Pursuing optimum health through self-assessment and dispelling misconceptions about nutrition and medicine along the way.
We simply can’t know how unfavorable our postprandial glucose levels are unless we check. And while optimal health is not about fixating on weight—it’s about measuring truly influential parameters like blood glucose, lipid subfractions, and cardiac plaque—nothing will help you lose weight as effectively as understanding how your meals are affecting your blood glucose levels. In the previous two Health Yourself columns Professor Victor Katch discussed proteins and lipids.
Most likely, the first use of sugarcane by humans was to chew it to obtain its “sweet juice.” Its use as a confectionary is legendary and widespread throughout history, as sugar has found its way  into almost every type of packaged and processed food we encounter today. Honey, in fact, has a long history in healing; its salutary effects stem primarily from its antimicrobial properties.
Sugar’s many uses spread from northern India eastward to China and (along with the cultivation of sugarcane) westward into Persia, eventually reaching the east coast of the Mediterranean about 600 AD. In subsequent centuries, sugar became intimately associated with European colonization of tropical portions of the New World.
Profits from sugar sales were used to purchase manufactured goods, which were then shipped to West Africa, where they were bartered for slaves. Glucose, also called dextrose or blood sugar, is formed naturally in food or in the body through digestion of other carbohydrates. Galactose does not exist freely in nature; rather, it combines with glucose to form milk sugar in mammary glands of lactating animals.
Oligosaccharides, another type of carbohydrate, form when 2-10 monosaccharides bond chemically. Monosaccharides and disaccharides collectively are called simple sugars, added sugars, or just sugar.
Lactose (glucose + galactose), also a disaccharide, is notfound in plants, but exists in natural form only in milk, as milk sugar.
Maltose (glucose + glucose), the third disaccharide, occurs in beer, breakfast cereals, and germinating seeds.
Polysaccharides represent another type of carbohydrate and are described by linkage of three or more (up to thousands) mono- and disaccharide molecules. Starch, the storage form of carbohydrate in plants, occurs in seeds, corn, and various grains of bread, cereal, pasta, and pastries.
Fiber, classified as a nonstarch, structural polysaccharide, includes cellulose, the most abundant organic molecule on Earth.
Much of the interest in dietary fiber originates from studies that link high fiber intake with a lower occurrence of obesity, systemic inflammation, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, digestive disorders, elevated blood cholesterol, colorectal cancer, and heart disease. Americans consume about 12-15 g of fiber daily, far short of the recommended 38 g for men and 25 g for women up to age 50. Glycogen, the storage carbohydrate within mammalian muscle and liver, is a large polysaccharide ranging from a few hundred to 30,000 glucose molecules linked together.
Foods containing dietary fiber slow carbohydrate digestion, minimizing surges in blood glucose. The average American currently consumes 22-28 teaspoons of added sugars daily (equivalent to 350-440 empty calories per day; and about 70 lbs. Consistently high intake of high-glycemic foods, including added sugars, reduces the body’s sensitivity to insulin, thus requiring progressively more insulin to optimize blood-sugar levels.
While high-glycemic foods are OK in moderation, it is usually best to opt for low- or moderate-glycemic options whenever possible. Consistent light-to-moderate physical activity performed on a regular basis exerts a potent influence to improve insulin sensitivity, thereby reducing the insulin requirement for a given glucose uptake.
