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admin | Exercise Routine To Lose Weight | 26.04.2015
Even within the borders of one of the world’s top agricultural countries, healthy food can be hard to come by. The top two maps at the right show the proximity of full-line grocers to two groups for whom healthy food is often difficult to procure: low-income households and those without access to a vehicle.
High rates of obesity and diabetes have spurred research to understand the causes and to identify prevention strategies. This study examined food store available within Mecklenburg County census block groups (CBG) to determine the existence of food deserts.
Elizabeth Racine is an assistant professor at UNC Charlotte in the Department of Health and Human Services. If you value the work of the UNC Charlotte Institute as we analyze trends in the Charlotte region and the Carolinas, consider a tax-deductible gift to to help sustain our operations. This landscape is part of the reason why Collins has helped support recent legislation in her state to lure those grocers back with grants and loans. Under the USDA’s definition, a food desert exists when a census tract has a poverty rate of least 20 percent (or median family income is less than 80 percent of the statewide average) and at least 500 people or 33 percent of the population is located one mile (in urban areas) or 10 miles (in rural areas) from a large grocery store or supermarket. A lack of convenient access to stores with a variety of foods, including fresh fruits and vegetables, can contribute to a poor diet and resulting health complications. In order to improve access to healthy food and improve the negative health consequences associated with living in food deserts, 12 states (including Illinois and Michigan) have passed legislation since 2001. Communities made up of mostly African-American or Latino residents are more likely to have poor food balance scores, the research showed. Gallagher also studied the impact that reduced access to healthy food had on the well-being of residents living in food deserts.
What he saw growing, however, was the number of diabetes and dialysis centers — which treat complications from unhealthy lifestyles, including poor diet.
Evans helped shape Pennsylvania’s Fresh Food Financing Initiative, a groundbreaking approach to ending food deserts that has since been replicated all over the country. The Fresh Food Financing Initiative began in 2006 with a state appropriation of $30 million over three years. While the finances were handled by TRF, applications for the program were fielded by The Food Trust, a nonprofit organization that collected data on underserved areas of the state. The Fresh Food Financing Initiative has now completed its cycle of giving grants to retailers, although it still offers loans to entrepreneurs through a revolving fund. But the program has continued to have an impact by spurring similar actions in four other states (California, Illinois, New York and New Jersey) and the city of New Orleans. And The Food Trust recently convened task forces in eight additional states (including Minnesota) with support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. In 2009, she helped pass the Local Food, Farms and Jobs Act, which focused on improving health and spurring economic development by bringing Illinois-grown produce to residents of the state. As part of a larger capital bill passed by the legislature in 2009, the state is investing $10 million in capital funding to launch the Fresh Food Fund. The Illinois program began taking applications in October; recipients will be able to use grants and loans to purchase land, build a new facility, renovate a current business or upgrade equipment.
In addition to the efforts now being implemented in Illinois, four other Midwestern states have looked at ways to improve access to healthy, affordable food.
Minnesota is among the eight states that have assembled task forces to look at implementing programs similar to Pennsylvania’s groundbreaking Fresh Food Fund.
Real Food Farms educates students at a Clifton Park area elementary school about nutrition and farming through hands-on activities in its farmers market food truck. A food desert is a community where retailers offering fresh food are scarce, but fast-food restaurants and convenience stores selling prepared foods are plentiful. If a mother living in the heart of Oliver wants to buy fresh spinach and cucumbers for a salad, she has two options: Local grocery store Food Depot, or Safeway.


