful at shutting out competitive voices that attempt to point out the fraud involved in modern diabetes treatment. The first step to curing diabetes is to stop believing the lie that the disease is incurable. The same holds true for low-grade inflammation, magnesium and other mineral deficiencies and a rising tide of mercury and other chemical and radiation toxicities that need to be detoxified or chelated out of the body. Its pharmaceutical properties direct themselves exactly to the border where these two major diseases meet.
Without sufficient bicarbonates, the pancreas is slowly destroyed, insulin becomes a problem and hence diabetes becomes an issue. People should do this every morning and chart their results, and whenever taking strong baking soda baths, do the same thing soon after getting out of the tub. The pancreas is a long, narrow gland which stretches from the spleen to about the middle of the duodenum. In conjunction with this is an inability to produce enough bicarbonate essential for the pancreatic enzymes to function properly.
This variability is most prominent with NPH and regular insulin and not as much a factor with the rapid acting insulins.
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What is diabetes mellitus?-->-->Diabetes mellitus in dogs is caused by the failure of the pancreas to regulate blood sugar. Not good toward boarding, grooming, prescription and non-prescription medication, and retail items. A bottle of insulin has 10 ml of liquid; therefore a bottle of u100 insulin contains 1000 units of insulin (100 units of insulin x 10 ml of liquid).
While there isn’t a specific syringe available for U500 or diluted insulin, you can use syringes designed for use with other insulins, with some modifications.
It is true that many of these symptoms can and sometimes do result from other causes; however, it is also true that this fact has been used to disguise the causative role of diabetes and to justify expensive, ineffective treatments for these symptoms. In type-2 diabetes, the pancreas does not make enough insulin, and the fat, muscle, or liver cells do not use it properly, or the insulin is being produced but not being recognized by the cells. While diabetes occurs in people of all ages and races, some groups have a higher risk for developing type-2 diabetes than others.
Ionic magnesium testing demonstrates the presence of magnesium depletion in pregnancy itself and to a greater extent in gestational diabetes. Little do we appreciate that insulin is not just responsible for regulating sugar entry into the cells, but also magnesium, one of the most important substances for life.
We begin to understand the intimate connection between diabetes and heart disease when we look at the closed loop between declining magnesium levels and declining insulin efficiency.
Large epidemiologic studies in adults indicate that lower dietary magnesium and lower serum magnesium are associated with increased risk for type 2 diabetes.
Daily magnesium supplementation substantially improves insulin sensitivity by 10 percent and reduces blood sugar by 37 percent. Magnesium supplementation can also raise levels of beneficial high-density lipoprotein (HDL).
Magnesium deficiency is associated with increased intracellular calcium levels, which may lead to insulin resistance. Intervention with magnesium supplements can greatly improve the outcome for both mother and baby.
This, however, may not be such a good idea for people who are already suffering symptoms of magnesium deficiency. At least 25 percent of diabetics have hypomagnesemia, and this is likely a gross underestimate. Magnesium deficiency is associated with insulin resistance and increased platelet reactivity.
Magnesium repletion may play a role in delaying type-2 diabetes onset and potentially in warding off its devastating complications—cardiovascular disease, retinopathy, and nephropathy. Mercury compounds are formed by the binding of mercury to the biological binders albumin or cysteine. The average adult inhales thousands of trillions of mercury atoms a day from a mouthful of amalgams; fish provides trillions more, the air more, and in children, vaccines provide surges of trillions of mercury molecules per day in the form of ethyl-mercury, which is vastly more toxic than metallic mercury.
Magnesium and the B-complex vitamins are energy nutrients: they activate enzymes that control digestion, absorption, and the utilization of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. Giving magnesium intravenously is the quickest way of restoring normal blood and tissue levels of magnesium, but the injections are just too painful to be considered for children and for long-term use in adults. The skin is involved in dynamic exchange between the internal and external environments through respiration, absorption and elimination. You can drink it as well as use it transdermally and to take it up to bowel tolerance level because this will clean out the intestines.
One can also do this oneself meaning cover ones body all over with the magnesium oil like one would sunscreen and go out in the sun and have some fun.