The American Heart Association recommends limiting daily intake of added sugars to 5 teaspoons for women and 9 teaspoons for men. For more physically active people and those involved in exercise training, carbohydrates should equal about 60 percent of daily calories or 400-600 g, predominantly as unrefined, fiber-rich fruits, grains, and vegetables. During periods of intense exercise training, carbohydrate intake should increase to 70 percent of total calories, or approximately 8-10 g per kg of body weight. Sources of nutritious dietary carbohydrate consist of plant polysaccharides, including fruits, grains, and vegetables.
VICTOR KATCH has been active in the exercise, nutrition, and weight control arena for more than 40 years at the University of Michigan. How does xylitol from plant sources (often corn) compare to the sugars you have written about?
Xylitol is not a sugar, but a naturally occuring sugar alcohol that is digestable to humans and is sourced from hardwood trees (best) or some crops like corn (hazardous if grown with pesticide applications). The Lapita, a maritime people, carried the sugar cane further eastward, into, and throughout the Pacific. About the AuthorVICTOR KATCH has been active in the exercise, nutrition, and weight control arena for more than 40 years at the University of Michigan.
A recent study published in Annals of Internal Medicine looked at lifestyle intervention and diabetes with some surprising results.  This study was a meta-analysis, which means researchers reviewed all prior studies that looked at lifestyle intervention from databases from 1980-2013.
Researchers broke the studies down into 2 groups of randomized patients those with pre-diabetes, (people at high risk for developing diabetes) and those with established diabetes. What they found is that for those at high risk for developing diabetes (pre-diabetics) lifestyle changes did in fact prevent progression and the development of diabetes for up to 10 years post intervention.
However for those patients who already had established diabetes there was no sufficient statistical data to say it improved outcome of the disease.
It does bring up an interesting dilemma when the CDC sites the majority of all chronic illnesses, such as diabetes are related to lifestyle. First, all the prior studies researchers reviewed look at lifestyle intervention for only 6 months which if you don’t have a disease yet but are at high risk for it can make significant difference.
Recent PostsBACK AWAY FROM THE YOGA PANTS!5 Important Breast Cancer Facts5 Important Flu Facts This SeasonDiabetes Not Affected by Lifestyle Intervention!?! The ACCU-CHEK brand, from Roche Diagnostics, is recognized for quality and innovation in diabetes care and in particular, blood glucose self-testing, worldwide. Studies have "demonstrated that hyperglycemia (excess sugar in bloodstream) significantly increases the risk for the long-term microvascular complications of diabetes (retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy disease)." - The Diabetics Educator. These Accu-Chek blood glucose testing meters, lancets and strips are your key to comfortable blood glucose self-testing, helping you track and control your blood sugar level in your bid to get diabetes under control. Hygienic handling: capillary action test strips and strip ejector eliminate handling of used strips.
The Accu-Chek meter range boasts top-edge performance on these scores: tiny blood sample, 5 seconds' results, small-phone-sized, memory and PC downloadable, affordable products.
Easy to use - the Accu-Chek Softclix lancet device has a 'pen-like' operation for easy handling. Matches your skin type - a Comfort Dial with 11 depth settings reduces discomfort by avoiding contact with nerves. Application precision - the precise linear action avoids side-to-side movements that can cause discomfort. Precision instrument - these lancets are carefully manufactured to insure that, once set, optimal penetration depth doesn't change from test to test. Keeping lancets on-hand to check your blood glucose level is crucial to managing your diabetes.
The Softclix 21-guage needle minimizes discomfort due to unique design for accurate penetration.
In this blog post, we will be focusing on Hypoglycemia – its definition, symptoms, and treatments. Glucose (sugar) is one of the body’s major sources of energy and is manufactured in the form of complex carbohydrates or simple sugar.


