Communicate with your dog using body language,separation anxiety in senior dogs,house training your 4 month old puppy - For Begninners

Category: Dog Trainers Los Angeles | Author: admin 06.07.2014
Whether you have a new canine companion or you and your dog have been together for a while, it's helpful to know the meaning of your dog's communication signals so that you can adjust your own behavior as needed and so that you can be assured of your dog's feelings. By learning canine communication, you will be able to respond to any problems your dog expresses before a situation escalates.
The most effective form of dog training is called "Positive reinforcement" or "clicker training". Clicker training is the idea is to lure your dog into a position and indicate instantly they have done the right thing, and reward them for that behavior. Dog behavior is driven by the most rewarding or least punishing option they have in every situation. Confident stance: A dog that is feeling confident will stand tall, have its tail up and probably wagging slowly, its ears will either be pricked up or relaxed, and it will generally look relaxed. Bowing: Facing you and with head and chest dipped low to the ground, front legs splayed out, and with rear end and tail up is a clear invitation to play. If a dog is stretching with his butt in the air, front legs and paws stretched out in front, and head close to the ground, he is probably feeling playful. A dog raising one paw while keeping most of the body away from the person, animal or object creating uncertainty, and backing away is showing uncertainty or puzzlement. A slow tail wag with the tail slightly lowered can indicate that the dog is confused and is asking for an explanation, or is investigating a non-threatening new object.
If there is slight movement with a low tail, this can indicate that the dog is either sad or not feeling well. A dog whose tail is lowered or tucked between its legs is showing anxiety, fear, and uncertainty.[18][19] Wagging can still occur in this situation, which can lead to the misunderstanding that the dog is happy. A dog that suddenly freezes in the middle of an action is feeling unsure of itself and would rather be left alone, or is preparing for an attack.[20] This is commonplace when a dog is holding a bone; don't get between the dog and its bone! If your dog leans forward and appears very rigid, he most likely feels aggressive or threatened.
A dog that was showing signs of aggression but who then shakes the head and shoulders may be signaling the end of a certain level of tension, such as being alert to a threat or an anticipated event that doesn't occur.
A dog whose ears are pricked forward or straight up is fully engaged in play, hunting, or concentration.[22] This ear position can also indicate curiosity and can express the intent to do something, as the dog is turning to catch sounds. A dog’s ears being flattened, sitting against the dog's head, indicates that the dog feels afraid or threatened. Avoiding eye contact: a dog trying to look away from your face can be showing politeness, deference, or submission. Yawning: the meaning of a dog’s yawning is dependent on the context, just as it is with humans (humans yawn because we're tired, need more oxygen, we're feeling stressed or embarrassed, or we notice someone else yawning). Note that a lack of barking or other dog noises can indicate a predatory state, aimed at not alerting the prey. A low growl ending with short bark is the sound made when your dog is responding to threat.
A medium growl, leading to or combined with bark indicates that your dog feels nervous, and possibly aggressive.
Low sustained growl or 'woofing' is an indication that your dog is feeling either anxious or suspicious. Baying is a hunting signal and can be common in breeds who are bred to hunt, even if your dog has never had any training as a hunting dog. Punishing or reacting negatively to signs of fear in a dog will serve only to increase the dog's sense of fear and does nothing to instill better behavior from our perspective. Dogs are social animals and need contact, so you should avoid making them feel overly isolated. Always repeat commands using the same words and tone so that your dog knows his name and understands that he should be listening to you.
Shouting at your dog, gesticulating wildly, or shaking "weapons" like a broomstick at your dog will seem like crazy behavior and does nothing to change your dog's behavior.
It is important to note your dog's behavior around other species than humans and other dogs. There are many more subtle signs that dogs use to show their anxiety, stress, interest, or other moods.
