Yorkie dog information and facts,dog collar sizes,toilet training older dogs - Good Point

Category: Dog Trainer Certification Programs | Author: admin 28.03.2015
Small in size but big in personality, the Yorkshire Terrier makes a feisty but loving companion. Contrary to popular belief, small size doesn't necessarily an apartment dog make — plenty of small dogs are too high-energy and yappy for life in a high-rise. Some dogs are simply easier than others: they take to training better and are fairly easygoing. Some dogs will let a stern reprimand roll off their backs, while others take even a dirty look to heart.
Some breeds bond very closely with their family and are more prone to worry or even panic when left alone by their owner. Breeds with very short coats and little or no undercoat or body fat, such as Greyhounds, are vulnerable to the cold.
Being gentle with children, sturdy enough to handle the heavy-handed pets and hugs they can dish out, and having a blase attitude toward running, screaming children are all traits that make a kid-friendly dog. Friendliness toward dogs and friendliness toward humans are two completely different things.
Stranger-friendly dogs will greet guests with a wagging tail and a nuzzle; others are shy, indifferent, or even aggressive. If you're going to share your home with a dog, you'll need to deal with some level of dog hair on your clothes and in your house.
Drool-prone dogs may drape ropes of slobber on your arm and leave big, wet spots on your clothes when they come over to say hello. Some breeds are brush-and-go dogs; others require regular bathing, clipping, and other grooming just to stay clean and healthy.
Dogs come in all sizes, from the world's smallest pooch, the Chihuahua, to the towering Great Dane, how much space a dog takes up is a key factor in deciding if he is compatible with you and your living space. Easy to train dogs are more adept at forming an association between a prompt (such as the word "sit"), an action (sitting), and a consequence (getting a treat) very quickly. Dogs who were bred for jobs that require decision making, intelligence, and concentration, such as herding livestock, need to exercise their brains, just as dogs who were bred to run all day need to exercise their bodies. Common in most breeds during puppyhood and in retriever breeds at all ages, mouthiness means a tendency to nip, chew, and play-bite (a soft, fairly painless bite that doesn't puncture the skin).
Dogs that were bred to hunt, such as terriers, have an inborn desire to chase and sometimes kill other animals.
A vigorous dog may or may not be high-energy, but everything he does, he does with vigor: he strains on the leash (until you train him not to), tries to plow through obstacles, and even eats and drinks with great big gulps. Some dogs are perpetual puppies -- always begging for a game -- while others are more serious and sedate. The long steel-blue and tan coat may be the Yorkie's crowning glory, but it's his personality that truly endears him to his family. Yorkshire Terriers are affectionate towards their people as one would expect from a companion dog, but true to their terrier heritage, they're sometimes suspicious of strangers, and will bark at strange sounds and intruders. Because of their size, Yorkshire Terriers do better with older children who've been taught to respect them than with toddlers and small children. As long as they get some exercise every day — perhaps a good play session in the living room or a nice walk around the block — Yorkies make fine apartment dogs. No matter what home they live in, they'll get along with other resident dogs and cats — so long as they were raised with them. Yorkshire Terriers don't like the cold and are prone to chills, especially if they're damp or in damp areas. Because of their small size, delicate structure, and terrier personality, Yorkshire Terrier generally aren't recommended for households with toddlers or small children. Yorkshire Terriers think they are big dogs and will try to pick a fight with a big dog if allowed. To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store. HistoryDuring the Industrial Revolution in England, Scottish workers came to Yorkshire to work in the coal mines, textile mills, and factories, bringing with them a dog known as a Clydesdale Terrier or Paisley Terrier. The Clydesdale Terriers were probably crossed with other types of terrier, perhaps the English Black and Tan Toy Terrier and the Skye Terrier.
In 1861, a Yorkshire Terrier was shown in a bench show as a "broken-haired Scotch Terrier." A dog named Huddersfield Ben, born in 1865, became a popular show dog and is considered to be the father of the modern Yorkshire Terrier. SizeYorkshire Terriers should be 8 to 9 inches at the shoulder and weigh no more than seven pounds, with four to six pounds being preferred. PersonalitySmart and self-assured, the Yorkshire Terrier is a combination of endearingly small size and adventurous terrier spirit.
