What is landscape design principles 1 2 3,garden statues lansing mi,pictures of homes with stone and siding,how to make a garden hose basket - Plans On 2016

14.08.2015
Landscaping combines elements of art and science to create a functional, aesthetically pleasing extension of indoor living to the outdoors. It is possible to have varying color schemes in one area of the landscape as the seasons change. Color, line, form, texture and scale are tools which are used in combinations to adjust design principles. Unity is obtained by the effective use of components in a design to express a main idea through consistent style.
The landscape designer must skillfully manipulate the design elements to create asymmetrical balance. Rhythm is achieved when the elements of a design create a feeling of motion which leads the viewer's eye through or even beyond the designed area.
It is difficult to visualize certain aspects of design without putting it to scale on paper.
The landscape horticulturalist may also be involved in protecting existing vegetation during construction. Natural factors and features of a landscape include house orientation, land form, soil conditions, rainfall distribution, seasonal wind pattern and micro-climatic conditions. Bed form, traffic flow and plant selection and placement utilize art elements and design principles previously discussed.
Foundation planting is not all of landscaping but can be a vital part of functional landscape design. Landscape designers must also be aware of insect and disease problems for plants they expect to include in a plan. Design the appropriate size of maintained area and arrange plants in groups of like species to create a mass effect.
Lines are a powerful design element that define rooms and connect people to the landscape.For a professional touch, use sweeping bold lines and curves rather than small zigzags and small wavy curves.
Weeping forms lead the eye back to the ground.  What is below the weeping form often becomes a focal point. Absolute scale relates the comparative value of landscape elements to a fixed structure (house).
Grouping for best effect – Kidney or crescent shaped groupings create a natural flowing design.
Hello fellow gardeners, this week I’m continuing with the rest of some basic landscape design principles for you and hopefully these will help you at least make some minor adjustments in your garden, either now or in the future, or if it’s just totally out of your league, call a professional! I hope you have learned a little more now about how the entire landscape designer’s mind works and are able to use some of these concepts in your own garden to help achieve that beautiful look that you are striving for! One initial purpose of landscape design is to blend man's technology (house or building) into the natural surroundings. The concept and creation of line depends upon the purpose of the design and existing patterns.
Design principles include unity, balance, transition, focalization, proportion, rhythm, repetition and simplicity.
A natural feeling evolves when each activity area belongs to and blends with the entire landscape.
Symmetrical balance is achieved when one side of the design is a mirror image of the other side.


The central axis must be predetermined and then developed by the elements of art and other principles of design discussed in this publication.
The desired size relationships of components in a design should pose little problem for the designer who considers this principle routinely in systematic thought processes. Tools like color schemes, line and form can be repeated to attain rhythm in landscape design. The designer should think with drawings or sketches and make the mistakes on paper not on the landscape site.
It determines surface water drainage patterns and is essential knowledge for the landscape horticulturalist in developing functional and aesthetically pleasing landscapes. This means that the conditions in an isolated spot may differ considerably from the conditions in another area of the landscape. First, determine the objectives of the design and establish the general type of plan -- formal or natural. The designer should avoid competing elements which detract from the main entrance and the house in general. Imbalance may be used with architectural features of some houses to create desirable, interesting effects. The designer must learn what area needs shade, and during what time of the day and what seasons the shade is needed.
Elements in the living area, primarily the backyard, depend upon the desires and needs of the family.
Desirable plants are those resistant to or tolerant of pests like mites, scale, nematodes, borers, root rots, powdery mildew, wilts, galls, blights, and leaf spots.
To work toward a desirable landscape design, the landscape horticulturist must have a working knowledge of art elements and design principles. A monochromatic color scheme consists of different tints and shades of one color and is seldom achieved in its pure form in the landscape.
In the overall landscape, line is inferred by bed arrangement and the way these beds fit or flow together (Figure 2). Structures also have form and should be considered as such when designing the area around them. Everything selected for a landscape must complement the central scheme and must, above all, serve some functional purpose.
Transition of plant materials along these lines can make the scene become a part of the landscape.
Simplicity is the reduction of a design to its simplest, functional form, which avoids unnecessary cost and maintenance. This knowledge is essential so the designer can provide shade in important spots and locate activity areas appropriately.
The designer must consider those variations in order to "fine-tune" the landscape plan and plant selection. Before the designer can create such an environment, knowledge of certain family characteristics is essential. Asymmetrical balance is often more desirable for residential landscapes as balance is created without monotony.
It is a part of the overall design, but is usually screened from most parts of the living and public areas.


Also locations in the landscape differ as to the maximum or minimum temperatures and daily fluctuation between these extremes. A focal point can be a large urn, a waterfall, a pine tree, a statue, a fountain, a “specimen” plant such as a yucca or agave; it’s your decision what will be the focal point in your yard, but DO have one! This publication is intended for the commercial landscaper with little or no training in the use of these basic principles. Form can be discussed in terms of individual plant growth habits or as the planting arrangement in a landscape. Generally, weaker or flowing lines of focalization are desirable in the residential landscape.
Think of repetition as not having too much variety in the design which creates a cluttered or busy appearance. This information is essential to designers, especially since it is their responsibility to blend this home into the natural or existing setting, or to create a setting to be functional and to complement the structure. Although these needs do not often exist today, some landscapers and homeowners think it is a must to cover every linear foot of the foundation with plants. You want to have plants that are proportionate to YOUR property, house, hardscape and other plants already in the landscape. You might have a particular rose variety, say “Iceberg” in various spots in both the front and backyards, this, as you should now know, covers several design concepts, as well as Transition. The landscape designer should consider the color changes throughout the year when developing a landscape plan. Circulation refers to the movement of people's eyes and then their bodies through a specific pattern in the landscape.
Generally, transition assists in the gradual movement of a viewer's eye to the design and within it. This planting design effectively created a sloping line to replace the strong vertical line of the house. Consideration is given to the house design, land form and house orientation as they relate to space organization.
The family interview previously discussed, will determine what must be included in this area.
Plants can be selected to tolerate varied soil conditions, but the designer must have a working knowledge of available plant materials. Pictures from an instant camera can be helpful in reminding the designer of specific views when sitting back at the drawing table.
Proper bed arrangement and plant selection will lead the observer to one focalization point in the landscape. This systematic method moves people from one point to another until the desired circulation and traffic flow patterns are created.



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