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The Founding Fathers, the framers of the Constitution, wanted to form a government that did not allow one person to have too much authority or control. With this in mind the framers wrote the Constitution to provide for a separation of powers, or three separate branches of government.
Checks and balances is a system that prevents each of the branches from having too much power. It seems that everyday technology continues to makes certain things, such as writing a check, more obsolete.
Now that you have learned how to write a check, there are few more important tips you should always follow.
Every time you write a check you deduct that from your current balance so you always know your current balance.
At the end of every month when you receive your statement you should make sure your check registrar matches your the statement your bank sends you. Following all these tips on writing checks will save you some headaches and help you to properly budget your money. It gives each branch of gov't the authority and responsibility to restrain the power of the other two branches. This way, if the executive branch tries to carry out a law that the legislative branch finds unacceptable, they can choose to veto it. The state's population votes in senators and representatives that ultimately leads to create the state's legislative branch.
They carry out all of the laws after legislative creates them and judicial interprets them. However, their biggest one is the power to check legislative's laws and veto any that are unconstitutional before it goes to executive. Each has its own responsibilities and at the same time they work together to make the country run smoothly and to assure that the rights of citizens are not ignored or disallowed. For example, when a law is made, it starts with the Legislative branch that introduces and votes on a bill. I think even my ability to spell has diminished over the years with programs like publishing programs and spell checkers. I’m going to teach you how to write a check and even more importantly how to balance your checking account to avoid bouncing checks and those annoying overdraft fees that seem to go up every month. It’s difficult to pay bills or plan budgets if you never know how much money you currently have available. Checking your account online will not always be accurate as it takes time for a check to clear.
Look for any discrepancies and if you can’t figure out what the discrepancy is make sure to contact your bank immediately.
When I am traveling I will stop by and drop off my rent check early but it’s post dated till the 1st of the month. Identity theft is more prevalent than ever, so make sure to shred all checks before throwing them out or you’re asking for trouble. One major responsibility of the executive branch is the power to call special sessions of Congress.
This way, the executive branch doesn't carry out any laws made by legislative that could violate any of the public's constitutional rights. Yet government under the Articles of Confederation taught them that there was a need for a strong centralized government.
The convenience of debit cards, wire transfers, and debit cards have limited the need for checks but there are times where we still need to use a check.
These numbers are specific to your bank and are used by other banks when a check is deposited so they know where it’s coming from. Here is where you write the name of the person or organization that you’re writing the check to. When the depositing bank send the request to your bank for the withdrawal it will tell your bank which account the money is coming from. If you deposit or withdrawal money at the bank or with a debit card make sure to record that as well to get your new current balance. Adding a zero is pretty easy to do and the last thing you want is a five hundred dollar check turning into a five thousand dollar check. This is important because the president (executive branch) has that power in case anything is urgent. A branch may use its powers to check the powers of the other two in order to maintain a balance of power among the three branches of government.
The purpose of this is so you can track your checks and balance your account, something we will discuss below.
For example, if you’re writing a check to your brother Wilson McClain, you would put his full name here.


You can be as detailed as you want when balancing a checking account but I suggest you follow these rules at a bare minimum.
If you ever forget to add an entry while balancing your checking account you can go through your carbon copies to see what you missed. The longer you go between balancing your account the more difficult it will be to resolve  discrepancies.
If something is going on that Congress should know about, the executive branch has that authority to call them in.
The Judicial branch can over rule the president's "yes" by declaring something unconstitutional. Peaty and Marshy Soils!India is a country of vast dimensions with varied conditions of geology, relief, climate and vegetation. Therefore, India has a large variety of soil groups, distinctly different from one another. Even the most competent pedologist would find it difficult to present an accurate, complete, comprehensive and generalised account of the Indian soils.During the ‘British rule in India, a vast body of fascinating accounts had emerged in district gazetteers and official reports. These accounts were generally directed towards the assessment of differential soil fertility and land revenue collection, but did not attempt classification of soil types in the country.The earlier studies of Indian soils were made by foreign scholars like Volckar (1893), Leather (1898), Schokalskaya (1932), Champion (1936), etc. Indian scholars including Wadia (1935), Basu (1937), Vishwanath and Ukil (1944), Chatterjee, Krishnan, Roychaudhary (1954) made strenuous efforts to classify soils of India.In 1957, The National Atlas Organisation (Kolkata) published a soil map of India in which Indian soils were classified into 6 major groups and 11 broad types. The Irrigation Atlas of India (1972) and Spate’s India, Pakistan and Ceylon (1976) utilised the 7th approximation soil classification developed by the U.S.
