The organs of the baby form during the first two months of pregnancy, often before a woman knows that she is pregnant.
When a pregnant woman has high blood pressure, protein in her urine, and often swelling in fingers and toes that doesna€™t go away, she might have preeclampsia. Being born too early can result in problems for the baby, such as breathing problems, heart problems, bleeding into the brain, intestinal problems, and vision problems. People with diabetes who take insulin or other diabetes medications can develop blood sugar that is too low. If a womana€™s diabetes was not well controlled during pregnancy, her baby can very quickly develop low blood sugar after birth. If a woman with diabetes keeps her blood sugar well controlled before and during pregnancy, she can increase her chances of having a healthy baby. During pregnancy, a woman with diabetes needs to see the doctor more often than a pregnant woman without diabetes. If diabetes pills or insulin are ordered by your doctor, take it as directed in order to help keep your blood sugar under control. Because pregnancy causes the bodya€™s need for energy to change, blood sugar levels can change very quickly.
For information on how to keep blood sugar well controlled, visit the American Diabetes Association website.
Gestational Diabetes is a very rare form of diabetes which occurs exclusively in pregnant women during the gestational period of the fetus [5]. Resistance to insulin is a normal physiological response during pregnancy induced by the maternal hormones released by the mother’s body.  However, in some cases, this resistance becomes high enough to result in high levels of blood sugar, enough to be classified and diagnosed as Gestational Diabetes. Gestational Diabetes may be defined as hyperglycemia with its first presentation or onset during pregnancy. Usually, after the delivery of a child, the blood sugar levels of the mother return down to normal, but both the mother as well as the child are at a risk of developing Type II Diabetes later on in the future. While Gestational Diabetes is a serious pregnancy complication that must be dealt with seriously, it can easily be controlled by a combination of a healthy diet, sufficient exercise and also medication in some cases.
The exact cause of Gestational Diabetes is still unknown and researchers still debate on the possible causes as to why some particular women stand a higher risk of developing the disorder than other women. During pregnancy, the insulin sensitivity falls in the mothers and this subsequently increases the blood glucose levels to provide adequate nutrition to the fetus. Just like Type II Diabetes, even Gestational Diabetes occurs due to inadequate insulin secretion as well as decreased responsiveness to insulin.
The placenta connects the blood supply of the mother to the blood supply of the developing fetus and it allows hormones to also pass through. Another one of the major and common complications that may be encountered with Gestational Diabetes is that the increased blood glucose levels may enter into the fetus’ blood leading to macrosomia or large sized baby which may further lead to difficulty in delivering the child via the birth canal.
Gestational Diabetes also raises the risk of an early labor and associated complications, which includes babies born with a respiratory distress syndrome. The babies that are born out of a mother with high blood sugar levels may suffer from low blood sugar levels in their body after birth as their body’s production of insulin is much higher than normal. Both the mother and the child that are affected by Gestational Diabetes also face a high risk of developing Type II Diabetes later on in life.
There are several different types of screening tests that are used in order to diagnose Gestational Diabetes [1]. Since Gestational Diabetes develops in third trimester of pregnancy, thus the women should be screened for diabetes by Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) between 24th-28thweek. These days a simple glucometer may be used at home to measure the blood glucose level themselves by the mothers.
Some of the routine tests that are typically carried out include the glucose challenge test to the mothers which is then followed by a glucose tolerance test in order to diagnose the disorder in pregnant women.
Women who have been diagnosed with the disorder will require very frequent medical check-ups and these are to be even more followed during the final three months of pregnancy.
Post the delivery of the child, usually the blood sugar levels in the mother fall down back to normal. It is extremely essential to control the levels of blood sugar in pregnant mothers o as to prevent the complications associated with Gestational Diabetes [2].
A healthy diet is the next step that a pregnant women suffering from Gestational Diabetes should take. In some cases, just exercising and maintaining a healthy diet are not enough in controlling the symptoms of the disorder and in such situations medications are required in order to help return the blood sugar levels to normal. Regular monitoring of the blood sugar levels of both the mother and also baby will need to be carried out.
In most common cases of Gestational Diabetes, the disorder will be diagnosed in the screening tests carried out in the third trimester of pregnancy [3].
Any medications that are being used by the diabetic individual should be disclosed with a physician to determine whether they can be continued or not.
It is also recommended that pregnant women who are diabetics have a close friend or an aide, who can help out in case the sufferer forgets or misses anything. The different screening tests for gestational diabetes as also various other tests that are carried out over the course of treatment of the disorder are important and should be done properly. There are also a number of support groups for diabetics and pregnant diabetic mothers can also try being a part of these groups [4].
