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Category: Best Food For Dog | Author: admin 14.06.2015
Originally bred to herd cattle, sheep, and horses, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is an active and intelligent dog breed. Contrary to popular belief, small size doesn't necessarily an apartment dog make — plenty of small dogs are too high-energy and yappy for life in a high-rise. Some dogs are simply easier than others: they take to training better and are fairly easygoing.
Some dogs will let a stern reprimand roll off their backs, while others take even a dirty look to heart.
Some breeds bond very closely with their family and are more prone to worry or even panic when left alone by their owner.
Breeds with very short coats and little or no undercoat or body fat, such as Greyhounds, are vulnerable to the cold. Being gentle with children, sturdy enough to handle the heavy-handed pets and hugs they can dish out, and having a blase attitude toward running, screaming children are all traits that make a kid-friendly dog.
Friendliness toward dogs and friendliness toward humans are two completely different things. Stranger-friendly dogs will greet guests with a wagging tail and a nuzzle; others are shy, indifferent, or even aggressive. If you're going to share your home with a dog, you'll need to deal with some level of dog hair on your clothes and in your house. Drool-prone dogs may drape ropes of slobber on your arm and leave big, wet spots on your clothes when they come over to say hello.
Some breeds are brush-and-go dogs; others require regular bathing, clipping, and other grooming just to stay clean and healthy. Due to poor breeding practices, some breeds are prone to certain genetic health problems, such as hip dysplasia.
Dogs come in all sizes, from the world's smallest pooch, the Chihuahua, to the towering Great Dane, how much space a dog takes up is a key factor in deciding if he is compatible with you and your living space. Easy to train dogs are more adept at forming an association between a prompt (such as the word "sit"), an action (sitting), and a consequence (getting a treat) very quickly.
Dogs who were bred for jobs that require decision making, intelligence, and concentration, such as herding livestock, need to exercise their brains, just as dogs who were bred to run all day need to exercise their bodies. Common in most breeds during puppyhood and in retriever breeds at all ages, mouthiness means a tendency to nip, chew, and play-bite (a soft, fairly painless bite that doesn't puncture the skin). Dogs that were bred to hunt, such as terriers, have an inborn desire to chase and sometimes kill other animals.
A vigorous dog may or may not be high-energy, but everything he does, he does with vigor: he strains on the leash (until you train him not to), tries to plow through obstacles, and even eats and drinks with great big gulps. Some dogs are perpetual puppies -- always begging for a game -- while others are more serious and sedate. Pembroke Welsh Corgis (also called Pembrokes, PWCs or Pems) are the smallest of the American Kennel Club's Herding Group, and are also recognized by the United Kennel Club. Even though they are small dogs, Pembrokes have a lot of energy and need a healthy amount of exercise each day.
To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store. HistoryOriginating in Pembrokeshire, Wales, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is an enchanting dog whose background is steeped in folklore. For those who don't believe in fairy tales, there are historians who say that the Pembroke Welsh Corgi is descended from Vallhunds, Swedish cattle dogs that were brought to Wales by the Vikings in the 9th and 10th centuries.
Then, in 1934, the Kennel Club recognized the Pembroke and the Cardigan as two separate breeds.
SizePembroke Welsh Corgis are between 10 and 12 inches tall at the shoulders, and weigh no more than 30 pounds. PersonalityAlthough Pembrokes are still used as working dogs, they are most often seen as family pets these days.
Like every dog, the Pembroke needs early socialization — exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences — when they're young. HealthPembrokes are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they're prone to certain health conditions. If you're buying a puppy, find a good breeder who will show you health clearances for both your puppy's parents. Degenerative Myelopathy (DM): This is a progressive degeneration of the nervous and supportive tissue of the spinal cord in the lower back region. Von Willebrand's Disease: Found in both dogs and humans, this is a blood disorder that affects the clotting process. CareAthletic and surprisingly fast, Pembrokes were bred to be herding dogs and require plenty of exercise each day. Note: How much your adult dog eats depends on his size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. For more on feeding your Pembroke, see our guidelines for buying the right food, feeding your puppy, and feeding your adult dog. Trim his nails once or twice a month if your dog doesn't wear them down naturally to prevent painful tears and other problems. As with every breed, you should always teach children how to approach and touch dogs, and always supervise any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent any biting or ear or tail pulling on the part of either party. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is the older of the two Corgi dog breeds, with dogs of this type believed to have existed in Wales for more than 3,000 years.
In Wales, a tiny fairy tale land studded with misty mountains and mysterious standing stones, the fairies ride little longbacked dogs, following the wild hunt across a moonlit sky.
Until 1934, the Welsh Corgi was considered to be a single breed, but these days the dogs are recognized as two separate varieties — the Cardigan and the Pembroke — with distinct histories and characteristics.
Cardigan Welsh Corgis, also known as Cardigans, Cardis or CWCs, have an alert, watchful, yet friendly expression. Cardigans should never be purchased from unknowledgeable breeders, puppy mills, or pet stores. HistoryThe Cardigan Welsh Corgi is descended from the same family of dogs that produced the Dachshund and the Basset Hound. Cardigans were working dogs, helping to herd farmers’ cattle and keep them safe from predators.