Regular massage is an effective way of lowering stress hormone cortisol levels so we recommend magnesium oil massage for all cancer patients. One powerful way we can take massage onto the level of a powerful medical treatment is combining massage techniques with transdermal magnesium chloride treatments. Transdermal Magnesium Therapy is inexpensive, safe, and a do-it-yourself-at-home technique that can replace uncomfortable injections. Glucose and insulin rampage throughout the body, causing tissue damage that results in overuse and wasting of magnesium, an increased risk of heart disease, and adult-onset diabetes. Americans in general have a high calcium-to-magnesium ratio in their diet and consequently in their bodies. The various conditions that make up syndrome X, or metabolic syndrome X, all have similar origins in magnesium deficiency. The more magnesium in the diet or taken as supplements, the lower the likelihood of developing metabolic syndrome. When the treatment of diabetes includes magnesium these problems are prevented or minimized. With long-term damage, however, many symptoms may be irreversible, even with adequate magnesium and associated nutrients. In the United States, diabetes is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the result of chronic kidney disease. Magnesium is regulated and excreted primarily by the kidneys where various ATPase enzymes are responsible for maintaining homeostasis. The convergence of large drops in cellular magnesium, which offers protective coverage against chemical toxicity and increasing poisoning of people’s bloodstreams with heavy metals like arsenic and mercury as well as a literal host of other chemical toxins in the environment, are teaming up to create a pandemic. Malnutrition is now in bloom in the first world even among the obese who eat too much of the wrong foods.
After only eight weeks of oral magnesium, thermal hyperalgesia is normalized and plasma magnesium and glucose levels are restored towards normal in rats.
Fifty five percent of obese children do not get enough magnesium from the foods they eat, compared with only 27 percent of non-obese children. The number of obese children in the United States doubled between 1980 and 1994; today, 33 percent of kids are obese.
People are stunned when told there are 8 to 10 tsp of sugar in an ordinary soda (1 tsp of sugar is equivalent to 4.2 g). Refining of sugar removes 93 percent of chromium, 89 percent of manganese, 98 percent of cobalt, 83 percent of copper, 98 percent of zinc, and 98 percent of magnesium. When a magnesium complex hits the stomach, it needs an acidic environment to help break the two substances apart, leaving magnesium in the ionic form and ready for action in the body.
Without magnesium to keep it in solution, calcium quickly deposits in soft tissues throughout the body. Calcium can deposit in the lining of the bladder and prevent it from fully relaxing, and therefore from filling completely with urine. This, in turn, can cause blood pressure to rise as well as increase the risk of heart attack and stroke. This makes it increasing more difficult for glucose (a large molecule) to pass through the cell membrane to be converted into ATP in the cells’ mitochondria. For 50 years, medical research has consistently shown with increasing clarity that diabetes is a degenerative disease directly caused by magnesium deficiency from an engineered food supply that is focused on profit instead of health.
Patients with pre-existing diabetes were 50 percent more likely than non-diabetic patients to die within a month of surgery, regardless of the type of cancer. Without sufficient bicarbonate buffer, the effect of disease is far-reaching as the body becomes acid. When this happens, undigested proteins penetrate the bloodstream inducing more allergic reactions. Disruptions in normal bicarbonate levels may be due to diseases that interfere with respiratory function, kidney diseases, metabolic conditions and a failing pancreas. Insulin is needed in order for the body to have the energy it needs to grow and stay healthy. Diabetes UK estimates that over 600,000 people with type 2 diabetes don't know they have it.
Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the BootsWebMD Site. In the dog, diabetes mellitus is usually Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (also called Type 1 Diabetes). There are a variety of dosing schedules available, although U500 is often given 3 to 4 times a day to mimic the action of both basal and bolus insulin in one.
The American Diabetes Association reported in 2002 that direct medical and indirect expenditures in the U.S. Although this form of diabetes usually goes away after the baby is born, a woman who has had it is more likely to develop type-2 diabetes later in life. Low erythrocyte magnesium content increases membrane micro viscosity, which may impair insulin interaction with its receptor.
It fills the body with plaque, it constricts the arteries, it stimulates the sympathetic nervous system, and it increases platelet adhesiveness and coagulability of the blood.
The excessive sugar, excreted through the urine and sweat, provides food for the yeast organism Candida albicans, resulting in rashes on the skin (especially under the breasts and in the groin area), yeast vaginitis in women, and yeast discharge in men. When mercury blocks thiol groups, cellular proteins lose their reactive properties and lose their ability to carry out their routine function. Lack of these necessary energy nutrients causes improper utilization of food, leading to such far-ranging symptoms as hypoglycemia, anxiety, and obesity.
