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Helen Lloyd recorded 100 life-stories for the BBC Millennium oral history project, The Century Speaks, and made a series of 16 radio programmes, which won the Commission for Racial Equalitya€™s Race in the Media Award in 2000. On Journeys (Heinemann Library, 2002): childrena€™s book, in series What was it like in the past? Helen recorded and edited all audio used in the tour and exhibition room of the National Trust Back to Backs.A  She used this audio plus new interviews to make a CD for the National Trust, Memories of Back to Backs.
Helen made 20 audio installations for the London Canal Museum, edited from interviews recorded by volunteers.A  She presents further extracts from interviews on the museum website. 100 life-stories recorded for Helen Lloyda€™s BBC radio series, The Century Speaks, are in British Library Sound Archivea€™s Millennium Memory Bank.A  10 extracts can be heard on British Librarya€™s website. This case report sheet details injuries suffered by Christy Ring at a match in Nowlan Park, Kilkenny, in March 1958.
Many volunteers incurred personal financial losses in their roles within the GAA, as portrayed by this letter from a Donegal County Board Secretary.
The expectations placed on county players are illustrated in this note requesting Joe Corcoran of Mayo to attend a team function in the Imperial Hotel at 7.30pm on Saturday night and team training the following day at 3pm.
An extract from the 1975 GAA publication Dressingrooms and Social Centres for GAA Clubs highlights the importance of voluntary labour to the development of club facilities. The London Canal Museum website includes 21 minute audio feature, edited and presented by Helen Lloyd, and other interviews recorded by volunteers and edited by Helen.A  She also produced 20 audio installations inside museum. 100 of Helena€™s interviews for her radio series, The Century Speaks, are in the British Librarya€™s Millennium Memory Bank.A 10 extracts can be heard on the British Librarya€™s website. Others “tried to crash the doors of the House gallery while members of the lower chamber still were in session.” Marchers also congregated in the Rotunda. Redmond Football Club shows that the cost of affiliation in 1889 was the substantial sum of ten shillings.
Kerry, illustrates one of the ways that clubs attempted to raise funds in their localities. Gaelic players could, and often did, miss substantial periods of work as a result of injuries received during matches or training. Outside the building, veterans pitched tents on the grounds and rousing speeches were given on the wide steps of the Capitol. Admittedly, communists and “communist sympathizers” were involved in the demonstrations as indicated by the banner. Richard Seller, chairman of the Progressive Citizens of America which organized the march acknowledged the presence of communists to the Sunday Olympian A.P. During the Depression era, several decidedly left-wing activists were elected and served for several sessions. They attempted to introduce measures to address the economic hardships suffered by many during these lean years and to restructure the economy for “production for use,” not profit. The dire economic conditions of the time and then the national emergency of wartime moved the Legislature to respond with liberalized social programs to support those in need—the aged, the poor, the disabled—and those who had served the nation in the military. Large demonstrations at the Capitol by the Washington Pension Union (WPU) and others during these years both exemplified the extent of the crises and exerted pressure on legislators to find solutions.