If your dog lives in an apartment or doesn't have a yard in which to relieve himself, start training the dog to go pee or poop on "command". While approaching unknown dogs on the street or anywhere, understand that you must always be above their eye level but never in a threatening way for they may become scared and attack. As clarified in the article's steps, be aware that a wagging tail does not necessarily mean that the dog is friendly or happy. Do not force your dog into doing anything, and do not communicate with it in a way that could come off harmful or offensive. Think for a moment about going to a bridal shower after a long day at the office, a 90-minute traffic snarl, and four customer service misunderstandings to get your bank card reactivated. In humans, we send body language signals without even thinking about them, and we read them accurately through long experience and a certain amount of innate knowledge. Imagine, for a moment, that instead of walking into a bridal shower, you were walking into your living room at the end of the weekend. Dogs may stand in a variety of off- balanced ways that show you which way they would like to dart away. Photo 3 shows a dog that is balanced on his forefeet in a meta signal called a play bow, and, although he is confident, he is highly aroused and ready to play, not calm. If a dog approaches you in a direct line, looking aggressive, turn away, keeping one eye on her.
A dog that is moving on a curve does not likely intend harm, although with a large dog, she might knock someone over. A dog running towards you in this manner is being playful, but it may not be safe—this playful behaviour can be very rough and you can easily be knocked over. Hard eyes and loose lips are the sort of ambiguity seen in dogs who have been punished for growling in warning.
The Tell-tale Tongue Tongues have a lot to say, and they are one of the ways that dogs communicate very differently than humans do. When a dog is actually going to bite, he pulls his lips and tongue back and out of the way so that his teeth can do their work (Photo 13). When looking at tails, look at the base of the tail where it attaches to the body; a dog with a very short tail has as much to say as a dog with a very long tail, and the base of the tail is more telling than the tip.

However, ears serve a dual purpose and can be a bit difficult to read; just when your dog is using his ears to communicate something, he hears something that causes him to pop them out of an easily readable position.
Pay attention to the general drift of the dog’s ear and as with the tail, the base is more important than the tip.
When you open the door to reading a dog’s body language, you will learn a lot about what they intend, how they feel about their surroundings, and how they interpret your actions. I quite agreed with June lynn's comment that the little dog at the left want a play with the other dog at the right, but it seems the Dalmatian is not really in the mood to play along with the collie and this could bustout to be some fightings between the two if proper care is not taken.
This is an excellent article and the comments just demonstrate how important it is --- so much of what owners dismiss as play is serious communication and all dog owners need to get better at reading their dogs and the doge they interact with.
I often times see whites of my dog's eyes (she is a morkie) when she is lying on the couch or sitting on the floor and looking at me.
Even though everyone does not agree, I found this article with pictures very informative and helpful. Very important to note that not only should you read a dogs behavior, they are always reading yours as well.
Yes, let us better understand your dog's behavior, they understand the meaning of the expression. Dogs make vocalizations and gestures using their face and body just as humans do in order to express their feelings. Learning your dog's habits, mannerisms, and movements through observation will allow the process of understanding its communication behavior to feel more natural. Dogs have to learn our behavioral cues as well, and you should be careful about your own gestures and posture.
Consider how you feel when someone stares at you directly rather than using normal eye contact. Dogs act in ways that are most rewarding, not based on trying to "dominate" you or another dog. When a dog is showing discomfort, the best thing to do is to stop what you are doing and not do it in the future. The ways in which a dog holds its body can tell you a great deal about its mood and emotions.
Knowing when your dog is uncomfortable or feeling insecure can help you meet the animal’s needs and provide comfort and reassurance when necessary. If your dog gets plenty of exercise and entertainment, watch for other signs of nervousness that may accompany the pacing. This tactic, which involves the raising of the strip of fur running down the middle of the dog's back, is a dog’s attempt to make itself appear larger than normal. If the dog’s head is tilted to one side, this means that the dog is listening, or is uncertain and puzzled and is awaiting more information. While we're not able to do much with our own ears, a dog's ears can be incredibly expressive. A dog's eyes express as much as human eyes do, and just as you learn to interpret people's eye signals, you can also learn to interpret your dog's. While it can be difficult to differentiate a smile from a snarl, checking other body language for signs of play or aggression can help you determine whether your dog is happy or feeling aggressive. Barks, growls, yelps, and howls all carry their own unique language indicators that can take time to learn but are also an important part of understanding your dog's overall behavior.
