Diabetes is a disease where your body cannot control its blood sugar levels properly – either because your body doesn’t make enough (or any) insulin, or because your cells have become resistant to insulin. Insulin is produced in the pancreas, it is important because it helps your body process sugars.
Diabetes can affect the body in many other ways, including eye disease, foot ulceration, kidney failure, amputation and a higher risk of heart disease. Keeping your blood sugar at a safe level means you’re less likely to experience other health problems. If diabetes is diagnosed and managed effectively, you can still live a long and happy life as long as you stay in control. There are also many people in Fiji living with diabetes who may not even know it because they don’t have the symptoms, it is important to get your blood sugar tested regularly to avoid Diabetes related complications further down the track.
The 2002 STEPS survey identified that out of the 16% diabetics, 50% of them were previously unrecognised which is an alarmingly high number. Given the fact that 30% of Fijians have Diabetes, you have a 1 in 3 chance of having or developing diabetes. Early detection and treatment of diabetes can decrease the risk of developing the complications of diabetes. The best way to check if you have diabetes or are at risk is to visit your local health centre. This chart shows the different levels of blood glucose, what are safe levels and what are dangerous levels depending on when you last ate. Even if you have no symptoms at all, it is important to get tested as you may still have diabetes. You can prevent or delay the onset of Type 2 diabetes through adopting a healthy lifestyle. By changing your diet, increasing your level of physical activity and maintaining a healthy weight, you can stay healthier, live longer and reduce your risk of Type 2 Diabetes. Type 2 diabetes occurs when your cells have become insulin resistant or your body doesn’t produce enough insulin to keep you healthy. It’s no secret that diabetes is more than a life threatening disease, but also one that is debilitating, with those afflicted with it required to constantly keep their overall physical constitutions and blood sugar levels in check. Blood glucometers truly do shine in this regard, with their overall cause for being proven to be of great value for diabetics, regardless of type of a condition’s severity.
At its core, a blood glucose meter is a medical tool that is geared for the calibration and measurement of a just how high or how low the glucose content of a blood sample is. Designed with a built in memory for archiving test records, the Contour by Bayer Health Pharmaceuticals hits a lot of the often looked for points diabetics search for in a Blood Glucometer. Powered by a rechargeable battery, the Contour’s batter boasts an active lifespan of 1,000 tests per charge cycle, making its rudimentary charging and recharging needs easy for its users to maintain. Available in select body color variants, the Contour’s “complementary” testing strips are also widely available where medical supplies are sold, easily making it one of the best glucometers available in the market this year. Easy to use, easy to maintain and reasonable affordable in terms of price, the Contour by Bayer Health Pharmaceuticals no-nonsense approach as a glucometer has naturally earned the nods of countless diabetics and healthcare professionals, even amidst the proliferation of more advanced versions of glucometers, pointing to just how good it really is as one of this year’s top glucometers of choice.
Healthcare4all are medical equipment suppliers in the UK, specialising in respiratory products such as nebulizer (nebuliser) machines and pulse oximeters, for conditions such as COPD and asthma.
This booklet will give you the information you need to start using the Nutrition Facts Label today!
Understanding what the Nutrition Facts Label includes can help you make food choices that are best for your health. Remember: All of the nutrition information on the label is based upon one serving of the food. This section tells you how the nutrients in one serving of the food contribute to your total daily diet.
Eating too much total fat (especially saturated fat and trans fat), cholesterol, or sodium may increase your risk of certain chronic diseases, such as heart disease, some cancers, or high blood pressure. Americans often don’t get enough dietary fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, and potassium in their diets. Eating enough of these nutrients may improve your health and help reduce the risk of some diseases.
As you use the Nutrition Facts Label, pay particular attention to Serving Size, Percent Daily Value, and Nutrients.
The top of the Nutrition Facts Label shows the serving size and the servings per container.