Set limits, and your Yorkie will be a wonderful companion, but if you spoil him, watch out! Like all dogs, Yorkies needs early socialization — exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences — when they're young. Patellar Luxation: Also known as "slipped stifles," this is a common problem in small dogs. Portosystemic Shunt: Portosystemic shunt (PSS) is an abnormal flow of blood between the liver and the body. Hypoglycemia: Like many toy and small breed dogs, Yorkies can suffer from hypoglycemia when stressed, especially when they are puppies.
In general, Yorkies are receptive to training, especially if it brings them attention for performing cute tricks or performing in agility or obedience trials.
Yorkies love squeaky toys, but it's important to check the toy every few days to make sure they haven't chewed them open and pulled out the squeaker. Note: How much your adult dog eats depends on his size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level.
For more on feeding your Yorkshire Terrier, see our guidelines for buying the right food, feeding your puppy, and feeding your adult dog. Coat Color And GroomingThe Yorkshire Terrier's coat is long, silky, and perfectly straight without any hint of a wave. Puppies are born black, with the blue and tan coat developing gradually, usually after they're a year old.
Grooming a long-haired Yorkshire Terrier is not for the faint of heart, especially if he has a "soft" coat that tangles easily instead of a silky one! When you're grooming your Yorkie, be sure to check the anal area and trim around it with scissors if the hair's getting too long. After you've brushed your Yorkie and he's dry, collect the hair on the top of his head, starting at the outer corner of the eye, going back at an angle toward the center of head, then back down to the outer corner of the other eye. As you groom, check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, tenderness, or inflammation on the skin, in the nose, mouth, and eyes, and on the feet. Children And Other PetsBecause of their small size, Yorkies aren't suited to families with young children. Yorkies can get along well with other pets, including cats, if socialized to them at an early age.
Dogs that tend to be more sturdy, playful and easygoing around children and more tolerant of children's behavior. Despite their Toy status, these dogs love speed, action, and plenty of applause, so sports such as agility and rally are tailor-made for them. Show dogs should weigh between four to seven pounds, but pet Yorkies can weigh as much as 12 to 15 pounds.
Yorkies proved to be fine ratters in the English woolen mills, a skill they retain to this day. Yorkies may be tiny, but their bravery is legendary: Smokey, a World War II hero, managed to pull 70 feet of wire through an underground tunnel. Most Yorkies respond well to training because they adore all the attention they receive for doing tricks and competing in agility trials.
Yorkies have a high incidence of a liver defect known as portosystemic shunt, which may need to be treated with expensive surgery.
The kneecaps of many small dogs, including Yorkies, can pop out of place, a defect known as luxating patellas.
Whether you want to go with a breeder or get your dog from a shelter or rescue, here are some things to keep in mind. Before you decide to buy a puppy, consider whether an adult Yorkie may better suit your lifestyle.
There are many great options available if you want to adopt a dog from an animal shelter or breed rescue organization.
Yorkshire Terrier Club of America can help you find a dog that may be the perfect companion for your family. The great thing about breed rescue groups is that they tend to be very upfront about any health conditions the dogs may have and are a valuable resource for advice.
You now know the things to discuss with a breeder, but there are also questions you should discuss with shelter or rescue group staff or volunteers before you bring home a dog. Wherever you acquire your Yorkie, make sure you have a good contract with the seller, shelter or rescue group that spells out responsibilities on both sides.
Adopters Bill of Rights that helps you understand what you can consider normal and appropriate when you get a dog from a shelter.
The British Isles have always been home to terriers who were used as ratters and to kill vermin on farms. A dog named Huddersfield Ben, born around 1865, was an extremely influential sire and is regarded as the father of the breed. Eye Examination by a boarded ACVO Ophthalmologist- Prior to the onset of breeding, recommend evaluations at 1, 3, and 6 Years of Age. Because of their very small size, Yorkshire Terrier puppies can sometimes have problems with hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Hypoplasia of dens refers to a condition involving the second cervical vertebra and some damage to the spinal cord. Ask any Yorkshire Terrier owner and they will tell you that the breed’s temperament is one of the most endearing things about them. Retired showdogs and dogs kept as pets can also keep a long coat but they don’t have to have this much attention to the coat. As with other dogs, you will need to trim your Yorkie’s nails and check his ears regularly.
