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Best foods to eat to gain weight during pregnancy,diet program to lose weight in 2 weeks,balanced diet menu for toddlers,ramadan health tips bangla - PDF Review

If you begin pregnancy slightly above your ideal weight, a healthy weight gain is 20 to 25 pounds; if you are obese, less than 20 pounds. Rule of thumb: More important than what a scale shows, if you are feeling healthy, looking healthy, and your baby is growing, you are likely to be gaining the right weight for you. The safest way to make sure you experience a healthy weight gain during pregnancy is to increase your exercise. If weight gain is inadequate, a mother is at risk of delivering a baby with low birth weight, premature delivery, abortion, or brain and nerve damage to the baby. A pregnant woman is considered to have slow weight gain if the increase in weight is less than 500 grams per month in the first trimester, and 250 grams per month in the second trimester. A pregnant woman who does not gain enough weight or is seriously underweight before pregnancy should take more food particularly calorie-rich foods such as kakanin, sandwiches, and pasta dishes. She should include iron-rich foods like liver, heart, kidney, lean meat, and leafy and yellow vegetables in her daily diet to prevent iron-deficiency anemia during pregnancy. On the other hand, a pregnant woman whose increase in weight is 3 kilograms or more per month in the second and third trimester is considered to have excessive weight gain. A pregnant woman needs additional servings of food to prepare the body for childbirth, but it does not necessarily mean she should eat for two, which leads to higher weight gain. A pregnant woman should be watchful of rapid weight gain because it may also mean that there is edema (manas) or water retention.
Jun 26, 2012 - In pregnancy, it is even more important to eat healthy as you are now eating for two. Most women realize that what they eat during pregnancy can have important effects on the health of their baby. Ayurvedic Guidelines for Healthy Pregnancy - Healthy Pregnancy Diet - Healthy Pregnancy - Healthy Pregnancy Tips. Factors affecting pregnancy outcome should include consideration of family history, genetic history, nutritional status, folic acid intake, environmental and occupational exposures, and teratogens.
It is recommended that pregnant women initiate antenatal care by 10 to 12 weeks' gestational age. Screening for depression, which is common during pregnancy and the postnatal period, may be beneficial, particularly in women with a history of major depression. ACOG and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend that all women who will be pregnant through the influenza season (October through May) undergo (inactivated) influenza vaccination. Nutrition education should focus on a well-balanced, varied, nutritional food plan consistent with the patient's food preferences. Weight gain and caloric intake recommendations are higher for women pregnant with twins or higher-order multiple gestations. Listeriosis is a bacterial illness that can be particularly harmful to pregnant women, possibly resulting in miscarriage or stillbirth.
Daily antenatal vitamins containing folate (400 micrograms per day) are recommended as tolerated throughout pregnancy, and at least through the first 3 months of pregnancy. Working: most women with an uncomplicated pregnancy can typically continue working until the onset of labour. Exercise: women should be encouraged to continue or begin a moderate aerobic exercise programme during pregnancy.
Miscellaneous: other educational issues to discuss during the antepartum period include postnatal contraception and circumcision of male infants. Screening for vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy has been advocated by some, [36] particularly for at-risk women, including women with dark skin, those who live in northern latitudes, and women whose clothing leaves little skin exposed. First trimester ultrasound screening is optimal for pregnancy dating; however, a complete anatomic evaluation cannot be performed at this time. Non-invasive antenatal aneuploidy screening for trisomies 21, 18, and 13 using cell-free fetal DNA is an option that has recently become available to women with pregnancies at increased risk of aneuploidy. Any discussion of invasive testing options must include disclosure that the procedure may cause obstetrical complications such as pregnancy loss or preterm rupture of membranes. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) supports universal screening of all pregnant women by medical history, clinical risk factors, or laboratory screening test, with screening usually performed at 24 to 28 weeks. Post-term pregnancy is defined by the World Health Organization as a gestation that has extended to or beyond 42 weeks. Obese women should also be informed that they are at risk for multiple pregnancy complications including gestational hypertension, gestational diabetes mellitus, cardiac disease, pulmonary disease, obstructive sleep apnoea, and caesarean delivery.