Cardigan Welsh Corgis were first shown in English dog shows in 1919 and the English Cardigan Welsh Corgi Association was founded in 1926.
In the mid and late 1920s, a red and white dog named Bob Llwyd influenced the breed a great deal. In 1934, the British Kennel Club declared Pembrokes and Cardigans to be separate breeds, thereby ending any questions about interbreeding the two. Like every dog, the Cardigan needs early socialization — exposure to many different people, sights, sounds and experiences — ideally before he is four months old.
HealthCardigan Welsh Corgis are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they're prone to certain health conditions.
The Cardigan has a weather-resistant coat designed to withstand the harsh weather of Wales, but that doesn’t mean he’s an outside dog.
For more on feeding your Cardigan, see our guidelines for buying the right food, feeding your puppy, and feeding your adult dog.
To prevent painful tears and other problems, trim his nails once or twice a month if your dog doesn't wear them down naturally.
Being quiet, low energy, fairly calm indoors, and polite with the other residents, are all good qualities in an apartment dog.
Low-sensitivity dogs, also called "easygoing," "tolerant," "resilient," and even "thick-skinned," can better handle a noisy, chaotic household, a louder or more assertive owner, and an inconsistent or variable routine. An anxious dog can be very destructive, barking, whining, chewing, and otherwise causing mayhem. Dogs with a low cold tolerance need to live inside in cool climates and should have a jacket or sweater for chilly walks.
So are breeds with short noses, like Bulldogs or Pugs, since they can't pant as well to cool themselves off. Breed isn't the only factor that goes into affection levels; dogs who were raised inside a home with people around feel more comfortable with humans and bond more easily.
Our ratings are generalizations, and they're not a guarantee of how any breed or individual dog will behave. However, no matter what the breed, a dog who was exposed to lots of different types, ages, sizes, and shapes of people as a puppy will respond better to strangers as an adult. However, shedding does vary greatly among the breeds: Some dogs shed year-round, some "blow" seasonally -- produce a snowstorm of loose hair -- some do both, and some shed hardly at all. If you've got a laid-back attitude toward slobber, fine; but if you're a neatnik, you may want to choose a dog who rates low in the drool department. Consider whether you have the time and patience for a dog that needs a lot of grooming, or the money to pay someone else to do it.
This doesn't mean that every dog of that breed will develop those diseases; it just means that they're at an increased risk.
Mouthy dogs are more likely to use their mouths to hold or "herd" their human family members, and they need training to learn that it's fine to gnaw on chew toys, but not on people. When choosing a breed, think about how the dog vocalizes — with barks or howls — and how often. Nordic dogs such as Siberian Huskies were bred to range long distances, and given the chance, they'll take off after anything that catches their interest. Originally bred to perform a canine job of some sort, such as retrieving game for hunters or herding livestock, they have the stamina to put in a full workday.
Others need daily, vigorous exercise -- especially those that were originally bred for physically demanding jobs, such as herding or hunting. Although a playful pup sounds endearing, consider how many games of fetch or tag you want to play each day, and whether you have kids or other dogs who can stand in as playmates for the dog.
Look for a reputable breeder who tests her breeding dogs to make sure they're free of genetic diseases that they might pass onto the puppies, and that they have sound temperaments. According to Welsh legend, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi sprang from the lairs of fairies and elves! Others think they may have been descended from dogs that were brought to Wales by Flemish weavers in the 12th century. Farmers who kept working dogs in the past bred the best dogs for the jobs they wanted them to do.
They're also popular with Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II of England, who received her first Pembroke Welsh Corgi from her father (King George VI) in 1933. Elizabeth has loved the little dogs ever since, and currently has a pack of them lounging around Buckingham Palace. Not all Pembrokes will get any or all of these diseases, but it's important to be aware of them if you're considering this breed. Health clearances prove that a dog has been tested for and cleared of a particular condition. Some dogs show pain and lameness on one or both rear legs, but others don't display outward signs of discomfort. Early in the disease, affected dogs become night-blind; they lose sight during the day as the disease progresses. An affected dog will have symptoms such as nosebleeds, bleeding gums, prolonged bleeding from surgery, prolonged bleeding during heat cycles or after whelping, and occasionally blood in the stool. That said, they make fine apartment dogs as long as they get the physical stimulation they need.
Although their coats are weather-resistant and they do well in most climates, they are very people-oriented, and need to be a part of the family at all times — not left alone in the backyard. When you check your dog's ears, wipe them out with a cotton ball dampened with gentle, pH-balanced ear cleaner to help prevent infections.
Teach your child never to approach any dog while he's eating or sleeping or to try to take the dog's food away.
A few lucky mortals learned of the fairies’ canine treasure and acquired the dogs for themselves. At that time, the Cardigans and Pembrokes were considered one breed, and often were interbred, which caused a great deal of strife among breeders.
