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Dog breeds facts,how to stop my dog from biting my hands and feet,stop puppy biting hands - PDF 2016

Category: Dog Trainer School | Author: admin 01.10.2014
Originally bred to herd cattle, sheep, and horses, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is an active and intelligent dog breed. Contrary to popular belief, small size doesn't necessarily an apartment dog make — plenty of small dogs are too high-energy and yappy for life in a high-rise.
Some dogs are simply easier than others: they take to training better and are fairly easygoing. Some dogs will let a stern reprimand roll off their backs, while others take even a dirty look to heart. Some breeds bond very closely with their family and are more prone to worry or even panic when left alone by their owner. Breeds with very short coats and little or no undercoat or body fat, such as Greyhounds, are vulnerable to the cold. Being gentle with children, sturdy enough to handle the heavy-handed pets and hugs they can dish out, and having a blase attitude toward running, screaming children are all traits that make a kid-friendly dog.
Friendliness toward dogs and friendliness toward humans are two completely different things.
Stranger-friendly dogs will greet guests with a wagging tail and a nuzzle; others are shy, indifferent, or even aggressive.
If you're going to share your home with a dog, you'll need to deal with some level of dog hair on your clothes and in your house.
Drool-prone dogs may drape ropes of slobber on your arm and leave big, wet spots on your clothes when they come over to say hello.
Some breeds are brush-and-go dogs; others require regular bathing, clipping, and other grooming just to stay clean and healthy. Due to poor breeding practices, some breeds are prone to certain genetic health problems, such as hip dysplasia.
Dogs come in all sizes, from the world's smallest pooch, the Chihuahua, to the towering Great Dane, how much space a dog takes up is a key factor in deciding if he is compatible with you and your living space. Easy to train dogs are more adept at forming an association between a prompt (such as the word "sit"), an action (sitting), and a consequence (getting a treat) very quickly.
Dogs who were bred for jobs that require decision making, intelligence, and concentration, such as herding livestock, need to exercise their brains, just as dogs who were bred to run all day need to exercise their bodies. Common in most breeds during puppyhood and in retriever breeds at all ages, mouthiness means a tendency to nip, chew, and play-bite (a soft, fairly painless bite that doesn't puncture the skin). Dogs that were bred to hunt, such as terriers, have an inborn desire to chase and sometimes kill other animals. A vigorous dog may or may not be high-energy, but everything he does, he does with vigor: he strains on the leash (until you train him not to), tries to plow through obstacles, and even eats and drinks with great big gulps. Some dogs are perpetual puppies -- always begging for a game -- while others are more serious and sedate. Even though they are small dogs, Pembrokes have a lot of energy and need a healthy amount of exercise each day. To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store. HistoryOriginating in Pembrokeshire, Wales, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is an enchanting dog whose background is steeped in folklore.
For those who don't believe in fairy tales, there are historians who say that the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is descended from Vallhunds, Swedish cattle dogs that were brought to Wales by the Vikings in the 9th and 10th centuries. Then, in 1934, the Kennel Club recognized the Pembroke and the Cardigan as two separate breeds. PersonalityAlthough Pembrokes are still used as working dogs, they are most often seen as family pets these days.
Like every dog, the Pembroke needs early socialization — exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences — when they're young.
HealthPembrokes are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they're prone to certain health conditions. If you're buying a puppy, find a good breeder who will show you health clearances for both your puppy's parents.
Von Willebrand's Disease: Found in both dogs and humans, this is a blood disorder that affects the clotting process.
CareAthletic and surprisingly fast, Pembrokes were bred to be herding dogs and require plenty of exercise each day.
Note: How much your adult dog eats depends on his size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level.
For more on feeding your Pembroke, see our guidelines for buying the right food, feeding your puppy, and feeding your adult dog. Trim his nails once or twice a month if your dog doesn't wear them down naturally to prevent painful tears and other problems. As with every breed, you should always teach children how to approach and touch dogs, and always supervise any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent any biting or ear or tail pulling on the part of either party.