This may also be accompanied by sniffing the air, keeping low, remaining rigid, ears flicking forward and backward to catch sounds, mouth closed and eyes wide open.[36] Equally, no noise can indicate a submissive dog seeking approval. Dogs bark for different reasons, and observation and listening can help you learn to differentiate your dog's distinctive barks in different situations.
Soft growling is generally play growling;[41] assess it by taking in the context and the general stance of your dog. Dogs understand your language to some extent, but it's very important to understand how you appear to your dog and how some of your gestures may be causing your dog distress, fear, or worry, even though you're completely unaware of this. Some actions that we see as normal or loving do not translate well from “human language” to “dog language.” Avoiding activities that make dogs uncomfortable can help strengthen your relationship with your pet. However, this is something a dog usually needs to learn to tolerate.[47] You should never pat a strange dog on the head until you're more familiar with it, but if you live in an urban environment where people are likely to want to pet your dog, early training (with treats) to help your dog tolerate head patting is essential.
Being clear, consistent, and concise with your commands and direct communication with your dog can help your dog understand what you want him to do. If you come home to a destroyed sofa, yelling at the dog will not achieve anything, as the dog will not make the connection between the destroyed sofa and the correction.
Having a 2-way communication relationship with your dog will help both of you maintain a healthy relationship. Modeling your own communication strategy on dog-to-dog communication can lead to more successful communication. When introducing other pets into the house, such as cats and rabbits, your dog's reactions are an important indicator as to the success or otherwise of the introduction and being ready to intervene quickly if things get out of hand can mean the safety of either animal is assured.
If your dog’s personality is more passive, you may have different results than those that are stated here. For example, decide whether or not the dog is allowed to get on the couch and stick to your decision.
Dogs can wag their tails for many reasons (just as humans can smile or show their teeth for many reasons).
Although there are some cultural differences in how body language is spoken around the world, for the most part, we have a base language that we all share. By considering a dog’s posture, path of travel, gait, eye shape, and tongue, you could quickly assess what that dog was experiencing just as well as you read a friend’s body language.
Darting away indicates fear, so if your dog is standing off balance, try and determine what is frightening him. Human body language tells us if someone is afraid, confident, or relaxed, and we react appropriately.
You will often see this sort of rude behaviour from adolescent dogs who are trying out assertive behaviour, albeit in the wrong context.
If you see a dog doing this while playing, it is a good idea to bend your knees in case she slams into you by accident.
When a dog’s tongue and lips are loose and floppy, don’t worry about that growl—everything is meant in play (Photo 12).
In general, consider that the more forward your dog’s ears are, the more confident he is about a given situation.

Ears pulled back tight against the neck tell us that the dog is nervous and concerned (Photos 16 and 18) but then the neighbour’s dog barks and the dog flicks one ear forward to listen to that! Dogs don’t lie with their body language, so they are always telling us exactly what they mean by how they stand, move, look, and act. I teach a dog-human communication course, and my students and I were amazed at the misreading of dog signals that occurs --- even among professionals who should know better! While some of these gestures can appear very similar to human gestures, in dogs, they can have very different meanings. Just as you find it confronting, dogs also feel confused and threatened by direct head-on staring because it is a threat stance for them.
Punishment is frowned upon because it is proven that dogs have very short memories, and likely do not connect situations like them pooping on the floor to your dissatisfaction. If you reward them for not chewing on your shoes, they will choose to do that even when you are not around. If you need your dog to be comfortable with something, make it very rewarding by giving them tons of treats and introducing them to the uncomfortable thing slowly.