The Yorkshire Terrier was used to help create the lovely Silky Terrier from Australia in the late 19th century.

Here is a list of dogs that are most often recommended to people with allergies to dog dander. Yorkshire Terriers can have a sensitive digestive tract so it’s best to feed them a good quality dog food for sensitive digestion if your dog has any food issues. Filed Under: Dog Breeds, Yorkie About Carlotta CooperCarlotta Cooper is a freelance pet writer. Being quiet, low energy, fairly calm indoors, and polite with the other residents, are all good qualities in an apartment dog. Low-sensitivity dogs, also called "easygoing," "tolerant," "resilient," and even "thick-skinned," can better handle a noisy, chaotic household, a louder or more assertive owner, and an inconsistent or variable routine. An anxious dog can be very destructive, barking, whining, chewing, and otherwise causing mayhem.
Dogs with a low cold tolerance need to live inside in cool climates and should have a jacket or sweater for chilly walks. Breed isn't the only factor that goes into affection levels; dogs who were raised inside a home with people around feel more comfortable with humans and bond more easily. Our ratings are generalizations, and they're not a guarantee of how any breed or individual dog will behave. However, no matter what the breed, a dog who was exposed to lots of different types, ages, sizes, and shapes of people as a puppy will respond better to strangers as an adult. However, shedding does vary greatly among the breeds: Some dogs shed year-round, some "blow" seasonally -- produce a snowstorm of loose hair -- some do both, and some shed hardly at all. If you've got a laid-back attitude toward slobber, fine; but if you're a neatnik, you may want to choose a dog who rates low in the drool department. Consider whether you have the time and patience for a dog that needs a lot of grooming, or the money to pay someone else to do it. This doesn't mean that every dog of that breed will develop those diseases; it just means that they're at an increased risk. If they don't get the mental stimulation they need, they'll make their own work -- usually with projects you won't like, such as digging and chewing.
Mouthy dogs are more likely to use their mouths to hold or "herd" their human family members, and they need training to learn that it's fine to gnaw on chew toys, but not on people. When choosing a breed, think about how the dog vocalizes — with barks or howls — and how often. Nordic dogs such as Siberian Huskies were bred to range long distances, and given the chance, they'll take off after anything that catches their interest. These dynamos need lots of training to learn good manners, and may not be the best fit for a home with young kids or someone who's elderly or frail. Although a playful pup sounds endearing, consider how many games of fetch or tag you want to play each day, and whether you have kids or other dogs who can stand in as playmates for the dog. With his long silky coat and perky topknot, the Yorkshire Terrier is one of the most glamorous representatives of the dog world, sure to attract attention wherever he goes. Oblivious to his small size (weighing in at no more than seven pounds), the Yorkshire Terrier is a big dog in a small body, always on the lookout for adventure and maybe even a bit of trouble. In consideration of your neighbors, it's important to tone down their yappiness and teach them when and when not to bark. Look for a reputable breeder who tests her breeding dogs to make sure they're free of genetic diseases that they might pass onto the puppies, and that they have sound temperaments. These dogs were much larger than the Yorkshire Terrier we know today, and it's thought that they were used primarily to catch rats in the mills. The Waterside Terrier may also have contributed to the development of the Yorkshire Terrier.
It's not unusual for a single litter to contain one Yorkie weighing less than four pounds, one who weighs five or six pounds, and one who grows to be 12 to 15 pounds. Dogs who are smaller than the standard are prone to genetic disorders and are at a higher health risk in general. Start training when they're puppies, and you'll have much better luck than if you let them have their way and then try to correct bad habits. Health clearances prove that a dog has been tested for and cleared of a particular condition. It is caused when the patella, which has three parts — the femur (thigh bone), patella (knee cap), and tibia (calf) — is not properly lined up. That's a problem, because the liver is responsible for detoxifying the body, metabolizing nutrients, and eliminating drugs.