Obesity further appears to be associated with an increased risk of selected fetal malformations and stillbirth, as well as a more limited ability to sonographically detect anomalies during the antenatal period. The answers to these nine questions about healthy weight gain during pregnancyВ prepare you with the knowledge of what to expect. If you are eating the right foods, you really don’t need to think about what a healthy weight gain during pregnancy is for you.
How quickly you get your figure back depends not only on how well you care for this body during pregnancy, but also on the body habits you brought into the pregnancy. Sometimes a greater-than-average weight gain is the first clue that you are carrying more than one baby. The average pregnant woman needs about 2500 calories per day to maintain a healthy weight gain during pregnancy (2200 to nourish herself; 300 for baby). Exercise burns excess fat and when coupled with healthy eating, does not rob your baby of needed nutrition.
Use the following guide to help choose safe foods during pregnancy, while avoiding foods from unsafe sources. Many girls worry about how their bodies look and are afraid to gain weight during pregnancy.
This post explores the key ingredient that is essential for success when it comes to healthy eating. Pre-conception care has been defined as a set of interventions to identify and modify biomedical, behavioural, and psychosocial risks to a woman's health or pregnancy outcome through prevention and management. A history of illicit-substance use, tobacco and alcohol consumption, medical conditions, medication, immunisation status, risk factors for STDs, psychosocial concerns (depression, domestic violence), and pregnancy spacing is required. Although no evidence-based guidelines on content of visits are available, typical visits include evaluation of BP, weight, testing urine for protein levels, and checking the fetal heart rate. ACOG and the CDC additionally recommend tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccination for pregnant women, ideally between 27 and 36 weeks of gestation. Topics that should be discussed at first antenatal visit include promotion of healthy behaviours, dental care, [Oregon Oral Health Coalition: guidelines for oral health care in pregnancy] nutrition, wearing a seat belt, continued exercise, avoiding substance and hazardous-chemical exposure, and minimal use of hot tubs or saunas or potential domestic violence exposure. However, if women have medical complications or other pregnancy complications, or the occupation involves physical work, prolonged standing, or significant stress, some adjustments may need to be made. Pregnant women who are planning to fly should be informed about the increased risks of venous thromboembolism from the combination of pregnancy and venous stasis, and instructed to take appropriate precautions (support stockings, movement of lower extremities, hydration). Although several major societies favour routine screening in women who are pregnant or planning pregnancy, [39] ACOG maintains that data are insufficient to warrant routine screening and continues to recommend testing in symptomatic women and those with a personal history of thyroid disease or other medical conditions associated with thyroid disease. When feasible, pregnant women should be provided with an opportunity for first trimester ultrasonography to determine gestational age and evaluate for multiple gestation.
In addition to conventional karyotype determination, comparative genomic hybridisation microarray study may be considered as an adjunct tool, and is recommended in pregnancies complicated by a fetal anomaly. Where you fit into this range depends on two factors—your body type and whether you start your pregnancy under, over or close to your ideal weight. Most women gain weight during the second trimester, which coincides with the period of most rapid weight gain of baby (from 1 ounce to 2 pounds).
I was so sick during the first few months that I could hardly keep food down and did not gain weight. My pregnant friend is on a diet because she heard it’s easier to deliver a smaller baby. If you exercise regularly and eat wisely before and during your pregnancy, you are likely to reclaim the figure you want more quickly than if you brought a poorly toned and undernourished body to the birth. To all the guidelines for ideal weight gain, add another 10 pounds for twins, more for additional multiples. A low birth weight can set babies up for a lifetime of health complications or disabilities.
Although there is little direct evidence, outcome data suggest that neonates born to mothers who do not receive antenatal care are 3 times more likely to be of low birth weight, and 5 times more likely to die, compared with neonates born to mothers who receive antenatal care. For example, women with diabetes should be counselled on optimising glycaemic control, and pregnancy should be discouraged until control is achieved.
In addition to scheduled routine visits, pregnant women should have access to unscheduled or emergency visits on a 24-hour basis. Height and weight should be recorded to calculate BMI, which provides information to determine weight gain guidelines.

2009 Obese women should be counselled on healthy eating, and encouraged to participate in physical activity which will support weight management during and after pregnancy.
Selected presentations, such as a prior pregnancy complicated by fetal neural tube defect, require higher-dose folate intake of 4 milligrams per day.
Brief standardised screening questionnaires (T-ACE, AUDIT-C, TWEAK) show promise as screening tools to identify risk drinking in pregnant women, although further investigation is required. For example, in the US, all pregnant women are offered screening for vaginal-rectal GBS colonisation at 35 to 37 weeks' gestation.
Although differences exist between published practice guidelines, women may be offered induction of labour by 41 weeks' gestation to avoid risks of post-term pregnancy. While evidence indicates that monitored physical activity appears to limit gestational weight gain among overweight or obese pregnant women, effects on maternal and neonatal health are unproven. Tall and lean women (ectomorphs) tend to gain less, short and pear-shaped women (endomorphs) tend to gain the most, and women of average build (mesomorphs) gain somewhere in the middle of the 25 to 35-pound range. It’s not abnormal to bounce up 5 to 10 pounds quickly between 15 and 20 weeks of pregnancy. It’s the rare mother who eats by the balanced book of nutrition during the nausea-prone first trimester. If you gain more fat than you and your baby need, it will take you longer after the birth to lose the excess. When not otherwise contraindicated, physical exercise during pregnancy may reduce risk of caesarean delivery. If both parents are carriers, genetic counselling should be offered to enable them to make informed decisions regarding the pregnancy.
Most babies gain 90 percent of their weight after the fifth month, and 50 percent of their weight in the last two months. Most women enter pregnancy with enough nutritional reserves to provide for mother and baby, even if mother eats barely anything during those early food-aversion months. You will lose around half the weight gained when you deliver your baby (baby, amniotic fluid and placenta).
Pregnancy convinces many women to improve their style of eating and living and to get their whole family on a healthier track. Thus, all routine healthcare encounters during a woman's reproductive years should include counselling on medical care and healthy behaviours to optimise pregnancy outcome. Additionally, glycosuria of 2+ any time in pregnancy or 1+ on two or more visits should prompt further testing to exclude gestational diabetes. Colonisation during a previous pregnancy is not an indication for intrapartum prophylaxis in a subsequent pregnancy. Some women gain 8 to 10 pounds during the early weeks of pregnancy due to fluid retention; other women actually lose weight because of nausea and diminished appetite. Most mothers also gain the most weight during the second-trimester, and second-trimester eating habits have the most influence on baby’s eventual birth weight. This monograph provides an overview for the antenatal management of healthy pregnant women with singleton pregnancies. Women with GBS isolated from the urine in any concentration during pregnancy or who have a previous infant with GBS infection should also receive intrapartum prophylaxis.
Every pregnant woman needs a fat reserve—to ensure there will always be a steady supply of calories available to baby in case she under eats for a day or two. Keep in mind that charts on healthy weight gain during pregnancy, like those for growing babies, present ranges and averages.
Realistically, it takes around nine months to take off whatever healthy weight gain during pregnancy you put on. Many women who eat right and exercise still maintain a few extra pounds after giving birth and become more full-figured as a mother.

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