The 7th approximation defines soil classes strictly in terms of their morphology and composition as produced by a set of natural and human forces. They are transported and redeposited to a limited extent and are known as sedentary soils.On the other hand, the soils of the Extra-Peninsula are formed due to the depositional work of rivers and wind. They are often referred to as transported or azonal soils.The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) set up an All India Soil Survey Committee in 1953 which divided the Indian soils into eight major groups. They are (1) Alluvial soils, (2) Black soils, (3) Red soils, (4) Laterite and Lateritic soils, (5) Forest and Mountain soils, (6) Arid and Desert soils, (7) Saline and Alkaline soils and (8) Peaty and Marshy soils (See Fig. Alluvial Soils:Alluvial soils are by far the largest and the most important soil group of India. A few occasional kankar beds are also present.However, pebbly, stony or gravelly soils are rare in this group. The chemical composition of the alluvial soils makes this group of soils as one of the most fertile in the world. The proportion of nitrogen is generally low, but potash, phosphoric acid and alkalies are adequate, while iron oxide and lime vary within a wide range.
The porosity and texture provide good drainage and other conditions favourable for bumper crops.
These soils are easily replenished by the recurrent river floods and support uninterruped crop growth.The widest occurrence of the alluvial soils is in the Great Indo-Gangetic Plain starting from Punjab in the west to West Bengal and Assam in the east.
They also occur in deltas of the Mahanadi, the Godavari, the Krishna and the Cauvery, where they are called deltaic alluvium.
Northern parts of Gujarat also have some cover of alluvial soils.Geologically, the alluvium of the Great plain of India is divided into newer or younger khadar and older bhangar soils.
Bhangar, on the other hand, is found on the higher reaches about 30 metres above the flood level. A few metres below the surface of the bhangar are beds of lime nodules known as kankar.Along the Shiwalik foothills, there are alluvial fans having coarse, often pebbly soils. It covers an area of 56,600 sq km and is called tarai.The tarai soils are rich in nitrogen and organic matter but are deficient in phosphate.
When properly irrigated, the alluvial soils yield splendid crops of rice, wheat, sugarcane, tobacco, cotton, jute, maize, oilseeds, vegetables and fruits.2. Black Soils:The black soils are also called regur (from the Telugu word Reguda) and black cotton soils because cotton is the most important crop grown on these soils.
The former are sufficiently deep while the later are generally shallow.Krebs holds that the regur is essentially a mature soil which has been produced by relief and climate, rather than by a particular type of rock. According to him, this soil occurs where the annual rainfall is between 50 to 80 cm and the number of rainy days range from 30 to 50. These soils are mainly found in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, parts of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu.The black colour of these soils has been attributed by some scientists to the presence of a small proportion of titaniferous magnetite or even to iron and black constituents of the parent rock.
The black colour of this soil may even be derived from crystalline schists and basic gneisses such as in Tamil Nadu and parts of Andhra Pradesh. Various tints of the black colour such as deep black, medium black, shallow black or even a mixture of red and black may be found in this group of soils.The black soil is very retentive of moisture. Under such conditions, it is almost impossible to work on such soil because the plough gets stuck in the mud.However, in the hot dry season, the moisture evaporates, the soil shrinks and is seamed with broad and deep cracks, often 10 to 15 cm wide and upto a metre deep. This permits oxygenation of the soil to sufficient depths and the soil has extraordinary fertility.Remarkably “self­ploughed” by loosened particles fallen from the ground into the cracks, the soil “swallows” itself and retains soil moisture.


This soil has been used for growing a variety of crops for centuries without adding fertilizers and manures, or even fallowing with little or no evidence of exhaustion.A typical black soil is highly argillaceous with a large clay factor, 62 per cent or more, without gravel or coarse sand.
It also contains 10 per cent of alumina, 9-10 per cent of iron oxide and 6-8 percent of lime and magnesium carbonates.