They can be difficult to housetrain, however, because their "accidents" are so small and easy to clean up that people let it slide. Many people paper train their Yorkshire Terriers so they don't have to take them outdoors when the weather is too hot or cold. The tan on the head doesn't extend past the ears, and no black hairs are mixed in with the tan. Even if you keep his coat trimmed short, gently brush your Yorkie's coat every day to help prevent mats and keep him clean. Yorkshire Terriers tend to form a lot of tartar on their teeth and can lose their teeth at a young age, so brush their teeth regularly and schedule a professional cleaning by your vet at least once a year. They're bold in going after strange dogs, however, even those that outweigh them by a factor of ten, and protecting them from themselves becomes second nature to people with Yorkies. Spunky and smart, he loves to play, gets along well with cats, and has the ability to rule bigger family dogs with an iron paw. He can also be nippy with overzealous kids, aggressive with other dogs, and obstinate about house-training.
A Yorkie who weighs less than four pounds is more prone to health problems, and more likely to suffer complications while under anesthesia. Scottish weavers who migrated south to England during tough economic times took their terriers with them to York, Manchester, and Leeds. As they became more and more of a companion dog, breeders began to select for smaller size.
The Yorkie is smart and independent, making him a dog who is both entertaining and notoriously stubborn. If you are concerned about your dog, there is a test that can identify carriers of the disease. Dogs with this disease have reduced blood supply to the head of the rear leg bone, causing it to degrade. The disease can be treated with surgery, so the sooner the condition is identified and treated, the greater the chances are that your dog will enjoy a full recovery. If you keep their coats show-dog long, they need to be brushed daily, with their long topknot tied up and kept out of their eyes.
Reputable breeders will welcome questions about temperament and health clearances, as well as explain the history of the breed and what kind of puppy makes for a good pet. Red flags to look out for: multiple litters on the premises, puppies always being available, having your choice of any puppy, and being offered the option to pay online with a credit card. Disreputable breeders and facilities that deal with puppy mills can be hard to distinguish from reliable operations. Puppies are loads of fun, but they require a good deal of time and effort before they grow up to be the dog of your dreams. The site allows you to be very specific in your requests (housetraining status, for example) or very general (all the Yorkies available on Petfinder across the country).
Post on your Facebook page that you are looking for a specific breed so that your entire community can be your eyes and ears. They also often offer fostering opportunities so, with training, you could bring a Yorkie home with you to see what the experience is like.
Your veterinarian will be able to spot problems, and will work with you to set up a preventive regimen that will help you avoid many health issues.
Once hardworking dogs who hunted rats in English factories, the Yorkie was too beautiful to stay in the textile mills. Following the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century there were also plenty of rats in the new factories. He was popular for his looks, his ratting abilities, and for the quality of offspring he sired. It is still necessary to brush the coat regularly and keep the ends trimmed so they don’t become straggly.
A number of Yorkies were brought to Australia and bred to Australian Terriers to try to improve their coats.
Ozmilion Mystification was the first Yorkshire Terrier to win Best In Show at Crufts in England in 1997. If you can imagine a small breed crossed with a Yorkshire Terrier, you can probably find the mix somewhere. Many small breeds can be hard to housetrain but this may be due to the fact that owners are not very strict with them.