The Cardigan has gone from the Non-Sporting to the Working to the Herding Group at American Kennel Club (AKC) dog shows.
He is a family companion and show dog with an adaptable personality and responsible nature.


True to his herding dog heritage, the Cardi is an alert watchdog and may be reserved toward strangers.
Some Cardis have soft, fluffy coats, which are not desirable because they don’t protect the dog from the elements. This marking takes its name from the legend that fairies rode the dogs in their home country of Wales. Dogs who are highly sensitive, independent thinking, or assertive may be harder for a first-time owner to manage.
These breeds do best when a family member is home during the day or if you can take the dog to work.
If you want a heat-sensitive breed, the dog will need to stay indoors with you on warm or humid days, and you'll need to be extra cautious about exercising your dog in the heat.
Dogs from any breed can be good with children based on their past experiences, training on how to get along with kids, and personality. Breed isn't the only factor; dogs who lived with their littermates and mother until at least 6 to 8 weeks of age, and who spent lots of time playing with other dogs during puppyhood, are more likely to have good canine social skills. If you're a neatnik you'll need to either pick a low-shedding breed, or relax your standards. If you're buying a puppy, it's a good idea to find out which genetic illnesses are common to the breed you're interested in, so you can ask the breeder about the physical health of your potential pup's parents and other relatives. If you pick a breed that's prone to packing on pounds, you'll need to limit treats, make sure he gets enough exercise, and measure out his daily kibble in regular meals rather than leaving food out all the time.
Obedience training and interactive dog toys are good ways to give a dog a brain workout, as are dog sports and careers, such as agility and search and rescue. Mouthy breeds tend to really enjoy a game of fetch, as well as a good chew on a chew toy that's been stuffed with kibble and treats. Dogs that like to chase need to be leashed or kept in a fenced area when outdoors, and you'll need a high, secure fence in your yard.
Without enough exercise, these breeds may put on weight and vent their pent-up energy in ways you don't like, such as barking, chewing, and digging.
Their parents immediately saw that the pups were not foxes, but dogs, and told their children that the pups were a gift from the fairies that lived in the fields. As they grew, the dogs became treasured companions and learned to help the children take care of the family's cattle.
Seizures are frightening to watch, but the long-term prognosis for dogs with idiopathic epilepsy is generally very good. Many affected dogs adapt well to their limited or lost vision, as long as their surroundings remain the same. It almost goes without saying that a highly active dog will need more than a couch potato dog. Dog toenails have blood vessels in them, and if you cut too far you can cause bleeding — and your dog may not cooperate the next time he sees the nail clippers come out. They are known as Corgis, from the Welsh words “cor gi,” meaning “dwarf dog,” and they are among the oldest of the herding breeds. Because the parent club has always been committed to preventing commercialization of their dogs, they aren’t as well-known as the Pembroke, but they always have a special place in the hearts of those who know and love them. Even if he doesn’t do that for a living anymore, he still needs daily exercise in the form of a walk or training for a dog sport such as agility. Dog toenails have blood vessels in them, and if you cut too far you can cause bleeding —  and your dog may not cooperate the next time he sees the nail clippers come out.
If you don't see a rescue listed for your area, contact the national breed club or a local breed club and they can point you toward a Cardigan rescue organization. You'll get your best match if you take your dog-owning experience into account as you choose your new pooch.
No matter what the breed or breed type, all dogs have strong jaws, sharp pointy teeth, and may bite in stressful circumstances.
These breeds generally aren't a good fit for homes with smaller pets that can look like prey, such as cats, hamsters, or small dogs.
Breeds that need a lot of exercise are good for outdoorsy, active people, or those interested in training their dog to compete in a high-energy dog sport, such as agility. Dogs with hip dysplasia should not be bred — so if you're buying a puppy, ask the breeder for proof that the parents have been tested for hip dysplasia and are free of problems. It's important to take your dog to the vet for proper diagnosis (especially since seizures can have other causes) and treatment. The quality of dog food you buy also makes a difference — the better the dog food, the further it will go toward nourishing your dog and the less of it you'll need to shake into your dog's bowl. If you don't see a rescue listed for your area, contact the national breed club or a local breed club and they can point you toward a Pembroke rescue. Some believe that when the Vikings invaded Wales, the Spitz-type dogs they brought with them were crossed with the original Corgi to produce the Pembroke Welsh Corgi.
So prized were the dogs and so vital were they to the financial well-being of the farmers that an ancient Welsh law placed severe penalties upon anyone who would harm or steal one of them.
One was a female named Cassie who was already a well established producer of high quality Cardigans in England. The quality of dog food you buy also makes a difference--the better the dog food, the further it will go toward nourishing your dog and the less of it you'll need to shake into your dog's bowl. Young children and dogs of any breed should always be supervised by an adult and never left alone together, period.
Breeds that were originally used for bird hunting, on the other hand, generally won't chase, but you'll probably have a hard time getting their attention when there are birds flying by.
When picking a breed, consider your own activity level and lifestyle, and think about whether you'll find a frisky, energetic dog invigorating or annoying.



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