Health experts wonder if lack of access to healthy food can be linked to higher rates of obesity, diabetes and heart disease among the poor. Several times a week, volunteers fill up the farm’s big, green truck with produce and drive around to the communities that surround the park. The cost of this food is offset by grants Civic Works receives from the government, private donations and the fact that they use volunteer laborers. A BYU student interning in Paris was attending a highly anticipated soccer match between France and Germany on Friday when attacks that claimed at least 120 lives began.
From the mountains to the deserts, Utah has become a the place for celebrities with cash to spare. Many Americans reside in food deserts—communities where retailers offering fresh food are scarce but fast-food restaurants and convenience stores selling prepared foods can abound. Scientists are still exploring the links between food deserts and health by investigating how the nonavailability of fresh food may spur obesity, diabetes and other diet-related conditions.
Evaluation of the neighborhood environment as it relates to food access is a growing area of research. We examined the types of foods in stores and classified those that offer fresh produce, fresh meat, fresh dairy, and processed foods as full service food stores.
Food stores were verified by phone or on-site inspection to determine that they were open for business and to obtain information about the types of food sold in each store. Yes, we found that CBG with higher proportions of Asian and Hispanic residents are likely to have more full service and non full service food stores. Yes, CBG with full service food stores had a lower rate of premature death to heart disease. Jacqueline Collins remembers when her legislative district on Chicago’s South Side had plenty of grocery stores and family restaurants. Seven others (including Nebraska and Ohio) have introduced bills that are pending or did not pass. The results were troubling; she found that death rates due to diabetes and cardiovascular disease were more than twice as high in communities with the poorest food balance. TRF leveraged the state’s initial investment and more than tripled it with private funds. And while the grocery industry is one that operates on small profit margins, retailers participating in the Fresh Food Fund have a lower rate of closure than average. Congress also include efforts to address food deserts through grants and loans for grocers. Collins has been leading the charge to address the food desert issue in her home state of Illinois. Collins says that she and other policymakers are working to make sure that funds are made available to a range of types of businesses — from large chain stores to smaller, independent grocers. To be eligible, the store must serve fresh meats and produce, and it must be located in a rural or underserved area. Under the legislation, the state would have contributed $150,000 annually to the program, which would have provided grants for new grocery stores, the development of farmers’ markets and other initiatives designed to distribute healthy food to communities in need. Dave Heineman, who said in his veto message that while he supports efforts to promote access to healthy food, the legislation would duplicate federal programs available for this purpose. SB 288 would have provided a 10 percent income-tax credit to retailers serving fresh foods.
A 2009 USDA study on food deserts found that about 5.8 million Americans live at least half a mile from a full-service grocery store and are without access to a vehicle. In response to these issues, community activists are pioneering ways to bring healthy, affordable fruits and vegetables to the people who need them most.
In 2009, the city of Baltimore gave an organization named Civic Works the rights to start an urban farm in the park, which they named the Real Food Farm.


One 2006 study found an association between the presence of supermarkets and lower obesity rates. Many studies have found that residents in low income and minority communities have poor access to grocery stores and healthy food products. We found that half of the residents in Mecklenburg County do not have a full service food store in their CBG. There are 72,793 residents living in these food deserts, with a median income of approximately $31,000; one third of the residents are SNAP participants and the majority live in the northwest section of Charlotte. We also found that the number of food stores increases as the proportion of Black, Hispanic and Asian residents increases.
Each full service food store in a CBG is associated with 23 fewer premature deaths to heart disease per 100,000 residents. While they do not have close access to a full service food store, many have access to non full service stores. And in the Auburn-Gresham neighborhood, for example, she counts just two full-service, sit-down restaurants. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention research, people living in food deserts are more likely to shop at stores that have limited food options and that mostly offer processed foods that are high in sugar and fat. He remembers seeing large grocery stores when he was growing up, and he even worked in one of them as a young man.
The funds were then used to provide loans and grants to eligible recipients to help defray the costs of everything from construction and equipment to employee recruitment and training. Fresh food isn't just being brought into food deserts; organizers of these projects are also doing everything they can to make their produce affordable for their low-income customers.
Finally we examined whether the concentration of food stores was associated with these demographic and health characteristics. To measure the concentration of less healthy to healthier stores, a ratio between non full service stores and full service stores that accept SNAP benefits was created.
While the food desert census block groups do not have full service stores many do have non full service stores. The food store ratio was greater in census blocks with more Black residents and lower in census blocks with more White residents. We also found that the food store ratio was associated with premature deaths to heart disease. The community is plagued by crime, drugs, racial rioting, underperforming schools and abandoned houses. Currently if a customer uses the dollar-matching program, $5 will get them a few pounds of sweet potatoes, three bunches of cooking greens, a pint of onions, a head of garlic and some apples from a local orchard. Food deserts are areas with no nutritious food stores, generally in low income neighborhoods. As the number of non full service stores increase in relation to full service food stores in a CBG there are 18 more premature deaths to heart disease per 100,000 residents.
Initiatives to improve the availability of full service stores in food deserts may benefit the health of citizens residing in these communities. And if that wasn't enough, the residents of Oliver live in one of the worst food deserts in America. In addition, research suggests that areas with a high concentration of food stores may also be associated with poor health. The availability of full service food stores and other types of food stores was not related to the premature death rate to diabetes.



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