Dogs who are highly sensitive, independent thinking, or assertive may be harder for a first-time owner to manage. These breeds do best when a family member is home during the day or if you can take the dog to work. If you want a heat-sensitive breed, the dog will need to stay indoors with you on warm or humid days, and you'll need to be extra cautious about exercising your dog in the heat. Dogs from any breed can be good with children based on their past experiences, training on how to get along with kids, and personality. Breed isn't the only factor; dogs who lived with their littermates and mother until at least 6 to 8 weeks of age, and who spent lots of time playing with other dogs during puppyhood, are more likely to have good canine social skills. If you're buying a puppy, it's a good idea to find out which genetic illnesses are common to the breed you're interested in, so you can ask the breeder about the physical health of your potential pup's parents and other relatives. If you pick a breed that's prone to packing on pounds, you'll need to limit treats, make sure he gets enough exercise, and measure out his daily kibble in regular meals rather than leaving food out all the time. Obedience training and interactive dog toys are good ways to give a dog a brain workout, as are dog sports and careers, such as agility and search and rescue. Mouthy breeds tend to really enjoy a game of fetch, as well as a good chew on a chew toy that's been stuffed with kibble and treats. Dogs that like to chase need to be leashed or kept in a fenced area when outdoors, and you'll need a high, secure fence in your yard. And many hounds simply must follow their noses, or that bunny that just ran across the path, even if it means leaving you behind.

They need a significant amount of exercise and mental stimulation, and they're more likely to spend time jumping, playing, and investigating any new sights and smells.
Without enough exercise, these breeds may put on weight and vent their pent-up energy in ways you don't like, such as barking, chewing, and digging. Because he's so small he often travels in style — in special dog purses toted around by his adoring owner. Being terriers, they may want to challenge the "intruder," and if a fight breaks out, the terrier spirit is to fight to the death. If your Yorkie is showing discomfort when eating or after eating, take him to the vet for a checkup. Even better, try to socialize your Yorkie at an early age by taking him to obedience classes.
Some are cuddly and perky, wanting nothing more than to follow in their people's footsteps throughout the day. Signs can include but are not limited to neurobehavioral abnormalities, lack of appetite, hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), intermittent gastrointestinal issues, urinary tract problems, drug intolerance, and stunted growth. Some of the signs may include weakness, confusion, a wobbly gait, and seizure-like episodes. Reverse sneezing primarily occurs when your dog is excited or tries to eat or drink too fast. If you're crafty, consider crocheting a ball for your Yorkie — larger than a golf ball but smaller than a tennis ball — and stuffing it with used panty hose.
It almost goes without saying that a highly active dog will need more than a couch potato dog.
Keep your Yorkie in good shape by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day rather than leaving food out all the time.
The headfall (the hair that falls over the face) is long with the same golden hue as the face.
Yorkshire Terriers have tan legs as well, but the tan color doesn't extend above the elbow. After wetting the coat and applying the shampoo, all you need to do is run your fingers through it to lift the dirt out. Dog toenails have blood vessels in them, and if you cut too far you can cause bleeding — and your dog may not cooperate the next time he sees the nail clippers come out.
Make grooming a positive experience filled with praise and rewards, and you'll lay the groundwork for easy veterinary exams and other handling when he's an adult. Truth is, he appeals to a wide range of dog-lovers, thanks to his shoe-button eyes and soft-to-the-touch, silky coat. The weavers ultimately crossbred their little terriers with local dogs, creating the small but feisty terrier known today for its shimmering cloak of blue and gold. The dog considered to be the foundation sire of the modern Yorkie, Huddersfield Ben, was born in 1865.
The Yorkshire Terrier currently holds third place among the breeds registered by the American Kennel Club.
In fact, reputable breeders discourage people from buying three-pounders because they usually lead to heartbreak. When someone has to make the tough decision to give up a dog, that person will often ask her own trusted network for recommendations. High society loved the beautiful little dogs with the long, silky coats and Yorkies have been beloved pets ever since. It’s not surprising that terriers were also called upon to hunt and kill rats in the factories. It usually occurs when the dog is moving and the joint will lock up in an extended position.
The bone at the top of the femur eventually collapses and the cartilage surrounding it will crack and become deformed. Because of their very small size owners need to be especially careful about injuries and accidents with the breed. Most breeders avoid breeding dogs of this size because they can be subject to additional health problems. Some Yorkies will bark more than others, especially as a warning, but most of them are quiet and peaceful at home.
You'll get your best match if you take your dog-owning experience into account as you choose your new pooch. No matter what the breed or breed type, all dogs have strong jaws, sharp pointy teeth, and may bite in stressful circumstances. These breeds generally aren't a good fit for homes with smaller pets that can look like prey, such as cats, hamsters, or small dogs.