It is highly permeable though it has the ability to maintain its important function as a bacteria-inhibiting barrier.
Massage is unique in alternative cancer therapy because it is able to remedy feelings of isolation that many patients battling cancer. The process of metabolizing B vitamins is called methylation, and magnesium is necessary for one of the most important steps. High triglycerides are found most often when someone has a high-sugar diet, such as from drinking sodas daily and eating cakes and pastries. One of the major reasons the cells don’t respond to insulin is lack of magnesium and chromium. It occurs when your muscle cells become so starved for energy that your body takes emergency measures and breaks down fat, a process that forms acids known as ketones.
Urinary losses then lead to progressive dehydration and volume depletion, which causes diminished urine flow and greater retention of glucose in plasma.
In both type-1 and type-2 diabetes, the first sign of deteriorating kidney function is the presence of small amounts of albumin in the urine, a condition called microalbuminuria. However, hypermagnesemia can also occur in people with hypothyroidism, those using magnesium-containing medications such as antacids, laxatives, cathartics, and in those with certain types of gastrointestinal disorders, such as colitis, gastroenteritis, and gastric dilation, which may cause an increased absorption of magnesium. Eating junk food fits right into this alarming picture, for poor diet translates immediately into massive magnesium deficiencies, and modern processed food is also high in chemical preservatives and pesticides that are detrimental to health. Recently, there has been a 70 percent rise in diabetes in thirty-year-olds, and the trend shows no sign of abating. This is why the diabetic only pays about one-quarter to one-third of the cost of printing the magazine he depends upon for accurate information. Firstly, it is to provide digestive juices, which contain pancreatic enzymes in an alkaline solution to provide the right conditions for the digestive process to be completed in the small intestines.
Inflammation in such a scenario is systemic but can focus on the pancreas, forcing decreases in the production of bicarbonate, insulin and necessary enzymes.
The pancreas, an organ largely responsible for pH control, is one of the first organs affected when general pH shifts to the acidic. You may not alter or remove any trademark, copyright or other notice from copies of the content.
This type of diabetes usually results from destruction of most or all of the beta-cells that produce insulin in the pancreas. He will know that you are getting the equivalent of 25 units of insulin; however, Patients taking U500 should be counseled to always indicate that they are using U500 insulin when going to other health providers’ offices or to the hospital. Diabetes, in its modern epidemic form, is a curable disease and has been for at least 50 years. Tyrosine kinase activity is decreased in muscle insulin receptors of rats fed a low-magnesium diet.
When magnesium levels drop, there is a cascade of physiological problems that corrupt the health of our heart.
The sulfur groups are often referred to as mercaptans because of their marked affinity for mercury.
Sulfur bridges are covalent S-S bonds between two cysteine amino acids, which tend to be quite strong. Transdermal magnesium chloride therapy is inexpensive, safe, and a do-it-yourself at-home technique that can replace uncomfortable injections in anything other than emergency room situations. The experience of human contact is particularly important when facing a difficult diagnosis and massage can provide that unique experience to cancer patients, who often succumb to feelings of being overwhelmed by the nature of their diagnosis, family implications, and other difficulties associated with cancer treatments. When it comes to magnesium we have a method in our hands that is similar in effect to intravenous magnesium treatments that are used to save people’s lives in emergency rooms. Every metabolic function in the body requires vitamins and minerals—without them, symptoms develop. High uric acid is due to incomplete breakdown of protein from lack of B vitamins and digestive enzymes. With our dietary emphasis on a high calcium intake without sufficient magnesium, we will soon be faced with a 6:1 ratio in our population.
The net result of these alterations is hyperglycemia with metabolic acidosis (perfect environment for cancer cell proliferation).
As kidney function declines, the amount of albumin in the urine increases and microalbuminuria becomes full-fledged proteinuria. In addition, the body has to tap into its own reserves of minerals and vitamins to ensure sugar’s digestion. So successful has it become that it verges on blasphemy to suggest that, in most cases, the kindly high priest with the stethoscope draped prominently around his neck is a charlatan and a fraud.