Several initiative drives promoted increased pensions and other governmental supports that stretched the state budget and transformed the traditional notions of the role of the state in the economic well-being of its citizens.
Soon, worries about the ambitions of the Soviet Union began to overshadow national life, to deepen into the Cold War.
In this context, the state elections of 1946 returned seventy-one Republican House members to twenty-eight Democrats, an increase of thirty-five members for the Republicans. The Senate was tied at twenty-three members for each party, an increase of nine senators for the Republicans. One of the newly elected House Republicans was Albert Canwell, representing part of Spokane. He campaigned on a platform of concern about the spread of communism, not just in Europe, but right here in Washington State. He was convinced that the increased state social programs were both sign and symptom of the infiltration of communists in public life and he vowed to investigate the situation. Bailey: In 1946, there was a swing back to the right—kind of a post-war reaction where people turn toward the conservative side. Looking back I feel there was a concern of the average person about some of the radical elements.
The Cold War had come on rapidly and people were getting concerned that Russia might take over Europe completely. And believe it or not, these radical people in our party didn’t think that there was any danger. They represented a reaction that was coming one way or another and had broad support when the movement started.
And only later did public opinion change…With the problems that we had in 1947, I would say that it would be awfully hard for members of the Legislature to vote against looking into communist infiltration, without being accused of being a communist themselves. Canwell: To reiterate and expand a little on what I mentioned earlier, to my best recollection, one day I was covering a sit-down meeting of Senator Ed Beck and Jim Haggin, a labor leader.
I heard about it and I think I called Ashley Holden and told him he might want to be there.
So we observed this activity and I think that somewhere along the line I discussed in some depth the communist penetration locally with Ashley, plus what the situation was statewide. He was informed on that because of his Seattle activity. We discussed that and, as always, like everybody else, I thought something should be done about it and at that time, he said, in effect, “Well, why don’t you do something about it? And I said, “Well, I’m doing what I can. They told somebody else, wanted somebody else to do the job, some other mouse to bell the cat. Of course, I pooh-poohed the idea because I was a Republican living in a strong Democrat district and, more than that, a left-wing Democrat district, such communists as Ed Beck representing that district in the Senate. But either then or shortly after, he ran a story to the effect that I was going to run for the Legislature, or I might run, and I knew something about communism.
Canwell: Yes, he wrote it, I think, as though I were a possibility, or that I might be induced to run, or something along that line.
And as the thing shaped up, I had no idea that I could be elected in that district and I didn’t work too hard at it. Mr.


Canwell: There was a pretty good response and some of the Republican leadership contacted me to see if I would be interested.
I hadn’t paid too much attention to it. So in 1947, Jim Blodgett and Canwell obtained the Republican nomination for that district. Frederick: You were running then on a “got to do something about the communist threat” platform? Mr.
He handled politics and was probably the major reason why Harry Truman stood out in front of the building and pointed it out as one of the two worst newspapers in America. But a series of stories followed.
136-137) On February 26, 1947, Representatives Canwell and Stevens introduced House Concurrent Resolution 10 which called for an “investigation of subversive activities.” The resolution was sent to the Committee on Military and Naval Affairs, chaired by George Kinnear, where it was amended and brought back to the House on March 1.
After only a brief discussion, the resolution was advanced to final passage and was overwhelmingly approved. The resolution was sent to the Senate on March 5 and pushed forward in the process by Senator Bienz, who chaired the Military, Naval and Veteran’s Affairs Committee. It passed that committee without amendment and was handily passed by the Senate 33-12 with one member absent. Mr. Frederick: Albert, as you had the opportunity to spend some time in those earlier days in the session and to attend caucus meetings in the House, what could you define as the Republican agenda for that session? Mr. Canwell: It seems to me, and did all along the way, that the Republicans were interested in an economy approach. To understand that one should probably understand that a great many families in the state, and particularly, to my awareness in Eastern Washington, were sending their sons and daughters to the University of Washington, an advantage that they themselves had never had, and were very anxious to provide formal advanced education to their children. And in so doing they were coming back spouting lines that were completely unacceptable to the people who were paying the bill. There was a great deal of unrest and complaint and trying to determine who was responsible. There were those who wanted to go down to the University and take some of these professors out and make an example of them.
The University of Washington particularly had become, not only a local, but a national scandal. It was hitting hard at the heart of what the people wanted in education and wanted for their sons and daughters.
So, there was constant pressure on legislators to get with it and do something. It was not too difficult for me to get legislators to come to a meeting in one of our committee rooms, or somewhere where we had the space, and discuss the possibility of producing legislation touching on this issue.
There were pretty wild people, too, who wanted to just cut the University’s budget off right at the ankles. And there were others who wanted to do all kinds of things, but nobody was coming up with an answer.
I might read the copies of legislation that we had acquired from other states pointing out what the national Congress was doing and what the possible solutions to the problem might be.



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