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admin | Boot Camp Training Routines | 28.06.2015
In humans, the super B complex refers to eight B vitamins that are considered to be essential for life.
Just like vitamin C, the B vitamins are water soluble (meaning they leave the body in urine) so they are only in our system for a matter of hours at a time. The great part about vitamins and dietary supplements is that it often is possible to use “human” versions as long as the dosage is converted over to your dogs weight (at least when it comes to water soluble vitamins, like B complex).
Vitamins are essential organic substances that are needed in small amounts in the diet for the normal function, growth, and maintenance of body tissues. Unlike fat-soluble vitamins, water-soluble vitamins are easily lost during cooking and processing.
Populations at risk of vitamin-B6 deficiency include alcoholics and elderly persons who consume an inadequate diet. Folacin or folate, as it is usually called, is the form of vitamin B9 naturally present in foods, whereas folic acid is the synthetic form added to fortified foods and supplements.
All forms of this vitamin are readily converted to the coenzyme form called tetrahydrofolate (THFA), which plays a key role in transferring single-carbon methyl units during the synthesis of DNA and RNA, and in interconversions of amino acids. Vitamin B12 is found in its free-vitamin form, called cyanocobalamin, and in two active coenzyme forms. Vitamin B12 is efficiently conserved in the body, since most of it is secreted into bile and reabsorbed.
Vitamin B12 coenzymes help recycle folate coenzymes involved in the synthesis of DNA and RNA, and in the normal formation of red blood cells. Vitamin-B12 deficiency results in pernicious anemia, which is caused by a genetic problem in the production of intrinsic factor. Since vitamin B12 is well conserved in the body, it is difficult to become deficient from dietary factors alone, unless a person is a strict vegan and consumes a diet devoid of eggs and dairy for several years.
For many years, choline was not considered a vitamin because the body makes enough of it to meet its needs in most age groups. Vitamin C is needed to form and maintain collagen, a fibrous protein that gives strength to connective tissues in skin, cartilage, bones, teeth, and joints. Minerals and vitamins are called micro-nutrients as they are needed in much smaller quantities than the other nutrients.
Vitamins are organic compounds that mainly help with the breakdown and use of food in the body. Just like in humans, these eight B vitamins support various functions in a dogs body, including the nervous system, circulatory system, metabolism, skin, eyes, mouth, reproduction system, fur, and more. Because many of these work best in synergy (together) it is considered a better choice to take a super B complex, rather than using them individually.

The body does not store excess quantities of most water-soluble vitamins, so foods bearing them must be consumed frequently. In studies, experimentally induced deficiency in humans has resulted in headache, fatigue, impaired muscle coordination, abdominal cramps, and vomiting.
It is commonly found in two forms: the free vitamin and the protein-bound coenzyme form called biocytin. Individuals taking medication to treat Parkinson's disease or tuberculosis may take extra vitamin B6 with physician supervision.
Absorption of vitamin B12 requires the presence of intrinsic factor, a protein synthesized by acid-producing cells of the stomach. Vitamin B12 prevents degeneration of the myelin sheaths that cover nerves and help maintain normal electrical conductivity through the nerves.
However, it was not until nearly 200 years later that ascorbic acid, or vitamin C, was discovered. The best places to buy them are online vitamin stores because you can buy higher quality supplements for less than even the cheap store-brand version.
With exception of vitamin B6 and B12, they are readily excreted in urine without appreciable storage, so frequent consumption becomes necessary. Vitamin B12 is stable when heated and slowly loses its activity when exposed to light, oxygen, and acid or alkaline environments. Unlike folate deficiency, the anemia caused by vitamin-B12 deficiency is accompanied by symptoms of nerve degeneration, which if left untreated can result in paralysis and death. Choline is not considered a B vitamin because it does not have a coenzyme function and the amount in the body is much greater than other B vitamins. When added to meals, vitamin C increases intestinal absorption of iron from plant-based foods. Vitamins are classified into two groups – fat soluble, such as vitamins A and D, and water soluble, such as vitamin C and the vitamin B complex. There are two main types – saturated fats, which are usually solids and come from animal sources, and polyunsaturated fats, found mostly in seed oils, these are liquids at room temperature.
The other benefit of buying human vitamins is that you can find natural versions, which are rarely available in “dog” vitamins.
They are generally nontoxic when present in excess of needs, although symptoms may be reported in people taking megadoses of niacin, vitamin C, or pyridoxine (vitamin B6). Vitamin B6 is not stable in heat or in alkaline conditions, so cooking and food processing reduce its content in food. These groups are advised to consume fortified foods or take a supplemental form of vitamin B12.

In a reducing reaction, the electron in the hydrogen atom donated by vitamin C combines with other participating molecules, making vitamin C a reducing agent, essential to the activity of many enzymes. High concentration of vitamin C in white blood cells enables the immune system to function properly by providing protection against oxidative damage from free radicals generated during their action against bacterial, viral, or fungal infections. Starchy carbohydrates provide bulk to our diet and can also contain additional nutrients such as protein, vitamins and minerals.
Excess intake of fats has become a serious health concern and saturated fats in particular have been found to raise blood cholesterol contributing to the risk of heart disease. All the B vitamins function as coenzymes or cofactors, assisting in the activity of important enzymes and allowing energy-producing reactions to proceed normally. Biotincontaining coenzymes participate in key reactions that produce energy from carbohydrate and synthesize fatty acids and protein. By neutralizing free radicals, vitamin C may reduce the risk of heart disease, certain forms of cancer, and cataracts.
Vitamin C also recycles oxidized vitamin E for reuse in cells, and it helps folic acid convert to its active form, (THF). Current government advice recommends reducing the amount of fat in the diet, particularly saturated fats. As a result, any lack of water-soluble vitamins mostly affects growing or rapidly metabolizing tissues such as skin, blood, the digestive tract, and the nervous system.
Coenzyme A is essential for the formation of energy as adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from carbohydrate, protein, alcohol, and fat. Vitamin C helps synthesize carnitine, adrenaline, epinephrine, the neurotransmitter serotonin, the thyroid hormone thyroxine, bile acids, and steroid hormones. Nutrients are classified into five main groups, proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals. Coenzyme A is also important in the synthesis of fatty acids, cholesterol, steroids, and the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which is essential for transmission of nerve impulses to muscles. If the body exhausts its available carbohydrate and fat, then protein from the diet or body tissue can be used as a source of energy.

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