The rest is subsidized by diabetes manufacturers with a vested commercial interest in preventing diabetics from curing their diabetes. Secondly, the pancreas produces insulin, the hormone which controls blood sugar by the metabolism of sugar and other carbohydrates. The causes of both types of diabetes are still unknown, however, type I is though to have genetic causes while type II is more strongly linked to lifestyle factors such as obesity, lack of exercise and poor diet. My parents and I all had to learn about nutrition to make sure that I was eating in a controlled and healthy way. Diabetes may not have symptomsIn most cases type 2 diabetes doesn't cause any symptoms, or the symptoms are mild, which is why many people have it for years without knowing it, and why it's important to get tested. As the name implies, dogs with this type of diabetes require insulin injections to stabilize blood sugar levels. Traditional medical treatment includes using diabetes medicines, making wise food choices, exercising regularly, taking aspirin daily, and controlling blood pressure and cholesterol. We just use the magnesium oil like we would massage oils, or create a special blend mixing them together. Therefore, the first step in treating nonspecific symptoms is diet and dietary supplements, not drugs. This complex collectively appears to be caused by disturbed insulin metabolism (initiated by magnesium deficiency), called insulin resistance, and eventually can lead to diabetes, angina, and heart attack.
Although the conventional recommended dietary ratio of calcium to magnesium is 2:1, in order to offset the deficiency that many people with syndrome X already have, it may be necessary to ingest one part calcium to one part magnesium in supplement form.
During insulin treatment, neither magnesium nor potassium can be metabolized properly, so these essential minerals must be replaced. In the large majority of cases, he has never cured a single case of diabetes in his entire medical career. Although this is beginning to change, in America it is still difficult to find employer group medical insurance to cover effective alternative medical treatments.
When looking for a magazine that tells the truth about diabetes, look first to see if it is full of ads for diabetes supplies. Thirdly, it produces bicarbonate to neutralize acids coming from the stomach to provide the right environment for the pancreatic enzymes to be effective. Being of African American, Hispanic American, American Indian, Native Hawaiian or some Pacific Island descent also increases the risk for type II diabetes.
Warning sign: ThirstOne of the first symptoms of type 2 diabetes may be an increase in thirst.
When a metal, such as mercury, replaces the hydrogen ion of the reduced sulfur, the resulting compound is called a mercaptide. And then there are the various associations that solicit annual donations to find a cure for their proprietary disease. Now that I have a better understanding of how to control my glucose levels and a better understanding of what is in the foods I eat, I don't have to keep written records, but I do keep mental track of what I'm eating. This is often accompanied by additional problems, including dry mouth, increased appetite, frequent urination – sometimes as often as every hour -- and unusual weight loss or gain.
Mercury can form at least three compounds with cysteine in which all or a part of the mercury is bound firmly as a mercaptide.
This is expected to be 366 MILLION by 2030 - mainly due to a huge rise in the numbers in African and Asian countries.It is a very serious condition and is life-threatening. I try to stick to a routine so that I eat at the same times every day and maintain a balanced and consistent diet. Warning sign: Blurred visionAs blood sugar levels become more abnormal, additional symptoms may include headaches, blurred vision and fatigue.
Dogs with diabetes mellitus require one or more daily insulin injections, and almost all require some sort of dietary change. Mercury may cause damage, especially to the placenta, by inactivation of sulfhydryl groups in cellular enzymes. For example, there are only 1,400 licensed naturopaths in 11 states compared to over 3.4 million orthodox licensees in 50 states. Some of these very same associations have been clearly implicated in providing advice that promotes the progress of diabetes in their trusting supporters. I do still keep written records of my glucose level, which I measure every day."I also make sure that I take regular exercise for around 20 minutes each day and take the medication suggested by my doctor. Warning sign: InfectionsIn most cases, type 2 diabetes is not discovered until it takes a noticeable toll on health.
Although the dog can go a day or so without insulin and not have a crisis, this should not be a regular occurrence; treatment should be looked upon as part of the dog's daily routine. Mercury interacts with sulfhydryl groups and disulfide bonds, as a result of which specific membrane transport is blocked and selective permeability of the membrane is altered.
Generally, only approved treatments from licensed, credentialed practitioners are insurable. For example, for years they heavily promoted exchange diets, which are, in fact, scientifically worthless—as anyone who has ever tried to use them quickly finds out. Staying healthy and fit will reduce my risk of getting complications such as diabetic eye disease, kidney disease or damage to my cardio-vascular system."If you have already been diagnosed with diabetes, it is extremely important to maintain a healthy lifestyle which keeps your glucose levels as close to normal as possible.
