Not all children with dyslexia have all of these symptoms. If your child has four or more symptoms, and there is a family history of reading or math difficulties, it is critical to seek a full psycho-educational evaluation from a psychologist who specializes in dyslexia. Not all symptoms are listed here because most children with dyslexia exhibit many of the same symptoms. However, each person is unique and have different strengths. Therefore each person should be treated as an individual when going through the diagnostic and treatment process.
Christina Seabold Fox, CALT
Certified Academic Language Therapist & Dyslexia Screening Specialist/Consultant
(703) 732 - 2657
Serving Warrenton and surrounding areas.
About Dyslexia > Signs and Symptoms
Early Signs and Symptoms:
These are important symptoms to watch out for! Dyslexia is a language processing disorder that can impact early language development. Talk to your pediatrician about your concerns, and seek out professional advice from a licensed Speech-Language Pathologist. A Speech-Language Pathologist specializes in language development, articulation and fluency disorders, as well as motor-speech disorders, such as: dyspraxia. They can evaluate your child and guide you toward the next phase of intervention.
- Familial history of reading or academic difficulties
- Language delay (late talker)
- Articulation disorder
- Fine motor difficulties/delay
- Late establishing dominant hand
- Developmental fluency disorder (stuttering)
Kindergarten and beyond:
(Symptoms that may manifest or persist after Kindergarten).
- Difficulty identifying and retaining sounds, letters and numbers
- Directionality concepts (up/down, left/right)
- Letter and number reversals and/or transpositions (b/d, p,q, u,n)
- Slow, choppy inaccurate reading (decoding skills are not automatic)
- Guesses by shape/form (left/felt)
- Skips or misreads simple (filler) words (the, a, they)
- Ignores suffixes
- Difficulty learning and retaining sight words
- Poor reading comprehension
- Poor spelling
- Difficulty with the language of math (not always)
- Word retrieval in spoken and written language
- Dysgraphia (slow, non-automatic handwriting)
- Poor written expression
- Difficulty with foreign languages and reading music
A diagnostic evaluation is critical for the child and worth the investment! Once the child has a diagnosis of dyslexia, the psychologist can guide the parents toward the next step. Dyslexia is a complex language disorder, which often times is accompanied by other co-existing conditions. The psychologist can make recommendations for treatment and can help the parents put accommodations in place to help the child feel successful in the classroom. Dyslexia can be mild, moderate or severe-profound. Depending on the spectrum of dyslexia will depend on the type of treatment.
A full evaluation should include:
- Psycho-Educational testing from a licensed clinical psychologist who specializes in dyslexia or learning disabilities
- Speech-Language evaluation from a licensed speech pathologist
- Occupational therapy evaluation
- Vision and hearing screening
What is the difference between a screening and evaluation?
A screening looks for signs and symptoms but does not diagnose a particular problem. An evaluation is diagnostic and can only be completed by a person who is licensed to diagnose learning disabilities.