Use of this website constitutes acceptance of our [my_terms_of_service_and_privacy_policy]. The term "blood sugar" refers to the concentration of glucose, a simple, sugar, that is found in a set volume of blood. Blood Sugar 101 does not control which products appear in Google Ads or endorse these products.
Normal blood sugar levels are different depending on the age of a person with certain percentage of healthy children having lower blood sugar levels than adults, and whether the person is healthy or diabetic.
While insulin demand is higher in pregnancy, the body compensates for this by producing more insulin. Blood glucose levels rise after meals, so fasting blood glucose is always lower than after-meal (so-called random) blood glucose levels. There are two different kinds of diabetes: Type 1, which strikes most often children and young adults and Type 2, which is associated with obesity and therefore is most common in adults.
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Diabetes is a serious chronic disease that can be managed through lifestyle changes and medication. Blood sugar that is not in control can affect those organs while they are being formed and cause serious birth defects in the developing baby, such as those of the brain, spine, and heart.


A woman who has diabetes that is not well controlled has a higher chance of needing a C-section to deliver the baby. Women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes are more likely to deliver early than women without diabetes.
Controlling blood sugar also reduces the chance that a woman will develop common problems of diabetes, or that the problems will get worse during pregnancy. The doctor needs to look at the effects that diabetes has had on your body already, talk with you about getting and keeping control of your blood sugar, change medications if needed, and plan for frequent follow-up.
If you are taking diabetes pills or insulin, ita€™s helpful to have a source of quick sugar, such as hard candy, glucose tablets or gel, on hand at all times.
Similar to the other forms of diabetes, Gestational Diabetes also results in the cells of the body being unable to effectively absorb blood sugar, leading to a higher concentration of glucose in the blood. In such women, the pancreas is not able to produce enough insulin to overcome the insulin resistance. As such, Gestational Diabetes is not by itself a chronic condition, but it exposes individuals to the risk of developing chronic diabetes later on in life. However, the way in which a woman’s body behaves in this condition is fairly well-known and agreed upon.
The Human placental lactogen hormone, also known as Human Chorionic Somatomammotropin reduces the insulin sensitivity in mothers.
In most of the cases of gestational diabetes, it is corrected after the delivery but in some cases it may continue to occur.
Thus, the abnormality caused by Gestational Diabetes also passes on to the child’s blood stream and this can trigger very harmful conditions. Preeclampsia is a very serious complication associated with Gestational Diabetes which proves to be life threatening to both the mother and the developing fetus. Such affected babies require assistance with breathing until the lungs are capable of functioning properly on their own. This condition, known as hypoglycemia, if left unattended, may even result in seizures and other complications in the baby. The pregnant women will also need to actively monitor as also manage their high blood sugar levels, in conjunction to the medical check-ups. However, all mothers who have suffered from Gestational Diabetes will require medical check-ups every now and again.
The first and foremost step in the successful controlling of the conditions is to closely monitor the sugar levels in the bloodstream of the pregnant woman. The diet of a diabetic mother must have a correct balance of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates, along with sufficient amount of vitamins, minerals, and calories. Regular and frequent exercise promotes the cells of a diabetic to absorb the blood sugar more efficiently and this can greatly help in controlling the symptoms of Gestational Diabetes.  Exercise also increases the sensitivity of the body to the released insulin. Only 15% of women with Gestational Diabetes need medications like oral hypoglycemics or sometimes insulin analogues. There may be complications with the baby after birth and these will need to be attended to at the earliest. Once diagnosed, diabetics will need to prepare themselves both physically as well as psychologically in order to combat the disorder.
Any type of unusual symptom that the pregnant woman experiences should also be referred to the medical professional and all key personal information, including family medical history should also be made available to the physician.
Some of these tests require fasting while others challenge the body’s ability to take up insulin and every test must be done as per the prerequisite that it has along with it.
Not only does this help in keeping sufferers cheerful, but it also helps sufferers gain a lot of knowledge as well as support from other people who are facing the same conditions. Whether low blood sugar levels cause actual symptoms, and from what blood sugar level on, is different for different people and still subject to scientific debate.
However, when it comes to the pregnant woman, diabetes can have many more complications as it affects both the mother and the fetus alike.