When blood sugar is critically low, the liver starts processing glycogen to convert it into new sugar.
Critically low blood sugar is when the body runs out of blood sugar and feels weak or if the brain’s demand for glucose increases. When the brain senses that the glucose level in the body is falling, it sends messages to other parts of the body.
If you don’t have an insulin pump, fruit juices, raw fruit, soda, table sugar (at least 4 teaspoons) or candy are quick fixes.
Complex carbohydrates such as sweet pastries, cookies, brownies, and other sweet treats don’t qualify as ideal first aid treatments, because these combine protein and fat. Initially, the body would need about 15 grams of sugar to get their blood glucose back to normal.
It is advisable to consume more carbohydrates once you’re past acute stage to normalize your blood glucose level. Prepare a detailed report and have your doctor check them to know whether your hypoglycemia is insulin pump or medication-induced. A family member, regular companion, or a roommate of yours should also be informed and educated about administering hypoglycemia treatments, just as you should be counseled on checking your blood glucose and managing your symptoms before going out or living alone.
You already know the nature of the condition, what happens during an episode, how, and why it happens. Understanding what is the normal range for blood glucose levels is very important for all people. Orange’s starting glucose level was different between the two meals (as is typical when comparing fasting glucose levels that are days apart), I plotted the graph to show the change in blood glucose from its starting point.
Orange’s high-carb meal elevated his blood glucose over his starting point, but what are the absolute values?
And we don’t have to think of ourselves as diabetic in order to spend a few days conducting this eye-opening research on ourselves. Orange going to take this lesson to heart and start eating in such a way as to minimize his blood glucose levels? In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. Evidence of sugar as a healing agent appears as far back as 500 BC in Sanskrit texts from northern India. Research documents honey’s function as an anti-inflammatory agent, reducing both swelling and pain. By the 1700s the Caribbean emerged as the largest source of the world’s sugar supply. Fructose also serves as an energy source but rapidly moves from the digestive tract into the blood or liver to convert to fat, and also glucose.
The major oligosaccharides, the disaccharides, or double sugars, form when 2 monosaccharide molecules combine. It occurs naturally in most carbohydrates foods, especially beet and cane sugar, brown sugar, sorghum, maple syrup, and honey. The least sweet of the disaccharides, lactose when artificially processed often becomes an ingredient in carbohydrate-rich, high-calorie liquid meals.
The term complex carbohydrate describes dietary starch, and accounts for about 50 percent  of the typical individual’s total calorie intake.
Fiber occurs exclusively in plants comprising the structure of leaves, stems, roots, seeds, and fruit coverings. Water-soluble, mucilaginous fibers such as psyllium seed husk, ?-glucan, pectin, and guar gum, present in oats, beans, brown rice, peas, carrots, cornhusks, and many fruits. Of this, muscle glycogen accounts for the largest reserve (approximately 400 g), followed by 90-110 g as liver glycogen (highest concentration, representing 3-7 percent of the liver’s weight), with only about 2-3 g as blood glucose. Scientists classify foods into high- and low-glycemic index foods, determined by how quickly the food digests and raises blood-sugar levels, two hours after ingestion. In contrast, low-fiber processed starches (and most simple sugars) digest quickly and enter the blood at a relatively rapid rate (high glycemic index). Type 2 diabetes results when the pancreas cannot produce sufficient insulin, or cells become insensitive to the effects of insulin to regulate blood glucose, causing it to rise. And, it is a good idea to minimize sugary beverage intake, including fruit juices, to lower the risk of obesity, diabetes, heart disease, gout, and dental cavities. For reference, one 12-ounce can of cola contains about 8 teaspoons of added sugar, for about 130 calories. But for a sedentary 70-kg (150-lb.) person, daily carbohydrate intake typically amounts to about 300 g or 40-50 percent of total calories. These “good sugars” come in a nutrient-dense package with none of the downsides of added sugars, and they perform valuable functions in the body. Components of carbohydrate breakdown serve as “primer” substrate for fat breakdown. The lack of adequate carbohydrate intake produces incomplete fat breakdown with accumulation of ketone bodies. The central nervous system requires an uninterrupted stream of carbohydrate for proper function. Under normal conditions, the brain metabolizes blood glucose almost exclusively as its main fuel source. He earned his undergraduate degrees in international relations (political science) and physical education (kinesiology) from California State University at Northridge. It is not digestable to the bacteria that live on your teeth and cause cavities, so this explains, in part, why it is protective for your teeth unlike sugars and sorbitol (the sweetener in most toothpastes). They included studies that looked at interventions dealing with diet, exercise and at least one other component such as smoking cessation or counseling. Meaning it did not lower mortality nor did it decrease the risk of complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney or eye disease. However, as I told my diabetic brother don’t swap the gym membership for the remote just yet! However, if you already have an established disease such diabetes, which is a chronic illness that takes years in the making, 6 months is probably not enough of a time frame to see significant change or reversal of damage. Healthy living and healthy lifestyle choices can protect you against other diseases such as cancer or heart disease in and of itself.
ACCU-CHEK blood glucose meters fit your lifestyle and help take the pain and inconvenience out of blood glucose self-testing. In simple language, it just says that there is much increased risk of incidence of the many complications of diabetes, often seriously life-threatening, when the blood glucose level is not controlled.
In Type 1, the body makes little or no insulin, a hormone needed to convert food into energy.
With a tiny blood sample, the fast five-second test allows people with diabetes to get quick and accurate results. After opening a new pack of Accu-Chek® Go test strips, you must remove the old coding chip from your meter and replace it with the coding chip from the new pack.
When a person runs out of glucose, the body is facing a serious threat that could lead to brain damage. This reaction triggers the below symptoms, your brain’s way of protecting itself from damage. Candy is especially helpful so you might want to carry some around everyday especially if you are up for high level of activity. Another 15 grams can be administered if nothing happens, and another 15 grams if the symptoms persist after 10 minutes. Based on the short list of symptoms see above alone, it could save your life to be aware of this information.
Orange be thinking long and hard about eating more meals that to not elevate his glucose levels? Starting from a very desirable fasting glucose level of 80, his meal took him from an optimal glucose range into ranges that are toxic to internal organs.