This means that you, as the dog's owner, must make both a financial commitment and a personal commitment to treat your dog. As many as one third of people with diabetes will have a skin disorder caused or affected by diabetes at some time in their lives. This, in effect, neatly creates a special kind of money that can only be spent within the orthodox medical and drug industry. They ridiculed the use of glycemic tables, which are actually very helpful to the diabetic. It's also important for you to know the risks associated with diabetes and the common complications that can arise from the disease.In this section, we will discuss how diabetes can affect the eyes and vision. Diabetes can cause damage to blood vessels and nerve endings in the genitals, leading to a loss of feeling and making orgasm difficult. If are out of town or go on vacation, your dog must receive proper treatment in your absence. No other industry in the world has been able to manage the politics of convincing people to accept so large a part of their pay in a form that often does not allow them to spend it as they see fit. They promoted the use of margarine as heart healthy, long after it was well understood that margarine causes diabetes and promotes heart failure.
Diabetes is a serious disease which, untreated, can result in permanent eye damage or even blindness. Risk factors you can controlYour habits and lifestyle can affect your odds of developing type 2 diabetes. Risk factors for womenHaving gestational diabetes when you're pregnant puts you seven times at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes later on. The "immediate crisis" is only great if your dog is so sick that it has quit eating and drinking for several days.
The light from outside is projected onto the retina, much like light from a movie projector is projected onto a movie screen. Having a history of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can also cause insulin resistance that can lead to diabetes. Dogs in this state, called diabetic ketoacidosis, may require a several days of intensive care. A healthy retina is essential for good vision.Attached to the retina are a number of blood vessels. Type 2 diabetes in childrenAlthough older people have a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes, the condition is affecting more young people. Otherwise, the initial hospitalization may be only for a day or two while the dog's initial response to insulin injections is evaluated. Diabetes UK says around 35,000 children and young people in the UK have diabetes, with around 700 of these having type 2 diabetes. In a person suffering from diabetic retinopathy, these blood vessels become damaged and swell. The leading risk factor for children is being overweight, often connected with an unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity. Some can become so damaged that they fail to perform their job as carriers of nutrients to the retina. Once children are overweight, their chances of developing type 2 diabetes more than doubles. In even more advanced stages of diabetic retinopathy, the body will produce more, alternative blood vessels on the surface of the retina to replace those which have been damaged. Your veterinarian will work with you to try to achieve consistent regulation, but some dogs are difficult to keep regulated. These new blood vessels are weak, however, and can leak blood into the main cavity of the eye.
Often a urine test is carried out first, and if it contains glucose, or a person is at risk of diabetes, one or more blood tests to check levels of glucose in the blood are performed.
It is this leakage which causes vision loss and possibly even blindness.Don't wait for symptoms to appear! Your dog needs consistent administration of insulin, consistent feeding, and a stable, stress-free lifestyle. Although it is not essential, your dog should live indoors to minimize uncontrollable variables that can disrupt regulation. For this reason, it is necessary to have a comprehensive eye exam at least once a year-- even people who manage their diabetes well have a high risk of developing diabetic eye disease. How does insulin work?In healthy people, after a meal, food is broken down into a sugar called glucose, which is carried by the blood to cells throughout the body. Cells use the hormone insulin, made in the pancreas, to help them process blood glucose into energy.
However, this fear is unfounded, since the disposable injection needles are extremely sharp and cause minimal pain, the insulin does not sting or otherwise hurt on injection, and the injections are given under the skin in areas where it is impossible to damage internal structures.
This widens the pupil (the dark part of the eye) so that the doctor can see more easily to the back of your eye where the retina is.Treatment for diabetic retinopathy is available. People develop type 2 diabetes because the cells in the muscles, liver and fat cannot use insulin properly, called insulin resistance. Once you are shown how to give them, you may be pleasantly surprised at how easy it is and how well your dog tolerates the injections. Most commonly, a laser procedure can be used to prevent weak blood vessels from leaking blood into the eye.
Type 2 Diabetes: Metabolism mishapsIn type 2 diabetes, the cells cannot absorb glucose properly. How is insulin stored?Insulin is a hormone that will lose its effectiveness if exposed to direct sunlight or high temperatures. Blood that has leaked into the eye blocks light from clearly passing through the eye and onto the retina, causing blotchy vision and even blindness. If you've developed a condition called insulin resistance, the body makes insulin, but the muscle, liver and fat cells cannot use insulin, or do not respond to the insulin, properly. If you have any doubt about the storage of your pet's insulin, it is safer to replace it rather than risk using ineffective insulin.
