Generally, fasting blood sugar (the value you get when you’re tested upon waking without any food intake) is also the baseline blood sugar level.
Irrespective of what you eat, tiny amounts of insulin are squirted into the blood stream in small pulses every few minutes. The counter-regulatory (anti-insulin) hormones that are secreted in our bodies shortly before dawn, raise the blood sugar slightly.
Change the timing of your basal insulin – insulin taken later in the day often controls fasting sugar better.
It can take a few days for cat blood sugar levels to settle down after a change in diet or insulin dose. Your veterinarian can perform this cat blood test in their clinic, but there are disadvantages to this. To perform a diabetes blood test on your cat, you will need a glucometer and the appropriate test strips, as well as a sterile lancet. It may sound painful, but checking cat blood sugar levels at home in this way doesn’t seem to distress them too much at all. If you are on insulin it is also important to watch out for high blood glucose (also known as hyperglycemia), which increases your risk of complications, such as heart attack.
Regular monitoring helps you spot patterns to try to avoid high and low blood glucose, reduce complications of diabetes, and help control your diabetes.
Let's look at situations that may cause high blood glucose and how planning ahead may help you prevent highs and lows. When you start injecting insulin ask your doctor what blood glucose targets are right for you and how to treat high or low blood glucose. Plan: Self-monitor blood glucose before exercise and 2 hours after to see how it affects your glucose.
Plan: Try eating small meals with mid-day snacks to keep your medication and glucose levels balanced. Disclaimer - This content has been created for information purposes only, please consult your doctor before taking any decision on diabetes management. But people with type 2 diabetes may have much higher morning blood sugars than the level they achieve after meals, for the rest of the day. But, if the factors that control this basal secretion go haywire, your body may only secrete insulin in response to meal-time rises in glucose and result in a high fasting blood glucose level. But in diabetics, this rise can be exaggerated, leading to high blood glucose levels in the morning. You might wake up in the middle of the night with a jolt, thudding heart, soaked in sweat – a low blood sugar or hypoglycemic reaction, which drives you to eat sweets resulting in a sugar spike in the morning.
A Metformin Sustained Release pill taken at bedtime will have a stronger impact on fasting blood sugar than the same pill taken in the morning. Make sure you have read the instruction manual for your glucometer, and know how to use it. If you stay calm and relaxed, your cat is likely to feel the same way which will make it so much easier for both of you.

Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is often the only sure way to detect hyperglycemia.
Please check with your personal physician on what blood glucose target values are right for you and your condition. Sometimes the liver releases too much glucose in the early morning hours when your blood glucose is at its lowest or when low blood glucose occurs in the middle of the night.
Insulin lowers your blood glucose level and you want to make sure your glucose doesn't fall too low overnight. In all cases, be sure to keep a record of your self-monitoring results to share with your doctor. Avoid eating too much carbohydrate in a single meal because this may cause high glucose results.
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However, it is ideal that you get tested for both FPG and PP to understand how well you are managing your blood sugar.
More dangerous is the unrecognized drop in blood sugar at night during sleep which triggers a burst of counter-regulatory hormones. And I am not a doctor, so take any advice given here at your own risk, or check with your doctor before proceeding.Insulin and glucose.
On the other hand, not enough of this hormone will result in high blood glucose and the return of the symptoms of diabetes.
The first sample should be collected before your cat’s morning dose of insulin, and the last one just before his evening injection.
When your cat is first diagnosed with diabetes, tests may need to be done every day to work out the right dose of insulin for him.
It will relax him, and the ears will become slightly warmer which will dilate the veins in that area.
Using a lancet at a 45-degree angle, quickly puncture the vein and capture a drop of blood on your test strip. These hormones push the blood sugar back up – to higher than normal levels by the morning (Somogyi phenomenon). A number of us on this site subscribe to the view that insulin levels are important in regulating weight and appetite.
There is a lot reported on the energizing effect, but I've never seen the blood sugar lowering effect reported before either. When his blood glucose levels have stabilized, you shouldn’t need to check them any more frequently than every two weeks.
Follow the directions in your glucometer manual and check the amount of glucose in your cat’s blood.
I expected them to come down by noon, but was surprised that they stayed above normal for quite some time. Secondly, if he needs a diabetes blood test on a regular basis, the cost can quickly add up.

Don’t forget to write down the results, so your vet can use them to work out the appropriate insulin dose.
As the day went on I became worried (and hungry!), but I held off eating until nearly 6 PM, when my blood sugar level was normal. You can easily master the technique of performing a glucose curve at home and save you and your cat a trip to the vet.
Mine was usually above that (in the 90s) until I discovered that if I take a one-hour walk (or similar exercise) the previous day it goes down to 83. Ask your vet to watch you for the first few times, so you can be confident you are doing it correctly.
In other words, we need something like a 1-hr walk every day to optimize blood sugar levels.
As the evening progressed I snacked on healthy, low glycemic foods.After following this regimen for days, which stretched into weeks, I discovered it provided whole new level of physical energy and mental alertness. The Freestyle uses the smallest pinprick drop of blood, smaller than any other make.  That makes it almost painless, which is important if you are going to be taking 4 or 5 samples a day. The technology has improved so much, that you barely feel anything in taking the miniscule pinprick blood sample.  The glucose test strips are expensive if you buy them in the drugstore (without a prescription), but from Amazon I was able to order a container of 50 test strips for $26. On some days, I do not get hungry until 7 or 8 PM, but if I do get hungry earlier, I wait until 6 PM to eat. Seth,Yes, the glucose monitor is really an interesting tool, a real boon for self-experimentation. I naturally lost weight, and also began to experience many quality-of-life benefits which I did not expect, as well as marked improvement in measurements such as cholesterol and blood pressure.A very inspiring story, indeed.
But even through indirect measurements, you can still learn about cause and effect.The coconut oil effect is indeed remarkable. And at the same time, my friend became hungry and tired when her blood glucose was that high.
Immediately after strrenuous exercise, like a one-hour run, my glucose goes up between 10-40 units, very quickly! Immediately after exercise, like a one-hour run, my insulin(blood glucose) goes up between 10-40 units, very quickly! After sleeping, in the morning, my glucose is typically 10-20 units lower than the night before.  If it was 110 at bedtime, it is 90 in the morning. This corresponds well to my subjective experience that they are satiating, but not energizing.9.

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