Laconia Little League
General Info on Umpiring
CANNOT warm up pitcher during practice, games, or in bull pen
MUST have a dangling throat protector
can warm up pitcher with full mask, including dangler, but need not
have chest protector and shin guards
vs. short model chest protector; long required in baseball majors and
below; either is allowed in softball, and baseball juniors and above
defense all coaches must stay in dugout – no coaches on the field (a
league may allow some exceptions for younger divisions)
least ONE coach MUST be in dugout at ALL times for ALL levels
(bats, gloves, etc), cannot be left laying on the field during game
painted helmets, no stickers on helmets except those provided by
- Tie goes to the runner – 7.08(e) “A
runner is out when…
failing to reach the next base BEFORE a fielder tags said
runner or the base after that runner has been forced to advance by reason
of the batter becoming a runner.”
- The hands are part of the bat – if
a batter is hit in the hands, umpire must judge where hands were at time
of contact (in strike zone or not) and whether or not batter was making an
attempt to hit the ball
- The plate umpire can overrule a base
umpire’s call – only the umpire making a call can change his/her call
if he/she so chooses
- Batter must “pull back” on a bunt
attempt when the ball is outside the strike zone – page 50, bunt) “…is
a batted ball not swung at, but intentionally met with the bat and tapped
slowly.”, (page 54, strike a) “is struck at by the batter and is missed”;
umpire must judge as to whether the batter made an “attempt” at the ball.
- Runner running out of the baseline is
automatically out – see 7.08 (a) 1; runner makes their baseline and
that baseline begins at the point a fielder has the ball and is attempting
to make a tag on the runner.
- Runner must slide – 7.08 (a) 3
“…out when… runner does not slide OR ATTEMPT TO GET AROUND A FIELDER who
has the ball and is waiting to make the tag”
- Batter must turn right after passing
first base or can be tagged out; umpire must judge whether runner made
an attempt to go to second before deciding to return to first base
Speed of play
seconds from last put out until start of play for the next inning – warm
up pitches 8.03
players on and off field, tell managers to have catchers ready; another
player with full helmet gear may warm up pitcher while catcher gears up;
no catcher, no warm-up pitches!
umpire can hold spare ball during warm ups and toss to pitcher or catcher
if ball gets past catcher; also, on foul ball which catcher or fielder is
chasing down, throw spare ball to pitcher
go talk to coaches/other umpires/manager/spectators during inning change;
get a quick drink, clean off the plate, and play ball!
must be on the line to call; one umpire ONLY; no voice for fair
catch; indicate/call all catches, but be
particularly loud and vocal on any where they may be doubt; one umpire
ONLY; “I’ve got a catch” or “That’s a catch” (signal OUT), vs. “No Catch!”
Know who is responsible for a call
– one umpire, one call; do NOT offer “help” on a call unless asked!
it down! There is no need to make a
call the instant something happens.
“Pause, Read, React”. Tell yourself;
“yes that was an out”, or “yes, he/she is safe”, THEN make the call. For balls/strikes, wait for ball to hit
glove, say “yes, that was a strike” or “no, that was a ball”, then call
in doubt on fair/foul, let it play out.
If it was foul, you can fix it.
If you call if foul but it was fair, you can’t fix it.
Infield Fly –
must be catchable with “ordinary effort”.
Keep in mind there is no such thing as “ordinary effort” in minors and
below! Know whether infield fly is in
effect before the pitch and indicate as such to your partner (usually finger to
bill of hat, or fist to chest)
to left of catcher (for right-handed batter, right side for left-handed
batter) between and in back of catcher and batter
NO LOWER than chin just above top of catcher’s head
person should not have enough room to walk between catcher and plate
should be fairly wide, depending on your height. You need not squat down very far.
lean in, try to squat straight down (you will have a slight lean)
in FRONT of you. Use hand behind
catcher to “lock in”; the other hand should be loose (don’t make a fist or
lock it in place)
is ALWAYS held in left hand. Take
off mask with LEFT hand.
- DO NOT
MOVE YOUR HEAD! Follow the pitch
from pitcher’s hands all the way to the glove WITH YOUR EYES!
balls while DOWN. Stand up (do not
move feet) to call strikes. Then
step back and relax between each pitch.
count of balls with left hand, strikes with right, and indicate with hands
above shoulders, facing toward the pitcher; full count is 3 balls, 2
strikes, not all fingers down!
number of outs down to your side; indicate fairly often, especially if no
scoreboard, or scoreboard is wrong; base umpire should echo outs
(one base umpire)
Position with nobody on
Position with runner on first only
Position with runners in any other combination of bases
for runners leaving early (baseball and softball majors and below;
softball juniors and above can leave when ball leaves pitcher’s hand)
for tag-ups on catches
for balks/illegal pitches
plays – make sure fielder has secure possession of the ball and has
thrown/released the ball before turning to watch the play at the base to
which the fielder has thrown
whether play is a force or not; on tag plays, make sure fielder has secure
possession of the ball before calling runner out.
60’ diamond, if the ball is hit to the outfield (on the ground or in the
air) you’re IN; if the ball is hit to the infield, you’re OUT.
plate umpire with check swing requests
plate umpire with foul balls hit off the batter while in the box; plate
umpire can’t always see these; give plate umpire a chance to call this,
but if not, YOU call it!
to the ball; don’t “ball watch” but have an awareness of where the ball is
at all times; NEVER turn your back on the ball (or it will hit you in the
back of the head).
- Do NOT
signal OUT/SAFE UNLESS you have the ball and a runner; no need to signal
if no play was being made on the runner, or if the ball was thrown past