With long-standing, uncontrolled type 2 diabetes, the pancreas will reduce the amount of insulin it produces. Insulin is safe as long as it is used as directed, but it should be kept out of the reach of children. But I do have to go the eye doctor more frequently to make sure that my condition is not getting worse.""I think it is important for people with diabetes to realize the risks that this disease can have for all parts of the body.
Managing diabetes: DietFortunately, people with type 2 diabetes can significantly reduce the risk of damage to their bodies, including damage to the heart, kidneys, eyes and feet. Insulin comes in an airtight bottle that is labeled with the insulin type and the concentration. The eyes are especially important because problems can occur even before you feel any discomfort or changes in vision.
It is important to make sure you match the insulin concentration with the proper insulin needles. I encourage everyone with diabetes to get regular (yearly) eye exams and to eat right and follow their doctor's recommendations on how to manage their diabetes.
People with type 2 diabetes should carefully monitor carbohydrate consumption, as well as total fat and protein intake and reduce calories. Insulin needles show their measurement in "units per ml", which must correspond to the concentration of the insulin you are using.
Even in people without diabetes, but who might have a risk of becoming diabetic, maintaining a healthy diet without too much sugar or salt and plenty of vegetables and fruits as well as exercise can greatly reduce the risk of contracting diabetes."Quiz1. Managing diabetes: ExerciseModerate exercise, such as strength training or walking, improves the body's use of insulin and can lower blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes. Being active also helps reduce body fat, lower blood pressure and protect against heart disease. Your veterinarian will instruct you on which type of insulin you are using and which type of syringe you should use. Try to do at least 150 minutes of exercise a week, with some exercise on most days of the week. How should I draw up the insulin?Before administering the insulin, you must mix the contents. It can also increase glucose levels in your blood as part of your "fight or flight" response.
The reason you do not shake insulin is to prevent foam formation, which will make accurate measuring difficult due to the tiny air bubbles. Instead of letting stress take its toll, try relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation or just talking to a friend or relative.
When you have finished mixing the insulin, turn the bottle upside down to see if any white powder adheres to the bottom of the bottle. Managing diabetes: MedicationWhen people with type 2 diabetes are unable to control blood sugar sufficiently with diet and exercise, medication can help.
There are many types of diabetes medicines available and they are often used in combination. Some work by stimulating the pancreas to make more insulin, while others improve the effectiveness of insulin, or reduce the liver's production of glucose, or block the digestion of starches.
Managing diabetes: InsulinMany people with type 2 diabetes eventually develop 'beta-cell failure'. This means the cells in the pancreas no longer produce insulin in response to high blood sugar levels.
In this case, insulin therapy – injections or an insulin pump – must become part of the daily routine.
Whereas insulin pulls glucose into the cells, these medications cause the body to release insulin to control blood sugar levels. Glucose testingTesting your blood glucose level will let you know how controlled your blood sugars are and if you need to take action to change your treatment plan.
Either existing blood vessels swell and possibly leak fluid or new blood vessels grow on the surface of the retina.C. How often and when you test will be based on how controlled your diabetes is, the type of therapy used to control your diabetes and whether you are experiencing symptoms of fluctuating sugars. Your diabetes team will suggest how often you should use a glucose meter to check your blood sugar. In order to ensure that you have the correct amount of insulin in the syringe, make sure that it starts at the "0" on the syringe barrel, and that the edge of the plunger nearest the needle is on the correct unit mark on the barrel. Common testing times are first thing in the morning, before and after meals and exercise and before bedtime. Before injecting your dog with the insulin, check that there are no air bubbles in the syringe. Long-term damage: ArteriesOver time, untreated type 2 diabetes can damage many of the body's systems. People with diabetes are likely to develop plaque in their arteries, which reduces blood flow and increases the risk of clots. Then withdraw the needle from the insulin bottle and tap the side of the barrel of the syringe with your fingernail to make the air bubble rise to the tip of the syringe. People with diabetes are up to five times more likely to develop heart disease or have a stroke. When you have removed all of the air bubbles, double-check that you have the correct amount of insulin in the syringe. Long-term damage: KidneysThe longer you have untreated diabetes, the greater the risk of developing kidney disease or kidney failure. 2)  Have someone hold your dog while you pick up a fold of skin from somewhere along your dog's back in the "scruff" region of the neck with your free hand.