The Golden Retriever’s history as a gundog means the breed is popular as a guide dog, and also as a member of search and rescue teams because its soft mouth can pick up and carry things gently. Like all dogs, Golden Retrievers can develop masses (lumps and bumps) in the layers of fat, skin and muscle that cover their bodies. Like all dogs, Golden Retrievers are susceptible to various forms of skin problems, often involving the skin within the ear. The Italian Greyhound dog breed was a favorite companion of noblewomen in the Middle Ages, especially in Italy. This breed is sensitive to drugs such as anesthetics of the barbiturate class and organophosphate insecticides.
HistoryThe Italian Greyhound is an old breed, and dogs like it may have been around for more than two millennia. By the Middle Ages, the breed had made its way to southern Europe and was very popular among the aristocracy, especially in Italy — hence its name. The American Kennel Club registered its first Italian Greyhound in 1886, and American breeders began to establish the breed in the United States. Today the Italian Greyhound is enjoying a second renaissance, as modern dog owners rediscover the elegant little hound who's delighted his human companions for at least 2,000 years. Temperament is affected by a number of factors, including heredity, training, and socialization. Like every dog, the IG needs early socialization — exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences — when they're young. HealthIGs are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they're prone to certain health conditions. Von Willebrand's Disease: This is a blood disorder that can be found in both humans and dogs.
Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease: Generally a disease of small breeds, this condition — a deformity of the ball of the hip joint — can be confused with hip dysplasia.
Patellar Luxation: Also known as "slipped stifles," this is a common problem in small dogs.
Epilepsy: The Italian Greyhound can suffer from epilepsy, a disorder that causes seizures in the dog. Cryptorchidism: Cryptorchidism is a condition in which one or both testicles on the dog fail to descend and is common in small dogs. CareItalian Greyhounds (also known as IGs) have short coats and get the shivers easily, so they're not an outdoor breed. These little dogs have lots of energy, especially as puppies and young adults, but in their golden years they'll often adapt to the activity level of their owners.
Like many small dogs, there's one aspect of training they don't pick up as easily: housetraining.
NOTE: How much your adult dog eats depends on his size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. For more on feeding your IG, see our guidelines for buying the right food, feeding your puppy, and feeding your adult dog. Trim nails once or twice a month if your dog doesn't wear them down naturally to prevent painful tears and other problems. Children And Other PetsItalian Greyhounds can do well with children, but because they're small and delicate, it's especially important to teach kids that the dog is living animal, not a toy, who must be treated with love and respect. Italian Greyhounds usually get along well with other pets, although you may need to keep an eye on them when they're cavorting about with bigger dogs, who could accidentally hurt them while playing.


Cross breeds such as the Puggle are often referred to as designer dogs rather than mixed breeds because they're bred on purpose and are a combination of two known breeds.
Loving and gentle, the Puggle can make an excellent companion to anyone, including first-time dog owners, and will do well with children of all ages. Puggles are companion dogs and may suffer from separation anxiety when they're left alone for long periods. HistoryThe Puggle is the result of an accidental cross breeding between a Pug and a Beagle, probably sometime in the 1990s. Like all dogs, Puggles need early socialization — exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences — when they're young. HealthNot all Puggles will get any or all of these diseases, but it's important to be aware of them if you're considering this breed.
Stenotic Nares, also known as pinched nostrils, is a congenital disorder (meaning the dog is born with it).
Cherry Eye occurs when the gland located in the dog's third eyelid (known as the nictitating membrane) bulges out. Because some health problems don't appear until a dog reaches full maturity, health clearances aren't issued to dogs younger than 2 years old.
For more on feeding your Puggle, see our guidelines for buying the right food, feeding your puppy, and feeding your adult dog. Children And Other PetsThe Puggle is generally a sweet-tempered dog who gets along well with children of all ages.