Besides causing discomfort to the woman during the last few months of pregnancy, an extra large baby can lead to problems during delivery for both the mother and the baby. When the baby is delivered by a C-section, it takes longer for the woman to recover from childbirth. Seriously low blood sugar can be avoided if women watch their blood sugar closely and treat low blood sugar early. If you are overweight, the doctor might recommend that you try to lose weight before getting pregnant as part of the plan to get your blood sugar in control. A dietitian can also help you learn how to control your blood sugar while you are pregnant. After checking with your doctor, you can exercise regularly before, during, and after pregnancy. Ita€™s also good to teach family members and close co-workers or friends how to help in case of a severe low blood sugar reaction. It is important to learn how to adjust food intake, exercise, and insulin, depending on the results of your blood sugar tests. The disease proves to affect both the mother and the child and can also cause major complications at the time of delivery of the child. It also alters the metabolism of fatty tissues in pregnant women, releasing fatty acids as an alternate energy source for the mother, freeing up glucose for the fetus. Gestational diabetes is harmful to both mother and fetus and may result in few complications if not controlled.
The high concentration of blood sugar can allow the baby to grow to a much larger size than normal and one of the most common complications associated with child birth in mothers with Gestational Diabetes is the requirement of delivery of the baby through a C-Section surgery operation. The condition can lead to very serious complications for both the mother and the developing fetus if left unattended. The glucose levels of the blood will also need to be monitored as the mother is at a high risk of developing Type II Diabetes later on in the future. This is recommended to be done several times a day and any unexpected change in the levels of glucose in the blood should be attended to at the earliest. It is recommended that diabetic pregnant women should get as much moderate to rigorous exercise in a day as possible, after consulting a physician and a dietician. The monitoring of blood sugar levels will need to be continued throughout the lives of both the mother and the child as they stand a risk to developing diabetes later on in life.
While this can be stressful, it must be remembered that the condition is life threatening and intensive care must be provided in order to protect the health of both the mother and the child. It is also recommended that women find out as much about the disease, its scope, the limitations of treatment and also future risks associated with Gestational Diabetes.
Use of this website constitutes acceptance of our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.This website is for informational purposes only. If they are significantly high, this might be the sign of a condition called gestational diabetes, or diabetes during pregnancy. Any blood sugar level outside this range can be a sign for diabetes or a condition called prediabetes which shows a certain inability to handle sugar correctly, but not to the same extend as in diabetes.


Nevertheless there are guidelines for when medical treatment should be given for low blood sugar levels. Type 2, however, can maybe not be cured in all cases, but can definitely be helped in a number of natural ways. It might lead to the baby being born early and also could cause seizures or a stroke (a blood clot or a bleed in the brain that can lead to brain damage) in the woman during labor and delivery.
A woman who has diabetes that is not well controlled has a higher chance of having a miscarriage or stillbirth.
This procedure is recommended if the baby grows to more than 9 pounds in weight and such procedures are also carried out much in advance to the expected delivery date of the child.
While monitoring can be done at a professional healthcare clinic, it is highly recommended that pregnant mothers should monitor their blood sugar levels on their own as well. While the blood sugar levels often return to normal after the delivery, gestational diabetes is a sign that the mother is at increased risk for developing diabetes later in life.
Women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes have high blood pressure more often than women without diabetes. The process of monitoring is a relatively easy process and it can easily be made into a habit to last throughout pregnancy.
Recommended foods for diabetic mothers include having more of whole grains, fiber and also fruits and vegetables. Bottom lines show Insulin and C-peptide levels at the same time.Click HERE if you don't see the graph. It is essential that a diet is based making all possible considerations and also in consultation with a dietician or a practicing healthcare professional.
The most informative blood sugar reading is the post-meal blood sugar measured one and two hours after eating.
Doctors rarely test this important blood sugar measurement as it is time consuming and hence expensive.
Rarely doctors will order a Oral Glucose Tolerance Test, which tests your response to a huge dose of pure glucose, which hits your blood stream within minutes and produces results quite different from the blood sugars you will experience after each meal.
Below you will find the normal readings for these various tests.Normal Fasting Blood SugarFasting blood sugar is usually measured first thing in the morning before you have eaten any food. Hypoglycemia can also be caused be a variety of other medical conditions ranging from hereditary diseases to prolonged starvation, but they are much rarer than diabetic hypoglycemia.
Normal Blood Sugars in PregnancyBecause the blood volume increases greatly during pregnancy, diluting blood sugar, normal blood sugar concentrations for pregnant women are lower than those for everyone else.
Instead, what it measures is how much glucose has become permanently bonded to your red blood cells. From this it estimates how much glucose those red blood cells have been exposed to over the past several months.
The Calculator that Shows How Estimated Average Glucose is Supposed to Map to A1cThe calculator you will find HERE uses the formula doctors rely on to show you what average blood sugar is supposed to be connected with your A1c.Unfortunately, the A1c test often gives a misleading result.
