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We also offer free, instant access to over 1,500 related articles on your pet's health including preventive medicine, common and not so common diseases, and even informative case studies.
For information about its treatment, see the fact sheets "Diabetes Mellitus - Principles of Treatment" and "Diabetes Mellitus - Insulin Treatment". We encourage you to read any of these popular articles below or search our extensive pet health library. With over 600 hospitals and 1,800 fully qualified, dedicated and compassionate veterinarians, we strive to give your pet the very best in medical care.
Unlike many meters, the _CONTOUR TS_ Meter does not require you to enter a numeric code or put in a coding chip; therefore it elimi nates coding steps and inaccurate results due to miscoding. Designed for ease of use, this system was produced in close association with diabetes health care professionals, hospitals and, most importantly, people with diabetes. Not good toward boarding, grooming, prescription and non-prescription medication, and retail items. The Ascensia _CONTOUR_ Blood Glucose Monitoring System is intended for selftesting by people with diabetes and by healthcare professionals to monitor glucose concentrations in whole blood. The AccuChek Sensor System is intended for selftesting of glucose in capillary whole blood by persons with diabetes. Insulin regulates the level of glucose in the bloodstream and controls the delivery of glucose to the tissues of the body. In simple terms, diabetes mellitus is caused the failure of the pancreas to regulate blood sugar. The clinical signs seen in diabetes mellitus are related to the elevated concentrations of blood glucose and the inability of the body to use glucose as an energy source.


What are the clinical signs of diabetes and why do they occur?The four main symptoms of uncomplicated diabetes mellitus are increased thirst, increased urination, weight loss and increased appetite.
Both types are similar in that there is a failure to regulate blood sugar, but the basic mechanisms of disease differ somewhat between the two.
As the name implies, dogs with this type of diabetes require insulin injections to stabilize blood sugar. Type II Diabetes Mellitus (sometimes called Non-insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus), is different because some insulin-producing cells remain. However, the amount of insulin produced is insufficient, there is a delayed response in secreting it, or the tissues of the dog's body are relatively resistant to it (also referred to as insulin resistance). People with this form may be treated with an oral drug that stimulates the remaining functional cells to produce or release insulin in an adequate amount to normalize blood sugar.
Unfortunately, dogs tend not to respond well to these oral medications and usually need some insulin to control the disease.
How is diabetes mellitus diagnosed?Diabetes mellitus is diagnosed by the presence of the typical clinical signs (excess thirst, excess urination, excess appetite, and weight loss), in addition the presence of a persistently high level of glucose in the blood stream, and the presence of glucose in the urine. Diabetic dogs, however, have excessive amounts of glucose in the blood, so it will be present in the urine. This is why dogs and people with diabetes mellitus have sugar in their urine (called glucosuria) when their insulin is low. In general, they must be fed the same food in the same amount on the same schedule every day.
Although the dog can go a day or so without insulin and not have a crisis, this should not be a regular occurrence; treatment should be looked upon as part of the dog's daily routine.
This means that you, as the dog's owner, must make both a financial commitment and a personal commitment to treat your dog.
If are out of town or go on vacation, your dog must receive proper treatment in your absence.


However the financial commitment may be significant during the initial regulation process or if complications arise. Initially, your dog may be hospitalized for a few days to deal with any immediate crisis and to begin the insulin regulation process.
The "immediate crisis" is only great if your dog is so sick that it has quit eating and drinking for several days. Dogs in this state, called diabetic ketoacidosis, may require a several days of intensive care. Otherwise, the initial hospitalization may be only for a day or two while the dog's initial response to insulin injections is evaluated. Your veterinarian will work with you to try to achieve consistent regulation, but some dogs are difficult to keep regulated.
It is important that you pay close attention to all instructions related to administration of medication, diet, and home monitoring. One serious complication that can arise is hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, which can be fatal. What is the prognosis for a dog with diabetes mellitus?-->-->Once the diabetes mellitus is properly regulated, the dog's prognosis is good as long as treatment and monitoring are consistent. Most dogs with controlled diabetes live a good quality of life with few symptoms of disease.



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Comments

  1. 13.01.2016 at 21:11:45


    Every meal You will probably hyperglycemia are both after patient has.

    Author: KOLGE
  2. 13.01.2016 at 14:18:37


    Are especially predisposed blood sugar tester machine and it went back to normal 400 mg/dL 22,2 mmol/L) may me...why have i got.

    Author: orxideya_girl
  3. 13.01.2016 at 21:19:25


    Body can't get the fuel they.

    Author: POLICE