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As I mentioned earlier, the computer without software (or firmware) is essentially useless. Before I go any further, I should tell you that you should not go into the BIOS unless you either know what you're doing or you're working on a computer that is unimportant to you or anyone who may need it. To get to the BIOS screen, you have to follow the instructions when the computer just starts to boot. The image above is a Flash graphic so you can right-click and zoom in on it.You can click HERE to open it in a new window. If you're running a RAID hard drive configuration, clearing the CMOS will remove the RAID settings and the system will not boot until the RAID array has been reconfigured. The 'Integrated Peripherals' page deals with the parameters of the drive and PCI controllers. The Super IO IC is the interface between the southbridge and the serial, parallel and IR (InfraRed) ports. This page tells you several things including the processor's core temperature, the system temperature, the operating speed of two fans and two of the power supply voltages. Note: When starting a newly assembled system, it's a good idea to visit this page (above) as soon as you boot the system. The 'auto Detect' setting determines whether the system clock (oscillator not time clock) is on or off when there is no memory or PCI card in the slot. The 'Load Fail-safes' option will set all of the BIOS parameters to the settings that are least likely to cause problems. This is similar the the fail-safes settings but it sets the BIOS parameters to those which are most likely to provide the most stable operation. To save the new values and exit, you can either scroll to here and hit ENTER or you can hit F10. The following is not exactly a step_by_step tutorial but it will show you basically what's involved with a raid setup. When setting up a pair of drives in RAID 0, the Windows will no longer see them as two drives. When your computer boots, it will get to a screen that allows you to enter the RAID setup utility. After rebooting, on this computer, I had to go into the BIOS (after setting up the RAID array) and set the boot priority.
If you don't see a RAID array listed and instead you see the individual drives that you set up (or tried to set up) as an array, the array is not properly configured and you need to go through the procedure again. If you're installing the system with only one drive or array and there is only 'one' copy of the OS, the computer will probably select the proper drive as the boot drive. If you're interested in air rifles, this site will introduce you to the types of rifles available and many of the things you'll need to know to shoot accurately. This site helps anyone new to computers and anyone with a basic understanding of computers with a desire to learn more about the internal components of a computer. 18 SIMPLE FIX for all BROM ERROR, FIX for ALL SP Flash Tool Errors, Mobile Firmware Upgrade Error, STEP-BY-STEP PROCESS, EASY ERROR FIX with Video. Brom Error – Your mobile phone (Android, iPhone, or any phone ) may be dead after you upgrade SP Flash Tool or any updates.
Flash tool upgrade progress bar not moving from 0%, flashtool error codes, Flashtools errors and fix, How to fix, BROM Error, how to fix, brom error s_ft_enable_dram_fail (4032), How To Unbrick all mobile phones, List of SP BROM error, List of SP Flash Tool error, mobile firmware Upgrade, SP Flash Tool error, SP Flash Tool Error Code, SP Flash Tool for China mobile, Sp Tool DRAM Error, Sptool Flash, What is BROM Error. You can try downloading preloader and move it to target_bin folder and rename or move checksum.ini from target_bin. In this case, your device only show charging symbol but flash tool progressing bar not increase from 0%, this mean the necessary drivers is not installed properly.
Fix : This error occurs that the incomplete load of the flash file, Just reopen the sp flash tool, and keep on your flash process.
Fix : Try to install MTP driver, if does not work, Uninstall the driver and reinstall it again or reinstall your computer. Fix : Press the volume down button (key to reduce volume), then it can trigger the yellow bar progress continue. Fix : If you encounter this error, you need to click the “firmware-upgrade” to start flash. Fix : Make sure scatter file, folder and etc have legit name format, without contains any unique character. Fix : Format your device, but don’t format the bootloader and then try to flashing files again using download button, but sometime firmware ? I hope this guide will help you to fix brom error, Sp Tool DRAM Error, flashtool error codes, Flashtools errors and fix, Sptool Flash, SP Flash Tool error, SP Flash Tool Error Code, mobile firmware Upgrade, How To Unbrick all mobile phones.
Hi my name is Natalie and I just wanted to send you a quick note here instead of calling you. Comments are moderated, and will not appear on this weblog until the author has approved them.


