When this normal process goes wrong, there is either not enough insulin to do the signalling or the cells are "insulin resistant", that is, they do not seem to understand what the insulin is trying to tell them to do about the glucose. My name is Dr Iris Bell, and I am an alternative medicine doctor, researcher, and educator educated at Harvard and trained at Stanford Medical School, as well the University of California - San Francisco. For normal people, their system keeps blood sugar in the range of 70-100 milligrams per deciliter while fasting (after not eating overnight, for instance). Different age groups may have somewhat different cut-offs that define what is "too high." If the blood sugar stays high for long periods of hours, someone can develop damage to their body's tissues, especially kidneys, blood vessels in the brain and heart and nerve damage in peripheral nerves that normally detect pain, vibration, and temperature in the toes and fingers.
Once a person has been diagnosed with diabetes, they usually need to use a combination of diet, exercise, weight loss, and medications to control blood sugar levels.
The drugs are not always effective or are only partly effective in lowering blood sugar (and sometimes they overshoot and cause serious short term problems of very low blood sugar levels that can cause seizures, brain damage, or even death), and they can cause their own serious side effects, and so reducing the risk of diabetes is always preferable to taking drugs to treat it once it develops.
Diabetics who do not maintain their blood sugar levels are at risk of experiencing the symptoms of high blood sugar levels. Most blood sugar spikes usually occur after a person has consumed a meal that contains sugar. If you or someone you know is at risk for contracting diabetes or is already has diabetes, that person should know the symptoms associated with high blood sugar in order to preemptively deal with the symptoms.


The excess blood glucose in the bloodstream that the body cannot convert into energy is then processed using the urinary tract. The brain will respond to excess sugar within the bloodstream by telling the body to drink more water. Increased amounts of glucose within the blood stream can lead to eye diseases such as diabetic retinopathy. High glucose levels within the body can lead to damaged blood vessels due to a hardening of the arteries. Think of the endothelium as the satin lining of a coat sleeve, if it gets snagged or ripped, your arm will not go through it smoothly, Similarly -blood doesn’t flow smoothly in adamaged artery, and it can actually do more damage. We are currently in the process of adding new questions every day - so please bookmark us for future reference. Your use of this website constitutes acknowledgement and acceptance of our Terms & Conditions. I know the daily challenges of diabetes first-hand, and I know where to look to find drug-free answers for you in working to reverse your diabetes or prevent pre-diabetes from becoming a diagnosed case of type 2 diabetes, and reduce your risk of complications. Blood sugar can go up and down depending on diet, specific points in time (it may be highest in the mornings when the body naturally releases the most cortisol, an essential hormone that is also released under stress but that is in the system all the time in some amount), after exercise, and during infections.


Lifestyle changes, if done thoroughly and properly, can work just as well as any drug and have a much safer long term outcome in terms of side effect risks. After the body has finished processing the body, the sugar levels then return back to equilibrium. It is much better for a person to be cautious and visit the doctor because they feel that they are experiencing symptoms rather than wait until the symptoms take their toll. The endothelium becomes stickier, attracting blood clots, thus causing the blood vessels to constrict and not expand smoothly – which eventualy can lead to high blood pressure. Insulin is the main hormone in the body, secreted by the pancreas gland, as part of digestion to signal the body cells to take up glucose and use it to power the cells throughout the body. Check out this resource here. Or just start with the basics - a good glucose meter and test strips. People whose fasting and 2-hour post-meal blood sugar levels are above those general cut-offs are considered either pre diabetic (if the value is high but not quite past the threshold level to diagnose diabetes) or diabetic.



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