Being quiet, low energy, fairly calm indoors, and polite with the other residents, are all good qualities in an apartment dog. Low-sensitivity dogs, also called "easygoing," "tolerant," "resilient," and even "thick-skinned," can better handle a noisy, chaotic household, a louder or more assertive owner, and an inconsistent or variable routine. An anxious dog can be very destructive, barking, whining, chewing, and otherwise causing mayhem. Dogs with a low cold tolerance need to live inside in cool climates and should have a jacket or sweater for chilly walks. So are breeds with short noses, like Bulldogs or Pugs, since they can't pant as well to cool themselves off.
Breed isn't the only factor that goes into affection levels; dogs who were raised inside a home with people around feel more comfortable with humans and bond more easily. Our ratings are generalizations, and they're not a guarantee of how any breed or individual dog will behave.
However, no matter what the breed, a dog who was exposed to lots of different types, ages, sizes, and shapes of people as a puppy will respond better to strangers as an adult. However, shedding does vary greatly among the breeds: Some dogs shed year-round, some "blow" seasonally -- produce a snowstorm of loose hair -- some do both, and some shed hardly at all.
If you've got a laid-back attitude toward slobber, fine; but if you're a neatnik, you may want to choose a dog who rates low in the drool department. Consider whether you have the time and patience for a dog that needs a lot of grooming, or the money to pay someone else to do it. This doesn't mean that every dog of that breed will develop those diseases; it just means that they're at an increased risk. Mouthy dogs are more likely to use their mouths to hold or "herd" their human family members, and they need training to learn that it's fine to gnaw on chew toys, but not on people. When choosing a breed, think about how the dog vocalizes — with barks or howls — and how often.
Nordic dogs such as Siberian Huskies were bred to range long distances, and given the chance, they'll take off after anything that catches their interest. Although a playful pup sounds endearing, consider how many games of fetch or tag you want to play each day, and whether you have kids or other dogs who can stand in as playmates for the dog. Look for a reputable breeder who tests her breeding dogs to make sure they're free of genetic diseases that they might pass onto the puppies, and that they have sound temperaments.
Others think they may have been descended from dogs that were brought to Wales by Flemish weavers in the 12th century.
Farmers who kept working dogs in the past bred the best dogs for the jobs they wanted them to do. Elizabeth has loved the little dogs ever since, and currently has a pack of them lounging around Buckingham Palace. Not all Pembrokes will get any or all of these diseases, but it's important to be aware of them if you're considering this breed. Health clearances prove that a dog has been tested for and cleared of a particular condition. Some dogs show pain and lameness on one or both rear legs, but others don't display outward signs of discomfort.
Early in the disease, affected dogs become night-blind; they lose sight during the day as the disease progresses. An affected dog will have symptoms such as nosebleeds, bleeding gums, prolonged bleeding from surgery, prolonged bleeding during heat cycles or after whelping, and occasionally blood in the stool.
That said, they make fine apartment dogs as long as they get the physical stimulation they need.
When you check your dog's ears, wipe them out with a cotton ball dampened with gentle, pH-balanced ear cleaner to help prevent infections.
Teach your child never to approach any dog while he's eating or sleeping or to try to take the dog's food away. Epilepsy is a brain disorder that results in seizures or fitting, which may begin in dogs as young as six months old. But this small hound was more than a lap dog, having the speed, endurance, and determination to hunt small game. This slender, elegant dog is the smallest of the sighthounds — the group of dogs bred to hunt by sight and give chase — and closely resembles his much larger Greyhound cousin.
When well trained, he can shine in dog sports such as obedience training, agility, and rally. Like many small breeds, the IG can be difficult to housetrain, and some dogs are never completely trustworthy in the house.
Royal owners throughout the centuries include Mary, Queen of Scots, Princess Anne of Denmark, Charles I, Frederick the Great of Prussia, and Queen Victoria, during whose reign the breed's popularity peaked.
Although the American population of Italian Greyhounds was small, they may have helped save the breed from extinction.
Not all IGs will get any or all of these diseases, but it's important to be aware of them if you're considering this breed.
It affects the clotting process due to the reduction of von Willebrand factor in the blood. Allergies to certain foods are identified and treated by eliminating certain foods from the dog's diet until the culprit is discovered. All you really need to do is brush it when it gets dusty, and bathe the dog when he's rolled in anything smelly — a favorite activity.