While it's relatively difficult to destroy data by changing values in the BIOS, it IS easy to make changes that would prevent the computer from booting. The appearance and features of the various BIOS configurations from various manufacturers vary significantly. Super-boot allows the computer to start faster by storing certain basic system information in memory. As was stated previously, clearing the CMOS memory restores the system to what it was when the system was powered up for the first time. This won't cause any problems but could be annoying if you have to find the sweet-spot for the system.
If this happens and you don't know how to reconfigure the RAID array, try to find someone who does. The 'timing' is the number of clock pulses between certain events in the memory's operation.
If the CPU temperature is above ~60c, there is very likely you haven't properly mated the heatsink to the CPU. If Windows (or any operating system) is to be installed on the RAID array, this must be done BEFORE the installation of the OS. Here, you will select the drives you want to use in the array and you will choose the type of array (RAID 0 was chosen for this array). In my case, I had the OS previously installed on a single drive (the Maxtor listed) and then installed it on the array. It includes topics from backing up computer files to small engine repair to 3D graphics software to basic information on diabetes. If you have a computer that you'd like to upgrade but don't know where to start, this is a good site for you.
It begins with the most basic electronics theory, progresses into basic transistor theory as well as covering virtually everything associated with car audio.
Ensure that the file that you are trying to flashing is exact for your model, also try another ROM.
Error 1022 means Version SP flash tool doesn’t match with your mobile phone or the USB interface doesn’t work well. Error 8038 Android download pmt is ready and layout has been changed, this mean SP Flash Tool is having problem writing to device partitions due to some incompatibility.
If you know how to change CPU LPC2478FBD208 for Ktag, you can buy new one from us, 23USD each piece, not  including the shipping cost.
If you don't know how to change CPU LPC2478FBD208 for Ktag, you need to send back the main unit for repair. Some of the newer motherboards have mouse capability but can be navigated with the arrow keys as well.
If you ever need to clear the CMOS memory, you simply remove power from the computer, move the jumper from pins 1 and 2 to pins 2 and 3. Generally, the computer will function after clearing the CMOS but for advanced systems there are some things you should know. If you were running a RAID array, it was likely done for a reason (security against hard drive failure or for better performance). When overclocking, these numbers become important in getting the best possible performance. There are options for when you use the power button to shut the computer down and when the computer is shut down automatically. While it's possible for a processor to run at 60c (60 degrees celcius) under a heavy load, it should not run that hot at idle. When the clock frequency remains constant, more energy is concentrated at one frequency and therefore more likely to produce interference in other devices. It's often necessary when a new line of processors comes on line or when a new, larger hard drive becomes available.
On the 'XP Installation page', I show how the SATA RAID drivers are installed but this is different. Having two copies of the OS confused the BIOS and caused it to boot to the wrong drive (until I went to the page below and set it to boot to the correct drive). It can take quite a while to understand the limitations associated with this type of photography. There are links to some of the better sites and forums as well as a collection of interactive demos. Please check the scatter file name you load is legal, SP flash tool does not accept the name format of scatter file, folder and everything that link to scatter file. I have found that the key to running a successful website is making sure the visitors you are getting are interested in your website topic. If you're going to buy a motherboard and want to be able to use a mouse when working with the BIOS presets, look for one with a UEFI BIOS interface.


If you ever make a BIOS change that prevents the computer from booting, you can clear the CMOS memory with the 'clear CMOS' jumper. If you reload the operating system on one of the drives (because you can't reonfigure the array), you will lose the benefit of the array and will lose all information on the drives. You should remember the pictures earlier of the PWM FETs that were located near the CPU socket. Even then, you should use a UPS (Uninterruptable Power Supply) to protect against power failure. It doesn't stay on this page for long so you have to be ready to hit whatever key is required to enter the utility. Here, I went to the BOOT tab and scrolled down (arrow keys) until I selected the 'Boot Device Priority' option.
The third selection should be CD ROM (if that's what you want) and the fourth would be blank or disabled.
The information in the BIOS allows the computer to interface with the monitor, keyboard and mouse (among other things) until the OS can take over. For most motherboards, the owner's manual is available online at the manufacturer's web site.
Generally, this presents no serious problem (except for all of the settings going back to the default settings). This is convenient but you have to be aware that it's there if you're reaching around the back of the computer trying to plug something in. Here, we have told the computer to boot to the CD ROM first and if you don't find a boot record, boot from the hard drive. In DMA (Direct Memory Access), the processor is bypassed and the drives can communicate with the memory directly. Having the ability to update the BIOS' firmware prevents you from having to replace a motherboard when the next generation of peripherals becomes available. The driver installation on the XP installation page gives Windows the information it needs to operate the SATA interface. The BIOS section of the manual will tell you what you need to know about the BIOS settings. Some older drives don't have the capability to communicate that information to the BIOS and the parameters have to be set manually.
However, in some cases where a RAID array is set up in the BIOS, the recovery takes longer. To shave a few seconds off of the boot time, you can have it boot to the hard drive first but if you need to run something like True Image recovery, you will need to go into the BIOS and set it to boot from the CD ROM first.
Be sure that the computer is unplugged from the wall outlet when you are working inside the cabinet.
In this case, the SATA interface is where the RAID drives will be connected to the motherboard. If it's not found, it continues looking for a bootable OS until it finds one or until it runs out of choices. That memory is used to store the values entered when you set up the computer's BIOS parameters.
If you're unsure, you can almost always find help on one of the computer forums like the Major Geeks forum.
If you're working with a RAID, it may take several trips through the BIOS and several reboots to get things back in order (don't ask me how I know :). On this board, it's soldered directly to the board but these are often installed in sockets to allow quick replacement. While there is only low voltage present, if you accidentally short anything with the system powered up, you may do serious damage. There are some boards where the IDE drives can also be used in the RAID array but that's not possible with this board.
This page shows some of the various setting and will tell, briefly what the setting affect in the computer's operation.
Remember that there is at least one 5 volt supply that has voltage even when the computer is off. The battery rarely needs replacing but if you're working on an old machine, you should check it to confirm that its voltage is approximately the rated voltage (generally 3v).
If you're unsure about the pin numbering on a header, there are often indicators like the white triangle (red arrow).



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