The structure is cloddish but occasionally friable.In all regur soils in general, and in those derived from ferromagnesian schists in particular, there is a layer rich in kankar nodules formed by segregation of calcium carbonate at lower depths. As a general rule, black soils of uplands are of low fertility but they are darker, deeper and richer in the valleys.Because of their high fertility and retentivity of moisture, the black soils are widely used for producing several important crops.
Some of the major crops grown on the black soils are cotton, wheat, jowar, linseed, Virginia tobacco, castor, sunflower and millets.
Most of the red soils have come into existence due to weathering of ancient crystalline and metamorphic rocks.The main parent rocks are acid granites and gneisses, quartzitic and felspathic.
The colour of these soils is generally red, often grading into brown, chocolate, yellow, grey or even black. Laterite and Lateritic Soils:The word ‘laterite’ (from Latin letter meaning brick) was first applied by Buchanan in 1810 to a clayey rock, hardening on exposure, observed in Malabar. Sometimes, the phosphate content may be high, probably present in the form of iron phosphate but potash is deficient.
They are mainly found on the summits of Western Ghats at 1000 to 1500 m above mean sea level, Eastern Ghats, the Rajamahal Hills, Vindhyas, Satpuras and Malwa Plateau.They also occur at lower levels and in valleys in several other parts of the country. They are well developed in south Maharashtra, parts of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, West Bengal, Kerala, Jharkhand, Assam and Meghalaya.Due to intensive leaching and low base exchange capacity, typical laterite soils generally lack fertility and are of little use for crop production. But when manured and irrigated, some laterites and lateritics are suitable for growing plantation crops like tea, coffee, rubber, cinchona, coconut, arecanut, etc. In low lying areas paddy is also grown.Some of the laterite soils in Kerala, Karnataka, Chota Nagpur region of Jharkhand, Orissa and Assam respond well to the application of fertilizers like nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
In some areas, these soils support grazing grounds and scrub forests.Laterite and lateritic soils have a unique distinction of providing valuable building material.
Because it is the end- product of weathering, it cannot be weathered much further and is indefinitely durable.5. Forest and Mountain Soils:Such soils are mainly found on the hill slopes covered by forests. In the Himalayan region, such soils are mainly found in valley basins, depressions, and less steeply inclined slopes. They are especially suitable for plantations of tea, coffee, spices and tropical fruits in Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala and wheat, maize, barley and temperate fruits in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttaranchal.6.
This sand has originated from the mechanical disintegration of the ground rocks or is blown from the Indus basin and the coast by the prevailing south-west monsoon winds.
Barren sandy soils without clay factor are also common in coastal regions of Orissa, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The desert soils consist of aeolian sand (90 to 95 per cent) and clay (5 to 10 per cent).Some of these soils contain high percentages of soluble salts, are alkaline with varying degree of calcium carbonate and are poor in organic matter. Over large parts, the calcium content increases downwards and in certain areas the subsoil has ten times calcium as compared to that of the top soil.The phosphate content of these soils is as high as in normal alluvial soils.
Nitrogen is originally low but its deficiency is made up to some extent by the availability of nitrogen in the form of nitrates. Thus, the presence of phosphates and nitrates make them fertile soils wherever moisture is available.There is, therefore, great possibility of reclaiming these soils if proper irrigation facilities are available.
The changes in the cropping pattern in the Indira Gandhi Canal Command Area are a living example of the utility of the desert soils. However, in large areas of desert soils, only the drought resistant and salt tolerant crops such as barley, rape, cotton, wheat, millets, maize and pulses are grown. In the drier parts of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan and Maharashtra, there are salt-impregnated or alkaline soils occupying 68,000 sq km of area. Some of the salts are transported in solution by the rivers, which percolate in the sub-soils of the plains.In canal irrigated areas and in areas of high sub-soil water table, the injurious salts are transferred from below to the top soil by the capillary action as a result of evaporation in dry season. In Gujarat, the area round the Gulf of Khambhat is affected by the sea tides carrying salt-laden deposits.
Vast areas comprising the estuaries of the Narmada, the Tapi, the Mahi and the Sabarmati have thus become infertile.8.
Peaty and Marshy Soils:Peaty soils originate in humid regions as a result of accumulation of large amounts of organic matter in the soils.
These soils contain considerable amount of soluble salts and 10-40 per cent of organic matter.




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