Foods that diabetics can eat,what healthy foods are high in carbs,food and nutrition classroom activities,why eat fresh fruits and vegetables - PDF Books

Author: admin, 01.04.2015
The diabetes food pyramid is slightly different from our normal healthy eating food pyramid. There are six groups of food, with starches lying at the bottom of the pyramid, followed by vegetables and fruits. National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC), Bethesda MD, What I need to know about Eating and Diabetes, October 2007. If untreated, diabetes may lead to complications like heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, eye damage and foot ulcers. A healthy diet, normal body weight and regular physical exercise are highly recommended for diabetic individuals. Diabetic patients should be extra careful in balancing their diet with insulin and oral medications (if needed). Glycemic index is a number that indicates the effect of a particular food item on the level of glucose in the blood.
Meal of a diabetic should be planned keeping in mind the lifestyle, body and health of a specific individual in mind. Not only diabetics, but also normal individuals who are heath conscious can follow this dictum. Recommended foods for diabetics are fruits, vegetables, legumes and nuts, whole grains, low fat dairy products, poultry, lean meat and fish.
Low-fat dairy products: Studies have shown that eating low-fat yoghurt can help in beating diabetes. Whole grains such as white rice, whole-grain flour products like bread and tortillas and cereals containing whole-grain ingredients are good for diabetic patients.


There is a common myth that excess intake of table sugar contributes to the development of diabetes, but it actually produces blood glucose of a lower level than other carbohydrates producing equivalent calories. The greatest enemy of diabetics is processed foods like polished rice and should never be eaten. Globalization led to the rapid increase in the consumption of western-style fast food and soft drinks around the world, especially Asian countries.
Pizza, cheese burgers, hamburgers, hotdogs, French fries, deep fried chicken are the fast foods that are the most craved for. All these foods increase the risk of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, uncontrolled blood sugar levels and weight gain.
Pickles and canned vegetables are included among the 5 foods you should never eat if you are diabetic due to the loads of sodium they contain.  Sodium raises the blood pressure which increases the risk of heart disease. Baked goods are also added to the list of foods that diabetics should never eat because of their high calorie, sugar and fat content.
In diabetes food pyramid, foods are categorized into different categories based on what they contain.
Below are the summaries of calories needed for different groups of individual and the number of servings for each food groups. A healthy diet helps to maintain blood sugar levels, cholesterol and blood pressure and prevents heart disease, some cancers and aids in improving overall health.
Choosing and combining  different varieties of foods, in desirable portions so that they provide the highest amount of quality nutrients would help in maintaining a healthy diabetic diet. Diets rich in dietary fiber (soluble), having low glycemic index, low in fat (saturated) and low in sugar are highly recommended for diabetic patients.


Complex carbohydrates are recommended for diabetic patients as they release glucose slowly into the blood stream and blood sugar level can be maintained and kept stable.
The Canadian Diabetes Association, in fact, recommended a diabetes diet inclusive of table sugar. Diabetic patients should avoid a wide variety of foods that are packed with high levels of starches or sugars. They include polished white rice, processed whole grains foods like white bread and foods made from refined flours like pasta. Diabetics have to keep this in mind and follow a proper diet and exercise regime to live healthy and strong! Diabetic diet should include more food from the bottom and less from the top of the pyramid.
Studies have shown that vegetarians are less vulnerable to diabetes and research also proves that switching to a vegan (vegetarian diet which excludes dairy products) is very effective in managing  type 2 diabetes. In general, GI represents the raise in blood sugar levels following the consumption of the food. Simple carbohydrates have the ability to quickly break down into sugars and so are extremely dangerous for diabetic individuals. So, junk foods top the chart as one of the 5 foods you should never eat if you are diabetic.



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