There are two different tests your doctor can use to measure your blood glucose to determine if you have pre-diabetes or diabetes: the fasting plasma glucose test (FPG) or the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The FPG test is a blood test that determines the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood after an overnight fast (not eating for at least 8 hours). With the OGTT test, a person's blood glucose level is measured after fasting and then 2 hours after drinking a glucose-rich beverage.
See the chart below for the ranges of blood sugar levels and how they are used to diagnose pre-diabetes and diabetes. Diabetes quiz: blood sugar levels, exercise, and diet, Type 2 diabetes is often a silent disease. Diabetes, blurred vision, and high blood sugar levels, Blurred vision can also be a symptom of more serious eye problems. Johns hopkins: diabetes on exercise, glucose levels, Health after 50 on diabetes reviews strategies for keeping blood glucose levels at safe levels during exercise.
Diagnosis of diabetes and prediabetes – national diabetes, Diagnosis of diabetes and prediabetes.
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What i need to know about eating and diabetes – national, What i need to know about eating and diabetes.
Pre-Diabetes, also known as Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG) or Impaired Glucose Tolerance (ITG), occurs when a person has elevated blood sugar levels that are just below the levels of a Diabetic.
This test uses a drop of blood and a meter that measures the level of glucose in your blood at the time you do the test.


You and your health care team need to use both the A1C and SMBG tests to get a complete picture of your blood glucose control. Here is a chart from the American Diabetes Association to show you how your blood glucose testing results are likely to match up with your A1C results. Pre-Diabetes is a condition that occurs most commonly in people who have a genetic or lifestyle predisposition to developing Diabetes. Click here to take our Discovering Diabetes quiz to determine if you could be a candidate for Type 2 Diabetes. Pre-Diabetics often have similar digestive complications (see below) to Type 2 Diabetics but their blood sugar levels are lower than those of a full-blown Diabetic. Pre-Diabetics can often avoid getting Diabetes if they loose about 5 to 7 percent of their body fat. Pre-Diabetics do have a greater risk of developing heart disease and other effects of Diabetes.
We intend to do this within local communities, with partnerships and just through word of mouth. To learn more about Type I diabetes, and Type II diabetes, visit our Health articles and Pharmacy news section today! In general, it is recommended that any blood test that is outside the normal range be repeated on a different day to confirm the diagnosis.
As the chart shows, the higher your self-testing numbers are over a 3-month period, the higher your A1C result is going to be.
Therefore, they may be insulin resistant, obese and have other symptoms, but they have not quite developed full-blown Type 2 Diabetes.


Studies indicate that if a Pre-Diabetic does not lose weight, he or she will get full-blown Diabetes within 10 years of the Pre-Diabetes onset. Therefore, many Diabetes care professionals recommend that Pre-Diabetics take medication, and treat Pre-Diabetes in the same manner that a Diabetic would treat Diabetes. We intend for these key elements of sustainable lifestyle change to become pervasive within communities, and within the lives of all of us affected by the disease. Identify your HbA1c test score, mean blood and glucose level to know if your blood glucose is in the optimum level.
The American Diabetes Association recommends the FPG because it is easier, faster, and less expensive to perform.
The good news is that Pre-Diabetes is NOT Type 2 Diabetes and can generally be treated without medication. Therefore, if you or someone you care about has Pre-Diabetes, it is important to educate yourself about methods of losing weight and becoming healthier so that you can avoid getting Type 2 Diabetes. Click each of the following to learn more about Carbohydrates, How Digestion Works and Diabetes interactively. This test used to be called hemoglobin A-1-C (pronounced HE-mo-glow-bin A-one-C) or H-b-A-1-C.



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Comments

  1. 20.03.2016 at 18:23:30


    Measured before the injection, and.

    Author: StoRm
  2. 20.03.2016 at 21:36:17


    And nonfasting, with the HbA1c glycated hemoglobin assay strip which is inserted.

    Author: Almila
  3. 20.03.2016 at 23:48:12


    Your meter could be wrong results.

    Author: Rashka
  4. 20.03.2016 at 19:33:30


    JC, et al: Dietary carbohydrate (amount and type) insipidus and diabetes mellitus as they affect.

    Author: SimpotyagaChata
  5. 20.03.2016 at 22:19:12


    Using safe methods reduces the.

    Author: ghk