Many breeders will not sell a puppy to a household with children younger than ten years old. Neither the Pug nor the Beagle is especially known for ease of training, and both breeds can be stubborn. He usually enjoys the company of children and isn't known for aggression toward other dogs. Before you fall in love with that wrinkled face and hang-down ears, however, it's important to understand that you could end up with a dog that displays one or more of the worst characteristics of the Pug and the Beagle, such as respiratory problems (Pug), stubbornness (Pug and Beagle), tendency to wander (Beagle), howling (Beagle), hip dysplasia (both), and eye problems (both).
Most litters are the result of first generation breedings between Beagles and Pugs, but there have been a few breedings of Puggles to Puggles. Some dogs show pain and lameness on one or both rear legs, but you may not notice any signs of discomfort in a dog with hip dysplasia. The dog's fur may become coarse and brittle and begin to fall out, while the skin becomes tough and dark.
So long as they're indoor dogs and get enough exercise, they can adapt to any living situation, including apartments — although they can bark a lot.
Handle his paws frequently — dogs are touchy about their feet — and look inside his mouth and ears. Even so, it's important to always teach children how to approach and touch your Puggle, and to supervise any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent biting or ear pulling from either party.


Dogs who are highly sensitive, independent thinking, or assertive may be harder for a first-time owner to manage. These breeds do best when a family member is home during the day or if you can take the dog to work. If you want a heat-sensitive breed, the dog will need to stay indoors with you on warm or humid days, and you'll need to be extra cautious about exercising your dog in the heat.
Dogs from any breed can be good with children based on their past experiences, training on how to get along with kids, and personality. Breed isn't the only factor; dogs who lived with their littermates and mother until at least 6 to 8 weeks of age, and who spent lots of time playing with other dogs during puppyhood, are more likely to have good canine social skills. If you're a neatnik you'll need to either pick a low-shedding breed, or relax your standards.
If you're buying a puppy, it's a good idea to find out which genetic illnesses are common to the breed you're interested in, so you can ask the breeder about the physical health of your potential pup's parents and other relatives.
If you pick a breed that's prone to packing on pounds, you'll need to limit treats, make sure he gets enough exercise, and measure out his daily kibble in regular meals rather than leaving food out all the time.
Obedience training and interactive dog toys are good ways to give a dog a brain workout, as are dog sports and careers, such as agility and search and rescue. Mouthy breeds tend to really enjoy a game of fetch, as well as a good chew on a chew toy that's been stuffed with kibble and treats. Dogs that like to chase need to be leashed or kept in a fenced area when outdoors, and you'll need a high, secure fence in your yard.
Without enough exercise, these breeds may put on weight and vent their pent-up energy in ways you don't like, such as barking, chewing, and digging. Their parents immediately saw that the pups were not foxes, but dogs, and told their children that the pups were a gift from the fairies that lived in the fields. As they grew, the dogs became treasured companions and learned to help the children take care of the family's cattle. Seizures are frightening to watch, but the long-term prognosis for dogs with idiopathic epilepsy is generally very good. Many affected dogs adapt well to their limited or lost vision, as long as their surroundings remain the same.
It almost goes without saying that a highly active dog will need more than a couch potato dog.
Dog toenails have blood vessels in them, and if you cut too far you can cause bleeding — and your dog may not cooperate the next time he sees the nail clippers come out. Mast cells are normal skin cells that help dogs respond to trauma and damage by releasing histamine.
These days, he's a family dog whose beauty and athleticism is admired in the show ring and in obedience, agility, and rally competitions. It's not unusual for IG owners to have a sheltered area in the yard so their dogs can go potty on rainy days without getting their feet wet. Although the breed's original purpose has been lost to history, the Italian Greyhound may have served as a hunter of small game in addition to his duties as a companion.
During World Wars I and II, when dog breeding became an unaffordable luxury for most people, the numbers of Italian Greyhounds in England dwindled dangerously low. Cataracts usually occur in old age and sometimes can be surgically removed to improve the dog's vision.