This is prone to occur if you have anemia, abnormally long-lived red blood cells, or certain unusual red blood cell genes.
The test assumes you have a normal number of red blood cells, so any condition that changes your concentration of red blood cells can produce a misleading A1c results.
For many years the American Diabetes Association specifically stated that the A1c test should not be used for diagnosing diabetes. They recently changed their recommendations to allow the use of A1c for diagnosis, however the A1c often misses diabetes in people whose red blood cells are not entirely normal.When in doubt about the accuracy of an A1c test result use a blood sugar meter and take a number of fasting and post meal blood sugar tests to determine if you are running blood sugars that are high enough to damage your organs. What A1c is Truly Good Enough for a Person with Diabetes?Doctors have been taught that any A1c below 7.5% is "good control" for people with diabetes. But research published in 2008 that was based on studying a group of 2,442 subjects who were free of type 2 diabetes at the beginning of the study found that fasting glucose tests were a very poor predictor of who in this group would develop diabetes. In contrast, the researchers found that the one hour reading on a glucose tolerance test did a good job of screening for people heading for diabetes. Fasting Versus Postload Plasma Glucose Concentration and the Risk for Future Type 2 Diabetes Muhammad A. More about the Study Whose Results Are Graphed Above This research was conducted using a Continuous Glucose Monitoring System (CGMS) a device that uses a needle inserted into the abdomen to measure blood sugar every few minutes. Christiansen, presented at the Annual Meeting of the EASD.The whole presentation is well worth watching. This study also found that the same amount of carbohydrate eaten at a meal other than breakfast does not raise blood sugar anywhere near as high as it does at breakfast.A Second CGMS Study that Confirms this RangeA study of CGMS measurements taken in 74 normal people aged between 9 and 65 years old over a period of 3 to 7 days was published in June of 2010. This is probably because by the age of 45 people with the underlying genetic conditions that lead to diabetes, whose blood sugars would have been normal at younger ages, but who would have been getting higher than true normal readings after meals, would have progressed to where they failed the screening test.
So it is a good bet that the people in the 45 and older age group in this study are truly, physiologically normal. If you rely only on pills and do nothing else, the only blood sugar levels you will be able to get to are the much-too-high "good enough for a diabetic" levels which, as you can see elsewhere on this site, are "good enough" only if you think neuropathy, retinopathy and a heart attack are "good enough." Though your doctor may think you are too lazy to do the work needed to get normal blood sugars and may not bother explain to you what it takes to achieve normal numbers, people with diabetes CAN and DO attain these normal blood sugar numbers. Another study of elderly patients treated at VA hospitals found that patients with longstanding diabetes whose blood sugar was lowered aggressively with outdated methods of dosing insulin did not improve their health outcomes. Influential doctors interpreted these studies to mean that lowering blood sugar to normal levels using any means was dangerous and family doctors have been brainwashed to believe this is true.
In fact, subsequent analyses of this data has revealed that in ACCORD the patients in the group that strove to lower blood sugar who experienced slightly more heart attacks were those in the "lowering" study group who failed to meet the lowered blood sugar targets. Those who succeeded in lowering their A1c did better than those who did not.Further analysis linked the increase in heart attacks to the use of the now-discredited drug, Avandia, which raises the risk of heart attack independent of blood sugar level.
Without an understanding of how normal blood sugar works, it is hard to understand what is going on in your body as control breaks down and even harder to fix it. If you want to understand your true risk of developing diabetes and what science has learned about process people go through as they develop diabetes, read: The Patterns in Which Diabetes Develops. What It Takes to Get Normal Blood SugarsEducation If you want to avoid diabetic complications, following doctors' orders is not enough. You must put in some time educating yourself about how your body works and what is in the food you eat. Learn What Foods Your Body Can Handle The simple technique you'll find here: How to Get Your Blood Sugar Under Control has helped thousands of people regain their health, and it will work for you, too.
Try this technique for a week and you'll end up with a much better idea of what foods make up an ideal "Diabetes Diet" for your own unique metabolism. You can print out a handy one-page flyer summarizing this technique and put it on your fridge to help motivate yourself.Eliminate the Toxic MythsIt's time to stop blaming yourself for causing your diabetes. No matter what you read in the media or what your doctor tells you, diabetes is not caused by obesity. Free yourself of this Toxic myth by reading You Did Not Eat Your Way to Diabetes and learn what scientists have found are the real causes of Type 2 Diabetes.



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