A person can read articles about foods that lower or raise the risk of diabetes and can memorize glycemic index tables until her head spins, but nothing can come close to spending a few days with a glucose meter. Healers applied sugar paste to infections and wounds to draw out moisture, dehydrating and ultimately killing bacteria. Honey also has shown to be extraordinarily effective in treating wounds, burns, and surgical incisions, and is even known to reduce scarring. The trade of sugar, mostly in its liquid form of molasses, originated from the Caribbean to Europe or New England, where it was distilled into rum. Profits from the sale of slaves were then used to buy more sugar, which was shipped to Europe, etc. Most people are in a perpetual state of confusion, and blame sugar for everything from their sagging abdomens to erratic mood swings.
Each gram of either glycogen or glucose contains approximately 4 calories (kcal) of energy.
Most of this sugar comes in the form of high-fructose corn syrup and ordinary table sugar (sucrose). Most American women and men should eat or drink no more than 100 and 150 calories per day from added sugars, respectively. One fourth of Americans consume 200 or more calories daily from sugary soft drinks, and 5 percent slurp at least 567 liquid calories each day. Sufficient daily carbohydrate intake is needed to maintain the body’s relatively limited glycogen stores. In excess, ketones increase body fluid acidity and produce a potentially harmful acidic condition called acidosis or, specifically with regard to fat breakdown, ketosis.
Successful Treatment of Chronically Infected Wounds with Sugar Paste, Eur J Clin Microbiology Infectious Diseases, (7), 524-25.
He also did undergraduate work in international relations at the prestigious University of Uppsala in Sweden.
Another reason it is good for your teeth is that it can help keep your mouth slightly alkaline, which is a bad environment for the harmful bacteria to grow in, but good for your body. These are the end organ damage that diabetes causes usually secondary to the blood vessel injury it causes over time. Therefore don’t throw out the baby with the bathwater; I think we definitely need to do more long-term research to look at this specific question of diabetes and lifestyle intervention. The device's precision ensures that your test process is comfortable so you can test as often as nevessary. Hypoglycemic unawareness means the insulin level drops at rapid rate ahead of all symptoms, so they are not detected. The proper response is to elevate blood glucose level by eating before the brain runs out of stock. If the symptoms do not go away after three tries or within 30 minutes, it’s time to call an ambulance. If people around you, even strangers are aware of your hypoglycemia, you can prevent going into a coma. If you have a blood glucose testing device, like those sold online by many retailers, you should be able to easily examine where your personal blood sugar numbers are relative to this range. For the layman, all you need to know is that it takes a very small amount of sugar for your body to hit a state of equilibrium. The effects of not properly maintaining a normal blood sugar level can be exceptionally bad.
When we discuss numbers of this nature, keep in mind that problems really arise when numbers are too high or low for a long period of time. With a little effort and minimal cost, we can measure, not speculate, what we’re doing to ourselves with every single meal. In addition, honey functions as a moisturizer, a treatment for sunburn, and an all-purpose skin softener. This means the average person stores about 2,000 kcal as carbohydrate — enough total energy to power a 20-mile continuous run at high intensity.
However, once cells reach their maximum capacity for glycogen storage, excess sugars of any kind convert to and store as fat. Consequently, monitoring your blood sugar level, if diabetic, must be at the top of your survival creed.