A dog affected by von Willebrand's disease will have signs such as nose bleeds, bleeding gums, prolonged bleeding from surgery, and prolonged bleeding during heat cycles or after whelping.
Fortunately, dogs can use their other senses to compensate for blindness, and a blind dog can live a full and happy life.
Contact allergies are caused by a reaction to something that touches the dog, such as bedding, flea powders, dog shampoos, or other chemicals. Motivational training methods — those that use food, praise, and play to reward the dog for getting it right, rather than punishing him for getting it wrong — is the best way to persuade them that they want to do what you ask. Puggles will bark to let you know when someone comes to the door, but given their friendly nature, they're not guard dogs.
If you're willing to welcome whatever surprises this little dog brings, you're sure to enjoy life with your new dog. A dog can live a full and healthy life with the proper management of epilepsy, which can be either hereditary or of unknown cause.
You'll get your best match if you take your dog-owning experience into account as you choose your new pooch. No matter what the breed or breed type, all dogs have strong jaws, sharp pointy teeth, and may bite in stressful circumstances. These breeds generally aren't a good fit for homes with smaller pets that can look like prey, such as cats, hamsters, or small dogs. Breeds that need a lot of exercise are good for outdoorsy, active people, or those interested in training their dog to compete in a high-energy dog sport, such as agility. Dogs with hip dysplasia should not be bred — so if you're buying a puppy, ask the breeder for proof that the parents have been tested for hip dysplasia and are free of problems.
It's important to take your dog to the vet for proper diagnosis (especially since seizures can have other causes) and treatment.
The quality of dog food you buy also makes a difference — the better the dog food, the further it will go toward nourishing your dog and the less of it you'll need to shake into your dog's bowl. If you don't see a rescue listed for your area, contact the national breed club or a local breed club and they can point you toward a Pembroke rescue.
It causes an intense itch, leading the dog to shake its head, flap its ears and scratch them using its back paws.
It can be managed effectively with thyroid hormone replacement tablets, which are required for the rest of the dog’s life. Like all dogs, they can develop arthritis from these conditions, and long-term treatment or surgery is required to keep them active. And if your dog gives you the signs that he needs to go outside, take him out that instant — they're not good at holding it.
Each time the wars ended, British breeders used those American-bred Italian Greyhounds to restore the breed in Europe. Inviting visitors over regularly, and taking him to busy parks, stores that allow dogs, and on leisurely strolls to meet neighbors will also help him polish his social skills. The dog's fur becomes coarse and brittle and begins to fall out, while the skin becomes tough and dark. If you don't see a rescue listed for your area, contact the national breed club or a local breed club and they can point you toward an IG rescue.
Young children and dogs of any breed should always be supervised by an adult and never left alone together, period. Breeds that were originally used for bird hunting, on the other hand, generally won't chase, but you'll probably have a hard time getting their attention when there are birds flying by. When picking a breed, consider your own activity level and lifestyle, and think about whether you'll find a frisky, energetic dog invigorating or annoying. Depending on the severity, epilepsy and Horner’s syndrome may need to be controlled with medication for the dog’s entire life to ensure a happy, normal existence. This disorder is usually diagnosed in your dog between the ages of 3 and 5 and cannot be cured. Reputable breeders have their dogs' eyes certified annually by a veterinary ophthalmologist and do not breed dogs with this disease. Hypothyroidism can be treated with daily medication, which must continue throughout the dog's life. Many Italian Greyhounds develop skin cancer, possibly because they love lying in the sun, so don't let your dog bake for hours. Hip dysplasia is hereditary, but it can be worsened by environmental factors, such as rapid growth from a high-calorie diet or injuries incurred from jumping or falling on slick floors. However, it can be managed with treatments that include cauterizing or suturing injuries, transfusions of the von Willebrand factor before surgery, and avoiding certain medications. Ask the breeder for proof that the parents have been tested for hip dysplasia and found to be free of problems.



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Comments »

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