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Get a print subscription to Reader's Digest and instantly enjoy free digital access on any device. With temperatures rising and mosquitoes—the main spreaders of the disease—getting more common, it’s easy to get anxious about growing cases in America.
Most infected people don’t show symptoms of the Zika virus and probably won’t even realize they have the virus.
In order for an outbreak to happen in the United States, an Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus mosquito would have to bite someone within the first week that person became infected. The largest outbreaks thus far (in places like Brazil, Mexico, and Colombia) have fewer window screens and air conditioners to protect against mosquitoes, CDC Director Tom Frieden has said.
The CDC recommends only that pregnant women, who could pass the virus to infants and potentially cause birth defects, avoid regions that have had Zika outbreaks. People who have already contracted Zika virus once are likely immune from getting infected again. Although Zika can pass from mother to child during pregnancy, there is little concern for women who become pregnant after returning from a visit to an affected country. The CDC has travel notices for countries and territories in the Americas, the Caribbean and the Pacific Islands such as Mexico, Jamaica, the U.S. It’s unclear whether women can pass the virus sexually, but Zika stays in semen longer than in blood. Spreading the Zika virus to a fetus while pregnant or at delivery can result in microcephaly, brain defects, impaired growth, eye defects, and hearing problems. We will use your email address to send you the newsletter each week, and we may also send you occasional special offers from Reader's Digest. Anyone who has ever observed a drunken person has most likely noted changes in expected normal behaviour.
However, Paul notes that these effects were not long-lasting and that they eventually wore off after some time once he stopped drinking.
Whereas alcohol use doesn’t kill brain cells, it can damage the end of neurons, which are called dendrites. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is associated with high alcohol consumption while pregnant and is characterized by mental and physical defects to the child. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) is a condition which describes a range of permanent birth defects which occur in a child due to maternal consumption of alcohol during pregnancy. According to the American college of Obstetrics and Gynecology, pregnant women should not take any form of alcohol. Beyond infancy, prenatal alcohol exposure can make kids have learning and reading disabilities, low frustration tolerance and inadequate social boundaries.
Ted runs the risk of suffering from serious and persistent damage to his brain, either directly or indirectly due to his heavy and long-term exposure to alcohol. Hepatic encephalopathy causes changes in a person’s sleep patterns, personality and mood. According to US National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, up to 80% of alcoholics suffer from Thiamine deficiency.
The cerebellum is the part of the brain that suffers most damage in connection to heavy alcohol consumption. She has a condition which has been linked to the virus called microcephaly, meaning her head is smaller than expected, usually indicating brain development problems.


The only ways Zika can be spread from human to human are through sexual contact or from mother to child during pregnancy.
The most common effects are mild—rashes, fever, sore joints and red eyes—and usually last about a week.
Then it would need to survive long enough—they usually live about three weeks—for the virus to multiply before biting someone else. Temperature-controlled areas with more bug prevention make it harder for bugs to bite as much. Plus, mosquitoes usually don’t live at altitudes of more than 6,500 feet, so areas at high elevation shouldn’t be a concern, even in countries home to virus-carrying mosquitoes.
Anyone who’s had the disease before is immune, and the virus usually lasts about a week in an infected person. The CDC recommends refraining from sex (including oral sex) or using a condom for at least eight weeks after coming home to reduce the risk of sexually transmitting the disease. If you travel to an area with a Zika outbreak, talk to a doctor, even if you aren’t showing signs of the virus—though it’s especially important if you develop symptoms within two weeks after your return.
National Institutes of Health, several factors influence how alcohol affects a person’s brain.
At first she dismissed it as just a phase, until she eventually became pregnant and came face to face with her alcohol dependence. The main effect of FAS is permanent damage to the central nervous system, especially the brain. This can interfere with the development of the baby’s critical organs, the brain included. In the United States, prenatal exposure to alcohol is the most common yet 100% preventable cause of birth defects. Teenagers may suffer from continuous learning difficulties, anxiety, depression and inappropriate social behavior. Thiamine, also known as vitamin B1, is an essential nutrient necessary to all body tissues including the brain. Its symptoms include persistent learning and memory problems, low frustration tolerance and difficulty in walking and coordination.
The virus was passed from her mother, who was diagnosed in Honduras before traveling to New Jersey, where she has family, to seek treatment. It is also possible to pass during blood transfusion, though no cases of that have been reported in the United States. Even though Aedes aegypti, the mosquito species that spreads most Zika cases, is concentrated in Hawaii and along the Gulf Coast, no American mosquitoes have been determined to cause any infections. If you’re visiting a country that’s had an outbreak, it’s worth protecting yourself from short-term symptoms and to prevent U.S. Effects of alcohol on other brain areas include an inhibitory effect on cerebral cortex thus altering thought processes, decreasing inhibition and increasing threshold to pain. Whereas binge drinking and regular heavy drinking poses the highest risk, even lesser amounts of alcohol can cause damage, including drinking at the earliest stages of pregnancy, before the woman even realises she is pregnant. This causes a range of developmental, cognitive and behavioural problems, which mostly lasts a lifetime. Once in his teen-hood, he experimented with different types of alcohol from beer, wine and distilled spirits.


Its symptoms include mental confusion, difficulty in muscle coordination and oculomotor disturbances (paralysis of the nerves that move the eyes). Ironically, a Korsakoff’s psychosis alcoholic may discuss a past event in their life in great detail, yet a short while later forget ever having the discussion.
In rare cases the virus has been linked with brain and spinal cord infections, but scientists are still investigating the connection. Stunted fetal growth and weight prenatally and after birth as well as central nervous system abnormalities are also part of FASD diagnosis. Unfortunately, he couldn’t control his drinking and eventually he became a heavy drinker.
Though patients suffering from this condition may not exhibit all the symptoms at the same time, the disorder may be present even with one or two of the symptoms. The biggest concern is the birth defects that Zika virus has been found to cause when women become infected during pregnancy. On a few occasions, he has drunk heavily and suffered from short-term memory impairments and blackout whereby he could not clearly remember what happened nor account for his actions. Inhibition of secretion of Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) of the pituitary gland affects urine excretion. Breathing and heart rate is depressed due to inhibition of the neural functioning of the medulla. His friends are also heavy drinkers and to him, binge drinking is more of a usual rather than a rare occurrence.
Alcohol-damaged liver cells allow toxic substances like ammonia and manganese to pass into the brain and harm brain cells. I must admit the results can be a bit deceiving because the reference line and test line colors are so similar. Here are top ways to avoid getting bitten by a Zika virus mosquito, plus weird things mosquitoes hate. Alcohol also alters the functioning in the cerebellum, which coordinates movement and some forms of learning. The first time I used the First Response OPT I had to compare my results with the example in the instruction booklet AND online. I didn't know if they would work, but I thought I would give it a shot, since I was pretty sure of when I ovulated anyway. Well, according to these, I ovulated earlier than I thought, and I am proud to say that my husband & I are expecting our first baby in January! I took this test on the four most fertile days of my cycle, and the test never detected an LH surge.
One month I use it to learn when was my ovulation date since I had been taking the pill for a long period, the next month we used it to get pregnant and worked!



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