It's estimated that more than 90 percent of those diagnosed with diabetes have Type 2 diabetes. Touchable test strips with capillary action require a very small blood sample (1 microliter). Failing to respond will cause the blood glucose to continue to drop causing dizziness and trembling. Keep in mind that while these are this is the most common range, some people may be able to maintain a healthy lifestyle with slightly elevated or depressed numbers as well. If you need to manually check and regulate your blood sugar levels, you will need to learn what foods to avoid, and which ones are great for managing this condition. The first one to consider is hypoglycemia, which is induced when you have an excessively low blood sugar level.
Reaching these levels day after day, week after week, year after year, slowly destroys our insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells and causes Type 2 diabetes. The demand for labor that it created led to the transatlantic slave trade that carried millions of Africans to the Americas. This interconversion of sugar to fat (and protein to fat) for energy storage explains how body fat can increase when intake of dietary carbohydrates exceed energy requirements, even if the diet contains little fat. It can help keep you from spending your golden years running from one doctor to another.  I am not saying your genes don’t play a role and that you should don’t blame yourself if you do get ill. The American National Institute of Health also reports that "people with diabetes who intensively manage their blood sugar experience long-lasting benefits", drawing from an important research finding. You should keep in mind that the regular range may vary depending on the time of day, your sex and gender, medical conditions like diabetes, medications like blood thinners, and other variables. In going off the actual numbers and the potential consequences of too highly elevated or depressed levels, it is important to consider the symptoms and other side effects that can stem from these conditions. For caffeine junkies, those 1,460 sodas contain about the same amount of caffeine (some 55,000 mg) as 367 tall, 12-oz.
He has three children and five grandchildren, and is an avid exerciser who enjoys year-round walking and jogging with his wife, Heather, and playing golf whenever possible, weather permitting. However just because this study right now does not have the absolute data to prove a health lifestyle can help your diabetes, let’s use something even more rare in medicine…a little common sense!
Quality testing devices that facilitate tests and motivate you to test more frequently because of their accuracy, ease of use and testing comfort, should be priority possessions. It is well known that both hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia have the tendency to be correlated with high and low blood pressure, simple symptoms like headaches, migraines, a lack of energy, and depression; as well as more fatal issues like cardiac arrest and stress.
Orange monitored his glucose after a typical meal (a foot-long roast beef sub and diet soda) and compared those measurements to those he took after eating a low-carb meal of feta cheese, avocado, and olive oil a couple of days later. Orange has done, seeing how our typical meals affect our blood glucose, and we change our eating habits to avoid harmful glucose levels, we could make Type 2 diabetes as rare as hen’s teeth.
If you have any concern at all regarding your blood sugar and these conditions, or know you have a disease like diabetes, then you should be sure to visit with your doctor regularly to get checked up on.



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Comments

  1. 29.10.2015 at 13:26:34


    Likely you will not have many of the above ketones.

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  2. 29.10.2015 at 15:44:22


    Side of the equation, while the cause of erectile dysfunction among most complete descriptions.

    Author: Lady_Sexy
  3. 29.10.2015 at 11:43:46


    Stays flat in the low 80 mg/dl.

    Author: Dj_Dance
  4. 29.10.2015 at 22:54:27


    Glucose concentration also would indicate you have diabetes fall.

    Author: spychool