Recognizing early warning signs of aggression can help your deescalate a situation before it gets worse.
Be aware that dogs whose ears were clipped as a puppy may not have the full range of motion to express themselves through their ears.
Understanding facial expressions can help you interpret your dog’s feelings and communicate with your canine companion. If everything else adds up to a happy dog, then your dog is smiling, and this means it's happy and relaxed. If the lips are curled, the teeth are bared, the muzzle is wrinkled, and the dog is snarling, this indicates that the dog is angry and ready to fight, and there is every chance that it will bite. Your dog may growl as part of play or as an alternative form of verbal communication to barking. If your dog howls at night, he may be howling in response to other dog howling that is out of the range of human hearing. Always be aware that your dog is watching you, learning, and seeking to predict your routine, habits, and preferences. If this is the case with your dog, be patient and take a gradual approach to getting it used to a loving embrace. Most dogs want to please their owners, so they will try to adapt their behavior to your expectations.
If you smile and tell your dog good dog in a happy tone, he will know that he has done something right.
Teaching the dog to ring a bell hanging from the doorknob when he needs to go outside is also helpful.
Tense people tend to be rigid in their movements, nervous people tend to move quickly and with jerky movements, and relaxed people tend to move fluidly and gracefully.
We can eavesdrop on what a dog is telling you by knowing a little bit about how dogs behave when they are relaxed, happy, nervous, frustrated or angry. Running in this way is inefficient, and reflects that play is all about fun and games, not about running your friends down and tackling them. If you can see the sclera or whites of a dog’s eyes, beware; the dog is tense and upset and may bite you. The further back and pinned against his head and neck your dog’s ears are, the more fearful he is. Being able to see the sclera does not always indicate that the dog is in a tense or aggressive mood.
In this article, you'll learn to interpret your dog's various messaging strategies and you'll learn how to communicate more effectively with your canine pal. A dog that looks away in this situation is actually being polite and is seeking to avoid confrontation.
In contrast, punishment or dominance suggests showing the dog who is boss, which simply results in the behavior being done when you are not around. You should use caution, however, with any dog growls because even a playing dog that has become too boisterous and carried away in play may still snap at a human who intervenes or gets too close. Ensure that children who hug dogs always keep their faces away from the dog, and monitor the dog's reaction so that you can intervene quickly if needed.
Putting on a fresh dress and your best party face, you go, even though you would rather snuggle up with the dogs on the couch and throw in a movie. It is unfair to ask a fearful dog to approach things that frighten him, and likewise it is foolish to approach a dog who is broadcasting aggression unless you know more about his intent. The third dog, a Springer Spaniel, is standing squarely on all four feet, still and confident, preventing the Dalmatian from escaping. The short-tailed dogs are trying hard, and you can only see that if you look at the base of the tail.
Dogs function in a world that depends primarily upon visual communication, so they often read our body language better than we read theirs, but with a little practice we can hone our skills. Alternately, training your dog to make eye contact to communicate is extremely helpful for keeping his focus on you. Their owners simply stop being as mad when they "look guilty" and it becomes rewarding for both the owner and dog for the dog to offer signs of "guilt". Dogs traveling in straight lines (Photo 4) are more likely to be aggressive, while curved lines of travel (see Collie in Photo 1) indicate a friendly encounter. A high tail may curve upwards and over the back and this can be confusing in a dog who has a tail that naturally curls over his back, so again, it is important to look at the base instead of the tip to learn the dog’s mood and intent. The payoff to learning to read what your dog is saying is better responsiveness to the dog’s needs.
Luring your dog into a sit position and then rewarding them heavily for doing that task will make him eager to sit, and then saying the word as he sits will make him connect the dots that the word "sit" means "putt your butt on the floor". The dog learns you dislike it when poop is on the floor and when you come home, they "act guilty" in order to appease you.
When you respond to your dog’s needs, you set up a situation where your dog can gain confidence and your relationship with your dog will improve.

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