Breeds that need a lot of exercise are good for outdoorsy, active people, or those interested in training their dog to compete in a high-energy dog sport, such as agility.
It's not a good idea to over-protect your Yorkie, however; they'll pick up on your feelings very quickly, and if your actions say the world's a dangerous place for them, they can become neurotic. In those early shows, Yorkshire Terriers classes were divided by weight — under 5 pounds and 5 pounds and over.
Reputable breeders have their dogs' eyes certified annually by a veterinary ophthalmologist.
If your dog is susceptible to this, talk to your vet about prevention and treatment options.
It's better to show them where to go from the beginning and reward them for doing their business in the right place.
The quality of dog food you buy also makes a difference — the better the dog food, the further it will go toward nourishing your dog and the less of it you'll need to shake into your dog's bowl.
If you don't see a rescue listed for your area, contact the national breed club or a local breed club and they can point you toward a Yorkie rescue.
At the time, the dogs were called Broken Haired Scotch Terriers or Toy Terriers, but by 1870, they were known as Yorkshire Terriers, after the region where they were first produced. Since they have tiny mouths, they often have problems with overcrowding and improper development of the teeth. Ask about the health of their dogs, the health tests they have had done, and what health guarantees they provide in their contract. A dog with this condition might be smaller than normal, have no appetite, have poor muscle development, poor coordination, gastrointestinal problems, not learn as fast as normal. Even a slight fall or someone tripping over the dog can be very dangerous to a dog that weighs 4 to 7 pounds. They are also surprisingly feisty and ready to defend their owners, their homes, and the ground they stand on.
Many people credit Smoky with reviving interest in Yorkies at a time when they were mostly forgotten. However, many people treat Yorkies and other small dogs like babies and they can become spoiled which leads to bratty behavior. Young children and dogs of any breed should always be supervised by an adult and never left alone together, period. When picking a breed, consider your own activity level and lifestyle, and think about whether you'll find a frisky, energetic dog invigorating or annoying.
Secretions from the dog's nose drop onto their soft palate, causing it to close over the windpipe in an automatic reaction. A luxating patella can vary from a minor problem that happens once to a chronic problem with some dogs. Yorkies can also have problems with cataracts and dry eye which is why the breed club recommends that dogs used for breeding have their eyes check regularly.
The coat is bathed, lightly oiled, and the ends are wrapped in papers to prevent the hair from breaking.
For two years Smoky backpacked through the jungle and accompanied her master on his combat flights. If you socialize your Yorkie and train him with positive reinforcement as you would a larger dog, you should be able to train him without any trouble. There are four grades of Patellar Luxation ranging from grade I, which is an occasional luxation causing temporary lameness in the joint, to grade IV, in which the turning of the tibia is severe and the patella cannot be realigned manually. This can be very frightening to your Yorkie, but as soon as he calms down, the reverse sneezing stops. Paisley is a town in Scotland.) Weavers brought the Waterside Terrier to Yorkshire from Scotland when they emigrated there in the mid 19th century. They have been one of the Top Ten most popular breeds for over a decade and are today ranked number 6 out of over 180 breeds. You can give puppies and adult Yorkies treats or snack between meals to help keep their blood sugar level steadier.
Surgery is usually required to remove the affected bone but once it is removed, muscle will hold the femur in place and new tissue will form to keep the bones from rubbing against each other. The papers are checked and adjusted and the dog is bathed and groomed again before the show. Once in Yorkshire, the Waterside Terrier was bred to suit the task required to run through and under the factories to hunt and kill rats. Puppies or dogs may need Nutrical or a little corn syrup if they seem to be exhibiting symptoms of low blood sugar. The leg will be slightly shorter than the opposite leg but most dogs return to virtually normal use of their leg. But the dogs were so beautiful that they attracted the notice of people of wealth who wanted to keep them as pampered pets.
Yorkie owners often think it’s cute to allow a tiny little dog to tackle a big dog and bark at him.
Yorkies left the factories and gave up their job as vermin hunters to become beloved companions.

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