All facts about prairie dogs,how to get a dog to eat their food,how to stop a dog from jumping up and biting - You Shoud Know

Category: Best Dog Food Pitbulls | Author: admin 05.07.2015
GenusCynomys (1)Named for their dog-like yip, prairie dogs are in fact rather large, stout, ground-dwelling squirrels (3) (4).
Black-tailed prairie dog biologyBlack-tailed prairie dogs exhibit a high degree of social organisation, living in enormous colonies known as ‘towns’ containing from hundreds to millions of individuals (1) (7). Black-tailed prairie dog threatsPrairie dogs have suffered from habitat loss and persecution as ranching and farming has expanded during the past 50 years or more (1) (4).
Black-tailed prairie dog conservationStill widespread, relatively common, and existing in a number of protected areas, the black-tailed prairie dog is not considered to be under any serious threat of extinction in the foreseeable future, and conservation measures are therefore limited (7). To learn more about a Whitley Award-winning conservation project for this species, click here. MyARKive offers the scrapbook feature to signed-up members, allowing you to organize your favourite ARKive images and videos and share them with friends.
GenusCynomys (1)Prairie dogs are highly social rodents that belong to the same family as squirrels. Mexican prairie dog biologyThe Mexican prairie dog is a highly social species, occurring in large colonies that live in extensive burrow networks known as ‘towns’ (4).
Mexican prairie dog rangeAs the common name suggests, this species is endemic to Mexico (1). Mexican prairie dog habitatInhabits flat prairies and valleys between mountains at altitudes of 1600 to 2200 meters (4) (5). Mexican prairie dog threatsThe main threat facing this species has been loss of suitable habitat as a result of expansion of agriculture and livestock farming (1).

Mexican prairie dog conservationThe Mexican prairie dog is classified as Endangered by the IUCN Red List 2003 and is protected against international trade by its listing under Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) (1) (3). Ecologists consider prairie dogs to be a keystone species of immense ecological importance. The black-tailed prairie dog is generally tan to pinkish-brown above and whitish to buff coloured below, and is named for the distinctive and diagnostic black tip to its short tail (4). As agriculture and livestock ranching claimed habitat previously used by these rodents, the prairie dogs became vilified by farmers and the target of poisoning campaigns (1). The Prairie Dog Coalition has been established to protect the animals and restore prairie dog ecosystems, as well as aiming to raise public awareness of the plight they face at the hands of agricultural expansion and misinformed farmers (10). As the species is often perceived as an agricultural pest, Mexican prairie dog towns have been exterminated by deliberate poisoning, despite the fact that the species is fully protected against deliberate killing by Mexican law (5).
Protecion de la Fauna Mexicana recently carried out a conservation project targeted at the Mexican prairie dog, funded by Fondo Mexicano para la Conservacion de la Naturaleza, Mexico. Their churning activities aerate the soil allowing more water penetration, and their nitrogen-rich dung is a natural fertiliser which improves soil quality and vegetation.
Prairie dogs are widely considered a pest and exterminated through poisoning and shooting for destroying cultivated crops (8).
Both males and females are a light buff colour and the final half of the tail is black, allowing them to be easily distinguished from other species of prairie dog (5). This project set aside 114 hectares of prairie dog colony to be protected and managed in ways that benefit the species.

They do not leave the burrow until they are about 6 weeks old, and only consider leaving the group after they are a year old.
They are also reported to compete with cattle and sheep for grasses, although there is little evidence for this, and their burrow systems are alleged to present hazards to cattle and horses, making broken legs a threat, although this is also rare (9). As a result, the former range and numbers of the black-tailed prairie dog have been dramatically reduced, and the considerable reduction in population numbers has also seriously threatened, amongst others, the black-footed ferret (classified as Extinct in the Wild), for which they were virtually sole prey (5).
The only hope for the survival of the Mexican prairie dog is that methods can be found to reconcile cattle-keeping and the native fauna of the area (6).
Females can live up to eight years of age, whereas males tend not to live longer than five years in the wild (7).The black-tailed prairie dog is diurnal and active throughout the year (7).
Unlike many other species of prairie dog, these animals do not hibernate, although when the winter weather is extremely cold or snowy they may spend extended periods of time underground (2). Most prairie dogs forage close to their burrows when possible, moving into distant foraging areas only when forced to do so by local shortages of green shoots (7). While prairie dogs are out foraging, a sentry perches on the volcano-like ring that surrounds the burrow and watches for predators.

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Comments »

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