The nutrition information about the food - like the calories, sodium, and fiber - is based upon one serving. If you eat two servings of the food, you are eating double the calories and getting twice the amount of nutrients, both good and bad.
The %DV is a general guide to help you link nutrients in one serving of food to their contribution to your total daily diet.
Once you are familiar with %DV, you can use it to compare foods and decide which is the better choice for you. In addition, here is an example of how the Nutrition Facts Label can guide you in making good decisions for long-term health and nutrition. And since blood pressure normally rises with age, limiting your sodium intake becomes even more important each year.
Eating a diet that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol and high in fruits, vegetables, and grain products that contain some types of dietary fiber, particularly soluble fiber, may help lower your cholesterol and reduce your chances of getting heart disease, a disease associated with many factors. Healthful diets that are low in fat and rich in fruits and vegetables that contain fiber may reduce the risk of some types of cancer, including colon cancer, a disease associated with many factors. Insoluble fiber is mostly found in whole-grain products, such as wheat bran cereal, vegetables and fruit. Soluble fiber is found in peas, beans, many vegetables and fruits, oat bran, whole grains, barley, cereals, seeds, rice, and some pasta, crackers, and other bakery products. Look for and compare labels on whole-grain products such as bulgur, brown rice, whole wheat couscous or kasha and whole-grain breads, cereals and pasta. It is important to know that there are different types of dietary fat.Some have health benefits when eaten in small quantities, but others do not. Best Sources: plant-based oils (sunflower, corn, soybean, cottonseed, and safflower), olive, canola and peanut oils, nuts, and soft margarines (liquid, tub or spray). Common Sources: meat, poultry, fish, butter, ice cream, cheese, coconut and palm kernel oils, solid shortenings, and hard margarines. Trans fat is one of the newest additions to the Nutrition Facts Label, so you may be hearing more about it. Trans fat, like saturated fat and cholesterol, raises your LDL (bad) cholesterol and can increase your risk of coronary heart disease. When comparing foods, check the Nutrition Facts Label and choose the food with the lower %DV of total fat and saturated fat, and low or no grams of trans fat. Too much cholesterol in the bloodstream can damage arteries, especially the ones that supply blood to the heart. Calcium is a mineral that has a lot of uses in the body, but it is best known for its role in building healthy bones and teeth. If you aren’t exposed to outdoor sunlight on a regular basis, ask your healthcare provider whether you should take vitamin D supplements.
It’s true that many dairy products, which contain high levels of calcium, are relatively high in fat and calories. Cholesterol: a necessary nutrient from animal-based foods that is carried in the bloodstream. Percent Daily Value (%DV): the percentage of a nutrient found in one serving of food, based on the established standard of 2000 calories per day.
Trans Fat: a type of fat that is created when liquid fat is turned into solid fat during manufacturing. Note: If you need help accessing information in different file formats, see Instructions for Downloading Viewers and Players. Currently almost 1 in every 3 Fijians is being diagnosed with diabetes, that’s 30% of the population. You can always visit your nearest diabetes hub to get your sugar checked ad learn how to stay in control of your diabetes. They can check your blood glucose (sugar) levels there and assess any symptoms you may have.
For diabetics, a high or low figure can spell the difference between “safe” and “at risk”, and having a blood glucometer handy – regardless if at home, at work or at play – proves to be important in keeping their condition’s status in constant check. The item also weighs in at 1.7 ounces, making it not just a compact glucometer, but also a lightweight one.
We also have a wide range of dental supplies such as irrigators and brushes, and equipment to help diabetics monitor their condition.
But the good news is that the Food and Drug Administration has a simple tool to help you know exactly what you’re eating.

Use it to choose foods that are high in the nutrients you should get more of, and low in the nutrients you should get less of. It can help you determine if a food is high or low in a nutrient: 5% or less is low, 20% or more is high. You also might want to talk to your healthcare provider about which nutrients you should track closely for your continued health. Look for cereals, crackers, pasta sauces, canned vegetables, and other packaged foods that are lower in sodium.
These benefits are especially effective when you have a high fiber diet that is also low in saturated fat, cholesterol, trans fat, added sugars, salt, and alcohol. In addition, such healthful diets are also associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes. It may help reduce the risk of diverticulosis, a common condition in which small pouches form in the colon wall.
It slows the digestion of carbohydrates, and can help stabilize blood sugar if you have diabetes. The Nutrition Facts Label tells you the amount of dietary fiber in each serving, as well as the %DV of fiber that food contains.
These can raise cholesterol levels in the blood - which in turn can contribute to heart disease.
When selecting and preparing meat, poultry, fish and milk or milk products, choose those that are lean, low-fat, or fat-free.
Trans fat is commonly found in crackers, cookies, snack foods, and other foods made with or fried in these solid oils. However, you can still use the label to see if a food contains trans fat and to compare two foods by checking to see if grams of trans fat are listed. Cholesterol is required for certain important body functions, like digesting dietary fats, making hormones, and building cell walls. Many milk products and cereals are fortified with vitamin D; also, vitamin D is produced by the body when exposed to sunlight. But keep in mind that fat-free or low-fat types of milk products are excellent calcium sources.
Trans fat has no daily value, and should be replaced with unsaturated fat in your diet whenever possible.
Type 2 diabetes is more common than Type 1, it is also more easily avoided if the correct healthy lifestyle is adopted. However, some people with Type 2 diabetes have symptoms so mild that they go unnoticed so it is always best to get your blood sugar levels tested by a medical professional.
And, if you already have certain health issues, good nutrition can help you manage the symptoms. And remember - the Nutrition Facts Label is a tool that is available to you on every packaged food and beverage! You can use the Nutrition Facts Label to compare foods and decide which ones fit with a diet that may help reduce the risk of heart disease. This condition often has few or no symptoms; people who already have diverticulosis and do have symptoms often find that increased fiber consumption can reduce these symptoms.
It’s extremely important (especially for women) to get enough calcium throughout your life, especially after menopause.
Nutritionists recommend that you try to get most of your calcium from calcium-rich foods, rather than from calcium supplements. It’s also important to note that if the pouches caused by diverticulosis rupture and become infected, it results in a more severe condition called diverticulitis. In addition, dry beans, which can be used as a meat substitute, are a good source of protein and are non-fat. Because it is extremely difficult to eat a diet that is completely trans fat-free without decreasing other nutrient intakes, just aim to keep your intake of trans fat as low as possible.

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