Long-term damage: EyesHigh blood sugar can damage the tiny blood vessels that bring oxygen and nutrients to the retina, a critical part of the eye. This is known as diabetic retinopathy and it can cause progressive, irreversible vision loss. 3)  Quickly push the very sharp, very thin needle through your dog's skin at about a forty-five degree angle. People with diabetes are up to 20 times more likely to go blind than those without diabetes. However, take care to push the needle through only one layer of skin and not into your finger or through two layers of skin and out the other side.
Although blindness can result from diabetic eye diseases, the following are all ways of reducing this risk except:Select an answerA.
Long-Term Damage: Nerve PainOver time, uncontrolled diabetes and elevated blood sugars create a very real risk of nerve damage. The latter will result in injecting the insulin onto your dog's haircoat or onto the floor.
Symptoms can include tingling, numbness, pain and a pins and needles sensation -- often in the fingers, hands, toes or feet. 4)  To inject the insulin, place your thumb on the plunger and push it all the way into the syringe barrel. If you are unsure if you administered it correctly, or if you "missed," do not administer additional insulin. Simply resume your normal schedule and give the next insulin injection at the regular time. Immediately place the needle guard over the needle and place the used needle and syringe into a puncture-resistant container.
Preventing type 2 diabetesOne of the most astonishing things about type 2 diabetes is that such a life-altering condition is often preventable. Be aware that some communities have strict rules about disposal of medical waste material so don't throw the needle and syringe into the garbage until you know if this is permissible.
It is usually preferable to take the used needles and syringes to your veterinary clinic or local pharmacy for disposal.
Should I sterilize the skin with alcohol before giving the injection?It is neither necessary nor desirable to swab the skin with alcohol to "sterilize" it. 2)  Due to the nature of the thick hair coat and the type of bacteria that live near the skin of dogs, brief swabbing with alcohol or any other antiseptic is not effective. 3)  Because a small amount of alcohol can be carried through the skin by the needle, it may actually carry bacteria with it into the skin. 4)  If you have accidentally injected the insulin onto the surface of the skin, you will not know it. If you do not use alcohol and the skin or hair is wet following an injection, the injection was not done properly. Although the above procedures may at first seem complicated and somewhat overwhelming, they will very quickly become second nature. Your dog will soon learn that once or twice each day it has to sit still for a few minutes.
In most cases, a reward of stroking results in a fully cooperative dog that eventually may not even need to be held. Although most dogs will require the same dose of insulin for long periods of time, it is possible for the dog's insulin requirements to suddenly change. However, the most common causes for change are a reduction in food intake and an increase in exercise or activity. The dog should eat before giving the insulin injection, because once the insulin is administered it can't be removed from the body. Always remember that it is better in the short term for the blood sugar to be too high than too low. This can occur because the insulin was not properly measured in the syringe or because two doses were given. You may forget that you gave it and repeat it, or two people in the family may each give a dose.
The most likely time that a dog will become hypoglycemic is the time of peak insulin effect (5-8 hours after an insulin injection). If there is still no response, contact your veterinarian immediately for further instructions.
If it occurs at night or on the weekend, call your veterinarian's emergency phone number for instructions.
SUMMARY OF INSTRUCTIONS FOR INSULIN TREATMENT OF YOUR DOG: Read and reread this material so that you understand the specifics of proper regulation and how to recognize and treat hypoglycemia. If glucose is not detected, measure the glucose two consecutive days every other week or as directed. If two injections are given each day, be sure the test is done before the evening injection.

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  1. 20.06.2016 at 21:15:10

    Fuel or stored in a macromolecular form (UIHC), dry.

    Author: 505
  2. 20.06.2016 at 15:29:46

    The higher your self-testing numbers are several causes of hypoglycemia carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism.

  3. 20.06.2016 at 18:31:16

    Normal fasting blood sugar for a non-pregnant adult should has been.

    Author: VALENT_CAT
  4. 20.06.2016 at 10:17:35

    Early symptoms (hypoglycemia with severe hypoglycemia than among those with moderate hypoglycemia.

    Author: UTILIZATOR